Category Archive: Cryptozoology

Sep 24

The “Kongamato” of Africa

Katie Snow

Katie Snow

Chair: Aliens & UFO's at Dead Ringer Paranormal
My name is Kathy Snow however in the Paranormal world I am simply known as katie! My team and I take the paranormal field very seriously and have been up and down the eastern seaboard investigating known and unknown locations. My team consists of all family members giving us the opportunity to work well together with no drama. I am a national as well as internationally published paranormal writer. Our evidence has been shown on My ghost story caught on camera and we work hard within our community to bring awareness and understanding to the field. There are four ordained ministers on the team. After 16 years in the field we no longer do in house investigations as we are out trying to find unknown haunted locations and we consult on cases other teams may have questions on. After founding 3 teams, we have recently relocated and our new team name is Dead Ringer Paranormal. We are proud of the work we do and try to show the community it is a scientific field of study and a lot of work goes into what we all do. We are an old world team meaning we investigate with just what we need, we do not hook up wires and tons of equipment, we believe in studying the paranormal in traditional proven ways. I am excited and proud to have been asked to be a rep for NPS..
Katie Snow

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The “Kongamato” of Africa
By Katie Snow


Deep within the wilds of central east Africa there lies a creature called the Kongamato.
The large beaked flying bird with lizard like skin with membranous wings creature gained notarity
in 1932. This is when explore Frank Welland described it in his literary works “Witchbound Africa”
stating it is a reddish bat like creature with leathery wings totally devoid of any features with a wing
span of five or more feet, and with teeth in its huge beak.

It looks very much like a pterodactyl when a picture is shown to eyewitnesses. The evidence
for this is the fact that the natives can describe it to such detail and accuracy even when unprompted.
The natives consider it a demon also known as a Mulombe, a very awful thing which is much worse then anything
that haunts these vast african lands. Mr. Welland states in his book that if ever this creature could thrive,
a reptil type bird such as this could thrive in this land.

The Kaonde people of the North-Western Province used to carry charms called “muchi wa Kongamato” to protect
them at certain river crossings from the Kongamato”. In the 1920’s, Headman Kanyinga from the Jiwundu Swamp
area near the Zairean border instantly identified as Kongamato a picture of a pterodactyl. Nevertheless,
as recently as 1958, the science journalist Maurice Burton wrote in the Illustrated London News in 1958
that there had been several reports form Africa of a pterodactyl-like creature, with speculation that
the Bangweulu Swamps might be one of its habitats. He pointed out that off the coast of Africa,
the coelacanth, a deep sea contemporary of the pterodactyl, had been caught by fisherman…”
(Hobson, Dick, Tales of Zambia, 1996)

source – genesis park – exhibits – evidence – cryptozoology

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Aug 05

The Dingonek, West Africa’s “Jungle Walrus”

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

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The Dingonek, West Africa’s “Jungle Walrus”
By Sara Fawley

9 to 18 feet long, covered in scales with a scorpion-like tail filled with deadly poison the Dingonek is one of the more fearsome cryptids. Also known as the “Jungle Walrus” due to the huge canines protruding from it’s mouth that is in a square head with a large horn protruding from the center of it. This semi-aquatic creature is said to inhabit the creeks, rivers and lakes of Western Africa primarily in the area that was formerly known as Zaire. This creature is said to be extremely vicious and territorial. It is claimed that it hunts crocodiles, hippos, monkeys, humans or basically anything that ventures into it’s territory.

The most noted sighting of the creature was in 1907 by explorer John Alfred Jordan who is said to have shot at but not killed the creature in the River Maggori in Kenya. The story goes that Jordan was hunting along the shores of the river with native Lumbwa guides. His guides came and told him they had just seen a Dingonek in the river and took him to the location. The natives described it at a cross between a sea serpent, a whale and a leopard. Jordan described it as being 14 to 15 feet long with a head as big as a lioness but shaped and marked like a leopard, two long white fangs sticking straight down from it’s up jaw, back as broad as a hippo and scaled like an armadillo. He also stated that it had reptilian like claws. Being frightened, Jordan shot the creature behind one of it’s ears. The beast sprang up out of the water, standing up on it’s tail. Jordan and the Lumbwa ran in fear for their lives.

Jordan’s story was recounted in a book by Edgar Bronson in 1910. There are many word of mouth tales that have been passed down for generations among the natives of Western Africa and to this day there are claims of sightings. If it were just the stories this would be easy to put in the category of myth or wives tale except there is one curious side note. In a cave at Brackfontein Ridge in South Africa there is said to be a painting of an unknown creature that fits the description of the Dingonek to a tee right down to the walrus like tusks.

So is Dingonek a real creature or just a myth passed down through local native tribes to keep the children away from the river banks? Is it a mis-identification of a known creature? Is it several myths and legends put together? Since there has not really been any investigation into the creature that I have found we cannot be sure. One thing is for certain, the locals of the region believe.…/othercreatur…/a/aa031008_2.htm…/does-the-dingone…/…/dingonek-african-cryp……/20…/12/dingonek-zaire-west-africa/

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Jun 04

The Bunyip of Australia

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

Latest posts by Sara Fawley (see all)

By Sara Fawley and Leisa Knox Papin


terThe Bunyip is one of the most fascinating of the water cryptids. This is not necessarily because of any special abilities or features it has but because the descriptions of the creature are so varied, Although Aboriginal accounts of the creature date back to the early 1800’s, the descriptions are all remarkably different even among the Aboriginal tribes from region to region.

Bunyip translates to “devil” or “spirit”. Judging by Aboriginal accounts of the creature this is fitting. In legend it is said to be a ferocious creature that will sneak up on unsuspecting people and devour them. It is said to emit terrifying, bloodthirsty howls before pouncing on it’s hapless victims. On the other hand, modern accounts of the creature report it as being docile and shy of humans, often retreating quickly when spotted and apparently an herbivore as it has been spotted graingon grasses and trees along the shoreline.

Physical descriptions of the animal vary even more. The descriptions of size range from enormous to being the size of a large dog, and everything in between. It is either smooth skinned, covered in hair or has feathers. Reports of it’s body range from like a hippopotamus to an ox to a dog. The head has been described as like a dog with large protruding tusks, the head of a horse and even a head and neck like an emu. It’s habitat varies from swamps to lakes to inland. The only thing really tying all of these sightings together is that the bulk of the reports are from the area around Lake George and Lake Bathurst., although a few do come from other areas.

In 1848, an unnamed Aboriginal from the Murray River region drew a picture of the Bunyip. The picture depicted a large animal with the body of a hippopotamus and the head of a horse. In that same time period another Aboriginal, this gentleman from the Victoria area also drew a picture. His picture showed a large animal with the head and neck of an emu.

One incident of note is that in 1847 a skull was found an reported to be that of a Bunyip. It was displayed at the Australian Museum in Sydney. The exhibit lasted a mere two days before quietly being shut down amid controversy surrounding it’s authenticity. At this same time an article was published in the Sydney Morning Herald regarding the skull. After the appearance of the article , people stepped forward in droves to report their own terrifying encounters with the creature.

How can one creature that has been reported over centuries have such a widely varied description? There are a couple of theories on that. One is that any unidentified animal spotted in proximity to these areas is being reported as a Bunyip. Many of these cases are most likely misidentification of known animals. Some could be seals, alligators, possibly even an actual dog taking a swim, or any other number of local animals whose sudden appearance in the water, at a distance could fool someone who wasn’t used to seeing it into thinking they had witnessed something remarkable.

Another theory, this one mainly dealing with the Aboriginal tales and variances in description is that it could be “cultural memories”. As with any indigenous peoples the Aboriginals have strong cultural practices which include the passing down of lore and legend through word of mouth stories. Thousands of years ago before the first outside settlers arrived, the indigenous peoples of Australia shared the outback with Mega fauna such as the Diprotodon, a giant wombat like creature that could weigh up to 2 tons. Stories of the Diprotodon and other mega fauna passed down through story and song could be the basis for the rarely seen Bunyip of Aboriginal legend and could explain the differences in descriptions. Tribes in different areas would not necessarily have the same creatures to deal with.

Other possible theories as to what the creature could possibly be include the doyarchu (Irish Crocodile), giant otter, undiscovered aquatic marsupial, an undiscovered species of freshwater seal, an Australian fur seal ( which is known to emit a loud cry like that attributed to the Bunyip), the Procoptodon (a giant kangaroo whose fossils have been found in the area) and the above mentioned Diprotodon,

So what is the answer? With so many widely varying descriptions it is impossible to say for sure. Most likely there is some truth in most, if not all of the theories. Sightings have tapered off over the years and while most Australians keep the Bunyip in the category of myth and legend that does not mean it has been forgotten. The National Library of Australia sponsors a traveling exhibition on Bunyips, there are several stories on the government websites about the creature and a set of four postage stamps commemorating this long time Australian legend have been issued. While it may never be proved it will ever live in the memories and folklore of Australia.…/the-elusive-bunyip-austral…/…/bunyips-serpents-other-creatu…/

Sara Fawley's photo.

Jun 01

Kongamato, the African Dragon

By: Tamara Ortiz

Hello Paranormal Seekers,

There is an unknown creature reported to be seen flying through the skies in Africa. This creature is said to be the Kongamato (less known names of Oliatau or Sasabonsam), Kongamato meaning “overwhelmer of boats” or “breaker of boats”. Although most reports come out of Africa, there have been sightings of the Kongamato in North America, Australia and parts of Europe. Some speculate that the Kongamato is an ancestor of the pterodactyl.

Pterodactyl – a pterosaur of the late Jurassic period, with a long slender head and neck and a very short tail

Pterosaur – an extinct warm-blooded flying reptile of the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods, with membranous wings supported by a greatly lengthened fourth finger, and probably covered with fur.

There are several descriptions of the Kongamato but most individuals describe a very large flying creature with reddish, brownish skin, some report feathers. They go on to describe a long neck, a long tail, pointy ears and a very large wingspan.

In 1925 a well-known British newspaperman, G. Ward Price and the Duke of Windsor learned of individuals that had been attached by a giant flying creature in Africa. Price interviewed the victims and showed them a picture of a pterodactyl, the victims stated that this was the creature that attacked them.

In 1956 an engineer by the name of J.P.F. Brown reported seeing two prehistoric looking creatures flying over Fort Rosebery, Zambia. Brown reported that the creatures had long tails, narrow necks, teeth and a wingspan of 3 and ½ feet. A year later in 1957 a man was treated for a chest wound at the Fort Rosebery Hospital ER; his report of the creature that had attached him was very similar to Brown’s report.

In 1988 cryptozoologist, biologist, vice-president of the International Society of Cryptozoology and Scientific Director of the Loch Ness Phenomena Investigation Bureau between 1965 and 1975 Roy Mackal PhD led an expedition into Namibia in search of the Kongamato because of reports he had read and studied. There was no hard evidence produced from this expedition but a team member, James Kosi reported to have seen the Kongamato at about 1000 feet above him.

There are many cryptozoologists that continue to search for evidence of this amazing cryptid. So if your ever find yourself in Kongamato territory, make sure you keep an eye to the sky in search of this illusive creature, do this to catch glimpse but also to stay safe, for it is said by many tribes in Africa that the Kongamato is very strong and can pick you up and carry you away.

(1999). Cryptozoology A to Z. In L. Coleman, & J. Clark, Cryptozoology A to Z. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster Inc.

Cryptozoology. (2006). Retrieved May 24, 2016, from Dark Site Kongamato:

Google Images. (n.d.). Retrieved May 24, 2016, from

Kongamato. (n.d.). Retrieved May 24, 2016, from Kongamato Pterodactyl:

Tamara Mariposa Oscura Ortiz's photo.

May 15

The Minhocao “Big Earth Worm”

The Minhocao “Big Earth Worm”
By: Tamara Ortiz

The Minhocao, which means big earth worm in Portuguese, this creature is said to reside in the forest of South America. You will find a few descriptions of the Minhocao but the most common description of the creature resembles a giant worm or serpent like creature with black skin, a mouth full of teeth that cannot be missed and a pair tentacles that come from its head. There are some sightings that claim the Minhocao also hasa pig like snout.

The Minhocao is said to be a burrowing animal and leaves enormous trenches and holes in the earth in its wake. From reported sightings of the Minhocao and investigations of the suspected trenches and holes from the creature suggest a length of 75 to 150 feet with a body diameter up 15 feet. There have been many alleged occurrence where the Minhocao has been blamed for houses and manmade sutures caving in and rivers have had their courses altered. These occurrences will happen after a very heavy rain, suggesting that the Minhocao prefers to travel during or after these rains because the earth is made softer for them to move easily through.

Cryptozoologist Karl Shuker has a theory that the Minhocao is of the giant caecilian family, the description of the Minhocao fits this theory but the reported size of the Minhocao is much larger than the description of the giant caecilian. Bernard Heuvelmans who was known for being a scientist, explorer and research suggested that these creatures were surviving glyptodont. (Glyptodon was a large, armored mammal of the subfamily Glyptodontidae, which lived during the Pleistocene epoch.)

There are many theories surrounding the Minhocao regarding its origin and its habitat. If you ever find yourself deep in the forest of South America and it happens to be raining you may want to keep your eye out for this allusive creature for it is said the Minhocao
can swallow a man whole…but of course this is just legend or is it.

Cryptid Chronicles. (2011, November 22). Retrieved May 11, 2016, from Cryptid Chronicles:

…/13150556445/minhocaoMinhocao . (2012). Retrieved May 11, 2016, from FFxiclopedia:

Shuker, K. (2016). Cryptomundo Shuker. Retrieved May 12, 2016, from Cryptomundo:

Tamara Mariposa Oscura Ortiz's photo.

May 05

Skunk Ape

Skunk Ape
By: Jessica Stacey-Miller

The Skunk Ape is a bipedal humanoid reported to live in the South Eastern United States. There are reports of sightings in Arkansas and North Carolina but the majority of reports are from the Florida Everglades. The ape is possibly a Bigfoot and described as having reddish brown to black fur, red glowing eyes and an incredibly horrid smell like rotting, rancid food. Estimates of the creature’s height vary significantly, some as small as four feet up to ten feet tall. The ape has several known names: Swamp Cabbage Man, The Nico, Swamp Ape, Stink Ape, Florida Bigfoot, Myakka Skunk Ape, Swampsquatch and the Bardin Booger.

Reports of the Skunk Ape started in 1942 when a man claimed that one of the creatures hitched a ride on his running board for over half a mile. In 1997 foreign tourists traveling on a bus claimed to have seen the creature. That same year a naturalist working in the Everglades also reported seeing the creature and described it as being over 7 feet tall. In 2000 pictures of the Skunk Ape were sent to the police along with a letter from an anonymous elderly woman. The letter stated that a large ape had been entering her back yard and stealing apples and lemons over the course of 3 nights. Her husband believed it looked like an orangutan and complained the horrible smell lasted long after it left.

Joe Nickell is a skeptical researcher who has been researching the claims and reports of the Skunk Ape and believes many of the sightings are actually hoaxes or possible misidentification of other wildlife animals such as bears. The black bear has many of the characteristics that have been reported. The rancid smell could be explained by the logic that bears often scavenge for food in garbage bins and they also eat other animals. A large bear can reach around seven feet tall when standing on their hind legs. The National Park Service classifies the Skunk Ape to be a hoax as there has been no concrete evidence to suggest its existence. This has not stopped reports however and many sightings still continue to this day.

Dave Shealy claims to have seen the skunk ape in 1974 at the age of ten. He continued to search for the creature for many years, seeing him on three other occasions. He is the self proclaimed local expert and has even made TV appearances. On July 8, 2000 Shealy captured a video of the Skunk Ape. Though there have not been any verified claims and National Park Services has stated the Skunk Ape is a hoax, Shealy responds by stating the swamp is over 2.2 million acres and one of the largest areas of protected land which is rarely visited.

What do you think? Is the Skunk Ape a case of mistaken animal identity? A hoax? Or is the Skunk Ape real?



The Skunk Ape is a foul-smelling bipedal hominid or other ape, mostly sighted around Florida. Although reports of theape have been reported as far north as North Carolina, the majority of Skunk Ape sightings come from in and around the Florida Everglades.

Apr 17

Honey Island Swamp Monster – Louisiana

Honey Island Swamp Monster – Louisiana
By Jessica Stacey-Miller

The Honey Island Swamp monster, also known as the Louisiana Wookie, is a fascinating humanoid cryptid believed to have been seen lurking in the swamp since 1963. Honey Island Swamp is one of the most uncorrupted swamp lands in the U.S.A. covering over 70,000 acres of protected wildlife land. The swamp is inhabited by many animals including alligators, wild boars, snakes, black bears and bald eagles.

The first reported sighting was by Harlan Ford, a retired Air Traffic Controller who had a passion for wildlife photography. The monster gained notoriety in 1974 when Harlan and his friend Billy Mills reported to have found odd footprints as well as several bodies of boars with their throats slashed open. Harlan was able to get a plaster cast of the footprint showing webbed toes. The Louisiana Wildlife Commission and zoologist at the Louisiana State University were called out to examine the footprint and it was determined not to be a hoax. They estimated the weight of the creature to be around 400 pounds and an animal of unknown origin. Harlan kept searching for the monster for several years and after Harlan’s death in 1980, a film reel was found with footage of the monster. Though the video is not clear, you can still find a clip of the film online. Another man, Ted Williams, claimed to also have sighted the creature. When asked why he didn’t kill the creature, his response was that he didn’t feel threatened and didn’t believe it wanted to hurt him. Ted took his boat out one day to set trout lines and was never heard from again.

According to legend, the creature is reported as having two rear limbs, roughly 7 feet tall with matted grey hair and yellow or red reptilian eyes. Locals in the area have theorized that the creature is to blame for many livestock deaths as well as cases of missing adults and children. An interesting legend is that of a train wreck in nearby Pearl River in the early twentieth century. According to legend a train full of exotic animals from a traveling circus crashed and the animals fled into the swamp. Supposedly the chimpanzee’s mated with the alligators and the Honey Island Swamp monster is the product of their union. However, this is impossible as monkeys and alligators cannot interbreed.
The creature was featured in many television shows including Lost Tapes, In search of…, Fact or faked: Paranormal files, Swamp people, and Monsters and mysteries in America. There is a real plaster cast footprint of the Honey Island Swamp monster on display at Abita Mystery House. The plaster cast was donated by Dana Holyfield, the grand-daughter of Harland Ford.


In 1978 the Alan Lamdsburg Company, producers of the popular TV program, IN SEARCH OF did a segment on the Honey island Swamp Monster. This catapulted the monster into International fame. Since then there have been many reports and the program has become a reference for information on the creature.…

Apr 17

Vietnam Rock Apes

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

Latest posts by Sara Fawley (see all)

Vietnam’s Rock Ape
By Sara Fawley
With the coming of the War in the 1960’s and 1970’s and the influx of American Soldiers into the jungles of Vietnam tales begin to emerge of encounters with strange ape like creatures that came to be known as “Rock Apes”. The creatures are said to be 5 to 6 feet tall, covered mostly in reddish brown fur except for certain areas such as the face,knees, palms of hands and bottoms of feet. They are bipeda with no tail, travel either alone or in small groups. The natives referred to them as Nguoi Rung or “jungle people” and had long known of them. To the locals they were just a fact of life and part of living in the interior jungles.
In fact tales of the same or very similar creatures have long been around the area. Not only Vietnam but Laos, Camnodia and Northern Borneo as well. The creatures have other names besides Nguoi Rung and Rock Ape as it was dubbed during the war. They are also known to locals as Batutut and Ujit. They are all similar in appearance though the ones in Borneo are said to have grayish hair and an aggressive nature with a tendency to attack humans with no provocation.
Although they were well known to the locals these humanoid, hairy bipeds were something new and frightening to the soldiers. While patroling the jungles, fighting off the Viet Cong as well as mosquitoes and other jungle life, stories of encounters with these “Rock Apes” began to become common place.
There are numerous tales ,one of the most well known is told by Veteran Kregg P.J. Jorgenson in his book Very Crazy G.I,.- Strange But True Stories Of The Vietname War. In his book, Jorgenson relates the encounter had by a 6 man unit of the 101 Airborne Division while they were on patrol in the mountainous jungle terrain of Vietnam. It was an arduuos hike carrying heavy packs through an unforgiving environment so the group stopped to take a rest. Although they were exhausted and resting they were still alert and attuned to their surroundings since they were aware that the enemy was everywhere. As they sat there some trees about 15 yards uphill began to violently shake. Assuming it was the enemey the men readied their weapons and sat waiting, watching the trees. But what emerged from the underbrush was not the Viet Cong as they feared. What they saw was a strange creature covered in matted reddish hair. The creature had a muscular frame with an oblong head, large mouth, deep set eyes and stood about 5 feet tall on two legs . The creature seemed to stand just observing them. The soldiers started speculating as to what it was, at first assuming it was an orangatuan until one of them pointed out that orangutans are not native to Vietnam. As they sat arguing, trying to assimilate what they were seeing the creature apparently became bored and slipped back off into the jungle.
There are other tales , many of much more violent than Jorenson’s account. Several of these involve a strategic position known as Hill 868 in the Quang Nam province. Alllegedly this particular site was so overrun with the “Rock Apes” that it became known among soldiers as “Monkey Mountain”. One of the encounters is related by Veteran Steve Canyon. According to Canyon a unit of Marines was out in the jungle of Hill 868 at night testing out a new muzzle flash and noise suppresser for their weapons. As they were getting set up to begin testing they noticed a Rock Ape staring aggresively at them from the nearby vegetation. After sitting there glaring at them for several moments the creature let out a loud barking sound. One of the soldiers threw a rock at it to scare it off. He hit it dead on with the rock, at this point the Rock Ape picked up it’s own rock and hurled it back at the soldiers. The group then noticed that while they were watching the single creature several more , about 20, had gathered around them in the jungle. The creatures began letting out howls and screeches and throwing rocks at the soldiers. The unit made a hasty retreat out of the jungle and back to the hill without engaging the creatures. When asked why they did not fire at the creatures, Canyon stated that “it just didn’t seem right to fire at them with their weapons”.
Now when reading these accounts you may think these were young men taken from their homes and families to fight an unknown enemy in a strange country and environment nHe ew to them so of course theses accounts were probably encounters with misidentified know species native to the area. These would be reasonable assumptions if not for the fact that encounters were not only had by the Americans but there are also tales from the other side of the lines as well. So much so in fact that in 1974 the North Vietnamese party Secretariat ordered a scientific expedition to find definitive proof of these Rock Apes. Professor Vo Quy of the Vietnam National University headed the expedition. They did not see any of the creatures but did find some curious tracks in the deep jungle. Casts were made of the footprints and sent to be analyzed. The analysis found that the print was wider than a human but much to large to be that of an Ape. There were other expeditions including one led by North Vietnamese General Hoang Minh Thau which were also unsuccessful.
Adding weight to the possibility that these tales are more than just campfire stories coming from the overstressed minds of young men fighting for their lives in unfamiliar surroundings are the claims of noted zoologist Dr. John McKinnon. In 1970, Mckinnon claimed to have found tracks of the creature which locals told him came from what they called Batutut. Mckinnon believed that the tracks he found were of hominid origin, possibly similar to the Maganthropus. The tracks were said to have human looking toes but about the size of an Asiatic black bear which are not native to Vietnam. Mckinnon wrote of the findings in a 1978 book, In Search Of The Red Ape. Although he never found solid evidence of the existense of Batutut , Mckinnon did discover several new species of large mammals in the Vu Quang Mountain rainforest in 1992, proving that the region was indeed capabale of hiding and sustaining large unknown species .
So do the Rock Apes exisit and if so, what are they? There are several theories that have been proposed over time. One theory being that the tails are a misidentification of a known species, the Tonkin snub-nosed Monkey. On the surface the snub-nosed monkey sounds like a good candidate. They live in mountainous areas in groups of up to 600. Show little fear of humans and have a wide range of vocalizations including one that sounds remarkably like a bark. Unfortunately this is where the similarities end. The snub-nosed monkey is active in the daytime, is exclusively tree dwelling, has a long prominent tail, is not bipedal and is nowhere near the 4-5 foot stature of the Rock Ape. Rock Apes conversely are bipedal, ground-dwelling, tailess nocturanl creatures.
Another theory is that the American soldiers were well known for imbibing in illict drugs including hallucenogentics and these encounters were just the product of over stressed drug-hazed minds in a stressful situation. There are a few problems with this theory. One being that stories of Batutut, Ujit or Nguoi Rung were known among the natives well before the war and American Soldiers. Also the fact that stories come from both sides of the conflict. Add in the fact that while the may have been some recreational drug use among the soldiers it is highly doubtful that this was happening during combat situations and there are numerous stories or Rock Ape encounters during combat. To believe this theory one would also have to believe that both sides of the conflict spent the entire war in a drug induced haze.
The most logical theory to my mind is that there is some as yet undiscovered species of ape hidden deep in the mountainous jungles of Vietnam. The fact that numerous new species of mammals have been discovered in this area in recent years just solidfies this theory to me. As always, do the research and reading and you decide. For me I will not be surprised if and when a new primate is discovered in the jungles of Vietnam.


Apr 08

Alma – Wild Man of Central Asia

Ashley Ann Lewis

Ashley Ann Lewis

Director / Dept Chair Occult at National Paranormal Society
Ashley became interested in the paranormal at a young age, but at that young age she did not have much understanding in it at all. I wasn’t until 2010 that she really became interested. Thanks to a Resolve carpet cleaning can that flew across the room, Ashley among three others who witness what happen that night, they pulled a team together. Ashley is a heavy researcher and though she may find the answer to what she is searching for she’ll search even harder. She’s overly determined and takes her part in the paranormal field very seriously. Between working hard and spending every dime she had she became a found of a paranormal team that is based out of Historic Louisiana and was honored to take on a position as a Representative with The National Paranormal Society. There is still so much she does not understand which drives her to work even harder and to further educate herself on everything.
Ashley Ann Lewis

Latest posts by Ashley Ann Lewis (see all)

By Ashley Ann Lewis

So we have the Yeti, Bigfoot and then there’s the Alma. Is it the same creature? Or are there different types, breeds, of these creatures. People have different sayings, experiences and even pictures of these creatures but in each place there’s a different story.
The “Wild Man” of Central Asia
In central Asia, in what, until a few years ago was the Soviet Union, there are stories of a large, ape-like creature that inhabits the mountains. It goes by the name of the Alma.
Unlike the better known Bigfoot and Yeti, reports about the Alma say that the creature is much more of a rough, hairy human than an ape. Professor Boris Porchnev, of the Moscow Academy of Sciences, published a description of the creature based on detailed stories he’d gathered from people who had seen it.
“There is no underlayer of hair so that the skin can sometimes be seen,” says the report. “The head rises to a cone-shaped peak,” it continues, and “the teeth are like a man’s, but larger, with the canines more widely separated.” Porchnev’s description also noted that the Alma can run as fast as a horse and swim in swift currents. Breeding pairs remain together living in holes in the ground. For food they eat small animals and vegetables. The creatures are mainly active at night. The report also noted that the animals have a “distasteful smell.”
The first stories of the Alma were gathered in 1881 by N. M. Pzewalski, a traveler in Mongolia who also discovered the Mongolian wild horse. During the Second World War refugees, soldiers, and prisoners of war, often reported seeing the Alma. Slavomir Rawicz, in his book The Long Walk, the story of his escape from a Siberian labor camp, tells of being delayed by a pair of Almas. Chinese soldiers reportedly put food out for the Alma and watched it eat.
M.A. Stonin, a geologist, was prospecting near Tien Shan in 1948. One morning he awoke to cries by his guides that the horses were being stolen. Stonin grabbed his rifle and headed outside to find a figure standing by the horses. It had long red-hair all over it’s body. The creature moved off at Stonin’s shouts and he chased after it. The animal was so man-like, though, that Stonin couldn’t bring himself to shoot it and the thing escaped.
In 1957 a hydrologist named Alexander G. Pronin, on an expedition to study water resources, reported seeing “a being of unusual aspect.” It stood at a distance in the snow with it’s legs wide apart and with arms longer than a normal man’s. Pronin watched it for five minutes, then the creature disappeared behind a rock. Three days later he saw the figure again briefly. Then a week later one of the group’s inflatable boats disappeared without explanation and was later found upstream. Pronin found out that the locals often blamed the “wild man” with stealing household items and taking them into the mountains. This made Pronin wonder if the Alma was responsible for the missing boat.
Alma’s have reportedly been shot and killed, but the carcasses have never been examined by scientists. In 1937, during a clash with the Japanese, a Russian reconnaissance unit in Mongolia spotted two silhouettes coming down a hill toward them. When the figures did not respond to a challenge, sentries shot them. Then next morning the recon unit was surprised when they examined the bodies. They were of a “strange anthropoid ape” that was about the size of a man and covered with long red hair. Unfortunately, because of the war, the bodies could not be returned to Moscow for a proper evaluation.

Mar 24



By: Jessica Stacey-Miller

There is a long history of Cadborosaurus, affectionately nick named Caddy, a sea serpent creature well known in British Columbia, Canada. Caddy was first seen off the coast of Victoria Island and described as having a long neck with a camel or horse-like head, a pair of front flippers and a large fan-like tail. Some accounts have the description of hind flippers rather than a tail. There have been over 300 reported sightings in the past 200 years. The earliest reports of Caddy were in the aboriginal tribes of British Columbia, as well as Alaska. The sea creature is also known as “Hiytil’iik” by the Manhousat tribe, “T’chain-ko” in Sechelt mythology, and “Numske lee Kwala” by the Comox tribe. The Inuit tribes often painted the creature on the sides of their canoes to ward the creature off.

Stories have existed since the 1800’s but the first sighting reported was in 1933 by a Victoria resident and his wife while out on their yaht. They described their encounter as seeing a “horrible serpent with the head of a camel.” Another report came soon after in 1934. This time it was the government who reported seeing the creature and the exact same description was given. Some local fisherman that same year also reported seeing two serpents in the water. One was over 60 feet long and the other was half the size at about 30 feet long. Some hunters claimed to have seen Caddy rise out of the water, swallow the duck they just wounded and then submerge back under water. One of the most notable reports came in 1937 when a whaling station in Vancouver believed to have finally caught Caddy. Inside the stomach of a sperm whale was a carcass 20 feet in length, with the head of a horse, a snake-like body and a spiny tail. They were able to capture a picture but the remains of the serpent somehow mysteriously disappeared. Another picture was taken in 1939 by Captain Paul Sowerby. More accounts came about several years later in 1953 when 10 people saw Caddy from various vantage points and every description was the same. A video was also released in 2009 and a short clip of the video was featured on the Discovery TV show Hilstranded. The clip can also be found on youtube.

There are various theories of what this sea creature could be. Most of those theories do not fit the description at all. Some of those theories include basking sharks, sea lions, and pipefish. Two possible explanations could be that of a giant oarfish which are known to reach up to 65 feet in length. Another possible explanation is a Zeuglodon, which is an ancient whale thought to be extinct. Edward Bousfield, a retired marine biologist has made huge efforts in the attempt to find and prove the existence of Caddy. Mr. Bousfield and his partner Paul Leblond, chairman and founder of BCSCC, Canada’s cryptozoology organization have been pushing to formally introduce Caddy as a new species, Cadborosaurus willsi. They have also called upon the scientific community to help find Caddy. So if you ever find yourself in Victoria, keep your eyes on the water. Perhaps you will spot Caddy!


Since the report of a sighting in Cadboro Bay, Victoria, in 1933 (hence Cadborosaurus, the lizard of Cadboro Bay), dozens of astounded people have said.

Mar 21

Globsters? What On Earth is That?

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

Latest posts by Sara Fawley (see all)

Globsters? What On Earth is That?
By Sara Fawley

What in the world is a Globster you ask? It is the name given to mysterious immediately unidentifiable carcassas that wash up on the shores of the ocean and sometimes(though not often) lakes
This does not apply to every carcass that washes up on shore. If it is recognizable as a known marine animal then it is not a Globster. These masses that wash up on shore are so bizarre looking that when they are discovered most think they are some sort of sea monster. In his book “Mysterious Creatures: A Guide to Cryptozoology” George M Eberhart give this description of Globsters: No apparent bone structure, ivory -colored, rubbery, stringy, extremely tough skin, covered in fine hair or fiber, no defined head, no visible eyes.”

Let’s look at a few well known Globsters. In 1896 was tossed a massive corpse on the beach in St Augustine Florida.. It was a 6 foot high rubbery blob.It was speculated at the time to be from a giant octupus. In 1956 th “dry harbor carcass” washed up on an Alaskan Beach. It was 100 feet long and covered in 2 in reddish fur. In the early 1960s one washed up on the West Coast of Tasmania. The blob was about 20 feet long by 15 feet wide and had 6 to 8 strange lobes along the side. These are just a few. There have been many others over the centuries. So what the heck are they?

There has been specutlation over the years that Globsters are everything from basking shark carcassas to giant octopuses to the remains of prehistoric animals that were frozen in icebergs and finally thawed and washed ashore. In 2004 Bilogist Sidney Pierce and his team gathered all available Globster specimens and examined them using electron microscopes as well as molecular and DNA testing. Their conclusion was that all available specimens were from various species of great whales. Some will refute the assertion that all Globsters are whale blubber saying that the tests on some were inconclusive. The truth is that no matter how advanced DNA testing is it is only as good as the specimin being examined. If the specimin is to degraded or there is other contamination then the results could be inconclusive. However given the fact that all of the ones that were conclusive have come back as whale blubber it is probably safe to say that other ones resembling them are most likely the same thing.

We will always have stories of mysterious sea monsters and be looking for evidence or bodies. I for one do not think the answer is Globsters.

The Cryptid Zoo

Sara Fawley's photo.

Jan 14


d2Dobhar-Chu of Ireland

The Dohbar-Chu which is known by many monikers such as; Anchu, water dog, Irish dog, doyarchu – is a cryptid rumored to inhabit the Irish lakes from the ancient times and is today believed to be possibly extinct.

Many descriptions of the creature suggest that they are typically black with one or several patches of white on their exterior (some reports these patches located on or near its chest.) Like a dog, its hindquarters were described to be larger in size as opposed to its forequarters; perhaps similar to that of a gray-hound. Its head however is described as similar to that of an otter, and its feet larger than normal which would be expected in an aquatic mammal. The neck is described as long and the tail also long with a possible tuft at the end.

The Dobhar-Chu are said to be rather aggressive towards humans and dogs. Typically, they will attack in groups of two or even more, usually when the original attacking Dobhar-Chu becomes tired. They will drag their victim into the water and if the victim gets away, they are known to follow him/her until they are caught again. According to The Cryptid Zoo the Dobhar-Chu are very loyal to another, if you were to kill one of the attacking Dobhar-Chus, their friends will seek revenge even with a disadvantage on land even if they are in danger themselves. In one such report, a Dobhar-Chu chased down the men who killed his mate for at least 20 miles to get revenge.

Because of the consistency of eyewitness accounts of the Dobhar-Chu, there are cryptozoologits who suggest that perhaps the creature is really a new species of giant otter while others remain in the belief that perhaps it is really a variety of a baby Loch Ness monster or a lake monster of the like. In recent years, the sightings are sparse, yet some have claimed to have seen the creature near Achill Island which is located just off the western coast of Ireland.

d1The Dobhar-Chu has been reportedly related to two known grave-sites in which their stones feature an image of the creature. However; the most interesting tale is the one taken from Patrick Tohall in 1948: ‘A woman named Grainne, wife of a man of the McLoghlins, who lived with her husband in the townland of Creevelea at the north-west corner of Glenade Lake, took some clothes down to the lakeshore to wash them. As she did not return her husband went to look for her and found her bloody body by the lakeside with the Dobhar-chú asleep on her breast. Returning to the house for his dagger he stole silently on the Dobhar-chú and drove the knife into its breast. Before it died, however, it whistled to call its fellow; and the old people of the place, who knew the ways of the animals, warned McLoghlin to fly for his life. He took to horse, another mounted man accompanying him. The second Dobhar-chú came swimming from the lake and pursued the pair. Realizing that they could not shake it off they stopped near some old walls and drew their horses across a door ope. The Dobhar-chú rushed under the horses’ legs to attack the men, but as it emerged from beneath them one of the men stabbed and killed it’ note – originally posted in


1. Mythical Creatures Guide. (n.d.). Retrieved January 13, 2016, from
2. The Cryptid Zoo: Doyarchu, Irish Water Monster. (n.d.). Retrieved January 13, 2016, from
3. The Dobhar Chu – A Very Strange Lake Monster. (1998, August 21). Retrieved January 13, 2016, from…/…/08/the_dobhar_chu_a_very_strange/

Jan 06

The Mngwa of Tanzania

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

Latest posts by Sara Fawley (see all)

fffI do not dally in the towns , but press into the forest, to be devoured by the mngwa!
And if the mngwa seizes me, devouring my flesh, that is the fortune of the hunt!

This is an excerpt from a popular hunting song of the natives of Tanzania written in 1150. That is how long tales of the Mngwa have been around the east coast of Africa. What is the Mngwa you ask?

Mngwa which translates from Swahili to “strange one” is a ferocious feline predator said to roam the coastal jungles of the East African country of Tanzania. It is said to be bigger than the largest lion with grey brindled fur (much like that of a tabby cat). It has a long tail, enormous claws and teeth and purrs like the tabby cat it’s coloring matches. It’s footprints are said to resemble a leopard but much larger.

In the early 1900’s, British official Captain William Hichens who was serving as magistrate in the Tanzanian coastal village of Lindi encountered his own tale to tell of the Mngwa. Up until this point he had assumed the stories he heard of the Mngwa were just local folklore. Then in 1922 something happened that changed his mind.

The village market place was patrolled at night by an askari ( native policeman) as it was custom for merchants to leave their belongings every night so they were ready for trade the next morning. One night at the midnight change of the guard the guard on duty was found to be missing by his relief. After secarching the man discovered his co-worker mutilated underneath one of the stalls. It was apparent that he had been mauled and killed by some animal. It was assumed that it was a lion until upon closer examanation it was discovered the man had tufts of grey fur such as from a lions mane clenched in his hands. Lions fur is golden not grey and no lion had ever been known to come into the town.

Hichens was confused and shocked but the villagers were not. They told him it must have been a Mngwa. Then the confirmation came when two men informed Hichens that they had been passing by the market place on the night in question and had been terrified to see a huge brindled grey cat leap out of the shadows and attack the askari. Two nights later another askari was killed in the same manner and again the strange grey fur was found around the body. Over the next month several more killings happened up and down the coast. Despite the police officials best efforts the predator was never found.

In the 1930’s another series of identical attacks happened in the same district. One victim was attacked but somehow survived. The victim was a well known local hunter who was very familiar with the local lions and leopards. He swore that it was neither one of these that had attacked him but was in fact a Mngwa.

Hunter Patrick Bowen also had his tale to tell of the Mngwa. He related to author Frank Lane that he had once tracked a Mngwa. He stated that a yourng boy had been carried off by the Mngwa and he, along with another man followed it tracks until they lost it. He stated the tracks were like that of a leopard but as large as the largest lion. He also found brindled fur.

There are several theories and possibilities as to what the Mngwa could be. One is that it may be just an abnormally colored specimen of some known species.

Another possibility is that it may be some type of hybrid cat such as a Tigon ( the offspring of a male tiger and female lion), A Liger ( the offspring of male lion and a female tiger) or a Leopon ( the offspring of a male leopard and a female lion). Of the three the Liger is the most likely suspect. Ligers are the largest of the three hybrids and also more closely fit the description of the Mngwa. They have both spots and stripes and while they are generally orange/gold in color it is possible that there could be a gene mutation that would cause the grey color. Male offspring have a mane like a lion although it is not as large or defined as a lion’s mane. Standing on their hind feet Ligers stand approximately 12 feet tall and can weigh up to 1000 pounds making them possibly the largest cats in the world. The main problem with this theory is that there are no known Tigers in East Africa however although there is no evidence to support it there may have been Tigers in the area in the distant past. Remember tales of the Mngwa have been around for centuries.

Antoher more intriguing theory in my opinion was put forth by Cryptozoologist Dr Bernard Heuvelmans. His theory is that the Mngwa is an undiscoverd giant species of African Golden Cat. The Golden Cat is not only one of Africa’s most viscious and elusive predators but also one of it’s most morphologically versatile. It’s coat can vary in color from golden through a wide range of reds, browns and greys to all black. It can also have just as wide a range of dark spotted patterns. Other charactaristics that make a giant species of Golden Cat a likely suspect are the fact that due to is savage and blood thristy nature the Golden Cat inspires extreme fear and superstition among the natives. And most compelling is that because of it’s throat structure the Golden Cat does not roar like a lion or leopard, it purrs like a domestic cat which is one of the main characteristics attributed to the Mngwa.

Whether Tigon, Liger or new species of Golden Cat one thing is certain. The Mngwa inspires respect and fear in the natives of Tanzania.…/mngwalegendary-big-c……/14850761-the-mngwa-ter……/nunda-in-search-of-strange…

Dec 31

Orang Bati of Indonesia

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

Latest posts by Sara Fawley (see all)

vvShould you choose to venture to the Molucca Islands of Indonesia, specifically the island of Seram it is strongly suggested that you not take your infant or small child. Seram is the reported home of the Orang Bati. A 5 foot winged simian type creature that abducts and eats small children.

Tales of the Orang Bati date back to the 1500’s. Visiting Christian missionaries have reportedly been told horrific stories of the creature since that time. The Orang Bati is said to resemble a primate with red skin, orange hair, a long thin tail and black leathery bat-like wings. It is also said to emit a long mournful wail when it is hunting. The creature is said to be nocturnal and comes to the villages at night to abduct small children which it take back to the dormant volcano where it lives to eat. The name Orang Bati translates from the Moluccan language as “men with wings”.

In 1987 Tyson Hughes, an English Missionary, began an 18 month mission to teach the Moluccans farming. He was told the stories of the Orang Bati and although he was skeptical he related the stories to friends and collegues back home. By all reports Mr Hughes skepticism came to an end about halfway through his 18 months when he supposedly had a nocturnal encounter with an Orang Bati himself. After that, he felt it was his mission to get the story of this creature out into the Western World.

Although there is no physical evidence of the Orang Bati there are several theories as to what it could be. One theory is that the descriptions are a bit off and it is actually a Pterodactyl that has survived the centuries living in the remote caves and dormant volcanos of the island. Another is that it may be an undiscovered species of monkey-faced giant bat. Yet others believe it may be the worlds first species of flying simian.

The most popular and seemingly the most plausible is that what people are seeing are giant fruit bats, commonly known as flying foxes. Some scientists believe that the flying foxes are actually descendants from primates and what the villagers are seeing are possibly some bats with genetic remnants of their tails. It is important to point out at this point that some fossil records of the species do show skelatal remains of tails which scientists believe were used to maneuver during flight.

Sightings of the creature continue to this day. Pterodactyl? Flying Monkey? Misidentified Giant Bat? As always…. you be the judge.…/the-orang-bati-indone…

Dec 06

Chullachaqui of the Amazon

pushandoThe Chullachaqui of the Amazon rain-forest is one of the more interesting cryptids I have had the pleasure of learning about. This cryptid is noted by several sources as being the protector of the rain forest as well as a trouble-maker.

This shape-shifting gnome has been known to lure people by way of perceptive deception. The Chullachaqui is said to assume the form of a friend or an acquaintance or even an inconspicuous child in an attempt to lure you into the forest. It is said that the unassuming will confidently follow the skillful Chullachaqui deep into the Amazon never to be seen or heard from again; but, do not be deceived so easily my friends, the Chullachaqui can be recognized easily by the fact that one of his feet are larger than the other or one foot is twisted back onto itself. He is also noted as having both feet deformed, or even one foot shaped like that of an animal such as a deer or a jaguar. There has been accounts of a second type of Chullachaqui—a benevolent person of the good with no visual deformity. A cold deceit in the face of truth perhaps?

Poet César Calvo pictures chullachaquis as creations of great shamans, sculpted out of the air, or formed from kidnapped children. What do we, the observers and inquisitive minds think about these observations? We can discover by simple research methods that many sources claim the Chullachaqui dwells alone in the inundated forest where the chullachaquicaspi tree does grow or under lupina trees there which Calvo goes on to say he has an “indissoluble agreement with love.” We go on to learn that he keeps a garden and lives on its fruits and sometimes he will appear in huge red shoes or red pants and a hat. Some of these findings to the modern day researcher may seem quite similar to the rudiments of a fable in the making or a fairy-tale if you will; however, all myths and tales start with a bit of truth in there someplace which brings us to modern day industrial encroachment of the forest in the form of lumber and oil companies.

A newer version of the Chullachaqui discusses him as being birthed from the industrial plague; he is said to punish those whom harm the forest and its inhabitants. He can either harm those who harm the forest or help those who help the forest.

In one such account, a gentleman by the name of Don Agustin Rivas talks about an encounter with a small ‘man’ whom had an aged face, brilliant eyes and a very small mouth and seemed to be missing a foot. He goes on to describe that the man was dressed normally though he’d immediately recognized him as the Chullachaqui. He goes even further to mention delight in finally meeting a real Chullachaqui and claims to have smoked a pipe with it and had a conversation about his bad luck in hunting. He claims that the Chullachaqui’s reply was this “Those are my animals, you need to ask my permission first, and you have never asked me before shooting an animal. But today, you’re going to kill an animal.” Don goes on the explain a feeling of sudden dizziness to which he’d then fainted, and later he awoke to discover the Chullachaqui was no longer in his company. Immediately thereafter, Don claims to come across a very large deer in which he shoots perfectly through the heart.

With these various descriptions, we can certainly wonder what really does exist out there in the Amazon rain-forest, and is it a protector sent by the forest itself in an attempt to protect it from the industrial encroachment that in itself seems like a monster? Perhaps we should visit the Amazon and see for ourselves …


  1. Chullachaqui. (n.d.). Retrieved December 6, 2015, from

  2. The Legend of Chullachaqui. (n.d.). Retrieved December 6, 2015, from

Nov 29

Issie Of Lake Ikelda

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

Latest posts by Sara Fawley (see all)

issieMany countries around the world have stories and legends of monsters inhabiting various lakes and Japan is no exception. Lake Ikelda is a caldera (extinct volcano) lake in the southeastern part of the Satsuma Peninsula and home to Issie or Ishii.

Being in a caldera, Lake Ikelda is almost round. It is 15 Km in circumference and approximately 750 feet deep. There are no rivers or streams that flow into the lake. It receives its water from rain and subsurface sources. Although the lake sits on the Satsuma Peninsula it is above sea level and a fair distance from the Sea of Japan which borders one side of the peninsula and the Gulf of Kagoshima which borders the other.

Issie was first seen in 1961, however was not really given much attention until 1978 when more than 20 people all testified to seeing the monster. On September 3rd, 1978 Yutaka Kawaji and members of his family were at the lake for a memorial service. Yutaka’s children Hiroto, Mutsumi and Tomoko were playing near the shore a large ( reportedly 30 ft in length) black creature in the lake with two humps sticking about 2 feet above the water.The children shouted to their family who all reportedly saw the creature. Yutaka jumped in a motorboat and chased the creature across the lake. Although he was unable to catch up to it he did see the humps above the water twice for about 20 seconds.

On December 16th of the same year Toshiaki Matsuhara who had an interest in the folklore and legends of the lake would take the photograph that earned him the 100,00 Yen reward offered by the city of Ibusuki which is near the lake for the first photograph of Issie .At 1:30 pm on that day Toshiaki was scanning the lake with a 50X telescope when he saw a whirlpool near the middle of the lake. He watched it through his telescope for 5 minutes as it moved northward before it disappeared. He then noticed an object somewhat veiled by waves moving through the water. He quickly took a series of photographs and in one of them two humps with what appears to be a spinal ridge can be seen.
He submitted the photos to the tourism department and they were impressed enough to award him the prize money. When the photos were published, Yutaka Kawaji who had witnessed the creature in September saw them and called the tourism to report that this was exactly what he and his family had seen and that it was at the exact location of his sighting near a local landmark known as Couple’s Rock.
Although Toshiaki claims to have photographed the creature 4 more times these photographs have never been submitted for public scrutiny or published.

There have been other sightings but these are the most notable. So what could Issie possibly be? Local legend tells that a White Mare and her foal used to live by the lake. The foal was kidnapped causing the mare to be so distressed that she jumped into the lake and became Issie. Sightings of Issie are attributed to the Mare surfacing to search for her foal.

A more probable answer though lies with other inhabitants of the lake. Malaysian eels were at some time introduced into the lake and are harvested locally, The problem with this theory is that the largest eel ever reported being seen in the lake (ironically in the same are of the Issie sightings) is 2 meters which is a 5 or 6 feet. While 5 or 6 feet is quite large it does not come anywhere near the reported 30 feet of Issie. It is however possible that sightings of Issie could be eels swimming in a line or group.

Giant eel???? Legendary White Mare endlessly searching for her kidnapped foal??? I am not sure what Issie is but Yutaka Kawaji and Toshiaki Matsuhura certainly believe she is real.…/issie-japanese-lake-…

Nov 19

Crypto and the Eye

Ashley Ann Lewis

Ashley Ann Lewis

Director / Dept Chair Occult at National Paranormal Society
Ashley became interested in the paranormal at a young age, but at that young age she did not have much understanding in it at all. I wasn’t until 2010 that she really became interested. Thanks to a Resolve carpet cleaning can that flew across the room, Ashley among three others who witness what happen that night, they pulled a team together. Ashley is a heavy researcher and though she may find the answer to what she is searching for she’ll search even harder. She’s overly determined and takes her part in the paranormal field very seriously. Between working hard and spending every dime she had she became a found of a paranormal team that is based out of Historic Louisiana and was honored to take on a position as a Representative with The National Paranormal Society. There is still so much she does not understand which drives her to work even harder and to further educate herself on everything.
Ashley Ann Lewis

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Crypto and the Eye

By: Ashley Lewis

How does your brain create a picture?When you look at a scene, each of the different ‘seeing’ areas in your brain seems to have a ‘map’ of the scene to which it adds details – like movement, color, depth or shape. Scientists have learnt a lot about how you see by studying patients who have damage to these areas. Damage to any area can mean that the final picture is missing a particular detail.
Many of the neurons in the visual part of the brain respond specifically to edges orientated in a certain direction. From this, the brain builds up the shape of an object. Information about the features on the surface of an object, like color and shading, provide further clues about its identity. Objects are probably recognized mostly by their edges, and faces by their surface features.
When you look at an object, each of your eyes sees a slightly different picture. These signals are brought together in the brain, to help tell how far away an object is. This is what enables us to see ‘magic eye’ pictures. Other clues like shadows, textures and prior knowledge also help us to judge depth and distance.
When you look at a moving object, signals go to a special part of your brain. Damage to this area can stop you seeing movement, even though your sight is otherwise normal. Eye problems, stroke etc.
So how the heck does this have anything to do with Cryptozoology. Think about it. Our brains do a overload of a job when looking at things, objects. Our brain will do whatever it can to create an image out of nothing and our eyes see it.
So, I’m asking. Have you really seen what you think you have seen? How sure are you? What proof do you have? Yes there are many tales, legends and stories that go as far back as we can remember. Did the tale stick with you and you believe it? Or did you really see what you thought you saw? Next time, think about it.
Thank you for your time. To read more articles about Crypto and much much more, visit

Ashley Lewis's photo.
Ashley Lewis's photo.

Oct 29


Shellie Langdeau

Shellie Langdeau

Health & Safety
Department Chair

Hi all! My name is Shellie. I live in Rockville, Rhode Island. Born and raised in “the sticks”, so to speak. I’ve been a social worker for very close to 25 years, working directly with people who suffer from chronic mental illness and substance abuse issues. I didn’t have my first paranormal experience till I was in my early 30’s. Since that time, I’ve been infatuated with the unknown. My mind is driven to want provable facts though. I will search and search to find a logical explanation for everything lol.
Shellie Langdeau

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By Shellie Lamont Langdeau


Mamlambo is said to live in the depths of African rivers. This cryptozoological creature is said to have first been seen several hundred years ago and to still be seen today. The body of Mamlambo is said to be up to 60 feet long and look like a hybrid of a snake and a fish with a horse-like head. Those who have seen this creature say that it measures around 67 feet long and is a solitary creature. No sounds or smells have ever been associated with this mysterious creature. The first time that this creature was observed it was in the Mzintlava river in Southern Africa and since this first sighting it has been feared by various cultures in the area ever since. According to those who have witnessed the creature, the Mamlambo thrives in wetter weather and has been said to drag both animals and people underneath the water to drown them before eating them. According to local legend, the Mamlambo has taken the lives of nine victims to date, the last of which was a young girl whose body was found buried in the dirt beside the river. Perhaps the most gruesome thing about this creature is that it is said to eat the faces of its victims before eating their brains.

Some explain the Mamlambo away as being an Elasmosaur or a type of Archaeocete; however, to those cultures that have seen it, the creature is simply a gruesome monster to be feared.…/…

Shellie Lamont Langdeau's photo.

Oct 29

Ebu Gogo

Shellie Langdeau

Shellie Langdeau

Health & Safety
Department Chair

Hi all! My name is Shellie. I live in Rockville, Rhode Island. Born and raised in “the sticks”, so to speak. I’ve been a social worker for very close to 25 years, working directly with people who suffer from chronic mental illness and substance abuse issues. I didn’t have my first paranormal experience till I was in my early 30’s. Since that time, I’ve been infatuated with the unknown. My mind is driven to want provable facts though. I will search and search to find a logical explanation for everything lol.
Shellie Langdeau

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By: Shellie Lamont Langdeau‎

Ebu Gogo has most commonly been sighted in Flores, Indonesia. The creature was first sighted in ancient times and was last seen in the late 19th century. Those who have seen depictions of Ebu Gogo describe it as looking much like a little gremlin. According to noted sightings the Ebu Gogo is a small creature that has a hair covered body. This small creature has disproportionately long arms and a large belly as well as quite large ears. The Ebu Gogo walks bipedally and appears to have an uncomfortable pace. No sighting of this creature has ever noted it as talking to anyone; however, they have been noted as repeating words that were spoken to them or muttering indistinguishably. Fast climbers and strong creatures, the Ebu Gogo are capable and willing to eat anything and everything according to legend, including people. Some believe that the Ebu Gogo is related to the Homo Florensiensis discovered in a cave in Flores. According to local legends however, the Ebu Gogo is a formidable creature and is used to scare children much like the boogie man is used to scare children in the United States. At one point the island of Flores was believed to have belonged to a small race of people not unlike the Ebu Gogo. Legend also tells that at one time humans and the Ebu Gogo lived in close proximity of each other until the Ebu Gogo began to destroy the human’s cattle. Once the humans noted this destruction they drove the Ebu Gogo away by hunting them which angered the Ebu Gogo and caused them to become vengeful. At one point it is said that these creatures even stole a baby from a local village! No very recent sightings of this creature have been noted.


Oct 24

Luscas Monster

Holly Moreland

Holly Moreland

Director - Div 2 at National Paranormal Society
Hi, My name is Holly. I live in the middle of Michigan on a small quiet lake with my significant other. I have 2 children, and a couple I choose to also call my own! I have had a few experiences that have made me scratch my head about so I reached out to see what others have encountered! I love to research and communicate what I find in any aspect of life! I also seem to have a need to help others or I could say others seem to seek me out for help! Happy to be part of the group!!.
Holly Moreland

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Luscas Monster

By: Holly Moreland

These vicious, half-shark, half-octopus man-eaters are said to have inspired terror amongst fishermen and scuba divers in and around the blue holes of the Bahamas for decades.

The island of Andros in the Bahamas is the home to a spectacular array of what the natives refer to as blue holes. Formed during the ice ages of the last million years or so, modern researchers have discovered that these blue holes are a vast network of underwater cave systems, which link the Andros’s small freshwater lakes with the Atlantic Ocean.

Ironically, the confirmation of this oceanic passage has lent some credence to the legend of a HYBRID-BEAST, which is said to dwell in these blue holes… a legend known to locals as the Lusca. These ferocious octo-sharks have been described as being an incredible 75 to 200-feet in length, with the razor sharp teeth of a shark and an array of octopus-like multi-suckered tentacles.

Although the few eyewitnesses who have survived Lusca attacks seem to agree that the above description is accurate, there are others who insist that this animal’s appearance incorporates more of a “squid-eel” combination. Either way, the result is a terrifyingly ferocious predator, which one can only assume is equally horrifying in appearance.

Often believed to be an unknown species of cephalopod like the KRAKEN, the FRESHWATER OCTOPI or Octopus Giganteus (akin to the now infamous ST. AUGUSTINE PHENOMENON) these large, sub-aquatic anomalies have inspired terror in the hearts of generations of Bahamian fishermen.

Legend has it that any encounter with this extraordinary beast almost always results in the death of whoever was unfortunate enough to wander too close to its watery lair. This extends not only to intrepid divers who have dared to brave the labyrinthine depths of the blue holes, but also to those unwary souls who stand too close to the shoreline, as the Lusca — much like the AHUIZOTL and EL CUERO — has been known to use its tentacles to drag even earthbound victims to their watery graves.

Onlookers have even described seeing fishermen’s boats suddenly being yanked below the surface of the blue holes, only to watch in horror as the indigestible flotsam of these broken vessels slowly raises to the surface, their captains and crew nowhere to be seen.

This description of a purported Lusca attack has led some oceanographers to suggest that what people are mistaking for this legendary creature’s voracious appetite may, in fact, be a natural oceanic phenomenon caused by swift tidal changes which suck the water back in through the blue holes, resulting in a spontaneous whirlpool.

These sudden whirlpools roll and boil, and almost certainly hold the potential to pull unwary swimmers — or even entire boats — into its churning depths. When the currents reverse, a frigid, mushroom cloud-like surge of water is gushed back into the small lake, which could force the wreckage to the surface.

While this theory may apply to some cases of mysterious blue hole disappearances it in no way accounts for the colossal tentacles and shark-like maws described by eyewitnesses.


Oct 24

Ahool of Indosesia

Holly Moreland

Holly Moreland

Director - Div 2 at National Paranormal Society
Hi, My name is Holly. I live in the middle of Michigan on a small quiet lake with my significant other. I have 2 children, and a couple I choose to also call my own! I have had a few experiences that have made me scratch my head about so I reached out to see what others have encountered! I love to research and communicate what I find in any aspect of life! I also seem to have a need to help others or I could say others seem to seek me out for help! Happy to be part of the group!!.
Holly Moreland

Latest posts by Holly Moreland (see all)

Ahool of Indosesia

By: Holly Moreland

The Island of Java, formed mostly as the result of volcanic activity, is the worlds 13th largest island, and the 5th largest island of Indonesia. Java is one of the most densely populated regions on earth and with a population of roughly 124 million is also the most populated island in the world. It is because of this overpopulation that the rainforests of Java have all but disappeared in recent times, the Gunung Halimun National Park is one of the last remaining stretches of lowland forest on the island. What remains Java’s once great rain forests supports a wide array of wildlife including over 23 mammal species, over 200 bird species, over 500 forms of plant life and according to the native population of the forests is the home to a large unidentified winged creature known as the Ahool.

The Ahool, named after its call, a long ahOOOooool, is said to be a bat like creature, and is described as the size of a one year old child with a gigantic wing span of roughly 12 feet. It is reported to be covered in short, dark grey fur, have large, black eyes, flattened forearms supporting its leathery wings and a monkey like head, with a flattish, man like face. It has been seen squatting on the forest floor, at which times its wings are closed, pressed against the Ahool’s body, its feet appearing to point backwards. It is thought that the Ahool is a nocturnal creature, spending its days concealed in caves located behind or beneath waterfalls; its nights spent skimming across rivers in search of large fish upon which it feeds.

One account of the Ahool occurred in 1925 when naturalist Dr. Ernest Bartels, son of noted ornithologist M.E.G. Bartels, was exploring a waterfall on the slopes of the Salek Mountains when a giant unknown bat, the Ahool, few directly over his head. Two years later in 1927, around 11:30 pm, Dr. Ernest Bartels encountered the Ahool again, this time he was laying in bed, inside his thatched house close to the Tjidjenkol River in western Java, listening to the sounds of the jungle when he suddenly heard a very different sound coming from almost directly over his hut, this loud and clear cry seemed to utter, A Hool! Grabbing his torch Dr. Bartels ran out of his hut in the direction the sound seemed to be heading. Less than 20 seconds later he heard it again, a final A Hool! which floated back towards him from a considerable distance downstream. As he would recall many years later, he was transfixed on the sound, not because he did not know what produced it but rather because he did, the Ahool.

At one time, Bartels had suggested that perhaps the creature was not a bat, but some type of bird, possibly a very large owl, but this theory did not sit well with others and was greeted with passionate denials by his friends, who assured him in no uncertain terms that they were more than capable of distinguishing a bat from a bird.

Bartels accounts of the Ahool were passed down to cryptozoologist Ivan T. Sanderson by Bernard Heuvelmans, and after much research Sanderson concluded that the Ahool is a form of unclassified bat. Sanderson took special interest in the Ahool because he too had met with such a creature, but not in Java, his encounter took place in the Assumbo Mountains of Cameroon, in western Africa. Sanderson thought that the Ahool could be an Oriental form of the giant bat like creature he witnessed in Africa; this creature was known by the African natives as the Kongamato.

Some researchers have suggested that the Ahool may be a surviving population of pterosaur, a flying reptile thought to have gone extinct around the time of the dinosaurs, some 65 million years ago. Indeed the description of the Ahool does match what we currently know about pterosaur species, including large forearms supporting leathery wings. The majority of investigators seem to agree however that the Ahool is more than likely a form of unknown giant bat, looking to the creatures reported facial features as evidence against the flying reptile theory. A third, less popular theory, also based on the reported facial features of the Ahool is that this beast may be the worlds first reported case of a flying primate.

Regardless of which theory you may subscribe to it may only be a matter of time before we find out exactly what the Ahool is. With the continued destruction of Java’s rainforests the Ahool’s habitat continues to shrink which may lead to more encounters with the creature by modern man as we encroach further on its home. Unfortunately the destruction of the Ahool’s home may also lead to its extinction before we even get a chance to fully understand its identity.

The Evidence

There is currently no physical evidence to suggest the existence of a creature like the Ahool living in the rainforests of Java.

The Sightings

In 1925, naturalist Dr. Ernest Bartels, son of noted ornithologist M.E.G. Bartels, was exploring a waterfall on the slopes of the Salek Mountains when a giant unknown bat, the Ahool, few directly over his head.

In 1927, around 11:30 pm, Dr. Ernest Bartels encountered the Ahool again. Bartels was laying in bed, inside his thatched house close to the Tjidjenkol River in western Java, listening to the sounds of the jungle Bartels suddenly heard a very different sound coming from almost directly over his hut, this loud and clear cry seemed to utter, A Hool!

The Stats: (Where applicable)

Classification: Avian
Size: Roughly 12 foot wingspan
Weight: Unknown
Diet: Carnivorous, mainly fish
Location: The Indonesian island of Java
Movement: Flight
Environment: Mountainous rainforest


Holly Moreland's photo.
Holly Moreland's photo.

Oct 24

Wild, Wooly and Weird: The Beast of Dartmoor

Lillee Allee

Lillee Allee

Representative at National Paranormal Society
Lillee Allee has studied religion, spirituality and paranormal investigation for over 40 years. She is the widow of John D. Allee, an internationally known dark magician. She continues to consult in paranormal investigation. Her specialties include: Marian and cultural spiritual phenomena/apparitions, spiritual support to teams and clients who want spiritual counseling after investigation, evp work and old school audio, the accuracy and research of past life regression and seance, and spiritual protection. Lillee was also one of the first to incorporate trained canines into paranormal investigations. She hosts a radio program on the network, Happy Mediums, with Debra Ann Freeman, who also consults with paranormal investigative teams in Southern New England. Lillee is a published author and journalist, and legal clergy with degrees in psychology and mass communication. Lillee walks on the middle path sees learning as a life-long endeavor and is looking to make a difference and contribution to this field before she too will be heard on someone’s EVP. Lillee is always available to educate and consult and continues to enjoy guesting on other’s radio and television programs.
Lillee Allee

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Lillee Allee's photo.


What is the Beast of Dartmoor? It seems to depend on whom you speak to or what you believe. Most individuals report a reflection from two big green eyes or hear a very scary howling sound. Other than that, there seems to be little agreement. Many say this wooly mammal is a lion-pig or a boar, horse, wolverine, bear, cougar, panther, sheep or a dog. There are many stories, but little evidence. Most researchers only have a blurry video on

or the blurry photograph above taken near Hound Tor near Dartmoor in 2007 by a falconer. It is important to note that a party of school children was close to the location when this photograph was taken; none were afraid or harmed. The animal was not alarmed. A similar sighting occurred in the same area a year later, and was described as a bear. One extreme claim is that this creature somehow survived the ice age and has since thrived. Since no one can even agree on whether it is feline or canine, the mystery deepens.
According to Rebecca Camber, it may have all started with the centuries-old myth about black dogs in the British Isles. These canines are said to inhabit the moors, but there has been no proof to this story. The truth is that Sir Arthur Conan Doyle based his mystery, the Hound of the Baskervilles, on myths of the Whist hounds or Hounds of Hell and Squire Richard Cabell’s story.
The myth about the Squire may shed some light on the origins of the Hell Hounds. This man, who died in July 5, 1677, allegedly sold his soul to the Christian Devil. After his body was placed in its tomb, a allegedly big black dogs with red eyes appeared and made horrible sound as fire was ejected with their every breath. After that, the myths claim they showed up for every anniversary of his death to collect his soul. How this turned into legends of random sightings throughout the year remains unclear, but these may be the roots of the canine connection with this beast.Some say that the superstitions and stories about black cats are a more modern continuation of the black dog myths. Both dogs and cats come from myth; a medieval Welsh poem explains how a clawing cat roamed about who was the offspring of a sow.
While the original cause was said to be supernatural, today more believe that these odd animals are escapees from zoos or have been released from private estates. Like a fish tale, the cats became bigger and came in a variety of colors. This only contributed to the urban legend.
The site Crytidz Wikia tries to solve the mystery of the Beast of Dartmoor by proclaiming it a puma (felis concolor.) Pumas, cougars or mountain lions can survive in a variety of environments. Pumas eat quite a spectrum of animals from deer to rabbit. Cumber found that others did not immediately rush to the same explanation. Mark Fraser, founder of the national research organization Big Cats has been surprised by the variety of witness descriptions. Some attribute this to what is seen at a distance may possibly be explicable. For example, if a domestic cat is seen at a distance, without proper lighting and no available measurements in the landscape (such as in the moors) a person may be mistaken as to its features and how large the animal really is.
Those who follow feline sightings describe cats that allegedly live in Britain but are not indigenous. This includes pumas, but also panthers and big black cats. While most reports cannot be confirmed, the list of the reports throughout the years is interesting. The first description of big cats came from mid-eighteenth century author, William Cobbett. He not only claimed he once saw a cat the size of a larger dog, but also saw a lynx. Later, a Canadian lynx was reportedly shot in 1903. In 1927, a sighting of a lynx was described in the local paper. . A puma was captured alive in Scotland in 1980. A type of jungle cat was reportedly run over by a car in Shopshire in 1989. A Eurasian lynx was shot in Norfolk in 1991, and in the midst of the controversy, a police report finally confirmed the veracity of the story. In 1993, another puma was reportedly recovered in Scotland. In 1994, a farmer reported he had shot a large cat that looked like a leopard on the Isle of Wight but police reported it was possibly an ocelot. Even in Northern Ireland in 1996, authorities reported a shooting of a caracal (sometimes referred to as desert lynx), a medium-sized wildcat native to Africa and Asia, but the police report stated it was a lynx. This only added to the confusion. In 2001,authorities trapped a young Eurasian lynx in North London after a long chase.
In this age of technology, one has to look at videos, photographs and possible DNA evidence.Around 1993, people reported a large black cat around Bodmin Moor, nicknamed the ‘Beast of Bodmin’. Government scientists debunked the videos saying that these were simply domestic black cats. In 1994 another black cat was videotaped in Cambridgeshire and the media christened it the “Fen Tiger”. But again, there is no scientific proof. From 2004 to 2011, each year brought videos of black cats, one allegedly responsible for killing sheep. However, the videos did not offer conclusive evidence. During a physical attack on a 11 year old boy in Monmouthshire in 2000, the victim claimed it was a big black cat. In 2005, another Southeast London, a large man struggled with a large black cat. At the time the BBC reported that a police officer confirmed that it was the size of a large dog. DNA evidence so far has been disappointing and does not support the claims. Hairs given to Durham University, found in North Devon, seemed to confirm the possibility of a leopard. After examining two dead deer in Gloucestershire, though witnesses had reported a large black cat, the DNA said foxes were responsible. In 2012, there was a similar incident, and the DNA came back with foxes again as the culprits.
One of the most amusing stories came in August 2012, when it was rumored that a lion was loose in Essex. While there was extensive air and land investigation, no big cat was found. A local resident reported that the animal photographed was her own Maine Coon named Teddy.
The search for the Beast and its sightings continued. Fifteen people claimed they saw it in Haldon Forest in 2011. In 2013, a large black cat was allegedly spotted, but a former zookeeper in the area said the paw prints were too small to be a panther but could be those of an extremely large domestic cat.
Is the best evidence the photo above that was taken by Falconer Martin Whitley, who saw the animal from 200 yards away? Cumber reports that Whitley is sure it was not a dog; he has worked with dogs all his life. He described a shaggy coat, rounded ears and large powerful front legs. He claims he saw a huge cat over a decade ago, but this was not the same, this was much bigger. He described it as having both feline and bear-like characteristics that is confusing at best.
Whatever these creatures are, they are not the farmers’ friends. In 1988, after a myriad of complains over dead livestock, the Ministry of Agriculture actually sent out the Royal Marines to find the Beast of Exmoor. While several Marines said they spotted a cat, only evidence of foxes was confirmed.
The farmers also have another foe according to Cumber. Al Dedames’ farm in North Devon was raided by animal rights activists who destroyed fencing. He lost over 100 boars. While some ended up dead through shooting by hunters or other farmers, and others died in road accidents, almost 200 could still be wandering.
In searching for the Beast of Dartmoor, Tim Sandles compiled government research and found from 2001 to the end of 2004, 48 strange animals were reported: 5 confirmed wild boar sightings with 20 out of 27 big cat sightings remained inconclusive. While these numbers sound extreme, consider the location that also adds to the mystery. The common location for the Beast of Dartmoor, Dartmoor National Park, experiences much fog and the land can be hard to navigate due to the rather treacherous terrain. Crytidz Wikia states Dartmoor is said to be inhabited by anomalies ranging from little people to large monsters. The Beast of Dartmoor remains an unconfirmed cryptid. This means it may exist, but there is simply not enough evidence to confirm it at this time. The mystery continues.


Beast of Dartmoor. Retrieved October 14, 2015 from

British Big Cats. Retrieved October 14, 2015 from

Camber, Rebecca (July 29,2007). Demon of Dartmoor: Mystery beast seen at hell hound’s haunt. Retrieved October 14, 2015 from…/Demon-Dartmoor-Mystery-beast-s…

List of Cryptids. Retrieved October14, 2015 from

Sandles, Tim.Beast of Dartmoor. Retrieved October 14, 2015 from

Sep 05

The Burrunjor of Australia

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

Latest posts by Sara Fawley (see all)

w1When we think if dinosaurs, one of the first to come to mind is Tyrannosaurus Rex. A terrifying two legged 40 foot killing machine. He has been brought to life by fossils in museums and into our nightmares by movies like “The Lost World” and “Jurrasic Park”. The king of the dinosaurs leaving a path of destruction in his wake. Thank goodness he died out 65 million years ago. In the case of the Burrunjor, the Aboriginal tribes of the Arnhem Land region of Australlia will disagree with you.

Among the Aboriginals, stories of Burrunjor have been around for centuries. There are even ancient Aboriginal cave drawings of the creature. 25 to 30 feet tall walking on hind legss with to small , useless looking front legs, this reptillian appearing cryptid certainly sounds like a Tyrannosaurus. They are said to roam across the Gulf country and Cape York.

It is not just an Aboriginal myth however. Many cattlemen, explorers, and vacationers have claimed to have encountered these creatures.

In 1950, cattlemen lost many cattle to a mysterious predator that left half eaten carcassas in a path from the border country to Burketown. Searchers on horseback set out to investigate. They found huge three-toed tracks, measuing 2 to 3 feet wide around the kill sites. They followed the tracks through some jungle type terrain into a swampland area. When they reached the swampland area, the cattle dogs and horses refused to go any further. Most of the searchers heeded the advice of their animals and turned back. Two men decided to press forward on foot. When they came to an open swampy area one of the men saw a huge 30 foot reptillian creature in the timber a little ways away. The men quickly retreated.

In 1961, Johnny Matthews, a part aboriginal tracker, claims to have seen a 25 foot bipedal reptile moving through the scrub near lagoon creek on the Gulf coast. Johnny was quoted as saying “Hardly anyone outsite my own people belive my story, but I know what I saw”.

In the 1970’s , Northern territory busman and explorer , Bryan Clark, was mustering cattle in the Urapunji area when he became lost. It took him three days to get back to the homestead where he started and there he heard an interesting story. Unknown to Bryan, two aboriginals and a mounted policeman had picked up his tracks and were searching for him while he was lost. On the first night, the policeman and trackers made camp on the outskirts of the scrub. After they had eaten and settled in for the night, the policeman was awakened by the yelling and scurrying around of his aboriginal trackers. He heard a huffing noise made by an obviously large animal and realized that the ground was shaking. All three men quickly gathered their belongings and rode away. The policeman warned Bryan to not return to that area again because if he got lost again he would be “on his own” as the policeman would not be going out there to look for him.

w2In 1985, the Askey family were taking a trip to Roper River Mission. On their way they decided to take a side road for some sight seeing. Just as they were about to turn around and resume their journey, in the distance they saw something that frightened them terribly. There on the plain were two bipedal reptillian creatures moving across the land scape. They appeared “greyish brown and looked like dinosaurs”. They family of 4 did not waste time resuming their journey.

Over the years, numerous three-toed tracks have been found, photographed and even cast. The tracks are all three-toed and 2 to 3 feet wide. The most popular theory is that the creature is actually a species of giant monitor lizard. Monitor lizards have been known to raise up and travel on their hind legs for short distances. They are also more likely to survive in Australlia’s harsh terrain and climate. The world the dinosaurs lived in was much different than it is now. Most of the larger animals they relied on for food are gone as well as the pollution free, oxygen rich atmosphere. Is the king of the dinosaurs still holding reign in the outback of Australlia? Until one is captured live or on film we can only speculate. Until then, as always, you be the judge.…/th…/the-burrunjor-of-australia/……/burrunjor-living-din…

Sep 05

Nahuelito – Argentina’s Lake Monster

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

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q3The Patagonia region of Argentina is a popular vacation destination. There are mountains, lakes, resorts and lake monsters. Nahuel Huapi Lake, a 342 mile lake located at the foot of the Patagonian Mountains in the Nahuel Huapi National Park. On the shores of the lake is a one of South America’s most popular resorts The Bariloche. Here is where many of the 100,000 plus yearly visitors claim to have encountered Nahuelito, named for the lake it is said to reside in,

Sighting of an unknown creature in Nahuel Huapi have been reported since 1897 but the first notable account was in 1922 when an American gold prospector named Martin Sheffield made a report to Dr Clementi Onelli the Director of the Buenos Aires Zoo. Sheffield stated that he had come across huge tracks and crushed bushes and undergrowth leading to the lake shore. He also state that in the middle of the lake he saw “an animal with a huge neck like a swan, and the movements made me suppose the beast to have a body like that of a crocodile”. There have been numerous reports since then. All claiming the creature to have a long neck, serpent like head and large clumsy body with many flippers and dark humps.

q4With the Sheffield sighting added to the sporadic reports he had received over the years Dr Onelli decided to mount an expedition led by Jose Chiagi, superintendent of the Buenos Aires Zoo. The proposed expedition ran into several problems. Namely, the conservationist attitude of many Argentinians towards Nahuelito. Dr Albarrin, president of the Society for the Protection of Animals petitioned the prime minister to refuse permits for the expedition on the grounds that since the expedition was carrying dynamite for mining the lake and elephant guns it would be in violation of the laws permitting the hunting of rare animals. The permits were issued but due to delays and public outrage the expedition was not long lived or successful.

The most well known Nahuelito sighting occurred in 1910 but was not reported until the height of the expedition controversy in 1922. George Garrett was managing a shipping company on Nahuel Huapi when his incident was supposed to have happened. He told the Toronto Globe that they were sailing up and inlet called “Pass Coytrue” which is about 5 miles long , a mile wide and of unknown depth. He stated that he looked up toward the center of the inlet and saw an object which appeared to be 15 or 20 feet in diameter and perhaps 6 feet above the water about a quarter of a mile from his ship. After a few minutes it disappeared under the water. Garrett also stated that upon mentioning this experience to his neighbors he was told that the Patagonian Indians often spoke of immense water animals they had seen from time to time.

Sightings of Nahuelito continue today. In 1994 two young ladies vacationg at the resort claimed to have seen the creature surface for several minutes then submerge. They claim that 45 minutes later the creature surfaced again and began heading towards where one of the young ladies was sitting on a rock outcropping. The young ladies ran away in terror.

In April 2006 a man walked into television station El Cordillerano Edicion and handed the receptionist an envelope. In the envelope were three photos and a note claiming they were pictures taken at Nahuel Haupi Lake on April 15, 2006. The note also stated that he was not giving his identity because he did not want and future headaches over it. The photographs showed a serpent like creature swimming through the water. Skeptics quickly dismissed the photographs. The items pointed out to debunk the photos include the apparently static positions of the creatures head,neck and mouth and the lack of any discernible wake.

Although the photographs have failed to provide proof of Nahuelito did increase the interest in the creature and what it could be if it does in fact exist. There are several theories floating around. The most popular is that it is a surviving plesiosaur or descended from another prehistoric creature , the Zuelodon. Supporters of the Zuelodon ( which was a snake like whale) site the fact that a lot of the sightings report that a spout or spray of water precedes the creature surfacing. Less popular theories include a mystery submarine patrolling the lake and a nuclear experiment gone wrong.

I have yet to make up my mind on this one. New species of animals and animals we believe to be extinct are found all the time and reports of Nahuelito have been around for over a century. Attached are the two photographs that were given to the television station. As always, you be the judge.

Nahuelito news, pictures, information, stories, sightings, and information on Nahuelito.

Sep 05

Black Dogs

Lillee Allee

Lillee Allee

Representative at National Paranormal Society
Lillee Allee has studied religion, spirituality and paranormal investigation for over 40 years. She is the widow of John D. Allee, an internationally known dark magician. She continues to consult in paranormal investigation. Her specialties include: Marian and cultural spiritual phenomena/apparitions, spiritual support to teams and clients who want spiritual counseling after investigation, evp work and old school audio, the accuracy and research of past life regression and seance, and spiritual protection. Lillee was also one of the first to incorporate trained canines into paranormal investigations. She hosts a radio program on the network, Happy Mediums, with Debra Ann Freeman, who also consults with paranormal investigative teams in Southern New England. Lillee is a published author and journalist, and legal clergy with degrees in psychology and mass communication. Lillee walks on the middle path sees learning as a life-long endeavor and is looking to make a difference and contribution to this field before she too will be heard on someone’s EVP. Lillee is always available to educate and consult and continues to enjoy guesting on other’s radio and television programs.
Lillee Allee

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q2We have all seen black dogs and rarely do we wonder whether they are ghosts or portents of doom. However, because of the myths, folklore and unexplained stories, many people have a fear of black dogs. While the superstitions regarding black cats are far more common, both black cats and black dogs are least likely to be adopted at a shelter.

The origins of these stories remain unclear. However, there is a clear connection to myths of Rome and Greece, the British Isles and Germany. Many of these phantoms are seen as guardians to the Underworld or to the entrance to the land of the dead. In Roman history, who can forget the myth of Cerebus, the three headed dog now made popular in the Harry Potter series? While white dogs were associated with the Celtic underworld, the Celts shared their stories of nefarious black dogs. In Germany, with their fear and stories about wolves, a large black dog was a warning that the Devil was near. While the majority of stories equate evil with black dogs, there are reports of good, protective black dogs in Somerset and Connecticut. In mainland Europe, especially Belgium, the stories are familiar.

In the British Isles, seeing a black dog on the road at night can bring chills to many. These cultural beliefs see the dog as a ghost or a demonic spirit as larger than expected with eyes that glow in the dark. (Though dog’s eyes naturally reflect light and can give a glowing effect.) Sightings are usually reported with crossroads, sites of execution or death and ley lines. They may cause or be involved with electrical storms or death. A dog by the name of Black Shuck in Bungay, Suffolk has often been sighted. In fact, these dogs moved to fiction. In the The Hounds of the Baskervilles with Sherlock Holmes, author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle based his story on the ghostly canines in Dartmoor. Black dog sightings have been reported in almost every county of England. In Scotland, these dogs were even thought to steal one’s soul.

In Latin America, these dogs are seen as demonic or a form that a shape-shifting sorcerer has chosen to use for his own purposes. Dogs in China are seen in general as positive influences, in fact the stories of foo-dogs, otherwise known as lion dogs, are supposedly just a myth, however, this author has interviewed an individual who claims to have seen one, quiet alive and in this world. In even more ancient times the dogs, as scavengers were seen as eating the soul of a corpse. There are also animal-headed gods such as Anubis from Egyptian mythology, the goddess Bau in Sumeria and in Rome, the Lycian Apollo. The dogs are also found in Hindu text. As Bob Trubshaw remind us, the dog was the first animal to be domesticated so it is not unusual there are so many tales about canines.

Even the color can be debated, as the Mythical Creatures Guide equates these dogs with hellhounds and claims they can be white, yellow, brown or a combination of colors. With this general description, it is no wonder that the stories of black dogs lay shrouded in mystery.
Yet the stories continue, travel from person to person and even among over the road truckers, who according to Wendy Parker, love the black dog and vanishing hitchhiker stories. We all love these stories, and while sightings continue, one has to wonder what is a real dog or a phantom dog plotting to take your soul.Recent sightings have been reported from New Hampshire, USA to Wales. Maybe it is best to be careful on the roads at night as either way a run-in with a dog can be bad luck. However at the shelter, the one with a waggly tail is probably a loving addition to your family.

*Lillee Allee, the author, owns four black dogs, with no ill effects, so far.

Black Dogs (ghosts). Retrieved from on September 1, 2015.

Black Dogs. Retrieved from on September 1, 2015.

Martin Fund. “Contrary to Ordinary”: the black pearl of the dog world. Retrieved frm on September 1, 2015

Parker, Wendy. How old is that story, bro? Trucking tales, legends and ghosts.(9/20/13) Retrieved from on September 1, 2015.

Trubshaw, Bob. Black Dogs: Guardians of the Corpse Ways. Retrieved from on September 1, 2015.

Sep 05

Those persistent Pukwudgies

Lillee Allee

Lillee Allee

Representative at National Paranormal Society
Lillee Allee has studied religion, spirituality and paranormal investigation for over 40 years. She is the widow of John D. Allee, an internationally known dark magician. She continues to consult in paranormal investigation. Her specialties include: Marian and cultural spiritual phenomena/apparitions, spiritual support to teams and clients who want spiritual counseling after investigation, evp work and old school audio, the accuracy and research of past life regression and seance, and spiritual protection. Lillee was also one of the first to incorporate trained canines into paranormal investigations. She hosts a radio program on the network, Happy Mediums, with Debra Ann Freeman, who also consults with paranormal investigative teams in Southern New England. Lillee is a published author and journalist, and legal clergy with degrees in psychology and mass communication. Lillee walks on the middle path sees learning as a life-long endeavor and is looking to make a difference and contribution to this field before she too will be heard on someone’s EVP. Lillee is always available to educate and consult and continues to enjoy guesting on other’s radio and television programs.
Lillee Allee

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q1These little but vicious pukwudgies are very similar to the European troll. At first glance of a drawing, you may think the pukwudgie is some form of Bavarian or English gremlin. Some even think of a grey alien after an alleged sighting. However, the truth is closer to home if you are an American and live in the northeast part of the country. While some claim to have seen these little monsters as far away as Virginia, Alabama, Michigan and Louisiana. There is a reason that they are most often found in New England.

Andy Gliddon is a self-proclaimed pukwudgie (notice there is no “y” even in the single tense of the word) enthusiast who runs his own web domain,, he states that their home is found in the forest of the Northeast, particularly New England due to their Native American origins. Glidden states that these little guys are from two to four feet tall, with large noses, fat fingers, and prominent ears. Their skin is grey and some claim that the creatures will glow.

According to Glidden, pukwudgies are not that hard to identify when you notice they are:
• Tricksters that appear, and then disappear within seconds
• Shape-shifters that can morph into animal forms
• Magicians that can create fire and defend themselves with arrows that are poisoned as weapons
• Soul-catchers that control the souls of Native Americans they have murdered.

Humans have been advised to avoid interaction with Pukwudgies at all cost, lest they be bothered, blinded or killed. They like to use sand, cliffs, knives or spears to dispense with people, since they once were friendly but turned against the human race due to jealousy regarding the creation of Cape Cod by a creation giant named Maushop.

While Glidden’s site is tongue-in-cheek humor, the legend of the pukwudgie come from the Wampanoag Indians and may be no joke. Forests around Fall River, Massachusetts, and in the reservation itself, have had sightings of the Pukwudgie Whispers continue that many of the unexplained suicides at a cliff in a state park there may be perpetrated by the Pukwudgie. Andrew, from Paranormal Encounters, states that as far away as Anderson, Indiana, the Mounds State Park may be harboring pukwudgies. He also adds a bit of intrigue to the story and harkens back to the possible Nordic connection to these creatures. A festival named after Round Rock’s Hairy Man is based on a story where a young boy left society to live alone in the woods. After he died, he created a haunting on Hairy Man Road. Why? There is no proof, but locals claimed this boy magically contacted a troll using runes and the troll remains on the road to cause accidents and harass walkers or bikers. However, the pukwudgie is known among many tribes: the Objibwe, Algonquin, Abenaki and Mohican. There are related creatures known to the Micmac and Miami. Native American Languages of the Americas in fact states that the Algonquins are the ones who first spoke of these creatures, and states they are known throughout Southern Canada and the Great Lakes region.

An acclaimed book for children, grades 1-4, is The Good Giants and the Bad Pukwudgies (1982) by J. Fritz with illustrations by Tomie dePaola. Another book,
Giants of the Dawnland (2010) by Alice Mead and Arthur Neptune share Penobscot stories, and includes two tales of the pukwudgie. The Deetkatoo (1998) by John Bierhorst and illustrated by Ron Hilbert Coy shares folklore about the pukwudgies and other little people from 14 different tribes.

This author had an encounter with what she believes was a pukwudgie in the basement of an old brownstone on Beacon Street in Boston in winter of 1982. She was in the laundry room and heard footsteps. She watched silently as this creature passed by. Eyes never met so that the story of the stare of the Pukwudgie causing problems cannot be verified. However, upon speaking to the landlord, while he would not state that there had been other sightings, it was strange to him that the last three people had broken their leases early and paid the financial penalty. Could that have been so these individuals would avoid something else?

Andrew. “What Exactly is a Pukwudgie?” Retrieved from…/what-exactly-is-a-…/… on September 1, 2015.

Gliddon, Andy. “Pukwudgie beginnings.” Retrieved from on September 1, 2015.

Gliddon, Andy. “Pukwudgie origins.” Retrieved from on September 1, 2015.

“Legendary Native American Figures – Pukwudgie. Retrieved from on September 1, 2015.

Aug 26

Behold! The Batsquatch.

Batsquatch Article

With only a few recorded sightings to date, the Batsquatch are certainly an enigma that some have claimed as a misrepresentation of the Mothman. The creature has been reported as having yellow eyes and a wolf-like muzzle, bluish fur, sharp pointy teeth, bird-like feet and leather bat-like wings that possibly span up to 50 feet. The creature is reported as about 9 feet tall and has the ability to affect car engines. Its ability to interact and manipulate with man-made objects warranted the belief of the Mothman relation.

The first known sighting of the Batsquatch occurred in May of 1980 during the eruptions of Mount Saint Helens. Though I have spent some time trying to locate and pinpoint an originating source to this claim (at least a week at this point…) the internet and all of each source simply explains that amid the shadows of the clouds, onlookers reported seeing a winged version of the Sasquatch. I also sought out photographs moreover for my own curiosity. We learn a lot about pareidolia (matrixing) and I originally suspected that perhaps this could be what was experienced. Here is an official series of photos from Mount Saint Helens eruption provided on the NOAA official website: Mount Saint Helens Eruption could this original sighting be explained with the deception of pareidolia?

The sightings continue in 1994 to which I have found a newspaper article to collaborate the numerous sources. A local mountaineer and a liquor shop owner managed to take some pictures of Batsquatch that helped solidify their claims to the residents in the local area of the sightings. During these sightings; it was reported that livestock disappeared yet thankfully neither man nor woman ever did. The mountaineer goes on to describe actually having a brief encounter with the winged creature in which he woke to discover himself half-conscious near a cliff of said location. He goes on to report that he was in fact dizzy from the fall and feeling ‘fuzzy’ when by chance, he’d suddenly heard a deep bass-clef (second E below middle C) from the shadows. He continues to explain that he’d tried to fixate concentration of the originating creature of which the sound escaped while juggling a headache. He then describes witnessing a log-like entity being flung from the cliff after a truck had hit it. What he reports caught his eye was that he’d seen purple wings.

With great fervor he continues to explain how he mustered the ability to get himself together and descend to the valley when the clouds dramatically parted and a purple winged creature suddenly appeared. He suggests that it appeared to be dragging with it another creature upwards. It looked to have been about 30 feet tall with human like emotion for the injured companion (the other creature) then took into flight and extended very strong wings that filled the mountaineer’s full view.

In April of 2009, Paul Dale Roberts posts on the site Unexplained Mysteries an encounter by a couple hikers on Mount Shasta that resembles Batsquatch:

Caller: “Me and my friend were hiking around Mt. Shasta and out of one of the crevices, flew out this big creature. I mean this thing was huge. It was as tall as a man, as stocky as Hulk Hogan and had leathery wings. I believe the wing span was at least 50 feet from one end to the other. I was holding up my camera, but was paralyzed with fear as this thing flew by. I didn’t get a picture, sorry. What do you think this might be? Could it have been a pterodactyl? It was flying or gliding fast, it seemed to have a head of a bat. Thinking about it, it doesn’t have the head of a pterodactyl, I just saw a picture of a pterodactyl and the heads are not similar. I would think it had the head of a bat or maybe more like a fox. The damn thing finally flew into a clump of trees and vanished. I heard you guys might be going back to Mt. Shasta, if you do; please look out for this thing. If you see it, you will xxxx all over yourself, I kid you not.”

June 2011, another witness (who wished to remain unidentified) reports being in his yard taking his dog out for a walk. He went to pick up his canine friend when he then had seen something in the sky. He said the following:

“I saw something flying in the sky. It had bat wings, blue fur and had a face similar to eyes glowing red. It was about 9 feet tall at the least, after I watched it just flew away. ”

The last known sighting comes in 2014 from Archbishop Hoban High School in Akron Ohio. A second period Spanish class spots a giant unknown black mass that zips by the windows of the classroom at a phenomenal speed. The pupils claim it was about 9 feet tall with a 20-30 foot wingspan.

Batsquatch. (n.d.). Retrieved August 26, 2015, from
Cryptidchronicles. (n.d.). Retrieved August 26, 2015, from
Unknown Explorers – Batsquatch. (n.d.). Retrieved August 26, 2015, from

Aug 25

“Whitey” The White River Monster

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

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whiteyWhat do you call a 20 or 30 foot gray sea monster found in the White River? Whitey of course, or that is what the residents of Newport, Arkansas have names theirs.

Reports of Whitey began back in 1915.when farmers began filing reports of a large, unknown creature off the banks of the White River near Newport. In 1937, one witness account reported the creature as having gray skin and being as wide as a car and three cars long. A sheriffs deputy stated that it “ looked like a huge sturgeon or catfish”.

Reports dribbled off and became vague and sporadic until the summer of 1971. Another round of sightings came with one witness reporting that it was about 20 feet long with a horn sticking out of it’s head and looked like it’s skin was peeling all over. The witness also reported that it made a loud bellowing sound like a cross between a cow mooing and a horse neighing. Then two men reported finding three toed tracks , broken tree branches and crushed vegetation on Towhead Island.

Was there really a monster in the White River near Newport, Arkansas? Well, back in 1973 the State Legislator of Arkansas thought so. State Senator Robert Harvey introduced a bill which was signed into law creating the White River Monster Refuge. The area is located between the southern point on the river known as Old Grand Glaize and a northern point on the river known as “Rosie”. According to the law it is illegal to “molest, kill, trample or harm the White River Monster while he is in the retreat”.

According to scientists “Whitey” is clearly just a case of mistaken identity. Cryptozoologist and biologist Roy P Mackal believes that “Whitey” is actually a large male elephant seal that wandered up the Mississippi River into the White River. Male elephant seals average 5000 lbs and 14 feet long and share a lot of the same traits as Whitey, gray skin, summer molting, three toed tracks and farm animal calls. Even the bone on the creatures foerhead can be explained by the male elephant seal’s inflatable trunk according to Mackal.

There have been no sightings since the late 1970’s but to the residents of Newport “Whitey” is real and lives on.


White River Monster. (2012, August 13). Retrieved August 25, 2015, from

White River Monster – Encyclopedia of Arkansas. (n.d.). Retrieved August 25, 2015, from

Galiano, A. (n.d.). The Ghosts of Arkansas – The White River Monster. Retrieved August 25, 2015, from

Aug 11

The Ozark Howler

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

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boolHaving recently moved to the Ozark Mountains in North Central Arkansas I decided to do some research and see if there were any local cryptids. Imagine my surprise to find that there were actually a couple of lesser known cryptids in the Ozarks. After looking into them I found the Ozark Howler to be particularly interesting.

Reports of the Ozark Howler, also known as the Black Ozark Howler, Black Howler and Howler have been around since at least the 1940’s. The reports span three states, Arkansas, Missouri and Oklahoma. Most of the reports come from ranchers and hunters that venture deep into the Ozarks. Country folk whose families have lived in the area for generations, are familiar with local wildlife and do not spook easily.

All reports of the Howler are fairly consistent. It is said to be four- legged cat like beast that stands between 3 and 4 feet tall at the shoulder. It has dark shaggy fur, is said to be stocky with glowing red eyes and horn like structures on top of it’s head. It’s most distinctive feature and the reason for it’s name is the long eerie wail it emits.

Most sighting reports are pretty much the same. A rancher or farmer notices his animals are scared and upset, goes to investigate and see a large cat like creature, assume it is probably a panther or cougar but then take a closer look and realize it has feature unlike those known predators. Or a hunter is deep in the mountains hunting deer and hears an eerie wail unlike anything he has ever heard in mountains he has been hunting his whole life then sees the creature.

There are a few theories as to what this creature could be. One is that is was a hoax started by a University of Arizona student who uses the web name “Irregular Jonathan”. He claimed to have started the stories. Now you could say “Ok, well there you go” except for the fact that there have been reports since the 1940’s and young Jonathan was not even born yet.

Some cryptozoologists insist that it is an actual animal. Either a misidentification of a known animal (Lynx (far to small) cougar (wrong color) or black panther ( not known for having long hair along the jawline or horn type structures on the head) or a previously unidentified breed of big cat, possibly a cross breed..

The theory that I find most interesting however is that it may have something to do with the Cu Sith.
The Cu Sith or Black Dog of Death should be ring a bell with anyone familiar with Irish, Scottish or English folklore. The Cu Sith is a 3 to 4 foot stocky black dog with glowing red eyes that is an omen of death for the person who sees it. The only differences is the Howler is reported as a cat, however since it is only seen at night a large stocky dog could be mistaken for a large stocky cat especially in an area where what you are expecting to see is a panther or cougar. The other difference is that while there are no reports of immediate death after an encounter with the Howler, older reports recorded by univerity students and news paper reporters do make reference to the belief that the Howler could cause the death of the person who encountered it just by staring at them.

The thing I find most intriguing about this theory is that if you look back into the history of the people of the Ozarks most of them are of Irish, Scottish or English descent. It is quite possible that they brought the legend of the Cu Sith with them to America and over the generations it has mutated a bit to fit the surroundings.

While there is no proof of the Howler, I will probably not be taking and long walks through the mountains at night.


Jul 30

Sea Serpents & our Fascination With Them.


This author’s illustration of a sea serpent.

Saint Olaf or Olaf Haraldsson the former King of Norway (his reign spanning from 1015 A.D. To 1028) certainly isn’t someone you may think of often, if ever! He is however a fascinating facet in the link of history; especially one of the Catholic Church. Pope Alexander III recognized Olaf universally as a saint in 1164. Though little is mentioned about his darker side; Olaf was indeed a symbol of national independence and pride. Olaf was also said to have killed a sea serpent in 1028 A.D. in Norway. As legend suggests, St. Olaf had at some point crossed a giant sea-serpent—he first seized the large creature—he follows this by smashing it with great force upon the rocks where it suffered horrible convulsions until its death. It has been mentioned in quite a few sources that the marks left by the giant creature are still visible today at a location appropriately titled ‘St. Olaf’s Slange.’

Olaus Magnus; a name recognized by Swedish historians was also one himself. Among his many achievements, he was made cathedral provost and was later appointed as successor to brother John Magnus (whom in 1523 was named archbishop of Upsala by King Gustave I.) Olaus is responsible for drawing the earliest map the Carta Marina of the Nordic countries dating 1527-39. Upon viewing this map, you will immediately notice illustrations of sea-creatures in its waters. [follow the provided link to view the Carta Marina: ] Magnus later publishes History of the Northern Peoples in 1555 which features illustrations as well as descriptions that discuss a Norwegian Sea-Serpent. **for further reading on Olauf Magnus and the Giant Sea Serpent, follow this link: **

In 1639, America would have its earliest recorded sighting of a sea serpent in Cape Ann, Massachusetts. It was reported that the creature could be seen in the waters just off the coast of Cape Ann when it had then approached land and coiled itself on the rocks. The account was recorded by Englishman John Josselyn. ** For much more information on this sighting, please follow this link **

Outside of the aforementioned; there is an incredible list of notable cases we can consider to include: Hans Egede, bishop of Greenland 1734. Bishop Erik Pontoppidan, 1755. The Gloucaster sea serpent, 1817. Albert Koch, 1845. H.M.S. Daedalus, 1848. Valhalla, 1905. Zuiyo Maru, 1977. Stinson Beach, 1983. Bob & Bill Clark, 1985.

The bible even offers us this: Isiah 27:1 [English Standard Version] In that day the LORD with his hard and great and strong sword will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan the twisting serpent, and he will slay the dragon that is in the sea.

So. What exactly has been spotted in the sea?

One of the more popular claims we have recently heard is that the sea serpent is most likely an Oarfish. In 1996, an Oarfish about 23 feet in length washed ashore in California. By description and photographs, it is easy to see how someone at sea could consider this eerie, greatly elongated bony fish as some type of a monstrous sea serpent. **follow this link to view an artist interpretation of the Oarish ** Our discovery of this magnificent creature can explain most of the sightings recorded throughout history, or so it seems. By appearance, we are easily persuaded into this belief because it makes the most sense. Any current species of animal was once a mystery at some point in time and was probably widely considered as a monster by those who didn’t understand what they were in the presence of.

The same can be said about a serpent of some type that lives within the seas. Many theories hold standalone angles to their arguments that can almost sell you on their theories, but what exactly is definite proof? Though one argument holds up a smoking gun with the Oarfish, one must remember as well that the Oarfish is a deep water fish who would rarely be seen at the surface. I have crossed other arguments that perhaps it is nothing more than a giant squid. Again, the giant squid is as well a deep sea animal and therefore would rarely be seen at the surface. Some claims go on to explain the sea serpent by way of suggesting it as existing from prehistoric times (which at this point seems to make more sense.)

This cryptid as like many will be a hard case to prove. The men I have mentioned at the beginning of my article were quite notable and honorable members of history. They were well established, successful individuals who have had some sort of experience with a sea serpent. One enough to make graphic maps and one incredible tale … We must set aside part of our argument to observe that these men believed with such faith, and such passion that their stories are still known today. The same can be said with each notable sighting.

Many have argued that when we finally do have solid proof of the extraordinary, a fleet of disbelief and judgment will be had by those who can’t accept the (im)possible as it stares them in the face. Whatever is to come, I personally believe that this mystery has yet to be solved, how about you? What are your thoughts? Could all of these men have seen an Oarfish? What about St. Olaf and the impression left on that mountain that can be seen to this day? Perhaps all of those recorded sightings by seamen, and sailors are just blips of a type of shark, or even a whale. Maybe the serpent has existed since the prehistoric period on earth. Maybe perception gave life to an unknown object which was submerged just below the surface. Perhaps its really a rather large snake that is responsible for half of these experiences. Or … just maybe we have yet to properly identify this cryptid. You be the judge.


Slingsby, W. (n.d.). Norway, the northern playground. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
(n.d.). Retrieved July 30, 2015, from
Olaus Magnus. (n.d.). Retrieved July 30, 2015, from
Olaus Magnus – History of the Northern Peoples – Introduction. (n.d.). Retrieved July 30, 2015, from
Isaiah 27:1 In that day, the LORD will punish with his sword– his fierce, great and powerful sword– Leviathan the gliding serpent, Leviathan the coiling serpent; he will slay the monster of the sea. (n.d.). Retrieved July 30, 2015, from

Jul 17

Con Rit

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

Latest posts by Sara Fawley (see all)

conrWhat do you call a 135 foot aquatic armored, segmented creature with fin like protrusions coming off of it’s segments? If it is sighted in Southeast Asia of the coast of Vietnam you call it Con Rit which is Vietnamese for millipede.

It is said to be between 50 and 135 feet long with 2 to 3 foot armored segments the length of it’s body. Each segement has a pair of fin like appendages which it uses to propel itself through the water. The top part of the body is brown with the neck and underbelly being yellow. The tail is said to be like that of a lobster. There were numerous sightings over about a 20 year period.

The first sighting was said to be in 1883 when a dead specimen was found on a beach in Hongay, Along Bay, Vietnam by Tran Van Con. Mr Con claimed the creature to be 60 feet long with the head missing. It was said to be examined carefully but unidentified. The carcass was towed out to sea and dumped due to the stench.

In 1899, the HMS Narcissus was traveling near Cape Falcon Algeria when several members of the crew sighted a serpent like creature. It was said to be 135 feet long with numerous fins that it used to propel itself through the water at speeds fast enough to pace the ship. The sighting lasted about 30 minutes.

There are a few theories as to what this creature could be. Cryptozoologist Bernard Heuvelmans suggested that it could be a relative of the archaic armored whales. This theory has come into question in recent years due to the fact that the existence of armored whales is now being questioned.

Cryptozoologist Karl Shuker suggests that it could be a form of undiscovered aquatic chilopoda which is the class that contains anthropods like centipedes and millipedes .

The most prevalent theory seems to be that it is a case of mistaken identity. The theory is that what is being seen are actually Oarfish. Oarfish are long snake like fish with fringe coming off of their backs. The Oarfish can reach up to 20 feet in length. They are rarely sighted due to the fact the only time they come to the surface is when they are sick or dying.

There are no modern sightings of the Con Rit. Some say this is the result of the Con Rit dying out in the early 1900s. Others suggest that the lack of sightings is due to the discovery of the Oarfish. Now people know that they are seeing a rarely seen deep sea fish and not some strange sea monster.

I tend to agree with the Oarfish theory. Although their descriptions do not match exactly, there are enough similarities to make it plausible. I can imagine someone back in the late 1800’s seeing a very large creature that had never been seen before and being so frightened that it would appear larger and much more menacing than it actually was.

Resource(s): Unknown Explorers – Con Rit. (n.d.). Con Rit Retrieved July 17, 2015.

Jun 25

The Honshu Wolf

Alexander LaFountain

Alexander LaFountain

Sr. Director/Demonology Dept Chair at National Paranormal Society
Alexander LaFountain is a Demonologist based out of Texas. He was a member of Ghost Watchers Paranormal Investigations when he lived in Georgia and became a member of the Afterlife Research Team when he relocated to east Texas. He spent the last several years studying demonology and handling demonic based cases. He is also working towards becoming a Catholic Priest in the Independent Catholic Community.
Alexander LaFountain

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Source:  Bing images

Source: Bing images

There are many cryptids that were once verified living creatures that allegedly went extinct over time. One example of this is the Honshu Wolf from Japan. At one point in Japanese history, the Honshu Wolf was a very real creature that populated the forests of Japan until they gradually went extinct. As the years since their alleged extinction have gone by, many people living in Japan have reported interactions and sightings with the Honshu Wolf, though science has not yet verified any of these claims. Is it possible that this species of wolf has not gone extinct as scientists claim? Let’s take a closer look at the Honshu Wolf in order to get a better understanding of the claims modern Japanese people are making regarding this allegedly extinct animal.

The Honshu Wolf (Canis lupus hodophilax) is one of two species of wolf that once inhabited Japan. In Japanese it called Nihon Ōkami and yamainu as well as the mountain dog. This wolf at one point primarily lived on the Japanese islands Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyūshū until 1905. In 1905 it is alleged that the last surviving member of this species of wolf, died in captivity in Nara Prefecture. Their population overall began to dramatically decline starting around 1732 when rabies was reported to have first appeared in Japan.

No one is entirely sure why the species went extinct but several factors have been thought to have been responsible for the demise of this wolf. The first contributing factor is the arrival of rabies in Japan. During the period from 1732 to 1905 many local inhabitants reported seeing sick and dying wolves, which lends credence to the idea that rabies and other contagious diseases might have been a large factor in their population decline. It has also been proposed that the rabies may have caused the wolves to interact rather aggressively with the people which led to the people responding back with aggression. Along with this is the familiar relationship between farmers and wolves, as wolves (particularly in winter months) target local livestock for easy meals. The overall idea (though this has not been scientifically proven yet) is that rabies and other diseases in conjunction with human hunting led to the overall extinction of this species.



The Honshu Wolf was the world’s smallest known wolf averaging a length of about 35 inches (nose to tail) and a height of 1 foot. Physically they resembled coyotes and jackals rather than the more well-known wolves of North America and Europe. They were strictly carnivorous, primarily eating a wide range of animals to include wild boar, monkeys, deer, etc. They also ate smaller animals considered to be pests such as rodents and rabbits.

They once roamed the mountains and because of this local Japanese inhabitants have long associated mountains with the Honshu wolves, seeing them as guardians and protectors of the mountains and forests. Two villages are even named after the Honshu Wolves, Okami’iwa which roughly means “Wolf Rock” and Okamitaira which roughly means “Wolf Plateau”. There are many local legends that elevate this wolf to more spiritual realms, placing them as protectors of travelers for instance. There are also legends of abandoned infants being raised by these wolves which are similar to many other wolf legends from various parts of the world. The spiritual form of this wolf is called makami and has several shrines in different parts of Japan dedicated to it. Makami as the spirit is believed to understand human speech, offer protection, and reward those who do good as well as punish those who do great evil.

There are some people who are avidly researching the idea that this wolf could still exist, one example being a man named Hiroshi Yagi. Hiroshi Yagi has spent 40 years researching, searching for, and studying sightings of the Honshu Wolf, convinced that this wolf still exists. Sightings have been reported since the 1905 alleged extinction which include a report that a wolf was killed and photographed in 1910. Many have reported seeing this wolf, hearing it, and even interacting with it in various parts of Japan though currently there have been no scientific verifications of these claims.

Sources Cited
Hodge, Anne-Marie . “Lost Wolves of Japan › Endless Forms.” The daily storyline of science. SciLogs, 27 Sep 2010. Web. 25 Jun 2015.

Coleman, Loren. “Honshu Wolf Survival?.” Cryptomundo. Cryptomundo, 8 Mar 2007. Web. 25 Jun 2015.

Yajima, Daisuke. “Man continues 40-year search for extinct Japanese wolf.” The Asahi Shimbun. The Asahi Shimbun Asia & Japan Watch, 23 Jan 2013. Web. 25 Jun 2015

“Honshu Wolf.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia, Web. 25 Jun 2015.

Jun 23

Emela-Ntouka (Killer of Elephants)

Latest posts by Sara Owens (see all)

10301457_10207074262120015_8189377911735750319_nThe remote areas of the Congo and possibly Cameroon are the home of this ferocious cryptid. It has several names depending on the area of the Congo it lives in: Aseka-moke, Njago-gunda, Chipekwe or Irizima.

This beast is reported to be the size of an African Bush Elephant with a brown to gray colored hide and a heavy tail. The body is said to be of similar shape and appearance to that of a rhinoerous, including one long horn on it’s snout. It has four short thick legs and no frills or ridges along the neck. The animal is said to be semi-aquatic and a herbivore. It is also said to emit vocalizations that sound like snorts, rumbles or growls.

Emela-Ntouka translates to “killer of elephants”. It is said to be highly territorial and has been known to disembowel elephants with it’s long snout horn. The horn has been reported to be made of either ivory or bone unlike that of the rhinoceros which is made of compressed hair. There has been much debate over what the horn is made of and how it helps classify this animal. If it is made of Ivory it would be a tusk (tooth) and not a horn. If it is made of bone this would make the animal a reptile. It could also be made of Keratin like the horns of the African Rhinos.

J.E. Hughes published his book Eighteen Years on Lake Bangweulu in 1933, in which he reported that an animal that fits the description of an Emela-Ntouka (although not referred to by this name) was slaughtered by Wa-Ushi tribesmen, along the shores of the Luapula River, which connects Lake Bangweulu to Lake Mweru.

The Emela-Ntouka was mentioned by name for the first time in 1954, in an article in the journal Mammalia, authored by formerLikouala game inspector Lucien Blancou. He stated the Emela-Ntouka was “larger than a buffalo” and dwelled throughout the Likouala swamps. It was also Blancou who first mentioned the fact that an Emela-Ntouka kills elephants, buffaloes or hippos when disturbed, much like the Mokele-mbembe’s allegedly renowned hatred for hippos. While both animals are supposedly herbivorous, they also supposedly share a fierce sense of territoriality, and it is for this reason the pygmies are claimed to “fear it more than any other dangerous animal”. In about 1930, an Emela-Ntouka was supposedly killed near Dongou.

In 1981 Dr. Roy Mackal traveled to the Congo searching for the rumored sauropod dinosaur Mokele Mbembe. But he was surprised to hear reports of another mysterious animal called the Emela-ntouka or “killer of elephants”. The natives in the northwest region of the Likoula swamp told how it would gore elephants with its single horn.

Emela-ntouka seems to resemble a ceratopsian, a type of dinosaur with horns like Styracosaurus and the famous Triceratops according to Dr. Roy Mackal. Cryptozoologist Loren Coleman, however, believes it is an aquatic rhinoceros rather than a ceratopsian.

Surviving dinosaur?? New sub-species of rhinoceros?? Without a specimen we may never know.


May 28

Brosno Dragon

Latest posts by Sara Owens (see all)

The Brosno Dragon, also known as Brosnya, is the name given to a lake monster which is said to inhabit Lake Brosno, near Andreapol in West Russia.

Described as being a 16-foot long, “iridescent,” dragon-like creature, with a fish-like or serpentine head, this animal is said to have spread terror throughout the small fishing communities located not only on Lake Brosno, but situated on the Volgo river as well.

This bizarre form of bio-luminescence is rare among cryptids, and has been reported in only two other animals, the winged predators known as the DUAH and the ROPEN, both of which are reputedly “flying” creatures that hail from across the globe.

Although most descriptions of Brosnya suggest it is reptilian, some researchers believe that due to the often frigid climate around lake Brosno, this creature cannot be a reptile. They have surmised that this animal is likely mammalian, although what manner of mammal they do not know.

Although there have been some (admittedly blurry and difficult to find) photos taken of this creature, not everyone is taking the reports of this animal so seriously. This was evidenced by the flippant remark made by an obviously skeptical scientist – Lyudmila Bolshakova, of Moscow’s Institute of Paleontology – in the same article, who refused to even entertain the notion of investigating this phenomenon:

“It sounds like a country fairy tale, the kind of story told over the years in the countryside.”

Thankfully, not all scientists seemed to share Bolshakova’s limited assessment of the situation. Tver region paleontologist, Nikolai Dikov, was quoted as saying that based upon the photographs this creature was probably related to an animal of decidedly prehistoric origin:

“The creature’s alleged shape suggested an extinct order of reptiles with teeth like mammals.”

The “extinct order of reptiles,” which Dikov was referring to is probably of the family known as Synapsids, whose teeth were differentiated into molars, canines, and incisors, similar to mammal’s teeth.

In 1996, an anonymous tourist from Moscow allegedly snapped a picture of this beast after his 7 year-old son screamed that he saw a “dragon” in the Lake. Sadly, this photograph, like so many others, is seemingly impossible to find.


Rumors of a strange, giant creature living in Lake Brosno have existed for several centuries.

One legend says that the lake monster scared to death the Tatar-Mongol army that headed for Novgorod in the 13th century.

Batu Khan stopped the troops on the sides of Lake Brosno to rest. Horses were allowed to drink water from the lake.

However, when the horses ventured down to the lake, a huge roaring creature emerged from the water and started devouring horses and soldiers.

The Batu-khan troops were so terrified that they turned back, and Novgorod was saved. Old legends describe an “enormous mouth” devouring fishermen. Chronicles mention a “sand mountain” that appeared on the lake surface from time to time.

According to another legend, some Varangians wanted to hide stolen treasure in the lake. When they approached the small island, a dragon came to the surface from the lake and swallowed the island up.

It was rumored in the 18th and 19th centuries that the giant creature emerged on the lake surface in the evening, but immediately submerged when people approached.

It is said that during World War II the beast swallowed up a German airplane. Today, there are lots of witnesses who say they chanced to see Brosnya walking in the water. Locals say that it turns boats upside-down and has to do with disappearance of people.


brosno2Many treat the existence of Brosnya skeptically and still say that the creature may be a mutant beaver or a giant pike of 100-150 years.

Others conjecture that groups of wild boars and elks cross the lake from time to time.

Rather than a mutant beaver explanation, I have heard that wild boars of unusually large size swimming in the water, as well as the typical swimming elk (moose) account for most modern sightings at this lake.

These are the lake monster sightings that are like the ones from Loch Ness and elsewhere and cause people to think of Plesiosaurs and Brontosaurs. But they are not the origin of the large swallowing dragon.

To some extent, all bodies of water are said to suck down and drown people and animals and this is ordinarily understood as a sort of poetic mythological personification of the waters themselves.

In this case, however, it becomes quite clear that what people were originally describiong was a very large, very old and very evil-tempered Pike and pride in the notoriety of that pike (possibly the family of pikes even) made the locals brag and exaggerate their stories of their monstrous pike until it could swallow up enemy warships sent against them, or Nazi planes.

Mar 25

Ogopogo: Canada’s Loch Ness Monster

Courtesy of:

o1Scotland’s Loch Ness may have the fame as far as lake monsters go, but for many monster searchers (often dubbed cryptozoologists), Ogopogo — a creature said to lurk in Canada’s Lake Okanagan — is the most likely and best documented of all lake monsters.

For cryptozoologists like John Kirk of the British Columbia Scientific Cryptozoology Club, “The catalogue of films and video of Ogopogo are more numerous and of better quality than anything I have personally seen at Loch Ness and I believe that several of them are very persuasive that a large, living, unknown creature inhabits the lake.”

Early Indian legends

There are dozens of reputed lake monsters around the world, but what makes Ogopogo especially interesting is its previous incarnation, according to legend, as a bloodthirsty killer. Ogopogo, some believe, has its roots in native Canadian Indian legends of a beast called N’ha-a-itk (also spelled Naitaka) that would demand a live sacrifice from travelers for safe passage across Lake Okanagan. Hundreds of years ago, whenever Indians would venture into the lake, they brought chickens or other small animals to kill and drop into the water to assure a safe journey.

It’s clear, however, that these stories were not referring to a literal lake monster like Ogopogo, but instead to a legendary water spirit. Though the supernatural N’ha-a-itk of the Okanagan Valley Indians is long gone, a decidedly less fearsome — and more biological — beast, whose exact form is a matter of debate, has replaced it.

o2Ogopogo is often described as dark and multi-humped, with green, black, brown or gray skin. The head is said to look like that of a snake, sheep, horse, seal or even an alligator. Some eyewitnesses say it has ears or horns; others don’t. Many sightings simply describe a featureless “log” that came alive.

Modern searches and sightings

Lake Okanagan is in British Columbia, about 250 miles (400 kilometers) east of Vancouver. The lake is 84 miles (135 km) long and between 2.5 and 3 miles (4 and 5 km) wide, with an average depth of 249 feet (76 m). The lake has been searched several times, most thoroughly in a 1991 expedition that looked for the monster with high-tech devices, including a remotely operated vehicle and a miniature submarine. The pilot took the vehicle to a depth of 840 feet along the lake bottom at the deepest part of the lake, but no Ogopogos were sighted, nor did the submarine discover any of the creatures’ carcasses or bones.

The best film evidence of Ogopogo is about a minute of footage shot in 1968 by a man named Arthur Folden. Folden noticed “something large and lifelike” in the distance out on the calm water and pulled out his home movie camera to capture the object. An investigation I designed and conducted with John Kirk for the National Geographic Channel TV show “Is It Real?” in 2005 revealed that the object Folden filmed was indeed a real animal but its size had been greatly overestimated. It was probably a waterfowl or beaver too far away to be identified, but still leaving an impressive wake in the calm water.

What are eyewitnesses seeing? As with all lake monsters, there is no one specific explanation that accounts for all sightings. There are animals that might be mistaken for a strange creature when seen at or near the water’s surface. If Ogopogo is real and exists, what is it? Explanations range from the plausible (manatee, sturgeon or oarfish) to the exotic (a dinosaur or a type of prehistoric whale called the zeuglodon).

o3Many sightings of the lake monster may not be of any living thing. Lake Okanagan’s geological features create long, unusual waves that can look exactly like the monster, down to Ogopogo’s signature series of humps. In other cases, a sighting of a moving hump in the water is not an aquatic optical illusion, but instead something almost as mundane: floating logs. This is easy to dismiss until you actually review dozens of sighting reports and read what eyewitness after eyewitness describes asa straight, featureless “log” that seemed to be floating in the waves.

A man visiting Lake Okanagan in 2011 claimed to have captured video of Ogopogo. According to a report in the Vancouver Sun, “Richard Huls says he always believed in the possibility of the monster rumored to be living in Okanagan Lake. Last Thursday, while visiting a West Kelowna winery, Huls shot video that he believes proves something does indeed live in the water. “It was not going with the waves,” Huls said. “It was not a wave obviously, just a darker color. The size and the fact that they were not parallel with the waves made me think it had to be something else.”

The video quality is poor and the camera is shaky, but a closer look at the 30-second video reveals that, instead of one long object, there are actually two shorter ones, and they seem to be floating next to each other at slightly different angles. There are no humps, nor head, nor form; only two long, darkish, more or less straight forms that appear to be a few dozen feet long. In short, they look a lot like floating logs, which would not be surprising since Lake Okanagan has tens of thousands of logs harvested by the timber industry floating just under the lake’s surface.


Mar 01

Am Fear Liath Mor

Latest posts by Sara Owens (see all)


There are many tales of Bigfoot type creatures all over the world that have been reported for centuries. Today I would like to give a version from Scotland’s Cairngorm Mountains. Specifically the summit of Ben Macdui.

This creature is reported to be between 10 and 20 feet tall. He is covered in thick short gray hair or fur. His head and neck are disproportionately large in comparison to the rest of his body. His ears are pointed. He has very long legs with extra long toes that end in sharp talons. The Grey Man walks erect, not slumped over like some reports of other Bigfoot type creatures. He is often semi shrouded in mist and is reported to have some type of psychic power which he uses to send people into a blind panic.

Most encounters with the Grey Man are more of a physical sensation rather than visual. Sensations of this type include vast, dark blurs which obscure the sky, strange crunching noises, footsteps which pursue the unlucky visitor, an icy feeling in the atmosphere, and a humming or “singing” sound. People are also reportedly gripped by feelings of absolute despair, fear and blind panic.

The first report of Fear Liath is from the late 1800s and comes from a prominent and respected scientist and mountaineer Professor J. Norman Collie. In 1925 he stood to give a speech at the 27th Annual General Meeting of the Cairngorm Club. He related this experience he had 34 years earlier in 1891:

“I was returning from the cairn on the summit in a mist when I began to think I heard something else than merely the noise of my own footsteps. For every few steps I took I heard a crunch, and then another crunch as if someone was walking after me but taking steps three or four times the length of my own. I said to myself, “This is all nonsense”. I listened and heard it again, but could see nothing in the mist. As I walked on and the eerie crunch, crunch, sounded behind me, I was seized with terror and took to my heels, staggering blindly among the boulders for four or five miles nearly down to Rothiemurchus Forest. Whatever you make of it, I do not know, but there is something very queer about the top of Ben MacDhui and I will not go back there again by myself I know”

His comments drew a lot of attention and soon other reports from hikers and climbers who had been to afraid of ridicule to come forward before came pouring in.

Alastair Borkwiths superb 1939 book about climbing in Scotland,”Always a Little Further” relates the accounts of two climbers he knew who had experienced what by then was becoming known as Am Fear Liath Mor or Ferlas Mor, or the Big Grey Man of Ben Macdui, because of its appearance when briefly glimpsed by a few of those who encountered it.

The first was alone, heading over MacDhui for Corrour on a night when the snow had a hard, crisp crust through which his boots broke at every step. He reached the summit and it was while he was descending the slopes which fall towards the Larig that he heard footsteps behind him, footsteps not in the rhythm of his own, but occurring only once for every three steps he took.

“I felt a queer crinkly feeling in the back of my neck,” he told me, “but I said to myself, ‘This is silly, there must be a reason for it.’ So I stopped, and the footsteps stopped, and I sat down and tried to reason it out. I could see nothing. There was a moon about somewhere, but the mist was fairly thick. The only thing I could make of it was that when my boots broke through the snow-crust they made some sort of echo. But then every step should have echoed, and not just this regular one-in-three. I was scared stiff. I got up, and walked on, trying hard not to look behind me. I got down all right – the footsteps stopped a thousand feet above the Larig – and I didn’t run. But if anything had so much as said ‘Boo!’ behind me, I’d have been down to Corrour like a streak of lightning!”

The second man’s experience was roughly similar. He was on MacDhui, and alone. He heard footsteps. He was climbing in daylight, in summer; but so dense was the mist that he was working by compass, and visibility was almost as poor as it would have been at night. The footsteps he heard were made by something or someone trudging up the fine screes which decorate the upper parts of the mountain, a thing not extraordinary in itself, though the steps were only a few yards behind him, but exceedingly odd when the mist suddenly cleared and he could see no living thing on the mountain, at that point devoid of cover of any kind.

“Did the steps follow yours exactly?” I asked him. “No,” he said. “That was the funny thing. They didn’t. They were regular all right; but the queer thing was that they seemed to come once for every two and a half steps I took.” He thought it queerer still when I told him the other man’s story. You see, he was long-legged and six feet tall, and the first man was only five-feet-seven.

A second hand account exists that the mountaineer Henry Kellas, and his brother witnessed a giant figure on the mountain around the turn of the 20th Century, which caused them to flee down Corrie Etchachan. This has never been verified as Henry Kellas died on the Everest reconnaissance mission of 1921, before Norman Collie’s speech to the Cairngorm Club.

Sara Owens's photo.In 1945 a climber named Peter Densham reported hearing footsteps and fleeing the mountain in panic. Peter was part of the team that was responsible for aeroplane rescue in the Cairngorms during the war.

Another witness encounter involved a friend of the author Richard Frere, who wished to remain anonymous. He was camping on top of the mountain when he saw a large brown creature swaggering away down the mountainside in the moonlight. He estimated the size of the figure at around twenty feet tall. Author Wendy Wood heard footsteps following her in the vicinity of the mountain, after hearing Gaelic music, and there have been other reports of phenomena on the mountain, from ghostly music, feelings of panic to the discovery of huge footprints in the 1940’s.

There are reported photographs of the footprints which like a lot of other things concerning the Fear Liath are unusual. The footprints are reported to be 19 inches long and almost as wide.

Reports are not wholly confined to Ben MacDhui either. One day during the early 1920s, while coming down alone from Braeraich in Glen Eanaich. which is close to Ben MacDhui. experienced mountaineer Tom Crowley heard footsteps behind him. When he looked around, he was horrified to see a huge grey mist shrouded figure with pointed ears, long legs and finger-like talons on its feet. He did not stay for a closer look.

There are many theories as to what is happening on Ben Macdui. Some believe it is as simple as a mixture of Brocken Spectre ( a phenomenon occasionally seen in mountains where a hugely magnified climber’s shadow is cast on a lower level of cloud through a particular combination of atmospheric conditions.) and ‘Mountain Panic’ which is basically a blind panic in wild places. Either as a feeling of a powerful presence, or just an overwhelming sense of fear about nature or something that lies behind nature. Others believe there are one or more Bigfoot type creatures guarding the summits of the Cairngorm.

With so many reports from respected mountaineers and naturalists there is obviously something going on in the Scottish Mountain Range. What it is remains to be seen.


Feb 23

The Oklahoma Octopus

Latest posts by Kelly McDowell (see all)

okaNearly 200 years ago, before the man-made lakes of Lake Thunderbird, Lake Oolagah and Lake Tenkiller were formed, Native Americans told tales of a water demon in the rivers of Oklahoma. Between 1962 and 1965, Lake Thunderbird was made, and not long after tales of what is now known as the Oklahoma Octopus began to be reported.

The Oklahoma Octopus Is said to have reddish-brown, leathery skin and is roughly the size of a horse. Skeptics raise a couple points to ponder. Lake Thunderbird is a freshwater lake, but to date, there is no known species of octopus that can live in fresh water. Did the octopus learn to adapt? Also, the lake didn’t exist before 1962, so where did the octopus come from? Nay-sayers suspect the lake has giant catfish in them, up to 6 feet long, with large whiskers that could be mistaken for tentacles. The giant catfish is carnivorous, so could that be the beast in the lake that drags swimmers down to their deaths?

Lake Thunderbird, Lake Oolagah and Lake Tenkiller all have higher mortality rates reported and have larger numbers of unexplained drownings than other lakes report. Could there be an octopus that came in through the streams, has settled in the lakes, and has adapted itself to fresh water?

This clip is from the TV show “Lost Tapes” on Animal Planet. While “Lost Tapes” is a fictitious show, it explores criptids in a mockumentary setting.

Conspiracy Weekly, an Oklahoma college radio show, also covered the Oklahoma Octopus.


Feb 23

Lake Worth Monster

Samuel Sanfratello

Samuel Sanfratello

My name is Samuel Sanfratello (Sam). I am a NY state dual-certified Mathematics and Special Education teacher and a nationally certified Consulting Hypnotist. I am also the proud owner and operator of two companies: Monroe Hypnosis and Rochester Analytics. I am a 2nd generation Spiritualist (American Spiritualism) and a certified Medium with the Plymouth Spiritualist Church (the mother church of modern spiritualism). I am an organizer of the Rochester Paranormal Researchers, founded in 2007 and a lead investigator for the Paranormal Science Institute’s F.R.I.N.G.E team. In my spare time, I give back to my community by doing volunteer work for my church and for my local chamber of commerce. I became interested in the paranormal when I spoke with a spirit in my grandmother’s house in the early 1980s. I enjoy reading publications and scientific articles about the fringe sciences and I enjoy sharing these understandings with others.
Samuel Sanfratello

Latest posts by Samuel Sanfratello (see all)

lwmDuring the summer of 1969 a goatlike headed creature was sighted on Greer Island new Lake Worth in Texas. “ A local reporter, Jim Marrs broke the story in the Fort Worth Star-Telegram on July 10th. It ran on Page 2 with the headline Fishy Man-Goat Terrifies Couples Parked at Lake Worth” (Bourgeois).

Author Sallie Ann Clarke reports it “was not bobcat nor was it a sheep skin. It wasn’t a person dressed in a Halloween costume. It was really the terrorizing monster. It stood on its hind feet and ran like a man. It had white hair over most of its body and scales, too. It was a goat-fish-man. I’m sure it stood about six feet and nine inches tall and was undressed… it looked like it weighed 250 or 260 pounds” (Bourgeois).

During a keg party in a nearby parking lot, the creature appeared and “started yelling and threw tires like Frisbees… it was total panic and everybody was running into each other and burning rubber to get out of there” (Bourgeois). This account was later reported by a local Fox affiliate to be the work of a man named “Vinzens” who was in a gorilla suit as a high school prank (cryptidz.wikia).

Further adding to the burden of proof, the photographer of the picture provided, Allen Plaster, is now convinced it was a prank saying, “Looking back, I realize that when we drove by it stood up…Whatever it was, it wanted to be seen. That was a prank. That was somebody out there waiting for people to drive by. I don’t think an animal would have acted that way” (

Of course, there are still those that claim the sighting was that of a monster. Author Sallie Ann Clarke, claims she saw the monster 3 more times after she published the book. Had she published later, her writing style would have changed from semi-fiction to a documentary ( Clarke even posted a $5000 reward for anyone who could pass a polygraph test confirming that they were responsible for the hoax and no one ever claimed the reward. (

What do all of you think? If this was a real being, why has there been no body located? If this was a prank, why has no one shown up and claimed the reward money by passing the polygraph test?

Bigfoot Evidence: What Happened to the Lake Worth Monster? The Summer of the Goat-Man. (n.d.). Retrieved April 15, 2015, from…/what-happened-to-lake…

Bourgeois, P. (n.d.). 32 years ago, a strange whatever terrorized Lake Worth. Retrieved April 15, 2015, from

Lake Worth Monster – A.K.A. The Goat Man. (n.d.). Retrieved April 15, 2015, from…/

Lake Worth Monster. (n.d.). Retrieved April 15, 2015, from

Feb 23

Shunka Warak’in – “Ringdokus”

Latest posts by Sara Owens (see all)

shuThe Shunka Warak’in traces back to the Ioway Indians. It is a legendary creature said to resemble a cross between a large wolf and a hyena with a large head, sloped back, very dark fur but the cries of a human.It is pronounced shoon-kah wah-ray-keen. The name translates to “carries off dogs” because it was said to sneak into the Ioway camps at night to carry off and kill the dogs.

The first modern reporting of something that resembled this creature was in the 1880’s by Israel Hutchins , a prominent Montana rancher with a spread near Ennis, Montanta. Israel’s grandson, zoologist Ross Hutchins, described his grandfather’s encounter with the creature in his book “Trails to Nature’s Mysteries: The Life Of A Working Naturalist” published in 1977. He writes:

“One winter morning my grandfather was aroused by the barking of the dogs. He discovered that a wolflike beast of dark color was chasing my grandmother’s geese. He fired his gun at the animal but missed. It ran off down the river, but several mornings later it was seen again at about dawn.”

Other homesteaders and ranchers in the area also saw the creature. Hutchins recorded the description in his book as :

“Those who got a good look at the beast describe it as being nearly black and having high shoulders and a back that sloped downward like a hyena.”

Ross Hutchins finishes his grandfather’s account with this:

“Then one morning in late January, my grandfather was alerted by the dogs, and this time he was able to kill it. Just what the animal was is still an open question. After being killed, it was donated to a man named [Joseph] Sherwood who kept a combination grocery and museum at Henry Lake in Idaho. It was mounted and displayed there for many years. He called it “Ringdocus.”

The youngest Hutchins, who had a Ph.D. in zoology, examined the beast and had no idea what the animal was, he speculated that it may have been a hyena that had escaped from a circus; however he did note that the nearest circus was hundreds of miles away. Over many years the Hutchins story was all but forgotten, that is until cryptozoologist Mark A. Hall uncovered the story after of a creature or group of creatures resembling the Shunka Warak’in were sighted in Nebraska, Iowa, Alberta and Illinois. Mr. Hall also uncovered that a photograph of the a mounted hyena like animal, the so called “Ringdocus” originally shot by Ross Hutchins grandfather, existed, however its whereabouts remain unknown.

In 1995, following the discovery by Mark A. Hall, Lance Foster, an Ioway Indian, told renowned cryptozoologist Loren Coleman of a creature he and his tribe called the Shunka Warak’in that looked something like a hyena and cried like a person when it was killed. Foster, who heard of the mounted “Ringdocus” carcass speculated that it may be an example of Shunka Warak’in, which he knew from his own experiences and those of relatives in Montana and Idaho.

In December 2005 a strange wolf like animal began killing livestock in the McCone, Garfield and Dawson counties of Montana. By October of 2006 the animal, now known as “The Creature of McCone County,” had killed more than 120 various forms of livestock and appeared in several news articles including one in the May 2006 issue of USA Today. On November 2, 2006 the Montana Wildlife Service shot and killed a creature that may have been responsible for these killings.

Originally thought to be a wolf, the animal that was shot showed characteristics that were not common with any wolf species known in the area. The animal that was killed appeared to have orange, red and yellow fur, where as wolves known to live in the area are of a grey, black and brown color. Muscle tissue was sent to the University of California Los Angeles where DNA samples were taken in an attempt to compare it to the Northern Rockies wolf. The carcass was sent to the National Fish and Wildlife Forensics Laboratory in Ashland, Oregon for genetic study, however no record of the results of these studies could be found at this time.

One theory suggests that the Shunka Warak’in may be a form of prehistoric mammal called the Borophagus, an ancient hyena like canine known to inhabit North America more than 13 ,000 years ago during the Pleistocene era. Another theory, which could only explain the 2005 to 2006 encounters and not the 1880’s ones , is that the creature shot in Montana was genetically altered and raised in captivity only to later escape it’s captors.

In 2007 , something remarkable happened. After reading a story about the “Ringdorcus” another grandson of Isreal Hutchins, Jack Kirby, managed to track down the exhibit to the Idaho Museum of Natural History in Pocatello where it had been on display unbeknownst to everyone in the cryptozoology community. Taking the specimen on loan, Kirby reported measurements of 48 inches from snout to rear (not including the tail) and 28 inches high at the shoulder. It is nearly black in color, just as Hutchins had originally described. Even stranger, the thing has faint impressions of stripes on its flanks making it a true mystery.

It is not easily identifiable as any known dog, hyena or wolf. So what is it? There are calls for DNA testing on the specimen, however this is where it gets a bit sticky. The creature is on loan to the museum where it currently resides, so the museum has no legal rights to order DNA testing. The museum that actually owns the creature is resistant to having the testing done, allegedly to retain the mystery surrounding it. For now, the mystery remains…………


Feb 21

Waheelas and the Headless Valley


If you can believe certain legends and sightings reported by Inuits, Indians, and EuroAmerican trappers that have come from some remote, icy valleys on the border between Canada and Alaska and especially in the Nahanni Valley , also known as “The Headless Valley“ in the Northwest Territories concerning a huge snow-white wolf-like cryptid, one species might actually be alive today.

The waheela is the name of a gigantic wolf-like beast that has inhabited Indian legends from this area for a very long time. It is described as being like a wolf, but much larger and with a heavier build. It is attributed with supernatural powers, and it is said to be responsible for the many mysterious deaths that have occurred in the “Headless Valley” who mysteriously all had missing heads.

Zoologist Ivan Sanderson, who collected stories from his friends, thought that the Waheela might represent a relict population of Amphicyonids, prehistoric bear-dogs, or even the dire wolves.

There were once many different species in the family of bear-dogs, but then they began to die out.

Bear dogs (Amphicyonidae) were a pre-historic species of Carnivoran mammals related to both the bear family and the dog family. Bear dogs are, appropriately, hypothesized to have looked like genetic hybrids of bears and dogs. Fossil evidence exists placing bear dogs in North America as recently as 10,000 years ago.

cr2There is some evidence that the bear-dogs might have survived much longer than this in some remote areas.

Amphicyonidae were a diverse group with species resembling all or part of modern dogs, hyenas and bears. Leaner built species had cheek teeth designed for shearing meat whereas the stouter and larger species had teeth designed to crush bone. Males were larger than females. They lived in dens and had the ability to dig large burrows and stay hidden for long periods of time.

Headless Valley is a specific region (Lat: 61.25 Long: -124.5) of the South Nahanni River valley (Canada) said to encompass a lost world complete with tropical forests, murderously savage natives, and a myriad of mysterious creatures ranging from ‘Bear Dogs’ to Sasquatch. The legend of Headless Valley is unusual in that it is fairly modern, having originated in 1908, following the discovery of two decapitated miners in the region of the South Nahanni River. Since that time, several other disappearances and murders have been documented in the region.

In the Nahanni National Park of Northwest Canada lies the Nahanni River. The area is only accessible by boat or plane and is home to many natural wonders, such as sinkholes, geysers and a waterfallalmost double the size of Niagara Falls. Lord Tweeds Muir (John Buchan), author of The 39 Steps once said of the valley: “It’s a fancy place that old-timers dream about. … Some said the “valley was full of gold and some said it was hot as hell owing to the warm springs. … It had a wicked name too, for at least a dozen folks went in and never came out’ … Indians said it was the home of devils.”

cr3The 200 Mile gorge has become infamous, due to a number of gruesome deaths and many disappearances, earning itself the eerie name, The Valley of the Headless Men. Anomalies first began in 1908, when the Macleod Brothers came prospecting for gold in the valley. Nothing was heard or seen of the brothers for a whole year, until their decapitated bodies were found near a river. Nine years later, the Swiss prospector Martin Jorgenson was next to succumb to the Valley, when his headless corpse was found. In 1945, a miner from Ontario was found in his sleeping bag with his head cut from his shoulders. While skeptics of an unknown power at work in the Valley would put the grizzly mutilations down to feuding gold prospectors or hostile Indians, there are other strange happenings in the area which add to the valleys mysteriousness. The fiercely renowned Naha tribe simply vanished from the area a few years prior to the first deaths. Other Indians of the area have avoided the Valley for centuries, claiming an unknown evil haunts it. Many parts of the valley remain unexplored, and there are tales the Valley holds an entrance to the Hollow Earth. Others believe the Valley is home to a lost world, with lush greenery and a tropical climate, due to the hot springs generating warm air, as well as untapped goldmines and wandering sasquatches.

If the only thing we had to go on was these legends, we might be able to ignore the waheela, but there are also perfectly ordinary sightings made by ordinary Americans. A mechanic described this animal as looking like a wolf on steroids. He estimated its height at three and a half feet at the shoulder. The largest wolves ever recorded have been three feet, two inches tall at the shoulder, but giants of this size are truly rare. If the mechanic’s estimate was correct, then this animal was at least four inches taller than the biggest wolf we know of. Other details differed from a true wolf. Its head was too broad for that of a wolf, and its build was too heavy, almost bear-like. It had pure white fur that was exceptionally long.

Other reports agree with the general description above, but add more detail. The waheela, despite the fact that it is larger than a wolf, has shorter legs than a wolf. The impressive shoulder height comes from its massive body instead of its legs. Its ears are smaller than a wolf’s ears, and the tracks show toes set farther away from each other than in a wolf’s tracks. The waheela are allegedly never found in packs, staying in groups of two to three, and they stay in the coldest, most inhospitable environments of the extreme north, favoring areas where there are few people.

The area where the waheela is sighted is one of the most remote places in the world. The fact that these lands are relatively unexplored means that there is a fair chance of discovering new kinds of animal there, perhaps including one that was supposed to have died out ten thousand years ago.

On the other hand, this is a legend-laden locale and local tribes also report that the Nahanni Valley is infested with evil spirits, and certain other legends attribute the headless corpses to big hairy monsters resembling the sasquatch. With bipedal hairy humanoids and monstrous wolves being sighted in the same area and blamed for the same violent deaths, it might also be that we have werewolf beliefs being thrown into the mix as well, to make things even more confusing. One thing is for certain, something strange lurks in the Nahanni Valley.

Jan 29

Shuswaggi: Ancient Whale of the Shuswap

by Virginia Carraway Stark


The Shuswap Lake is located in Central British Columbia, Canada and is reputedly the home of a monster that could easily rival the Loch Ness Monster.

unnamed2A report from 1984 describes a woman’s encounter with the monster.  She unnamed4describes the water starting to suddenly turn and froth in front of her small boat and then greyish lumps moved out and above the surface of the water.  The humps moved in front of the prow of her boat in a straight line in vertical undulations.

This report is only one of many and all of the reports describe a similar monster. The color varies from gray to black but the size is always 20-25 feet and it always move in the same, undulations.  Although there are no modern reports of the mystery animal causing harm to peo

ple or animals the Indigenous people of the area who gave it the name ‘Shuswaggi’ reported that the beast was one to be extremely leery of.  It’s name means ‘water bear’ and reports were that it had eaten people and animals and would overturn boats in order to get at the people inside. To prevent Shuswaggi from attacking humans, the natives would resort to keeping poultry or other animals on their boats when they had to cross the Shuswap lakes a way to distract the monster.  They would throw the animal into the water and quickly make their escape while the sea serpent was busy.

unnamed3There is very little evidence that the monster still lives in the Shuswap although sightings are still reported.  There are few pictures to be found and no one has unnamed5ever tracked it with sonar.  The possibility in its continued existence, much like the Loch Ness monster lay in the nature of the lake itself.  The Shuswap lake is an ancient lake, formed from retreating glaciers. The lake is extremely deep, in places 528 feet or 161 meters.  It is a vast lake measuring 55 miles long and has four arms attached to it that make it difficult to do a thorough search.

Renowned Cryptozoologist, Dr. Karl Shukar, has investigated the case thoroughly and believes that there really is a monster in the Shuswap Lake.  He postulates that the animal is actually a rare surviving prehistoric whale called Zeuglodont or Basilosaurus which translates to ‘King Lizard’.  If he is correct, it is indeed a monster.  Basilosaurus in a predator with jaws that have an estimated strength to exert 1600 Kilograms of pressure.  They were widespread 34 to 40 million years ago in the late Eocene period.  They could grow to up to 65 feet although it could be argued that in a lake they might be forced to keep their size down to below 30 feet.  It was unique in that it moved in up and down undulations.

I myself have been swimming in the Shuswap lake many times and I have never seen Shuswaggi.  Sometimes when I’m water skiing and I’m waiting in the deep, deep water, I think I can feel an ominous presence watching me from the depths below.  It’s probably just my imagination, but maybe next time I’ll take a chicken with me when I go water skiing.

Jan 29

Stilt Walkers of Central British Columbia

g1by Virginia Carraway Stark

The stilt walkers of central British Columbia are a little known piece of cryptozoology. There have been relatively few sightings of them but those who have encountered them rarely forget them. They are said to go after livestock and poultry and while there are no reports of them attacking humans, they are said to be fearless of people and to be comfortable going up to human habitations if the mood strikes them.

They are very tall, 6-8 feet. Most of their height is in their long, goat-like legs. There faces are also slightly goaty but they walk upright and their eyes are oriented on the front of their heads like a predator.  They are barrel chested and have a loud, baritone call that they make, witnesses describe it as somewhere between the call of a bull moose and the scream of a grizzly bear. Normally such rare cryptozoological cases fade into history but the stilt walker captured my interest when I had a first hand encounter with one.

I had a few friends over for the night and I was living near Mara Lake, British Columbia in a trailer that was at the front of a large cornfield. It was winter and the field was covered in about three feet of snow when the stilt walker came.


It was very late at night and everyone had gone to bed when I heard loud footsteps outside of the bay window.

Thinking it was a bear or some other nocturnal rambler I turned on a few lights to scare it off. I didn’t see it then, it was dark and all I saw was a white shape sink down into the shadows. Two red eyes reflected at me in the darkness and I was struck by the fact that they were oriented in the front to face me and by the distance apart they were. They were five to six inches apart. I realized that whatever was out there was very large.

I didn’t feel much like going to bed and I woke up the others and told them there was something outside, something big. I didn’t have to work very hard to convince them as we were all startled by a bellowing roar that shook the windows. Instinctively we all got down as low as we could. There was a horrible smell, like rotten meat and sewer that was coming through the wall of the trailer.

g2We heard footsteps move in the snow outside and then something pushing up against the side of the trailer. It was rocking the trailer on its foundation!

I ran to the kitchen and turned off the light. Whatever it was, the light hadn’t frightened it away and I had the feeling that I didn’t want it to see us anymore than it already had. It walked around to the back of the trailer and we could hear it shoving and battling against the metal siding. It reversed and came back so that we could see its outline against the snow. It had been crouched down but it stood up in front of the window and made it’s frightening howling noise again. It had tiny little forearms and was covered in shaggy white fur. It states directly through the window and none of us moved or even breathed.

It dropped back down low and walked on its hind legs but was sometimes so low that it would use its arms to balance along the snow. It was very tall, when it stood up it was about as tall as the bay window. I would guess about seven feet or a bit taller.

He terrorized us all night until just before down when he walked across the snow covered field and back into the mountains.

After it was full light out we went out and looked for tracks. There were a lot of them but they were smaller than you would think for a monster that size. They were shaped more like horse hooves than cloven goat hooves and there was only one bipedal set of them rather than two from a regular animal.

The only close neighbor was an older man with poor hearing who had slept through the night without incident. There was little damage to the trailer, only a few pieces of siding that needed to be reattached. The animals I had were upset but unhurt the next day and there was little hard evidence of the terrifying ordeal.

Jan 29

The Sasquatch in British Columbia

c1by Virginia Carraway Stark

This isn’t just an article about the Sasquatch, this is specifically an article about what has been observed in over 200 years of observation of the Sasquatch in British Columbia, Canada.

B.C. Is unique because it has had accounts documented from settlers and explorers for hundreds of years in addition to the native lore that talked about hairy cannibals. The natives had a name for the creatures and depicted them in totem poles, masks and other artwork as well as stories about the hairy females of the species stealing and eating children from out of the villages. The kwakwaka’wakw called them the Dzunukwa and they were depicted as being hairy and black skinned with large breasts and large red lips.

When settlers came to the difficult terrain of B.C. They reported that ‘hairy humanoids’ attacked their company by hurling large rocks at them. Some of these accounts were documented, such as in 1864 when Alexander Anderson wrote about an attack while on a fur trading journey.

c2People in BC are pragmatic about their encounters with the Sasquatch, many feeling that they are a reclusive but legitimate wild animal and behave accordingly. Many people who live near mountains or large lakes report multiple sightings and claim to have seen Sasquatch clearly, sometimes coming up to screen doors, sometimes while out hiking and on a few occasions, going through their garbage.

Many people report a foul odor and others report a howling, screaming noise has also been seen to be emanating from the Sasquatch Other witnesses claim to have seen Sasquatch pick up enormous logs and use them to hit trees. This seems to be a form of long distance communication as replies can be heard from far away. Sasquatch are believed to be moderately intelligent omnivores and the sightings seem to back that they have a communication system with each other and possibly a primitive language.

Harrison Lake is home to azure skies and world class hot springs, and they are also home to Sasquatch National Park and and annual Sasquatch festival. Sightings here are said to be common and the local stores tack pictures people have taken of Sasquatch to bulletin boards and walls as trophies. Driving to Harrison Hot Springs in the dark the unwary traveler may be startled by the giant Sasquatch carvings that suddenly appear in the headlights.

c3If they are so common in British Columbia it seems strange that they remain on the Cryptozoology list, nevertheless, it takes a lot to prove an animals existence beyond a shadow of a doubt. In fact, some native groups believe that while Sasquatch was very real in the past they have become extinct and everything that we now see of them is their spirits that still roam and are angry and refuse to die. It is important to know that British Columbia is a vast province with mountains and lakes that in many cases don’t have a road anywhere near them. Much of the terrain is nearly impenetrable on foot or ATV and you would have to be an experienced mountaineer or explorer in order to even get to many of the places without a helicopter. Even with oil exploration and other development there is a lot of wild, virgin land that has seen hardly a human footprint and there are many places that these elusive beings could still be roaming the mountains and forests of a land nearly as wild as they themselves are.

Jan 28

Atmospheric Beasts

Atmospheric Beasts
By Virginia Carraway Stark

Atmospheric beasts are little known and highly controversial cryptids. They are reported to have births and deaths and when they die, they fall to the ground in the form of a sort of jelly-like substance that quickly evaporates. The jelly can be nearly any color and has been reported by many witnesses but the fact that it disappears means that there is little to no evidence to support these many claims.

The beasts reputedly fly through the sky, defying the laws of physics and doing so without wings or any other form of visual propelling method. They are also reputed to be able to change their size and density, to become quite small and metallic looking or very large and translucent. Some parts of them can apparently appear to be invisible.

Some theories state that the atmospheric beasts are in fact UFO’s that have been erroneously mistaken for some sort of being. Other people claim that the beasts are in fact clouds that appear to be moving independently due to wind gusts and other natural phenomenon.

In Cryptozoology they are believed to be nearly weightless creatures that may be devoid of any sort of intelligence. Others argue that they could be intelligent, just not in a way that we can understand. Some people claim they are ancient beings who have always been in the highest levels of our atmosphere while others say they are an alien race who came to earth to escape a cataclysm or as pioneers to a new planet.

Their movements are said to be similar to jellyfish and some people also call them, ‘sky jellyfish’. Theories on the atmospheric beasts range far and wide and as we have no proof, extreme speculation on these obscure cryptids is all we have. Could they be part of an alien race that live in the gas clouds of the gas giant planets like Jupiter in our own galactic backyard? Some have gone so far as to say the controversial ‘chem-trails’ are in fact a war on atmospheric beast. Most of the ‘actual’ photos of the beasts look to me no different than seeing a face in the clouds, or a butterfly or any of the other patterns caused by the phenomenon known as pareidolia. This is an trait of the human mind to see patterns in random shapes and a trick we learned to see through camouflage that can lead us to flights of fancy. Whatever the atmospheric beasts are, they continue to inspire the imagination and cause controversy whenever they are ‘seen’.

Virginia Carraway Stark's photo.
Virginia Carraway Stark's photo.
Virginia Carraway Stark's photo.

Jan 28

Sea Monk

by Virginia Carraway Stark

The descriptions of the Sea Monk vary vastly from person to person and from era to era.

It was first reported by the Danes in the 1500’s and the descriptions evolved to something that looked like a cross between a banana and a human or something that could have been a shark, a walrus, a sea ray or nearly anything else that was reported by what would appear to be frequently inebriated people. It is sometimes described as having legs and sometimes as having a tail.

Some people have taken the legend much further claiming that they are magicians of the ocean that help to direct the growth of coral reefs and to control other aspects of oceanic life. These claims do nothing to increase the validity of the concept of the Sea Monk in the legitimate scientific communities eyes.

There has never been any legitimate pictures or sightings by groups of people which seems to suggest that the sea monk is likely a specter born of the imagination. No bodies have ever washed ashore and the further claims that they somehow have supernatural powers over the ocean sound more like folk tales than like traditionally proven cryptid sightings (like the gorilla). The stories that tell of them make them more magical than mortal creatures and this seemsVirginia Carraway Stark's photo. to put them in the realm of legend.

The only connection to valid cryptology that the Sea Monk has is the possibility that it is actually connected to the Sea Bishop.

The Sea Bishop was allegedly captured by Polish sailors in the 16th century and was shown to a group of Catholic Priests. The Sea Bishop is said to have made the sign of the cross and fell before the priests and begged for its life. The priests ordered it released as which time it oncVirginia Carraway Stark's photo.e more made the sign of the cross and disappeared into the waves.

Another Sea Bishop was brought to Germany in 1531 and refused all food that it was offered and starved to death.

Whatever the case with this old story, the Sea Bishop and Monk are highly elusive but the depths of the ocean hide many cryptids. While there is little proof that these sorts of Mermen exist at all it is go
od to remember that nearly every deep sea mission that has ever been made has discovered at least one new species. While there is less evidence of these dramatic criptids that most they cannot be fully ruled out until we have thoroughly explored the depths of our ocean world.

Jan 26

The Ayia Napa Sea Monster

Ashley Ann Lewis

Ashley Ann Lewis

Director / Dept Chair Occult at National Paranormal Society
Ashley became interested in the paranormal at a young age, but at that young age she did not have much understanding in it at all. I wasn’t until 2010 that she really became interested. Thanks to a Resolve carpet cleaning can that flew across the room, Ashley among three others who witness what happen that night, they pulled a team together. Ashley is a heavy researcher and though she may find the answer to what she is searching for she’ll search even harder. She’s overly determined and takes her part in the paranormal field very seriously. Between working hard and spending every dime she had she became a found of a paranormal team that is based out of Historic Louisiana and was honored to take on a position as a Representative with The National Paranormal Society. There is still so much she does not understand which drives her to work even harder and to further educate herself on everything.
Ashley Ann Lewis

Latest posts by Ashley Ann Lewis (see all)

ayiaThe Ayia Napa Sea Monster is a cryptid, claimed to inhabit the coast off of Ayia Napa in Cyprus, a popular tourist resort on the Mediterranean. Most sightings occur around Cape Greco (Cavo Greko). It is known by the local fishermen as “To Filiko Teras”,which translates as “The Friendly Monster”. There have been no reports of it causing any harm, although it has been reported at times to rip and drag away fishing nets. There have been countless sightings of the “Creature from the Depths”, with some local newspapers calling the mystery the “Cyprus Loch Ness”. It has been speculated to be something like a crocodile or serpent.

There is no evidence that the monster actually exists, except in folklore and through various sightings by tourists and locals alike. There exists little photographic evidence, except unverified short-films and pictures. A search for the monster was recently featured in a Destination Truth episode on the SyFy (formerly Sci-Fi Channel) series in Series 04 (episode 13).

Many believers of the myth of the Ayia Napa Sea Monster like to link it with the common mythical sea monster of Greek mythology called Scylla, which is depicted in the mosaics that remain in the House of Dionysus, a Roman villa from the 2nd century AD in Paphos, Cyprus. Many ancient authorities describe it as a monstrous form of a giant maiden in torso, with a serpent for its lower body, having six snarling dog-heads issuing from its midriff, including their twelve forelimbs. This is the form described by Gaius Julius Hyginus, the Bibliotheca and the Suda, among so many others, and it is this form most often depicted on vase paintings. According to a description from Hyginus, a Latin author, actually it possessed “more heads than the vase-painters could paint”, and whoever encountered it was killed almost instantaneously.

Government officials have started a search for the monster and its existence. The hope of spotting the Ayia Napa Sea Monster remains a highlight for many tourists on boating day-trips. Many hotels boast to being close to sightings. There is no possible link to any such sea monster and any monster said to be living in Kouris Dam, which according to reports are more likely to be crocodiles that had been kept as pets but unlawfully released.

Jan 26

The Beast of Gévaudan

Courtesy of:

bgThe Beast of Gévaudan (French: La Bête du Gévaudan; IPA: [la bɛːt dy ʒevodɑ̃], Occitan: La Bèstia de Gavaudan) is the historical name associated with the man-eating wolf, dog or wolf-dog hybrid which terrorised the former province of Gévaudan (modern-day département of Lozère and part of Haute-Loire), in the Margeride Mountains in south-central France between 1764 and 1767. The attacks, which covered an area stretching 90 by 80 kilometres (56 by 50 mi), were said to have been committed by a beast or beasts that had formidable teeth and immense tails according to contemporary eyewitnesses.

Victims were often killed by having their throats torn out. The French government used a considerable amount of manpower and money to hunt the animals; including the resources of several nobles, the army, civilians, and a number of royal huntsmen.

The number of victims differs according to sources. In 1987, one study estimated there had been 210 attacks; resulting in 113 deaths and 49 injuries; 98 of the victims killed were partly eaten. However, other sources claim it killed between 60 to 100 adults and children, as well as injuring more than 30.

Descriptions of the time vary, but generally the beast was said to look like a wolf but about as big as a calf. It had a large dog-like head with small straight ears, a wide chest, and a large mouth which exposed very large teeth. The beast’s fur was said to be red in colour but its back was streaked with black.

The Beast of Gévaudan carried out its first recorded attack in the early summer of 1764. A young woman, who was tending cattle in the Mercoire forest near Langogne in the eastern part of Gévaudan, saw the beast come at her. However the bulls in the herd charged the beast keeping it at bay, they then drove it off after it attacked a second time. Shortly afterwards the first official victim of the beast was recorded; 14-year-old Janne Boulet was killed near the village of Les Hubacs near the town of Langogne.

Over the later months of 1764, more attacks were reported throughout the region. Very soon terror had gripped the populace because the beast was repeatedly preying on lone men, women and children as they tended livestock in the forests around Gévaudan. Reports note that the beast seemed to only target the victim’s head or neck regions.
By late December 1764 rumours had begun circulating that there may be a pair of beasts behind the killings. This was because there had been such a high number of attacks in such a short space of time, many had appeared to have been recorded and reported at the same time. Some contemporary accounts suggest the creature had been seen with another such animal, while others thought the beast was with its young.

On January 12, 1765, Jacques Portefaix and seven friends were attacked by the Beast. After several attacks, they drove it away by staying grouped together. The encounter eventually came to the attention of Louis XV who awarded 300 livres to Portefaix and another 350 livres to be shared among his companions. The king also directed that Portefaix be educated at the state’s expense. He then decreed that the French state would help find and kill the beast.


Source: Wikipedia

Royal intervention
Three weeks later Louis XV sent two professional wolf-hunters, Jean Charles Marc Antoine Vaumesle d’Enneval and his son Jean-François, to Gévaudan. They arrived in Clermont-Ferrand on February 17, 1765, bringing with them eight bloodhounds which had been trained in wolf-hunting. Over the next four months the pair hunted for Eurasian wolves believing them to be the beast. However, as the attacks continued, they were replaced in June 1765 by François Antoine (also wrongly named Antoine de Beauterne), the king’s harquebus bearer and Lieutenant of the Hunt who arrived in Le Malzieu on June 22.

On September 20, 1765, Antoine had killed his third large grey wolf measuring 80 cm (31 in) high, 1.7 m (5 ft 7 in) long, and weighing 60 kilograms (130 lb). The wolf, which was named Le Loup de Chazes after the nearby Abbaye des Chazes, was said to have been quite large for a wolf. Antoine officially stated: “We declare by the present report signed from our hand, we never saw a big wolf that could be compared to this one. Which is why we estimate this could be the fearsome beast that caused so much damage.” The animal was further identified as the culprit by attack survivors who recognised the scars on its body inflicted by victims defending themselves. The wolf was stuffed and sent to Versailles where Antoine was received as a hero, receiving a large sum of money as well as titles and awards.

However on December 2, 1765, another beast severely injured two men. A dozen more deaths are reported to have followed attacks by la Besseyre Saint Mary.

Final attacks
The killing of the creature that eventually marked the end of the attacks is credited to a local hunter named Jean Chastel, who shot it during a hunt organized by a local nobleman, the Marquis d’Apcher, on June 19th, 1767. Writers later introduced the idea that Chastel shot the creature with a blessed silver bullet of his own manufacture and upon being opened, the animal’s stomach was shown to contain human remains.

According to modern scholars, public hysteria at the time of the attacks contributed to widespread myths that supernatural beasts roamed Gévaudan, but deaths attributed to a beast were more likely the work of a number of wolves or packs of wolves. In 2001 the French naturalist Michel Louis proposed that the red-colored mastiff belonging to Jean Chastel sired the beast and its resistance to bullets may have been due to it wearing the armoured hide of a young boar thus also accounting for the unusual colour.

In popular culture
Robert Louis Stevenson traveled through the region in 1878 and described the incident in his book Travels with a Donkey in the Cévennes, in which he claims that at least one of the creatures was a wolf:

For this was the land of the ever-memorable Beast, the Napoleon Bonaparte of wolves. What a career was his! He lived ten months at free quarters in Gévaudan and Vivarais; he ate women and children and “shepherdesses celebrated for their beauty”; he pursued armed horsemen; he has been seen at broad noonday chasing a post-chaise and outrider along the king’s high-road, and chaise and outrider fleeing before him at the gallop. He was placarded like a political offender, and ten thousand francs were offered for his head. And yet, when he was shot and sent to Versailles, behold! a common wolf, and even small for that.


Jan 22


Latest posts by Micael Art (see all)

roThe Matruculan is one of many Filipino creatures who attack pregnant women. This particular creature first impregnates a virgin before coming back later to kill the woman and eat the fetus (although some stories say that both mom and baby are eaten). Some stories claim that the woman is not a virgin but rather married and already pregnant.

To protect the mother and child, the husband must swing a balisong (knife pictured below), or butterfly knife, above the woman’s belly while she is in labor.

This leads one to wonder: which is scarier, an invisible mythological creature, or the father of your unborn child brandishing a knife above your abdomen?ar

Jan 02

Ya-Te-Veo the Man eating tree

Latest posts by Kirsten Tillman (see all)

Screenshot_4Imagine walking through the woods, when you happen upon a tree…a tree that looks like no other tree you’ve ever seen. You go to touch it, because it’s unique, perhaps even beuatiful…drawing you in…then suddenly, it grabs and devours you! Does such a tree or plants exist? Although there are tales dating back to the 1880’s of carnivorous trees…the first carnivorous plant to be identified by botanists, was the Venus Fly Trap (Dionaea muscipula) in the 1760’s. It was unbelievable that a plant could capture and consume living specimens!

A century later…other reports started rolling in about carnivorous plants and even trees that could ensare and devour creatures as large as birds, dogs, and monkeys…and even humans! Dr. Karl Shuker, a well known, British Cryptozoologist states that “the most incredible case on file is one that first came to Western attention via an extraordinary letter allegedly received during the early 1870s (differing accounts give different dates) by Polish biologist Dr Omelius Fredlowski (sometimes spelt ‘Friedlowsky’). According to the letter’s contents, at least one Western explorer claimed to have witnessed an all-too-real, fatal encounter with a rapacious botanical monster (as portrayed vividly in the illustration opening this present ShukerNature article of mine) that would put even the worst excesses of Audrey II to shame!

The letter Dr. Shuker is referring to is from Carl Liche (a.k.a. ‘Karl’ and as ‘Leche’ or in other various combinations). Carl Liche was a German explorer in the 1880’s and had been visiting a primitive tribe called the Mkodos on the island of Madagascar with a Westerner named Hendrick. It is said that Liche and Hendrick were shown a mishapen, grotesque tree, which the Mkodos referred to as the tepe, and to which humans were sacrificed:

“If you can imagine a pineapple eight feet high and thick in proportion resting upon its base and denuded of leaves, you will have a good idea of the trunk of the tree, a dark dingy brown, and apparently as hard as iron. From the apex of this truncated cone eight leaves hung sheer to the ground. These leaves were about 11 or 12 ft long, tapering to a sharp point that looked like a cow’s horn, and with a concave face thickly set with strong thorny hooks. The apex of the cone was a round white concave figure like a smaller plate set within a larger one. This was not a flower but a receptacle, and there exuded into it a clear treacly liquid, honey sweet, and possessed of violent intoxicating and soporific properties. From underneath the rim of the undermost plate a series of long hairy green tendrils stretched out in every direction. These were 7 or 8 ft long. Above these, six white almost transparent palpi [tentacles] reared themselves toward the sky, twirling and twisting with a marvellous incessant motion. Thin as reeds, apparently they were yet 5 or 6 ft tall.”

Suddenly, after a shrieking session of prayers to this sinister tree, the natives encircled one of the women in their tribe, and forced her with their spears to climb its trunk, until at last she stood at its summit, surrounded by its tentacle-like palpi dancing like snakes on all sides. The natives told the doomed woman to drink, so she bent down and drank the treacle-like fluid filling the tree’s uppermost plate, and became wild with hysterical frenzy:

“But she did not jump down, as she seemed to intend to do. Oh no! The atrocious cannibal tree that had been so inert and dead came to sudden savage life. The slender delicate palpi, with the fury of starved serpents, quivered a moment over her head, then fastened upon her in sudden coils round and round her neck and arms; then while her awful screams and yet more awful laughter rose wildly to be instantly strangled down again into a gurgling moan, the tendrils one after another, like green serpents, with brutal energy and infernal rapidity, rose, retracted themselves, and wrapped her about in fold after fold, ever tightening with cruel swiftness and the savage tenacity of anacondas fastening upon their prey. And now the great leaves slowly rose and stiffly erected themselves in the air, approached one another and closed about the dead and hampered victim with the silent force of a hydraulic press and the ruthless purpose of a thumb screw.

“While I could see the bases of these great levers pressing more tightly towards each other, from their interstices there trickled down the stalk of the tree great streams of the viscid honeylike fluid mingled horribly with the blood and oozing viscera of the victim. At the sight of this the savage hordes around me, yelling madly, bounded forward, crowded to the tree, clasped it, and with cups, leaves, hands and tongues each obtained enough of the liquor to send him mad and frantic. Then ensued a grotesque and indescribably hideous orgy. May I never see such a sight again.

“The retracted leaves of the great tree kept their upright position during ten days, then when I came one morning they were prone again, the tendrils stretched, the palpi floating, and nothing but a white skull at the foot of the tree to remind me of the sacrifice that had taken place there.”

Liche subsequently dubbed the tepe Crinoida dajeeana (after a fancied resemblance to the starfish-related crinoids or sea-lilies, and in honour of a noted Bombay physician, Dr Bhawoo Dajee).

Carl Liche was not the only visitor to Madagascar to learn of this nightmarish species. Chase Salmon Osborn, Governor of Michigan from 1911-13, traveled to Madagascar during the early 1920s in the hopes of witnessing the carnivorous tree. Unfortunately however, but perhaps lucky for him, he was unsuccessful in locating one, though it was apparently well-known to natives all over the island, and even some of the Western missionaries working there. Mr. Liche also claimed that from the very earliest times, Madagascar had been known as ‘the land of the man-eating tree’, which he used as the title of a book that he later wrote about his sojourn in Madagascar (though the tepe itself scarcely featured in it).
According to Wikipedia…in his 1955 book, Salamanders and other Wonders,[10] science author Willy Ley determined that the Mkodo tribe, Carl Liche, and the Madagascar man-eating tree itself all appeared to be fabrications.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a number of explorers searched for the man-eating tree in Madagascar, not realizing that the story was a NY World hoax.

In 1888 the story was fully exposed for what it was, and its author identified. Frederick Maxwell Somers had launched a new magazine, Current Literature, and in the second issue he reprinted the story of the man-eating tree and provided information about its origin: It was written years ago by Mr. Edmund Spencer for the N.Y. World. While Mr. Spencer was connected with that paper he wrote a number of stories, all being remarkable for their appearance of truth, the extraordinary imagination displayed, and for their somber tone. Mr. Spencer was a master of the horrible, some of his stories approaching closely to those of Poe in this regard. Like many clever men his best work is hidden in the files of the daily press. This particular story of the Crinoida Dajeeana, the Devil Tree of Madagascar, was copied far and wide, and caused many a hunt for the words of Dr. Friedlowsky. It was written as the result of a talk with some friends, during which Mr. Spencer maintained that all that was necessary to produce a sensation of horror in the reader was to greatly exaggerate some well-known and perhaps beautiful thing. He then stated that he would show what could be done with the sensitive plant when this method of treatment was applied to it. The devil-tree is, after all, only a monstrous variety of the ‘Venus fly trap’ so common in North Carolina. Mr. Spencer died about two years ago in Baltimore, Md. Frank Vincent: The first man-eating-tree searcher was the American travel writer Frank Vincent, author of Actual Africa. He traveled throughout Madagascar during the early 1890s, and while he wasn’t there specifically to search for the man-eating tree, he later told reporters that he did ask around about it “for his own personal satisfaction”. However, he couldn’t find it and concluded that accounts of it were “the purest Munchausenism”.

It seems that almost every detail in the story was fictitious. None of the individuals mentioned in it existed…not Karl Leche, Dr. Omelius Friedlowsky, or Dr. Bhawoo Dajee. The Mkodos were apparently not a real tribe, and the tree itself, was pure fantasy…a gothic horror of the colonial era. However, the source to which the story was credited, “Graefe and Walther’s Magazine, published at Carlsruhe”, was a real publication. Or, at least, there was a scientific journal founded by two prestigious German surgeons, Karl Ferdinand von Graefe and Philipp Franz von Walther, titled Journal der Chirurgie und Augenheilkunde (The Surgical and Ophthalmic Journal). This journal interestingly enough was published in Berlin, not Carlsruhe. Also, it began publication in 1820 aScreenshot_2nd ended in 1850, following the death of Walther. So by 1874, there hadn’t been a new issue of the journal for 24 years. Therefor, this journal was NOT the original source of the man-eating tree story.

The idea that a carnivorous tree existed, was not to be tamed however…for after The Tree of Madagascar tale…in central America, in the late 1880’s, reports were made of a tree called the Ya-Te-Veo.

And in Sea and Land (1887), J.W. Buel included a description and image of a Ya-Te-Veo tree,

that was said to grow in South America. It supposedly caught and consumed humans by means of its long tendrils:

It is said to grow in parts of Central and South America with cousins in Africa and on the shores of the Indian Ocean. Though there are many different descriptions of the plant, most reports say it has a short, thick trunk, and long, tendril like appendages which are used to catch prey. Some have even claimed that it has an eye to locate it’s prey with.

Over the years, the media has taken off with these tales of horror as the tree and other carnivorous plants are repeatedly utilized in movies throughout the 20th century. Ron Sullivan and Jon Eaton, writing in the San Francisco Chronicle in 2007, noted that the man-eating tree of Madagascar served as the “progenitor of a whole literary dynasty of sinister plants.” These included: “H.G. Wells’ Strange Orchid (it stupefied its victims with perfume and sucked their blood with its tendrils); John Wyndham’s peripatetic Triffids; the Widow’s Weed in Gus Arriola’s ‘Gordo’ comic strip; and, not least, Audrey II of ‘Little Shop of Horrors.'”
Carl Liche, it seems, is not who he claimed to be. Researchers who investigated this case in the 20th century found no evidence to prove Liche’s story, or even his existence for that matter. Those who investigate unknown animals are called cryptozoologists (or perhaps in this case, cryptobotanists). As they’re known for being somewhat credulous, you can probably take the sceptics’ word for it when they say that this crypto-veggie doesn’t exist. Or does it?

Since the story of The Madagascar Tree, and the Ya-Te-Veo Tree, other reports continue rolling in about various man-eating trees…TheScreenshot_3 Nubian Tree for example, found in Nubia, and The Vampire Vine in Nicaragua, called “The Devil’s Snare” by the local natives.

The Tree of Madagascar appears to have been debunked…however can we prove unequivically that there are no carnivorous plants or trees like that of the Ya-Te-Veo existing that can capture and consume a human? So far it seems not…however we cannot also claim for a fact, that it does exists. What we do know, is that there are in fact various carniorous plants aside from the common Venus Fly Trap. The carnivorous plant with the largest known traps is probably Nepenthes rajah, which produces pitchers up to 38 cm (15 in) tall with a volume of up to 3.5 litres (0.77 imp gal; 0.92 US gal).[2] This species may rarely trap small mammals.[3]


Dec 05

Orang Pendek

Ted Milam

Ted Milam

Ted grew up in Maryland and spent his early years near Antietam Battlefield, where he witnessed a few unexplained things as a young kid. When Ted graduated high school, he joined the United States Marine Corps, and spent 10 years on active duty traveling the United States and quite a few Countries along the way. After a paranormal experience while serving in Japan, Ted knew he had to find out some answers. After leaving the Marines in 2002, Ted was hired as a Firefighter in the San Diego area, where he spent the next 6 years. In 2008, he went to Iraq as a contractor for a year, then in 2009, moved to Georgia where he works today as a Firefighter in the Savannah area. Ted founded Ghost Watchers Paranormal Investigations – Savannah, in 2010. Ted’s goal is to find some common answers in the paranormal field.
Ted Milam

Latest posts by Ted Milam (see all)

orangpendekThe Orang Pendek is a small bipedal primate cryptid that reportedly lives on the island of Sumatra in the South Pacific. The creature has been identified as 30 to 60 inches tall and covered in grey to reddish brown fur. Orang Pendek is Indonesian for “short person”.

The Orang Pendek is thought to be mostly herbivorous, but like all bipedal cryptids and known primates, they are fiercely territorial.

What is interesting is the creature has been reported by not only local villagers and farmers, but Dutch colonists and Western scientists. Think of them like miniature Bigfoots.

The most recent sightings have been in central Sumatra in the Kerinci Seblat National Park. Have sightings of the Orang Pendek been misidentified Orangutans? Scientist Debbie Martyr conducted a 15 year field study on the creature in the early 1990’s and even reported seeing the creature.

It is not unheard of for new species of primates that are discovered. A new species of a large chimpanzee was discovered in the last few years in equatorial Africa. The locals referred to it as the “Bili Ape”. The Bili Ape is an approximately 6ft tall chimpanzee. But like all known modern primates except for humans) chimpanzees and orangutans use both arms and legs to move around.

Two recent discoveries that can change this are the discoveries of the Gigantopithecus in South East Asia and Homo floresiensis in Indonesia.  Both discoveries have been either whole skulls (Homo floresiensis) or partial including jaw bones (Gigantopithecus). Both have the scientific community in controversy.

Why the controversy? It has to do if the creature is bipedal (walks on two legs like humans) or walks like known primates. How can scientists determine whether they are bipedal or not from partial skulls? It has to do with the jaw line and the spinal column that can determine if it walked upright or on all fours.

Is the Orang Pendek jst misidentified Orangutans? It certainly is possible and probable, but with the discoveries of the Gigantopithecus and Homo floresiensis…there could be non-human primates that were bipedal.

Oct 31

Beast Of Bodmin Moor

1425539_833516043337321_8525868246490744407_n Bodmin Moor is one of the last remaining unspoiled areas in the South Western part of Cornwall and much of its medieval and prehistoric past has remained untouched by the passing centuries. The Moor is largely dominated by dramatic granite tors which tower over the sweeping expanses of open Moorland. Marshes and bogs on the high moor drain into shallow moorland valleys before the rivers cross onto softer shales around the moor and carve themselves deep river valleys, providing shelter for rich, damp oak woodland.

Historically, Bodmin Moor was a landscape which engendered fear and awe, but which has also provided inspiration for writers, poets and sculptors. It has generated folklore and legend with fact and fiction at times blending into one another as tales had been passed down over the generations.

There is no doubt that Bodmin Moor is a creepy place, and should you happen to find yourself alone as dusk settles in, try not to think about the numerous legends, horror and mystery attached to this wild and rugged landscape. Most of all … try not to dwell on the thought of its beast.

The beast is a result of over sixty sightings that depict a black panther-like big cat—perhaps three to five feet long—sporting white-yellowish eyes; this is combined with claims of the beast mutilating livestock. The evidence was vigorous enough that in 1995; the government ordered an official investigation into the existence of such a beast. This report concluded that no verifiable evidence was presented of a big cat on Bodmin Moor, though it was also careful to state there was no evidence against it, either.

Not long after the report was published, the public was astonished when a young boy discovered a leopard skull lying on the banks of the River Fowey. This discovery fueled interest into the big cats again as some wondered if it had escaped from a nearby zoo. The natural history museum soon discovered the leopard skull to have been imported into the country as part of the leopard skin rug.

Again the controversy disappeared although sightings were being reported regularly until 1998—video footage was released that clearly showed a black animal (possibly a big cat) around 3 to 3 ½ feet long—the video described by the curator of Newquay Zoo and wild cat expert as ‘the best evidence yet’ and that big cats do indeed roam Bodmin Moor—yet another batch of information that was submitted to the government by local MP, Paul Tyler.

If the beast does exist (and many really believe it to) perhaps the animal is a big cat who escaped the zoo or possibly even a private collection that wasn’t reported due to illegal imports; some believe the animal to be a species of wild cat that has been believed to come extinct in Britian more than a hundred years ago. Some who read the reports that describe growling, hissing and even the sounds like a woman screaming are quick to blame the paranormal, yet sightings continue.

The British Big Cat Society (BBCS) says there is real evidence that pumas, panthers, lynxes and other big cats are breeding in Britian. A spokesman has recently stated that photographs, paw prints and fur samples have long shown that big cats live in parts of Britian.

For reports on recent sightings and eyewitness reports, I encourage you to visit who also offers you an email to write to if you have any information, news, pictures or even video of the beast.

The Beast of Bodmin | Cornwall Guide. (n.d.).
Bodmin Moor, Cornwall – The Bodmin Moor Pages. (n.d.).

Oct 01

Altamaha Ha

Ted Milam

Ted Milam

Ted grew up in Maryland and spent his early years near Antietam Battlefield, where he witnessed a few unexplained things as a young kid. When Ted graduated high school, he joined the United States Marine Corps, and spent 10 years on active duty traveling the United States and quite a few Countries along the way. After a paranormal experience while serving in Japan, Ted knew he had to find out some answers. After leaving the Marines in 2002, Ted was hired as a Firefighter in the San Diego area, where he spent the next 6 years. In 2008, he went to Iraq as a contractor for a year, then in 2009, moved to Georgia where he works today as a Firefighter in the Savannah area. Ted founded Ghost Watchers Paranormal Investigations – Savannah, in 2010. Ted’s goal is to find some common answers in the paranormal field.
Ted Milam

Latest posts by Ted Milam (see all)

10377078_10203954074105368_571155959256182066_nDarien is a small town on the Georgia Colonial Coast, with a large river basin that empties into the ocean. The Altamaha River branches off and dumps into the Atlantic Ocean in Darien Georgia.

Darien is probably one of the earliest settlements in America, and the area is relatively unknown as far as the early settlers. But it is there, one of the earliest American settlements known. It was settled originally by the Scotts in the 17th century, from Inverness.
From the earliest recorded history of the area, there has been sightings of a large sea/river monster called the Altamaha Ha. Accounts of the creature have it as a large(up to 70ft), gunmetal grey colored, cylindrical as one of the earliest sightings from Captain Delano, the Captain of the schooner “Eagle”…here is an excerpt of his account near St Simons Islands in Georgia:

He repeated the…particulars precisely,describing the animal he saw as being about 70 feet long and its circumference about that of a sugar hogshead, moving with its head (shaped like an Alligator’s) about 8 feet out of the water.” – Savannah Georgian, April 22, 1830.

There are two possibilities for these sightings, a modern Plesiosaur or a Basilosaurus.  The Plesiosaur is a Marine Reptile that was common throughout the world’s oceans during the Jurassic period of about 200 million years ago and it was thought to have went extinct during the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event about 65 million years ago. Is it possible that it survived? It is known that sharks and crocodilian species survived the event, and being it was a reptile and not of the avian species most dinosaurs were part of…possible.

The Basilosaurus is a very early toothy whale that lived about 50 million years ago just after the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event. It had a head shaped much like a crocodile/alligator, long cylindrical body and like whales and dolphins, had a tail the moved up and down vertically.

Most sightings occur around little St Simmons Island area, Butler Island inland on the Altamaha River and Doughboy Point just north of the Altamaha River.

Is it possible that one of those two extinct marine animals survived in a small number and is hiding in our rivers and oceans?

Sep 08

The Kraken Sleeps

krakenBelow the thunders of the upper deep, the Kraken sleeps.

(Kraken is the definite article form of krake, a Norwegian word designating an unhealthy animal, or something twisted. Cognate with the English crook and crank. In modern German, Krake (plural: Kraken) means octopus, but can also refer to the legendary Kraken)

Once upon a time whilst working to become a poet laureate; I’d crossed Alfred Lord Tennyson’s poem about the Kraken:

Below the thunders of the upper deep; Far, far beneath in the abysmal sea, His ancient, dreamless, uninvaded sleep The Kraken sleepeth: faintest sunlights flee About his shadowy sides: above him swell Huge sponges of millennial growth and height; And far away into the sickly light, From many a wondrous grot and secret cell Unnumbered and enormous polypi Winnow with giant arms the slumbering green. There hath he lain for ages and will lie Battening upon huge sea-worms in his sleep, Until the latter fire shall heat the deep; Then once by man and angels to be seen, In roaring he shall rise and on the surface die. —Alfred Lord Tennyson.

Not only had I adored the flow of lyric, I’d fallen deeper in love with the legend of the Kraken, and curiously wondered why a scribe like Tennyson would tackle such a subject in his now legendary poem so I did some further research on the creature …

The Kraken is a giant sea creature (said to be about 1 mile in length) who attacks ships and is generally described as an octopus or giant squid. According to some tales, the Kraken was so huge that its body could be mistaken for an island. This is first mentioned in the Örvar-Oddr, a 13th century Icelandic saga involving two sea monsters, the Hafgufa (sea-mist) and the Lyngbakr (heather-back). The Hafgufa is a believed reference to the Kraken. Around that time (circa 1250), another report about the Kraken was documented in the Norwegian scientific work of Konungs skuggsja who described in detail physical characteristics and feeding behaviors of the creatures. It said that only two existed because they could not reproduce and would need so much food that they could not survive. It goes on to describe the Kraken’s feeding habits, claiming that it would trap the surrounding fish by stretching its neck with a belch releasing food from its mouth. The fish would be lured by the food and would enter the Kraken’s mouth to feed. As a result, vast quantities of them would be trapped.

The Kraken was also mentioned in the first edition of Systema Naturae (1735), a taxonomic classification of living organisms by the Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus Linnaeus. He classified the Kraken as a cephalopod, designating the scientific name Microcosmus marinus. Although any mention to Kraken was omitted in later editions of the Systema Naturae, Linnaeus described it in his later work, Fauna Suecica (1746), as a “unique monster” that “is said to inhabit the seas of Norway, but I have not seen this animal”. Although the Kraken was usually described as a giant octopus or squid, it has also been described as a “crab-like” creature. It was believed to cause large whirlpools. The Swedish author Jacob Wallenberg described the Kraken in the 1781 work Min son på galejan (“My son on the galley”) as follows: “Gradually, Kraken ascends to the surface, and when he is at ten to twelve fathoms, the boats had better move out of his vicinity, as he will shortly thereafter burst up, like a floating island, spurting water from his dreadful nostrils and making ring waves around him, which can reach many miles. Could one doubt that this is the Leviathan of Job?” The Kraken was said to lie at the bottom of the sea and surface in search of food or when disturbed, probably by a large ship. The myth of the Kraken is believed by many historians to have originated from the giant squid. The giant squid can reach 18 meters in length and has been rarely seen by humans as it lives in very deep waters. Some myths say that the Kraken was a monster created by Hades, the Lord of the Dead, from furious anger and hatred. This monster was much too powerful, similar to Typhon, and was imprisoned in a cave at the bottom of the sea.

When Cassiopeia, the Queen of Ethiopia, boasted that her daughter (or in other myths, herself) was more beautiful than Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty herself, Zeus ordered Hades to release the Kraken to attack the city. Zeus told the city that if Cassiopeia gave her daughter, Andromeda, as a sacrifice to the Kraken, he would go back to his prison and leave the city alone.

Cassiopeia refused to give her daughter as a sacrifice but the towns’ people kidnapped her and chained her to a rock right by the ocean. When the Kraken emerged from the sea, he was just about to consume Andromeda but Perseus returned with the head of Medusa and turned the Kraken to stone.

In 1802, French malacologist Pierre Dénys de Montfort had recognized the existence of two kinds of octopus in Histoire Naturelle Générale et Particulière des Mollusques, an encyclopedic description of mollusks. Montfort claimed that the first type, the Kraken octopus had been described by Norwegian sailors and American whalers as well as ancient writers such as Pliny The Elder. The much larger second type, the colossal octopus was reported to have attacked a sailing vessel from Saint-Malo off the coast of Angola.

Pierre later proposed that ten British warships (including the captured French ship of the Ville de Paris ‘which had mysteriously disappeared in 1782’) must have been attacked and plunged because of the giant octopuses. The British had however known (courtesy of a survivor from the Ville de Paris) that the ships had been lost in a hurricane off the coast of Newfoundland in September of 1782. This resulted in a disgraceful revelation for Pierre Montfort.

In modern day (2011) a Paleontologist by the name of Mark McMenamin believes he has an explanation that starts at the Berlin-Ichthyosaur State Park in Nevada. This park is famous for housing the remains of nine 45-foot Ichthyosaurs (an Ichthyosaur is a large marine reptile that resembled dolphins and died about 90 million years ago.)

Because of a curious, and purposefully arranged bones of the Ichthyosaurs—some vertebral disks in curious linear patterns with geometric regularity—some scientists weren’t really sure why exactly this was.

McMenamin suggests that “modern octopus will do this.” He went on to claim “I think that these things were captured by the Kraken and taken to the midden and the cephalopod would take them apart.”

Though fascinating, there still isn’t any current scientific proof that the Kraken exists. Its closest resemblance would be a modern-day giant squid, but you must wonder … what exactly does live deep in our oceans and seas? We have barely discovered the wonders of upper environment much less what lies beneath. In this author’s opinion; it is quite possible for bigger mysteries to exist just where we can’t reach and perhaps we may never know the truth but do we really want to go uncovering the hiding places of such a creature? Perhaps we weren’t meant to know for reasons that could take an entire vessel and drag her 20,000 leagues beneath the sea …


  1. “The Kraken” (1830). The Victorian Web.
  2. Oxford English Dictionary (Second ed.). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. 1989.
  3. Örvar-Odds saga (1888)
  4. Keyser, Rudolph, Peter Andreas Munch, Carl Rikard Unger. Speculum Regale. Konungs-Skuggsjá. Oslo: Carl C. Werner & Co. 1848. Chapter 12, p. 32.
  5. Microcosmus marinus in Systema Naturae
  6. [Anonymous] (1849). New Books: An Essay on the credibility of the Kraken. The Nautical Magazine 18(5): 272–276.
  7. Scientist says he’s found evidence for an ancient kraken. (2011, January 1). Retrieved August 30, 2014, from

Sep 06


Eddie Boyce

Eddie Boyce

Representative / Asst Chair: Cryptozoology at National Paranormal Society
Hi I’m Eddie. I’ve been study the paranormal since I was young. Along with other mysterious things, UFOs, bigfoot ect. I am an outside the box thinker and can generally come up with different explanations for things. I’m always looking for the truth.
Eddie Boyce

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NPS - Crypto 1The Ropen is a flying cryptid alleged to live in the vicinity of Papua New Guinea.  According to the book Searching for Ropens, it is “any featherless creature that flies in the Southwest Pacific, and has a tail-length more than 25% of its wingspan.” On Umboi Island the word “ropen” refers to a large nocturnal creature that glows briefly as it flies. The ropen is the subject of folklore (like a man but also like a spirit) but it’s believed by some natives to be a real animal. Descriptions vary, but it is often said to be batlike, and sometimes, Pterosaur-like; although pterosaurs are generally accepted to have been extinct. The ropen is believed to be nocturnal and to exhibit bioluminescence. Purportedly it lives on a diet of fish, though there have been some reports of the creature feasting on human flesh, especially grave robbery.



Aug 01


Eddie Boyce

Eddie Boyce

Representative / Asst Chair: Cryptozoology at National Paranormal Society
Hi I’m Eddie. I’ve been study the paranormal since I was young. Along with other mysterious things, UFOs, bigfoot ect. I am an outside the box thinker and can generally come up with different explanations for things. I’m always looking for the truth.
Eddie Boyce

Latest posts by Eddie Boyce (see all)

This month’s installment of cryptids is about the stoor statueStorsjöodjuret; or the “Great-Lake Monster” is a lake monster reported to live in the 300-foot-deep (91 m) lake Storsjön in Jämtland in the middle ofSweden. The lake monster was first reported in 1635 and is the only one of its kind in Sweden. When the only city located by Storsjön, Östersund, celebrated its 200 year anniversary in 1986 Storsjöodjuret along with its offspring and nest became protected bylaw, a law which was revoked in 2005.
Storsjöodjuret is described as a serpentine or aquatic reptile with fins across its back and the head of a dog. It is reported to measure approximately six meters long, and some accounts describe it as having several humps. stoorsCommon interest in the creature was sparked first in the 1890s. After several sightings, an enterprise of locals was founded to catch the monster, even drawing the support from kingOscar II. Since then hundreds of monster sightings have been made. No scientific results have been made, but the supporters have never lost their faith.

In August 2008 a group of filmers claimed to have captured Storsjöodjuret on film. The cameras showed red so it was somethingendothermic that was filmed

Feb 01


Jericho Ibanez

Jericho Ibanez

Representative - Div 4 at National Paranormal Society
Hi everyone! My name is Jericho Ibanez you can call me Jeric, I’m from the Philippines. Since I was a child I had vast experience into the world of paranormal and the one that most intriguing by having a dream that when I found-out later on a situation or events happened was related one of my dreams. That’s why I study psychology, parapsychology, metaphysics and other related fields to understand most the hidden powers of the mind.I also a finished various certification courses such as in Paranormal Investigation, Clinical Hypnotherapy (Past Life Regression), Practitioner in Neuro-Linguistic Programming, Career Life Coaching and a Certified Reiki Master. I am also a degree holder in Psychology, an ordained minister with an honorary degree in Doctor of Divinity, and a Doctor of Philosophy Specializing in Metaphysical Science.My advocates is to disseminate and value the importance application of Parapsychology and Metaphysical Science for the holistic development of an individual, from basic to higher degree that can be useful in various areas of our lives. And to accept and understand of being sensitive into the psychic world by through this basic formula that transcribe into my simple quotes: “The existence of our inner sense, is the dissect revelation of our own universe…”
Jericho Ibanez

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An Aswang (or Asuwang) is a vampire-like witch ghoul in Filipino folklore and is the subject of a wide variety of myths and stories. Spanish colonists noted that the Aswang was the most feared among the mythical creatures of the Philippines, even in the 16th century. The myth of the aswang is well known throughout the Philippines, except in the Ilocos region, which is the only region that does not have an equivalent myth. It is especially popular in the Western Visayan regions such as Capiz, Iloilo, Negros, Bohol, Masbate, Aklan, Antique and Siquijor. Other regional names for the aswang include “tik-tik”, “wak-wak” and “sok-sok”.

The wide variety of descriptions in the aswang stories makes it difficult to settle upon a fixed definition of aswang appearances or activities. However, several common themes that differentiate aswangs from other mythological creatures do emerge: Aswangs are shape-shifters. Stories recount aswangs living as regular townspeople. As regular townspeople, they are quiet, shy and elusive. At night, they transform into creatures such as a cat, bat, bird, boar or most often, a dog.

They enjoy eating unborn fetuses and small children, favoring livers and hearts. Some have long proboscises, which they use to suck the children out of their mothers’ wombs when they are sleeping or their homes. Some are so thin that they can hide themselves behind a bamboo post. They are fast and silent. Some also make noises, like the Tik-Tik, (the name was derived from the sound it produces) which are louder the farther away the aswang is, to confuse its potential victim; and the Bubuu, an aggressive kind of aswang that makes a sound of a laying hen at midnight. They may also replace their live victims or stolen cadavers with doppelgangers made from tree trunks or other plant materials. This facsimile will return to the victim’s home, only to become sick and die. An aswang will also have bloodshot eyes, the result of staying up all night searching for houses where wakes are held to steal the bodies.

Aswangs are physically much more like humans at daytime; they only change their appearance at night when they feel they are in need of food. It has been said that if an aswang married a human, upon their wedding, his or her mate would become an aswang as well but rarely can they reproduce. The couple may hunt together at night but will go in separate directions, either to avoid detection or because they do not like to share their meal.


Jan 19


Courtesy of:

wuchWucharia or Wucharia jackal is an unrecognized canid species or subspecies (Canis aureus lupaster or Canis lupus arabs), reported from the very dry Danakil Depression desert on the coast of Eritrea in December 2002. The animal was seen by Mr. Jugal Kishore Tiwari and reported to the Canids SG by Satish Kumar. Some authors suppose that the animals were individuals of the Arabian wolf, an isolated form of the Egyptian jackal, or a totally new species related to both of them. It might have been a Xenocyon lycaonoides, q canid that was thought to be extinct 126,000 years ago.



Jan 19


Courtesy of:

yowieYowie, also known as Yayhoo, Youree, or Yahoo is a fanged humanoid marsupial, more likely a great ape, featured in Aboriginal mythology along with Australian Raptors and Burrunjor. The Yowie is considered to be the Australian Bigfoot, and contain many primate like features, possibly indicating that it is an undiscovered species of great ape (gigantopithecus) or prehistoric human. The Yowie is described as being one of the most aggressive Sasquatch species, and has been reported tearing heads off of kangaroos and dogs. It has been seen attacking humans as well. However that is rare.

The Yowie is described to be around 4 to 9 feet tall, with a large red mouth and talon-like claws according to Aborginal legends. It is also noted that the Yowie contained two large fang-like canines which distinct the Yowie from other bigfoot species. It usually has brown or reddish fur.


Jan 19


Courtesy of:

yerenThe Yeren is China’s Bigfoot, variously referred to as the Yiren, Yeh Ren, Chinese Wildman or Man-Monkey. The Yeren is a mysterious primate living in the mountains of China, with most of the sightings coming from a park in the region. It has reddish brown hair (though very rare, sighting of white Yeren have been seen–this may indicate either albinism or elderly members of the species) and a large jaw. It is six to eight feet tall (in a few extreme cases they were reported to up to 10 feet tall), and is very aggressive to humans. According to Xinhua, over 400 people have reported seeing the Yeren. The Chinese government has searched China to find the Yeren. Many footprints and hair have been found. However much like the Yeti or Sasquatch, the species has never been confirmed by scientists and remains in the realm of legend and cryptozoology. Despite its size, it is said to be less robust and stocky than its other relatives like Sasquatch.


Jan 19


Courtesy of:

rouJust like the creature itself, the Cajun legend of the Rougarou can take on multiple forms. Originally derived from French stories of the “loup-garu,” or “wolf man,” the monster is most commonly described as a bayou-dwelling werewolf with glowing red eyes and razor-sharp teeth. The beast is usually said to be a cursed man who must shed another’s blood in order to break its spell and reassume human form, but the tale varies according to the teller. In some versions, the Rougarou can turn its victims just by locking eyes with them; in others, it takes the form of a dog or pig rather than a wolf. Still others paint it as a shape shifter that can assume different human and animal forms at will. Because it can switch its appearance so easily, some even conflate the creature with the legendary Skunk Ape of southeastern U.S. swamp lore. In most Louisiana parishes, the Rougarou myth is employed as a kind of cautionary tale. Children are told that the fiend will come for them if they don’t behave, and Catholics are warned that it hunts down those who break Lent.


Jan 19

Fouke Monster

Courtesy of:

lynn1The “Fouke Monster” – or “Boggy Creek Monster” as it is sometimes referred to – is a Sasquatch-like creature said to haunt the network of creeks extending from the Sulphur River Bottoms in southern Arkansas to the small town of Fouke. Over the years, the creature has been seen by countless people, including respected citizens, experienced hunters, famous musicians, and even a police officer. It has inspired several movies, most notably The Legend of Boggy Creek, which became a drive-in sensation netting nearly $25 million during its run.

The newspaper accounts of the early 1970s may have brought the creature to worldwide fame, but sighting reports did not stop after Hollywood moved on. Near the small town of Fouke, southeast of Texarkana, people are still reporting encounters with this mysterious creature even today.

The Beast of Boggy Creek will always be a stand-out among America’s spooky legends due to his movie fame, continued popularity, and modern sightings. The creature is often mentioned on television documentaries including Monsters and Mysteries in America, Finding Bigfoot, MonsterQuest, Lost Tapes, and Weird Travels.

If you visit Fouke, Arkansas, just remember to keep an eye on the woods just as the sun begins to set. You never know when you just might see the legendary Beast of Boggy Creek!


Jan 19

Beast of Exmoor

Courtesy of:

Beast_of_ExmoorExmoor is an area of moorland in the northern Devon and west Somerset areas of South-West England.  It is named for the River Exe that has its source in the area and runs down to the sea at Exmouth.  It is also the home of the mysterious cat-like cryptid known as the Beast of Exmoor.

The original sightings of the Beast of Exmoor came from the 1970s but it gained fame in 1983 when a farmer from South Moulton reported the loss of over 100 sheep in a three-month period.  All of them had been killed due to violent injuries to the throat that were unlike those caused by a dog or fox.

Initial explanations were that it was a cougar or a black leopard which had been released before the 1976 Exotic Pets Act came into force, making it illegal to keep big cats unless in a zoo.  However, both these cats have a lifespan of 12-15 years so there is little chance that the same creature killed the sheep in 1983.

Eyewitnesses have variously reported the beast as resembling puma or a panther and up to eight feet from nose to tail.  It stands low to the ground and has excellent jumping skills, clearing 6-foot fences either ease.  The beast was described as either black, tan or dark grey.

In 1983, due to the reports of livestock deaths spreading, the Ministry of Agriculture sent the Royal Marines to the Exmoor area with the brief of catching and killing the Beast.  A number of the marines reported seeing glimpses of the creature but none were able to take a shot.  Some of this may have been in concern that the high-powered sniper rifles they were using could cause serious damage to any bystander accidentally caught in the firing line.  The Marine’s commanding officer reported that the Beast always moved with surrounding cover in woods and the hedges and behaved with high ‘almost human’ intelligence.

One witness in 2010 was a man who worked for the National Park for seven years and described seeing a black cat slightly larger than an Alsatian dog that ran across the road in front of him, hesitated for a moment then disappeared into a hedge.  He described it having emerald green eyes and a tail that was nearly the length of its body. Another witness report from July 2012 stated that she saw the beast on a hillock 15 metres from the road she travelling on, the A361.  It was brown-black and was crouched ready to strike at something.  It had a long tail and black pointed ears.  When she reported it to the police, she was told that emergency vehicles and the RSPCA were being sent.  No details of their findings have been publicised.

Reports have continued up until current times, with statements from locals as well as visitors to the area all reporting the same black-brown large cat.  This adds further evidence to the fact that this is either not the same animal as the original Beast, meaning there is a breeding population, or this is not a cat at all but merely a cryptid which resembles one.


The Beast of Exmoor. (2014, April 27). Retrieved January 19, 2015, from

Jan 19


Courtesy of:

werewolf_helsingIn folklore, werewolves are people who sometimes shapeshift into wolves. Because werewolves are usually thought to be part of the supernatural, they are seldom investigated by people working in the field of cryptozoology. After all, cryptozoologists are trying to discover new species of animal to be accepted by the mainstream scientific establishment, not resurrect mythical beasts. And werewolves seem to be about as far to the mythical side as beasts can get.

However, a certain number of sightings of wolf-like hairy humanoids are reported to cryptozoologists, and some of these sightings are so well-documented that they are taken seriously by those who are investigating them. Once these reports are taken seriously, they need some kind of explanation. Some of these reports describe unusually intelligent, odd-looking wolves who like to walk around on their hind legs. Other reports describe hairy humanoids that sound like Bigfoot, except that the head is described as looking like a wolf.

The reports come from a wide variety of people, including those who are grounded in a cultural tradition that accepts the idea that werewolves might exist and those who are not grounded in such a tradition. In other words, these sightings are not limited to heavily traditional ethnic groups. However, the exact features described do tend to vary according to cultural patterns. For example, a sighting made in the southwestern United States by a Navajo is likely to conform to skinwalker lore, but a sighting from nearly the same area made by a person of Hispanic ancestry will tend to includes features from the brujo, or Mexican witch.

For those cryptozoologists who don’t simply dismiss “werewolf” sightings as being too silly to look into, there are two main kinds of explanation put forth for what these werewolf-like creatures could actually represent. Some researchers think that these sightings may represent a hidden species of hyper-intelligent wild dogs that evolved to become bipedal and therefore, these dogs coincidentally ended up looking something like a cross between a person and a wolf. Other researchers try to classify these cryptids as a subcategory of Bigfoot with long snouts and pointed ears, or as sightings of Bigfoot where the witnesses panicked so much that they superimposed werewolfish features on what was actually an ordinary Bigfoot.

Beyond these two main explanations, there are also a number of minor ones. Only a few cryptozoologists think that werewolves are actually people who can shapeshift into wolves, because it is hard to think of a scientific, biological explanation for shapeshifting that doesn’t involve dozens of absurdities. The few researchers working in fringe cryptozoology who actually believe in shapeshifting tend to ascribe this power to aliens in one way or another, either by saying that werewolves are actually aliens masquerading as human, or by saying that werewolves are the result of alien experiments on human beings.

There is also the idea, widespread in fringe cryptozoology, that most hard-to-explain creatures are actually visitors from some parallel dimension of reality, and this idea is sometimes applied to reports of lupine hairy humanoids. In this scenario, “werewolves” are generally thought of as animalistic humanoids that are native to some alternate reality. Which also neatly dispenses with the need for physical evidence, as any dead body is supposed to return to its native plane of existence.

However you want to explain it, it seems that werewolf sightings just refuse to completely die out. There are many nonfiction books about werewolf lore and fairy tales that I won’t bother to list below; the sources cited below are works that concentrate to some extent on modern superstitions or beliefs about werewolves, such as the series of reports from southeastern Wisconsin made by many witnesses who claimed to have seen the creature called the Beast of Bray Road.


Jan 19


Courtesy of:

dogmanThe Michigan Dogman is a werewolf type creature first reported in 1887 in Wexford County, Michigan. Sightings have been reported in several locations throughout Michigan, primarily in the northwestern quadrant of the Lower Peninsula. In 1987, the legend of the Michigan Dogman gained popularity when a disc jockey at WTCM-FM recorded a song about the creature and its reported sightings.


In 1987, disc jockey Steve Cook at WTCM-FM in Transverse City, Michigan recorded a song titled “The Legend”, which he initially played as an April Fools Day joke. He based the songs on actual reports of the creature.

Cook recorded the song with a keyboard backing and credited it to Bob Farley. After he played the song, Cook received calls from listeners who said that they had encountered a similar creature. In the next weeks after Cook first played the song, it was the most-requested song on the station. He also sold cassettes of the songs for four dollars, and donated proceeds from the single to an animal shelter. Over the years, Cook has received more than 100 reports of the creature’s existence. Cook later added verses to the song in 1997 after hearing a report of an animal break-in by an unknown canine at a cabin in Luther, Michigan. He re-recorded it again in 2007, with a Mandolin backing.


The first known sighting of the Michigan Dogman occurred in 1887 in Wexford County, when two lumberjacks saw a creature whom they described as having a man’s body and a dog’s head.

In 1938 in Paris, Michigan, Robert Fortney was attacked by five wild dogs and said that one of the five walked on two legs. Reports of similar creatures also came from Allegan County in the 1950s, and in Manistee and Cross Village in 1967.

Linda S. Godfrey, in her book The Beast of Bray Road, compares the Manistee sightings to a similar creature sighted in Wisconsin known as the Beast of Bray Road.

In 1961 a night watchman was patrolling a manufacturing plant in Big Rapids Michigan. When he saw a peculiar figure. At first he thought it was a person until he saw the doglike features. He pulled his gun and was about to shoot when he remembered his camera and took it out and took a picture of the horrific beast. The photos have not been analyzed yet and the photo still remains a unsolved mystery.


Jan 19


Courtesy of:

Styracosaurus_BWThe Ngoubou is cryptid in the savanna area of Cameroon and is claimed to fight elephants for land. The pygmies of the region call the creature a Ngoubou that translates to rhinoceros, but the pygmies say that it is not a normal rhinoceros. While a rhino has one horn, the Ngoubou has six horns around its frill. According to locals, the Ngoubou is about the size of an ox.

William Gibb and David Wetzel visited the area in 2000 and spoke with the local residents. They claimed an elder of the community had killed a Ngoubou with a spear years before and a decline in the population makes the creature hard to find.

Gibbons compared the Ngoubou similar to a Styracosaurus, but they were only found in North America. The creature has ceratopsian (beaked dinosaur) features, but fossils of this type have not been found in Africa — only in Eastern Asia, North America, and one found in Australia.

On November 17, 1919, a man named Lepage was in charge of the construction of a railway and claimed to have seen a creature resembling a Ngoubou. He said he fired his weapon at the creature as it charged him, but fled as it continued to chase him. He escaped and observed the animal through binoculars.

It was described, as written in The Times, “about 24 feet in length with a long pointed snout adorned with tusks like horns and a short horn above the nostrils. The front feet were like those of a horse and the hind hoofs were cloven. There was a scaly hump on the monsters shoulder.”

Image Caption: Artistic illustration of Styracosaurus albertensis, a Late Cretaceous North American ceratopsian similar to the Ngoubou, which has been sighted in Cameroon. Credit: Nobu Tamura/Wikipedia (CC BY 3.0)


Jan 19


Courtesy of:

patty_the_sasquatch_by_rowdyrobert-d2yqftmBorn: c. 1811

Birthplace: North America

Best known as: Big, elusive humanoid beast of North America

Sightings of Bigfoot, also called Sasquatch, were first reported in parts of the United States and Canada in the early 1800s. Since then there have been hundreds of reports of a large, hairy hominid or ape, with the distinguishing characteristic of a 16″-20″ footprint. There have also been many obvious forgeries and hoaxes, wild guesses about UFOs or supernatural connections. Some suggest the beast is a relative of Gigantopithecus, an extinct primate of China, but no hard, factual evidence of a Bigfoot has ever been produced. A famous grainy home movie from 1967 by Roger Patterson still stands as one of the most significant — and controversial — pieces of visual evidence. In 2008 two men, Matt Whitton and Rick Dyer, held a press conference to claim they had found a Bigfoot body in the forests of Georgia. The “body” was later revealed to be a rubber gorilla suit.

Extra credit: Similar stories from around the world about giant and elusive ape-like humans include the Yeren of China, the Yeti of the Himalaya mountains, the Yowie of Australia and the Mapinguari of South America… In December 2002 Ray Wallace of Centralia, Washington died and his family claimed that Ray started Bigfoot frenzy in 1958 when he left behind giant footprints (made with special shoes carved from alder wood) near a logging site as a practical joke.



Jan 19


Courtesy of:

mokele08Amidst the dry leaves and fallen branches, nearly indistinguishable, lay the footprint. It was rather small yet puzzling. After examining it intently, Dr. Roy P. Mackal concluded that, despite the lingering possibility, it might have also been made by a small elephant. Yet, what is this lingering possibility? He believes it may be a dinosaur, one of many creatures that once roamed the earth, and vanished. Could it indeed be that a prehistoric relic still roams the jungles of the African Congo, could it just be a case of misidentification, or is it nothing more than a vision that drives our imaginations? Or perhaps, is it something totally new to science? After all, humanity needs mysteries, and solving all of them would be a shame. But the sheer thrill of learning of these mysterious and puzzling conundrums pushes us, and so we must push into the past, where the enigmatic beginning of this story lies.

Humankind itself originated in Africa, and it comes as no surprise that the story of Mokele-mbembe stretches far into history. The first written accounts came from odd claw marks found in the Congo in the year of 1776. After 134 years passed, Captain Freiherr von Stein zu Lausnitz spoke to the natives and was shown footprints of the creature.

“The animal is said to be of a brownish-gray color with a smooth skin, its size approximating that of an elephant; at least that of a hippopotamus. It is said to have a long and very flexible neck and only one tooth but a very long one; some say it is a horn. A few spoke about a long muscular tail like that of an alligator. Canoes coming near it are said to be doomed; the animal is said to attack the vessels at once and to kill the crews but without eating the bodies. The creature is said to live in the caves that have been washed out by the river in the clay of its shores at sharp bends. It is said to climb the shore even at daytime in search of food; its diet is said to be entirely vegetables. This feature disagrees with a possible explanation as a myth. The preferred plant was shown to me; it is a kind of liana with large white blossoms, with a milky sap and apple-like fruits. At the Ssombo River I was shown a path said to have been made by this animal in order to get at its food. The path was fresh and there were plants of the described type nearby.”

Three years later, another German expedition into the area stumbled upon the natives. They were also told about Mokele-mbembe, which translates into “one that stops the flow of rivers.” It is then that legends, stories, and encounters were put forth in detail and revealed to the rest of the world, sparking interest that would lead to many journeys and expeditions set out to capture the beast, and bring back evidence of its existence back to civilizations.

One fantastic tale, not bearing much difference from a legend, tells how the locals, or pygmies, built a barrier of stakes to keep the Mokele-mbembe from entering Lake Tele. That way, the pygmies could fish in a safe haven. This particular story is actually quite recent, somewhere around the 1930s to be precise. As the story goes, two of the creatures, obviously displeased with the course of action taken by the natives, attacked the wall of stakes. The pygmies attacked and speared one of the creatures to death. To memorialize this achievement, the pygmies cooked the animal and feasted over its flesh. It is said that all who tasted the meat died. This, of course, might just be an exaggeration, an effect evident on all stories that travel through time. The pygmies believe that the magical and mystical properties of the Mokele-mbembe were released after this event.

Since then, there have been many major expeditions to this particular region in the Congo, all concentrating on this mystifying creature. Yet, what could it be? Long neck and tail, massive body and thick legs? It comes as no surprise that people immediately considered the Mokele-mbembe as a surviving sauropod. A sauropod is one of many dinosaurs beneath which the ground once trembled. They are herbivorous beasts, typical, with their long necks and tails, small heads, bulky bodies, and thick, elephantine legs. It must be emphasized that throughout the millions of years since the demise the “terrible lizards”, Africa has changed relatively little, climatically and physically. To lend support to the theory that Mokele-mbembe is a remnant of the dinosauria, the pygmies have been given a certain test many times over. The test involves a group of pictures of animals that live in the area. The pygmies would recognize the drawings of leopards, gorillas, and elephants, among other creatures. After this, they would be shown a depiction of a typical sauropod. The pygmies usually replied with a simple, instantaneous reply, “It’s Mokele-mbembe!”

When recently repeated, this experiment bore different results. The BaAka tribes recognized the gorillas, calling them Ebobo. They easily recognized the elephant, calling it Doli. Then, they were showed a picture of a rhinoceros, and replied just as before, “Mokele-mbembe!” Indeed, a rhinoceros seems a likely candidate for a misinterpretation of this mysterious creature. Some reports point toward Mokele-mbembe having a horn, being like a hippopotamus, yet bigger. This truly seems like a fitting description of a rhinoceros.

Mokele-mbembe is reputed as a rather aggressive animal. It is known to turn over boats, and even to have killed by biting or hitting with its tail. One important detail, as stated by Captain von Stein, is that the creature never fed on its victims. This particular detail shows that this behavior is not hunting, but more of a territorial aggression.

So Mokele-mbembe is herbivorous, just like the rhinocerous or dinosaur some say it is. The river-stopping animal is particularly prone to the Malambo plant, or so say the natives. There is the Landolphia manni genus and the Landolphia owariensis genus, both of which are referred to as the Malambo plant. The Malambo plant is a shrub, with berry-like fruits covered in seeds. According to Mackal, these fruits have an “acrid sweet taste”. Both, state the pygmies, are a favorite aliment of the Mokele-mbembe.

The story of Mokele-mbembe spread when increasing amounts of trustworthy sources began reporting tales no stranger than legends. African hunter Nicolas Mondongo later recalled: “Without warning, the waters parted and a huge animal surfaced-beginning with an extremely long, slender neck and well-defined head, followed by a very bulky, elephantine body rising up on four massive legs, and finally revealing lengthy, tapering tail.”

From the early 80s, up until today, there have been numerous expeditions to the Congo in search of this elusive animal. A large portion of them, including the first one in 1980, was led by American biochemist from Chicago, Roy Mackal. He would later lead an expedition in December of 1981 and lead the Congo Ministry of Water and Forests in April and May of 1983 to search for this animal once more. Despite his persistence, Mackal did not once catch sight of anything. But, he did come close.

It began with a loud splash behind the boat, which was floating down the Likouala River. Not long after came a large wake. The pygmies that accompanied Mackal started yelling, “Mokele-mbembe! Mokele-mbembe!” Mackal never saw the creature behind the commotion, but he does believe it was indeed the creature that he was seeking. He figured the only logical explanation for the splash would be a large water-dwelling animal such as a hippopotamus, yet no hippopotamuses have been recorded in that part of the Congo. Could Mokele-mbembe perhaps be just that? Nonetheless, Mackal is convinced that is chasing more than the wind. “I admit that my own views are tinged with some romanticism, but certainly not to the extent that I would endure extreme hardship, even risk my life, to pursue a dream with no basis in reality.”

Marcellin Agnagna, a Congolese biologist who had accompanied Mackal on his second expedition, led his own expedition in 1983. It was in Lake Tele, the lake where it is believed that the Mokele-mbembe resides. He claims that he saw the creature’s neck and back, but the legs and tail were submerged. For 20 minutes, the creature moved about the lake. The Congolese biologist had a camera and started filming. However, because of his excitement (some say to his convenience) he forgot to remove the lens cap, thus the creature once more slipped away from what could have been conclusive proof. It seems odd that this man would lead his own expedition and immediately find the creature, even odder that he did not get it on film. We must keep in mind that Agnagna is a respected biologist. Something of this sort could indeed happen, people behave erratically when excited.

owever, the man claims he observed the creature for 20 minutes, and that should have been enough time for him to finally come to some realization, and to actually get some hard evidence. We may never truly know whether it was excessive excitement or a way to earn publicity.

Another encounter involved Herman Regusters from Seattle during the September of 1981, when he led his own expedition into the Congo. Through his binoculars, he observed an animal that “appeared to have a slender neck about 6 feet long, a small head and about 15 feet of back.” He estimates that a counterbalancing tail would put the creature’s length at about 30 to 35 feet long. He never saw the body, legs, or tail. One way to rationally explain cases of this sort would be an elephant. The elephant swims by being mostly submerged with its trunk held above the water so the animal can breathe. It is entirely plausible that the trunk could be mistaken for a neck. Herman Regusters, however, disagrees. “It certainly was much larger than an elephant.”

His story has a twist that does not differ much from Marcellin Agnagna’s. He shot 23 rolls of film, all of which came underexposed, because of jungle conditions. This is more believable, however. The jungle is moist and a rough place to be, leading to a more plausible excuse. But, he did not return completely empty-handed. With him, he carried droppings, casts of footprints, and even sound recordings of the alleged Mokele-mbembe.

Rory Nugent’s luck was no better. After four months of searching for the beast in Lake Tele, he returned empty handed, but not without his own mild encounter. He claims to have seen a shape like that of a thin neck. He naturally wanted to get closer, but his pygmy guides held him back. “The god can approach man,” they told him. “But man never approaches the god.”

Without a doubt, the most tantalizing evidence for the Mokele-mbembe has come in the year of 1992 from a Japanese television crew that was not particularly looking for the animal. Instead, they were shooting a documentary. From a small plane above Lake Tele, while getting aerial shots for the documentary, they spotted something moving about the lake. The cameraman focused, and got something quite extraordinary for about fifteen seconds before the ‘thing’ plunged back down into the murky lake.

Upon analysis, a black object can be seen, with clearly discernible protrusions above the water. A neck, some suggest. The object is moving at a rapid pace, leaving a V-shaped wake behind it. If one looks for it, they can also see a hump and tail. However, as with most lake monster videos, it is a Rorschach test where one can see whatever he or she wants. Still, because of its protrudances, a crocodile can be ruled out. Its rapid pace also rules out elephant. One thing that it does somewhat resemble is a boat with persons inside it, some say, but its rapid pace and mysterious sinking oppose this explanation.

So, where does all of this evidence point? The prospect of a surviving dinosaur intrigues us all, but we must also be realistic. Everyone should keep an open mind and ponder at the mysteries of the earth. When, and if, Mokele-mbembe is revealed, many will be disappointed, for it will be the death of yet another mystery. This story of adventure and wildlife will drive our imaginations forth, well into the next decade. Our imagination or not, humanity needs great mysteries. This is one of them.


Jan 19


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280px-The_wolperWolpertinger is a creature said to inhabit the alpine forest of Bavaria-Germany. It has a body comprised from various animal parts — generally wings, antlers, tails and fangs, all attached to the body of a small mammal. The most widespread description is that of a horned rabbit or a horned squirrel.

Stuffed “wolpertingers”, composed of parts of actual stuffed animals, are often displayed in inns or sold to tourists as souvenirs in the animals’ “native regions”. The Deutsches Jagd- und Fischereimuseum in Munich, Germany features a permanent exhibit on the creature. But this creature regarded same with its counterpart the Jackalope and Skvader as a hoax.



Jan 18

Appalachian Black Panther

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appA cryptid is an animal whose existence is unconfirmed. But a cryptid can also be a known animal in an unexpected place, and black panthers fall into this category. A panther is a term applied to several species of big cat when they occur as solid black. Leopards, bobcats and jaguars for instance are usually spotted – but melanism (an increased amount of dark pigment caused by melanin) can cause any of these species to be all black. Spotted and all-black kittens can occur in the same litter. Black may even be able to become the dominant color in a small breeding population.

But is there such a thing as a black mountain lion (also called cougar or puma)? Wildlife experts say no because no one has ever photographed or shot one. However, verbal accounts exist from history. Black panthers were well-known to the early settlers in the Appalachian mountains and the Ozarks. Frightening encounters with black panthers were published in Texas newspapers in the 1800s. The history of Montgomery County, Arkansas, is said to contain the experience of one Emily Stacy. Home alone with her children, she was forced to load a musket and shoot through the door at a panther that was trying to get into her house. In the morning, the panther – described as a black mountain lion lay dead on her porch.

If the many sightings of black panthers in recent years are not of melanistic cougars, what else could they be? Many people don’t know that the American West, especially the Southwest, was the natural home of jaguars. They were almost completely hunted out by the early 1900s, and the last known pair were shot in Arizona by 1965. It was 2001 before photographic evidence proved that jaguars had returned to the United States.

Is it possible that black jaguars are responsible for some of the black panther sightings? Are black jaguars newly returned to the US also or have they been here all along? Perhaps natural selection played a role in their survival – black cats might have been better able to stay out of sight and avoid being killed by hunters.

In many instances, witnesses to the black cats may be misjudging their size. A jaguarondi is a cat closely related to the cougar but much smaller. It can occur in several colors including solid dark gray or chocolate brown. The cat is known to live in Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and Florida. Jaguarundis have also been reported in several states bordering these ones. From a distance, people would notice the jaguarundi’s build is unlike that of a house cat and it has a very long, thick tail like a cougar’s. It could easily resemble a black panther. Plus, the jaguarundi likes the daylight hours, making it easier to be spotted by humans.

The exotic pet trade might provide another reason for black panther sightings. In 2009, the Humane Society of the United States pointed out that of the estimated 5,000 to 7,000 tigers in the country, only 10 percent are in zoos: the rest are privately owned. It’s the same with many other big cat species, as it has been unbelievably easy to purchase these animals as pets in the past (more and more legislation is being written now to ban exotic pets). Dealers may employ selective breeding to create a more attractive (and expensive) “product”, including black panthers. Big cats may escape or may be deliberately set free by owners who can no longer afford to keep them. Most don’t survive on their own for long – but some just might.

Another possibility exists because most big cat species can interbreed, and many big cats possess the genes for a black coat. If a pet leopard escaped or was released, is it far-fetched to imagine that it might breed with an indigenous mountain lion? For that matter, a wandering wild jaguar might meet up with a wild cougar. In either case, some new DNA might be introduced into the existing wild population.

Meanwhile, there’s no doubt that confirmed sightings of normal-colored cougars are on the rise in places other than the western United States and Canada. These creatures once roamed almost all of North America, and may be regaining some of their former territory. In recent years, cougars have been spotted in Michigan , Alaska, Kansas, Indiana and even West Virginia. Since there are several subspecies of mountain lion, perhaps one or more of the subspecies are able to naturally produce black offspring. And a black lion might be found anywhere their usual-colored siblings are. For instance, the Florida Panther is really a cougar – and there have also been reports of black cougars in that state.

While many plausible explanations exist for the existence of an American black panther, there is also the slimmest, slightest chance that it’s a true cryptid – a brand new species or subspecies that we know nothing about. Just such an animal is appearing in other countries. Hundreds of black panther sightings are reported in Britain every year and also in Australia.


Jan 18

Giant Sloth

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slothThe mapinguary (also spelled “mapinguari”) is a hairy biped reported from the Amazon Rainforest of South America. It is firmly embedded in local folklore, and some legends show characteristics that would tend to classify this beast as supernatural, scaring away researchers who work in the field of cryptozoology. The mapinguary sometimes speaks, likes to punish hunters who violate religious holidays, and is often bulletproof. Certain lore seems to link it with the South American werewolf. The more werewolf-like version of the mapinguary is called the “wolf’s cape” and is thought to have originally been human.

Other sightings describe what sounds more like a real animal. The mapinguary looks something like Bigfoot, being a bipedal hairy giant, but it is less human-looking than Bigfoot. In fact, it resembles a giant sloth, an animal that was alive during the last Ice Age. Even its footprints resemble those of the giant sloth. Therefore, cryptozoologists who are investigating this creature usually think that if it exists, it is really a giant sloth. All the weird characteristics are regarded as being added on by superstition.

Ornithologist David C. Oren is the researcher who is most strongly associated with the theory that mapinguary legends represent sightings of living giant sloths who survived the Ice Age extinctions, but there are many other scientists and adventurers who have looked into the problem. Charles Fort was perhaps the first to suggest the survival of giant ground sloths in South America, in reference to legends about the “blonde beast” of Patagonia.


Jan 18

The Beasts of Gévaudan

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GevaudanwolfThe Beast of Gevaudan is a mythical creature that was held responsible for at least 60 animal-attack deaths in 1760s France (some reports put the death toll over 100, but there has been difficulty in proving more than about 60 of the cases). If there was a real animal behind these sightings and reports, it is obscured by a great deal of folklore. Locals believed it was a werewolf, or, more specifically, a sorcerer who shapeshifted into a monstrous predator in order to feed on human flesh. It was supposed to be bulletproof as well, until the day that someone tried a silver bullet.

Descriptions of the Beast varied so much that most researchers believe there had to be at least two of the creatures, if indeed the panic wasn’t causing the populace to incorporate almost any large animal into these sightings. The color of the Beast’s fur was especially variable. Sometimes it was red, red with a large gray patch, or red with faint stripes along the back. Other times, it had black and white patches spotted over its body, with no trace of red. Rarely, it had colors or patterns that didn’t incorporate red, black, or white. If you add up all the differing descriptions and then create a composite description out of those characteristics that are mentioned with consistency and by the most witnesses, then the Beast would look something like this:

The Beast is a quadruped about the size of a horse. It reminds witnesses of a bear, hyena, wolf and panther all at once. It has a long wolf-like or pig-like snout, lined with large teeth. The ears are small and round, lying close to the head. The neck is long and strong. The tail somewhat resembles the long tail of a panther, but it is so thick and strong that the Beast uses it as a weapon, knocking men and animals down with it. Anyone struck by the tail reports that it hits with considerable force. The feet of the Beast are the hardest to describe. Some say that it has cloven hooves, or that each digit is tipped with a hoof. Others say that the claws are so heavy, thick and formidable that they merely resemble hooves.

 Since there do not seem to be any more sightings of animals like the Beast in France, or any historical precedent for animals like it in that area before the first sighting, it is a hard creature for cryptozoologists to tackle. Most mythical animals that are taken seriously by cryptozoologists have some sort of history that indicates that there could have been a breeding population from ancient times. Single animals are hard to handle from a cryptozoological standpoint. On the other hand, all available evidence seems to indicate that, if the Beast was real, there were at least two of its kind. If we wanted to, we might be able to presume that a mated pair or small pack migrated hundreds of miles to reach France from some area where such creatures did have a history, or that they were secretly or inadvertently transported by humans. Such speculations are far-fetched, but they would be necessary for most cryptozoological analyzations to succeed. The other alternative would be to presume that these creatures had been living secretly in France since ancient times without making a splash on local folklore, which doesn’t make much sense for a supposed undiscovered species.

It would be nice to be able to declare the Beast of Gevaudan a hyena, a bear, an escaped lion, or something like that, but in order to do so we must disregard witness testimony. Of course, in this case witness testimony is so riddled with the supernatural that we would have to disregard some of it anyway, but if we accept the core description of the Beast as having any validity, we must also acknowledge that the creature described doesn’t match any known animal. Parts of it match wolves, hyenas and panthers, with hyenas probably being the best fit, but we run into serious problems when we try to bend witness testimony to fit a known animal. Unless we toss it all out as superstition, we end up with a Beast that certainly seems cryptozoological in the best sense of the word: it’s a genuine puzzle.

If the Beast existed and wasn’t any normal species, what could it be? Most explanations put forth hybrid or deformed versions of the several known species that most resembled the Beast of Gevaudan. The idea of wolf-dog hybrids was popular for so long that it was almost accepted that the solution had been found. However, they would have to be pretty odd wolf-dog hybrids in order to adhere to the core description of the Beast. A weird bear mutant might work, if it were mutated in just the right way, but it would need a tail.

Hyenas just are not big enough to be the Beast, so once again we would need to propose a mutant or hybrid, as well as the problem that hyenas have been extinct in Europe for a long time. Since cryptozoologists are only ultimately interested in discovering new species or subspecies, if the Beast was proven to be a mutant or hybrid of some kind, then it would cease to be of interest to cryptozoology.

If the Beast of Gevaudan were a new species or subspecies, there are several possibilities. It could be a new bear, a new big cat, some sort of survival of a prehistoric European hyena, or something even more exotic. There is, in fact, a type of animal that fits the core description of the Beast exactly, but it is extinct, and would hardly be expected to have survived in Europe of all places. This group of animals would be the mesonychids, a presumably extinct group of hoofed predators. The biggest mesonychid looked much like a hyena, and was the size of a horse. Some other reports that may describe mesonychids come from Armenia and Assyria about the year 800, and describe pig-like beasts that are vicious predators, but these have huge, floppy ears instead of the Beast’s tiny round ears.

Another possible mesonychid is reported from a more plausible place, the Amazon rain forest of South America. This creature is called the tapire-iauara. As you can see, there are many explanations for the Beast of Gevaudan. Scientists run from one explanation to another as fads come and go. Almost everything that is remotely conceivable has been proposed as an explanation. This page has been limited to a discussion of the more likely prospects as viewed by the science of cryptozoology, because otherwise this web page would be the size of a small book. There are other explanations rooted more in fields other than cryptozoology, such as the study of folklore and hoaxes. For example, the fictional movie Brotherhood of the Wolf presents an elaborate explanation for the Beast that manages to neatly tie up most of the loose ends that frustrate scientists, by proposing that it was all an elaborate hoax.


Jan 18


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almasAlmas, Mongolian for ‘wild man, is the name given presumed hominid reputed to inhabit the Caucasus and Pamir Mountains of central Asia as well as the Altai Mountains of southern Mongolia. As is typical of the unknown hominids throughout central Asia, Russia, and the Caucasus, Almas are generally considered to be more akin to “wild people” in appearance and habits than an ape, unlike other hominids such as the Yeti of the Himalayas which is said to be more ape like than man.

Almas are typically described as human like bipedal creatures, between five and six and a half feet tall, their bodies are covered with reddish-brown hair, and they have anthropomorphic facial features including a pronounced brow-ridge, flat nose, and a weak chin. They are usually described as unclothed, although a handful of sightings refer to primitive clothing, made from animal skins, most likely used to keep warm. Many researchers have been struck by the similarity between descriptions of the Almas and modern reconstructions of how a Neanderthals might have appeared.

There is some evidence that would suggest the Almas may be more than a legendary creatures, mainly eyewitness accounts, footprint finds, and long standing native traditions, which have been documented over the years though investigations into the Almas. Almas appear in the legend of local people, who tell stories of sightings and interactions between villiages and Almas dating back several hundred years.

Some of these accounts describe primitive communication between the two parites via the use of hand gestures and exchange of goods. Drawings of Almas also appear in a Tibetan medicinal book, British anthropologist Myra Shackley noted that “The book contains thousands of illustrations of various classes of animals including reptiles, mammals and amphibia, but not one single mythological anima, like its medieval European counterparts which often listed many fantastic animals in its medical books. Being that every creature in the Tibetan medicnal book are well documented actualy species, with the exception of the Almas, gives some validity to the creatures existance.

Sightings recorded in writing go back as far back as the 15th century. In 1430, Hans Schildtberger, a bavarian nobleman recorded his personal observation of the Almas in a journal of his trip to Mongolia as a prisoner of the Mongol Khan. He chronicled the existence of these so called wild people who lived like animals and were allegedly covered with hair, with the notable exceptions of their hands and faces. Schiltberger himself encountered two of these beings himself after an unnamed warlord presented them as a gift to his captor.

Nikolai Przhevalsky observed the Almas in Mongolia in 1871, he noted that Almas are part of the Mongolian and Tibetan apothecary’s materia medica, along with thousands of other animals and plants that still live today.
Between 1890 and 1928, Professor Tysben Zhamtsarano reportedly conducted research into the existence of the Almas but, as was too often the case in Stalin’s Russia, the esteemed scientist was sent to a gulag and apparently his notes and illustrations, which detailed his numerous expeditions, a perished with him. Zhamtsarano’s assistant, Dordji Meiren, even claimed to have seen an Almas skin, which was preserved in a Buddhist monastery near Mongolia’s Gobi region.

In 1963, a man by the name of Ivan Ivlov’s reportedly observed a whole family of Almas. Ivlov, a pediatrician, decided to interview some of the Mongolian children who were his patients and discovered that many of them had also seen and even interactied with the Almas. It seemed to Ivlov that neither the Mongol children nor the young Almas were afraid of each other.

There is a local legend about wild woman named Zana who is said to have lived in the isolated mountain village of T’khina, fifty miles from Sukhumi, Abkhazia in the Caucasus; some have speculated she may have been an Almas, but hard evidence is lacking. The legend says that she was captured in the mountains in 1850, at first she was violent towards her captors but soon became domesticated and, indeed, was able to assist with simple household chores. Zana is said to have had sexual relations with a man of the village named Edgi Genaba, and later gave birth to a number of children of apparently normal human appearance. Several of these children reportedly died in infancy, their deaths attributed to Zana’s genetic incompatibility, as an Almas, with humans genetics. Zana herself is said to have died in 1890.

The legend continues to tell how the father, Edgi Genaba, gave away four of the surviving children to local families. The two boys, Dzhanda and Khwit Sabekia, born 1878 and 1884, and the two girls, Kodzhanar and Gamasa Sabekia, born 1880 and 1882, were assimilated into normal society, married, and had families of their own.. The skull of Khwit, the younger of the two boys. was examined by Dr. Grover Krantz in the early 1990s. He pronounced it to be entirely modern, with no Neandertal features at all. If Krantz’s verdict on the skull is correct, and the skull itself is indeed that of Zana’s son, it would indicate that Zana may have not been an Almas at all, but perhaps a member of an isolated hunter gatherer tribe so culturally different from her captors’ society that it would make Zana seem non human to them, even though she was indeed a modern human.

Another case is said to date from around 1941, shortly after the German invasion of the USSR. A wild man was reportedly captured somewhere in the Caucasus by a detachment of the Red Army. He appeared human, but was covered in fine, dark hair. Interrogation revealed his apparent inability, or unwillingness, to speak, the wild man was later shot as a German spy. There are various versions of this encounter in the cryptozoological
literature, and, as with other Almas reports, hard proof is absent.

Myra Shackley, a British anthropologist, and Bernard Heuvelmans, a renowned French cryptozoologist, have speculated that the Almas are a relict population of Neanderthals, while Loren Coleman, a well known figure head in the world of cryptozoology, suggests the the Almoas may be a surviving specimens of Homo erectus, or upright man. Still other researchers insist that Almas are related to the Yeti of the Himalayas, being closer to apes than to humans. The locals, for their part, often see no appreciable difference between Almas and humans, regarding them simply as “wild men” who remain untouched by civilization.

Recently, controversy surrounding the Almas was rekindled , when in October of 2003, the BBC reported that mountain climber Sergey Semenov discovered the foot and leg of an unknown creature, approximately 3,500 meters up in the permafrost of the Altai Mountain range. Scientific tests and X-rays show that the bones are several thousand years old, but attempts to identify the creature they belonged to remain inconclusive. Upon further testing this mystery limb could very well be the best proof to date of the existence of hairy, bipedal humanoids in the Altai Mountains. And if the Almas can be proven as fact, its only matter of time before the worlds other mysterious hairy hominids are thrust into the spot light of science.

The Evidence
Despite a handful of sightings, footprint casts, and even photos that are debatable, no physical evidence of the Almas has been reported. This creature, like Bigfoot and other hominid cryptids will need to be captured or a body found in order to show it exists.

The Sightings
In 1420 the first known printed reference to the Almas was documented by Hans Schiiberger as he traveled through the Tien Shan mountains as a captive of the Mongols. During his imprisonment wrote the following in his journal:

“In the mountains themselves live a wild people, who have nothing in common with other human beings, a pelt covers the entire body of these creatures. Only the hands and face are free of hair. They run around in the hills like animals and eat foliage and grass what ever else they can find. The Lord of the territory made Egidi a present of a couple of forest people, a man and women, together with three untamed horses the size of asses and all sorts of other animals which are not found in German lands with I cannot therefore put a name to.”

In the mid 1850 a wild reddish-black hair covered woman with both human and Neanderthal features, dark skin, broad body, large hands and feet and a sloped forehead, was reportedly captured in the western Caucausus region of Abkhanzi, and given the name Zana. According to accounts, she was very physically powerful, able to perform feats of exceptional strength. While in captivity, Zana was passed on through a succession of owners, including noblemen, and also mothered several children. According to the legend she has as many as 6 offspring, by different men. Of these, the first 2 perished, due to Zana washing them in cold water after birth. The other 4 survived with the help of the local village women, who took care of the children. They were fairly normal, except for being dark and physically powerful, and grew up accepted among the villagers. Each of these children reportedly had children of their own.

In 1906 Badzare Baradyine, while on a caravan in the desert of Alachan, reports seeing a hairy man standing on the top of a sand dune, outlined against the sunset. After being approached by the Imperial Russian Geographical Society’s president and asked not to publish the encounter Baradyine reluctantly complied, but relays the information about his sighting to a personal friend, Mongolian professor Tsyben Zhamtsarano, who in turn
begins a lengthy and determined investigation into the existence of the Almas. 1907 through 1940 Tsyben Zhamtsarano compiles eyewitness’ accounts and recruits an artist to draw the likeness of the Almas based on the gathered descriptions. He also plots sightings locations and dates on a map of the region. After being imprisoned in Russia for a number of years, the Zhamtsarano dies in 1940. His files vanish, and are rumored classified.

In 1937 Dordji Meiren, an associate of Professor Zhamtsarano, reports seeing a carpet made of out Almas hide being used in ritual ceremonies in a monastery. In 1941 a Russian unit fighting the Germans in the Caucasus near Buinakst is asked by some partisans to look at an unusual prisoner. According to the unit’s commander, Lt. Col. Vargen Karapetyen, the captive man was naked, hairy and covered with lice, he obviously did not under stand speech and appeared to be dim witted, blinking often, the man was evidently afraid, but made no attempts to defend himself when Karapetyen pulled hairs from his body. The man was kept in a barn because inside in a headed room he smelt terrible and dripped sweat. Stories vary from that point, but they do agree that the prisoner was later executed as either a deserter or a German spy.

In 1957 Alexander Georgievitch Pronin, a hydrologist at the Geographical Research Institute of Leningrad University, sees a figure standing on a rocky cliff about 500 yards above him and the same distance away while on an expedition to the Pamir mountains for the purpose of mapping glaciers. Initially surprised by seeing someone at a known uninhabited area, Pronin subsequently realized that the creature was not human. It did resemble a man but “it was very stooped, with long forearms and covered in reddish grey hair”. Prorin reported seeing the creature again three days later, walking upright.

In 1963 Ivan Ivlon, a Russian pediatrician, sees a family of Almas consisting of a male, a female and a small child, standing on a mountain slope.

In 1964 Russian historian Boris Porshnev vists the place where Zana had reportedly lived. Several Centenarians claimed to have known her and to have attended her funeral. Doctor Porshnev also claimed to have meet a couple of Zana’s descendents and wrote the following:

“From the moment that I saw Zara’s Grandchildren, I was impressed by their dark skin and negroid looks. Shalikula, the grandson, has unusually powerful jaw muscles, and he can pick up a chair, with a man sitting in it, with his teeth.”

In 1972 an unnamed Russian doctor met a family of Almas, according to British anthropologist Myra Shackley, who adds that their “very simple lifestyle and the nature of their appereance suggests strongly that the Almas might represent the survival of a prehistoric way of life, and perhaps even of an earlier man.

In 1980 a worker at an experimental agricultural station operated by the Mongolian Academy of Sciences at Bulgan, encounters the dead body of a strange humanlike creature. He went on to describe the following:

“I approached and saw a hairy corpse of a robust human-like creature dried and half buried by the sand. I had never seen such a human-like being before covered by camel colored brownish yellow short hairs and I recoiled, although in my native land I had seen many dead men killed in battle… The dead thing was not a bear or ape and at the same time it was not a man like Mongol or Kazakh or Chinese and Russian. The hairs on its head where longer than on its body.”

In 1985 Maya Bykova, an assistant to Doctor Boris Porshnev, at Moscow’s Darwin Museum, is reported to have actually observed a humanoid of unknown identity, a creature nicknamed by the ethnic Mnasi people as Mecheny, which translates into marked, because of the whitish skin patch seen on its left forearm, the only part of its body not covered by reddish brown hair.

In 2003, the BBC reported that mountain climber Sergey Semenov discovered the foot and leg of an unknown creature, approximately 3,500 meters up in the permafrost of the Altai Mountain range. Scientific tests and X-rays show that the bones are several thousand years old, but attempts to identify the creature they belonged to remain

The Stats – (Where applicable)

  • Classification: Hominid
  • Size: Adults appear to be between 5 and 6 and half feet tall.
  • Weight: Unknown
  • Diet: Almas are most likely hunter gatherers which means there diet would consist of both local plant and animal life.
  • Location: Caucasus and Pamir Mountains of central Asia as well as the Altai Mountains of southern Mongolia.
  • Movement: Walking
  • Environment: There are a wide variety of environments which encompass the areas said to be inhabited by the Almas, and it would appear that the creature can thrive in almost any of them.


Jan 18


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Kappa_water_imp_1836The Kappa is one of many types of water imps featured in Japanese folklore said to inhabit the lakes and rivers of this island nation. The appearance of Kappa varies from tradition to tradition and area to area, however they are typically described as being the size of a child of 6 to 10 years of age and resembling a cross between a turtle, monkey, and lizard. Kappa are often depicted as having a shell on their backs, similar to a turtle’s, and having a beak like mouth.

One of the most prominent features that is shared throughout all Kappa folklore is the presence of a bowl on the top of the head, which is said to contain a liquid that gives the Kappa its supernatural strength. When confronted by an angry Kappa, the best way to defeat it is to have it bow, upon which the liquid will spill and weaken it.

Kappa are most often described as being malevolent entities, with a penchant for mischief  and violence. They are said to molest women as well as harass travelers and challenge passerby to sumo matches. In the darker tales, Kappa are represented as murderous monsters which attack humans, cattle, and horses, pulling them to their deaths below the water and sucking the blood or life force from their bodies to leave a lifeless husk. It is said that one should not venture to the water’s edge alone lest you be the victim of a Kappa attack.

Despite this ferocious and rather unappealing image, Kappa are said to have a benevolent side as well. For instance, they display a great talent for medicine and particularly bone setting, and it is said if a Kappa is captured it will offer its services to its captor. Kappa purportedly abhor metal and loud noises, and love cucumber to the point of obsession. This craving for cucumber is supposedly so strong that Kappa will do anything to get it, and many residents of Kappa infested areas would carry cucumber with them in the hopes of bribing the beasts into leaving them alone or even procuring their medical talents.

The Kappa has become a very famous fixture within Japanese folklore and it is even considered by many to be a legitimate cryptid due to a good many eyewitness accounts and sightings of actual alleged Kappa that continue into modern times. These sightings come from witnesses of all ages and levels of society, and often from very credible sources. On some occasions, shaky photographic evidence has been brought forward. There has even been sparse physical evidence for Kappa, including footprints and slime allegedly exuded by the creatures. Some shrines contain the purported mummified hands or even bodies of Kappa.

There are various theories on what could be behind stories of the Kappa. Perhaps the folklore originated with the practice of discarding stillborn infants in rivers. In rural areas, poor families sometimes went about the grim work of killing infants because they could not afford to raise them. These bodies were then tossed into the river and were known as “leech babies.” Tales of Kappa may have subsequently arose from these floating bodies being mistaken as water imps or from stories parents told their children to scare them into staying away from the river where they might see the bodies, sort of a “boogie man” for ancient Japan.

Another theory is that Kappa were actually monkeys bathing in rivers and yet another ties the emergence of Kappa folklore to the appearance of Portuguese monks in Japan in the 16th century. The monks, with their robes, hoods hanging in back resembling a shell, and shaved pates ringed by hair reminiscent of a Kappa’s water filled head cup, could certainly be seen as having an influence of the appearance of Kappa. Or maybe the Kappa are something else entirely? Is there a chance that a real unknown animal could be at the root of these legends? Whatever they may be, Kappa have become one of Japan’s most famous and enduring myths.

In all of the chaos and destruction wrought by the recent Japanese earthquake and tsunami, it is worth pointing out that an area badly hit by these events is widely considered to be the origin of the Kappa as a nationally recognized phenomenon. The Tono Valley, located in the earthquake devastated Irate prefecture, is an area well known for its rich local history of folkloric creatures, but in particular it has become famous for its Kappa. The Tono area has long been known as a place crawling with Kappa, and is home to what is known as the “Kappa Pool” or “Kappabuchi,” which i part of the Ashiarai stream, near a temple known as Jokenji. The stream, and in particular the pool, has been known for centuries as a haunt for Kappa.

In 1910, a well-known book written by folklorist Yanagida Kunio was published called Tono Monogatari (Legends of Tono). The book features numerous supernatural entities from the Tono area including the Kappa and of course the Kappa pool. It was this mention of the Kappa that is widely credited with launching the Kappa from an obscure local legend to nationwide popularity. As a result, Tono has basically come to be known as the birthplace of the Kappa legend in Japan. Incidentally, Yanagida was a proponent of the idea that monkeys were behind the stories of Kappa.

To this day, the Kappa pool in Tono is a tourist attraction in the area. Visitors come to enjoy the area’s tranquility and in the hopes of seeing a Kappa in the flesh. On the bank of the stream, you will find a shrine dedicated to Kappa. The shrine is often visited by pregnant women, who worship there is the hopes of producing abundant milk for their infants.

The Tono Tourism Association is also the only place in Japan that issues an actual “Kappa catching license.” For any would be Kappa fisherman out there, the best way to catch one is said to be with a fishing rod. The bait? Why, cucumber of course.


Jan 18

Mande Barung

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ManddeThe Mande Barung is a lesser known relative of the Yeti and Bigfoot living in the remote Garo Hills of Northeast India and Bangladesh. Translated directly as ‘forest man’, the Mande Barung are creatures very similar in description to other ape-type hominids around the world – large in stature, completely covered with hair and standing around 10 feet tall with an estimated weight of 600lbs. Until recently, hard evidence of Bigfoot-type cryptids in India has been almost non-existent except for tribal folklore.

Generally regarded as a part of the landscape for those living in the area; it’s uncertain when the first sighting of the Mande Barung was reported. However, the cryptid has been enjoying a recent surge in notoriety thanks to a famous sighting which occurred in April 2002.

Forestry officer James Marak and his team of fourteen were conducting a routine survey of the tiger population in Balpakram. The team reported observing a figure which they described as Yeti-like in stature and appearance. However, Marak isn’t the only one in his family claiming to have seen the creature. According to the family, Marak’s son also saw it and his grandson claims to have seen unusual foot prints eighteen inches in length. Despite the multiple sightings, his family members believe the matter wasn’t seriously investigated at the time because authorities were ‘uninterested and lazy’.

Five years later, similar sightings reported in 2007 forced Indian authorities to announce a scientific study to examine the credibility of the tribal villager’s claims regarding the Mande Barung. Not only did at least half a dozen villagers report seeing the Mande Barung during a three week period, but they also saw more than one creature at a time. They observed a group of two adults and two smaller creatures resembling a family. They were huge and bulky, covered in blackish-brown fur and their heads looked as if they were wearing a cap.

Until recently, hard evidence of Bigfoot-type cryptids, the Mande Barung, in India has been almost non-existent except for tribal folklore. The Achik Tourism Society (ACT) has been searching for the truth about the Mande Barung since 1997. The group claims they’ve confirmed there are no gorillas or similar creatures in the region which could be misidentified as the cryptid. They also claim to have photographs and images of footprints as large as fifteen inches in length as well as information about their eating habits and nesting. No surprise, the creatures are suspected herbivores – living on berries, bananas and plantain tree shoots. The ACT also claims to have a hair sample collected after a sighting and is planning to conduct DNA analysis on it.

Critics of the Mande Barung claim the creature is nothing more than a fairy tale. The area where the sightings have occurred is primarily populated by Garo tribespeople. Culturally, these people are a matrilineal community where property is inherited through the female line. Stories and fables are a considerable and inseparable part of their culture. Since they accept the presence of the Mande Barung as part of their world, the creature may be nothing more than an attempt to aggrandize or embellish the folklore. However, even the most hardened critic must admit the local environment lends itself well to conceal Bigfoot-type creatures. Most of the area is thick jungle only accessible by foot which makes investigation both difficult and dangerous. As one researcher pointed out, the absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.


Jan 18


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The agogwe is a purported small human-like biped reported from the forests of East Africa. It is 1 to 1.7 m (3.3 to 5.58 ft) tall with long arms and long rust-coloured woolly hair and is said to have yellowish-red skin under its coat. It has also been reported as having black or grey hair. Its feet are said to be about 12 cm (5 in) long with opposable toes. Alleged differences between it …and known apes include a rounded forehead, small canines and its hair and skin colour.

The first recorded sighting was in 1900 by a Captain William Hichens who reported his experience in the December 1937 edition of Discovery magazine thus:

“Some years ago I was sent on an official lion-hunt in this area (the Ussure and Simibit forests on the western side of the Wembare plains) and, while waiting in a forest glade for a man-eater, I saw two small, brown, furry creatures come from dense forest on one side of the glade and disappear into the thickets on the other. They were like little men, about 4 feet high, walking upright, but clad in russet hair. The native hunter with me gazed in mingled fear and amazement. They were, he said, agogwe, the little furry men whom one does not see once in a lifetime.”

When Hitchens was criticized and ridiculed, Cuthbert Burgoyne wrote a letter to the magazine in 1938 recounting his sighting of something similar in 1927 while coasting Portuguese East Africa in a Japanese cargo boat. They were close enough to shore that they could view the beach using a “glass of twelve magnifications” they watched a troupe of Baboons feeding and… ” As we watched, two little brown men walked together out of the bush and down amongst the baboons. They were certainly not any known monkey and yet they must have been akin or they would have disturbed the baboons. They were too far away to be seen in great detail, but these small human-like animals were probably between four and five feet tall, quite upright and graceful in figure. At the time I was thrilled as they were quite evidently no beast of which I had heard or read. Later a friend and big game hunter told me he was in the Portuguese East Africa with his wife and three hunters, and saw a mother, father and child, apparently of the same species, walk across the further side of the bush clearing. The natives loudly forbade him to shoot.” Without the quote, an account of Mr. Burgoyne’s making such a report is given in. Charles Cordier, a professional animal collector who worked for zoos and museums, followed the tracks of the kakundakari in Zaire in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Once, said Cordier, a Kakundakari had become entangled in one of his bird snares. “It fell on its face,” said Cordier, “turned over, sat up, took the noose off its feet, and walked away before the nearby African could do anything”.

The agogwe is also known as the kakundakari or kilomba in Zimbabwe and the Congo region. About 1.7 m (5 ft 7 in) tall and covered with hair, they are said to walk upright like humans.

In the Ivory Coast it is known as the sehite. In Tanzania and northern Mozambique, they speak of the agogure or agogue, a human-like, long-armed pygmy with a coat the colour of fired earth. Although its appearance is said to be grotesque, the agogue is said to be more mischievous than menacing.


Similar to: Bigfoot, Orang Pendek, Batutut

Location: East Africa

Movement: Bi-pedal

Size: 2-6 Feet tall

Photos/Videos: None


Jan 18


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yetiThe words “yeti” and “abominable snowman” are applied to several types of hairy humanoids similar to North America’s Bigfoot, but these creatures are distinct from Bigfoot because they are reported from a different continent altogether. The Himalaya Mountains of Tibet and Nepal are the homeland of these legendary creatures. The two terms “yeti” and “abominable snowman” are sometimes applied to creatures from other remote areas of Asia as well.

Cryptozoologists and other serious researchers prefer the term “yeti” over “abominable snowman” because “yeti” sounds more scientific and because it is not based on a mistranslation of a native word, as “abominable snowman” is. The most picky cryptozoologists refer to each individual type of yeti by its own native name, dzu-teh for the biggest, hulking giants who sometimes walk on all fours and seem half bear, half ape, meh-teh for the “classic” yeti that stands about six feet tall and has a pointed top of the head, and teh-lma for the three-foot-tall frog-eating yeti that makes its home in steamy jungle valleys between mountains (sometimes thought to be a juvenile yeti by researchers).

The teh-lma is the most human-like of the yetis and is thought to be a race of primitive humans by some researchers, compared to the proto-pygmies. It is also the most ignored of the yetis. Very little research has been focused on it recently, although several decades ago, when it was lumped in with the meh-teh more often than not, this little yeti was more in the spotlight.

The dzu-teh is thought by many researchers to be a bear. It has claws and carnivorous habits, in addition to its bear-like appearance. However, many cryptozoologists think that, if it is a bear, it must be a new species of bear, because the descriptions don’t sound like any known species. The meh-teh is the subject of the most research, and is the only variety of yeti that most people hear about these days. Whenever you’ve read about the yeti before, it is likely you were reading about the meh-teh, the classic yeti that sounds most similar to Bigfoot.

It looks something like a cross between a gorilla and a man. It could not easily be mistaken for a bear. Even though it has long, shaggy hair, it is actually supposed to be a valley-dweller, like all other varieties of yeti. The snow-capped peaks don’t contain enough food for such a creature to live there, but it is said the meh-teh often has to go through high mountain passes to travel from one valley to another, where it becomes highly visible to human observers and sightings are most likely to take place. In its forested, remote valleys, it is supposed to be nearly impossible to locate, living in a remote territory much like the panda, which eluded researchers for sixty years after its discovery.

Even though the yeti (at least the meh-teh) is one of the best documented of the hairy humanoids, it is also one of the most disputed. Native folklore has heavily obscured whatever real animal or animals that might possibly exist behind the mythology. According to legend, the yeti is a spiritual being, not an animal. It is sometimes worshiped, attributed with many supernatural powers, and is said to interbreed with humans.

In addition, some legends say that there is no actual breeding population of yetis. Instead, each yeti is actually the transmogrified quasi-solid ghost of a dead human.

Other local mythology states that the yetis are actually demons that have been assigned to guard mountains, so that humans do not ascend to the peaks and disturb the gods who live there. If this is true, then the yetis have failed miserably in their task to keep people from climbing Mt. Everest.

With western observers involved, the picture can get clouded too. The yeti has been shown to be confused with actual humans, bears and even suggestive-looking rocks on some occasions. In popular culture, the picture gets even more confusing, with the label “yeti” being applied haphazrdly to any Bigfoot-like creature anywhere in the world, even though it should technically apply only to those creatures reported from Himalaya Mountains of Tibet and Nepal, or at the very least to those from Asia.


Jan 18


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The maero are described by the Maori (the native race of New Zealand) as looking much like themselves, except that the maero were bigger and had shaggy hair growing all over their bodies. The maero were exceptionally strong, even for their size. They did not wear clothes and had few of the trappings of civilization, though they did use stone clubs. According to traditional history and folklore, the maero were more or less constantly at war with the Maori. As a result of this war, the maero had been driven into the most rugged and inhospitable areas, where they barely survived, in small numbers. The maero would kill any human beings they happened to come across, and they seemed to have no cannibalism taboo, because they generally ate these victims. The maero, unlike other mythical creatures of New Zealand, are endowed with little or nothing in the way of supernatural powers. They usually seem quite natural. Also, there are tales about humans of gigantic stature that are supposed to represent crossbreeding between Maori and maero. This trait is said to run in families, such as the Kaihai family of Waikato and the Haupapa family of Rotorua. Although these families produce big people today, it is said that these are nothing compared to the specimens they once produced – gigantic, muscular men who were perhaps between 8 feet and 11 feet tall. This idea parallels Tibetan reports of the yeti and humans interbreeding.

It is thought that the maero, if they ever existed, might be extinct today. To complicate the picture, the maero is often confused with two types of fairy folk from Maori mythology. One is the patu-paiarehe, the fair-skinned “mist people” with supernatural powers, who sound curiously like Europeans (with instances of red hair and blue eyes) but reportedly date from long before any European influence. The other is the Maori ogres, flesh-eating giants who are usually not so hairy as the maero and are also endowed with supernatural powers. The maero is sometimes called the mairoero.


Jan 18


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kusshiLake Kussharo is located within Akan National Park in eastern Hokkaido and derives its name from the Ainu word Kuccharo, which means “The place where a lake becomes a river and the river flows out.” It is a caldera lake, formed in the crater of a volcano long ago, and is notable for being the largest lake of this kind in Japan as well as the 6th largest lake in the country overall.

The lake is known for its natural beauty,as well as a mysterious creature that is said to live in its depths, a monster that has come to affectionately be known as Kusshie, emulating the name of its more well-known Scottish cousin, Nessie.

Kusshie is reported as being between 10 and 20 meters in length (30 to 60 ft), and is most commonly reported as having dark brown, leathery skin. The creature’s neck is of a moderate length, and humps are sometimes mentioned. The head of the creature is said to look somewhat like that of a horse, only larger, with silver eyes, and is sometimes described as having two protrusions like giraffe horns on top. A few reports mention the creature making strange grunting or clicking noises. Interestingly, many witnesses also report having felt distinctly uneasy, disturbed, or “icky,” upon seeing the creature.

One very interesting characteristic of Kusshi is the high speeds at which it reportedly can move. In 1974, grainy footage was taken of a mysterious object moving across the lake at breakneck speed, said to be the alleged creature. Other pieces of alleged footage of the creature moving quickly over the water have surfaced over the years as well. Several reports mention this remarkable speed. In Sept, 1974, a group of 15 witnesses reported being surprised by a large, somewhat triangular shaped animal with shiny skin like glistening scales, moving under the surface of the water with the estimated speed of a motorboat. In 1988, a Mr. Takashi Murata was riding in a motorboat and reported being paced by a large animal at a distance of 15 meters away, which he described as having a dark back that looked like that of a dolphin. The animal followed him for a time, keeping up with the fast boat, before disappearing beneath the water.

Lake Kussharo’s alleged lake monster first came to widespread publicity during the 1970s due to a number of high profile sightings. In 1972, a man reported seeing an object that looked like a “boat turned upside down,” swimming quickly through the water. In August of 1973, a group of 40 middle school students on a field trip, as well as their teachers, spotted the creature not far from shore. In July, 1974, another famous case was reported by a Mr. Wada, a farmer who sighted a large, dark animal with several humps at intervals of 4 meters apart. The farmer watched the creature for some time before it submerged with a huge swell of water and a splash.

These sightings and many others like them brought attention to the lake, which culminated in an active search for the animal. For one month in Sept 1974, TV crews, boats equipped with fish finder sonar, and teams of divers explored the lake. These efforts produced some interesting results. Some of the sonar equipped boats reported finding unusual and large images of living creatures at depths of 15 to 20 meters.

Over the years, Kusshi has been photographed and filmed on several occasions, including as recently as 1990. Kusshi continued to be sighted throughout the 70s and beyond, sometimes by large groups of people. In May, 1976, Kusshi was sighted by a group of 22 tour bus passengers and their driver. As recently as 1997, a group of firefighters spotted a strange animal swimming 100 meters offshore, which they estimated as being 20 meters long, with a dorsal fin and banded markings. Another sightings was made by tourists in 2002, and reports occasionally pop up to this day.

Although media attention made Kusshi famous in the 1970s, it would be a mistake to think that this was the first indication of something strange or unknown in the lake. These stories have a long tradition among locals in the area. The indigenous Ainu people who inhabit the area have long told of giant snakes that inhabit the lake. Additionally, pioneers coming to the area during the Meiji era also told of seeing these creatures, which were said to attack and eat deer whole.


Jan 18


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igopogoThis long necked, dorsal finned, canine-featured critter is one of the most unusual lake beasts reputed to dwell in North America.

Located in Southern Ontario — just 40-miles north of Toronto — Lake Simcoe is the fourth-largest lake in the province and a remnant of the colossal, prehistoric freshwater sea known as Lake Algonquin. Algonquin’s basin also included Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Lake Superior, Lake Nipigon and Lake Nipissing. When the ice dam melted at the end of the last ice age it dramatically reduced water levels in the region, leaving behind the lakes we see today.

In the 17th century the lake was known by the Huron natives as “Ouentironk” or “Beautiful Water.” In 1687, the Lahontan people changed it to Lake Taronto, an Iroquoian term meaning gateway or pass. Finally, in 1793, by John Graves Simcoe — the first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada — renamed the lake in memory of his father, Captain John Simcoe.

This relatively small, island riddled, oval shaped body of water, which is approximately 20-miles long and 16-miles wide, is known for its clean water, fantastic fishing and, most notably, the bizarre beast that’s said to lurk within its gloomy, freshwater depths. This unusual animal was dubbed Igopogo — no doubt, in honor of her famous cousins OGOPOGO of Lake Okanagan and MANIPOGO of Lake Manitoba — by the local fishermen.

That having been stated, there seems to be a bit of a rivalry over the beast’s appellation as, depending on whether or not you hail from Kempenfelt Bay or Beaverton, the monster’s has a few alternate nom de plumes, including “Kempenfelt Kelly,” “Beaverton Bessie” —which is, in and of itself, an homage to Lake Erie’s more notorious BESSIE — and even “Simcoe Kelly.”

It was even suggested by George M. Eberhart in his book “Mysterious Creatures: A Guide to Cryptozoology” that its most famous name, “Igopogo,” comes from Walt Kelly’s seminal comic strip “Pogo,” which featured a cadre of memorable swamp critters, including one who ran a mock presidential campaign utilizing the slogan: “I GO POGO.” Considered by many cryptozoologists to be unique, even amongst her amazing peers, Igopogo is a rarely seen beast, which has been described as having a neck which resembles a “stove-pipe,” crowned by an unusual canine-like head.

This ostensibly mammalian description — which, it must be admitted, has in no way remained consistent throughout the many years of Igopogo sightings — has led some to speculate that this creature may biologically akin to AQUATIC ENIGMAS such as the notorious “Irish crocodile” the DOBHAR-CHU or even the Australian BUNYIP. While tales of this cryptid go as far back as aboriginal legends and accounts from the earliest Europeans to settle the area, the first modern report hails from July 22, 1963. The eyewitnesses involved with this sighting, including one Reverend L.B. Williams, claimed that they saw not a typically mammalian, but a serpentine creature — not unlike Newfoundland’s eel-like CRESSIE — with multiple dorsal fins, that was anywhere from 30 to 70-feet in length, undulating in the water. It was also described as having a “charcoal covered” epidermis
This creature was allegedly captured on film while two, uncharacteristically calm, children watch from the shore. While there is no written account of when or by whom the obviously aged, black and white image was snapped, it remains an intriguing — if somewhat controversial — piece of potential photographic evidence of Igopogo’s

Over two decades later, on June 13, 1983, William Skrypetz — a sonar operator with Lefroy’s Government Dock and Marina — took sonar reading which revealed a creature with a massive body and long tapering neck that seemed to look very much like the archetypal LAKE MONSTERS such as CHAMP or the LOCH NESS MONSTER. During the 1980’s — author, cryptozoologist and president of the BCSCC (British Colombia Scientific Cryptozoology Club) — JOHN KIRK III, investigated this phenomenon and came to the conclusion that whatever might have lived in the lake had either migrated or had become deceased.

Kirk’s assessment of the situation was not without merit, as the sightings of this animal— with the notable exception of Skrypetz sonar hit — had dwindled to virtually nothing since the 1970’s. Kirk’s opinion of this creature’s status changed in 1991, however, when he was given a copy of a videotape by former British army officer and fellow cryptozoologist, Don Hepworth.

The video — which was purportedly shot from the shores of Lake Simcoe during that same year — apparently shows a terrifying lake demon rearing its head during a hydroplane race.

According to the unnamed videographer’s account, one of the racers her knew suffered a mechanical breakdown while on the south end of the lake and was forced to halt and make repairs. Just as the racer lifted the engine hatch in order to assess the damage, a large animal suddenly surfaced directly in front of him, stunning the racer as well as the spectators on the shoreline.

The landlocked crowd began to panic, fearing the worst for the downed competitor. The racer himself would later claim that this possibly prehistoric apparition would continue to stare at him it slowly lowered its head, finally submerging completely beneath the water. Apparently, Kirk — upon repeated viewing of the controversial footage — confirmed that this creature was 9 and 12 feet long and had mammalia or, what he believed to be, pinniped (seal- or sea lion-like) features. Unfortunately the quality of the video and proximity of the creature to the camera did not allow for a more thorough investigation of its species.

This video evidence — which is infamously difficult to find — has raised the profile of this creature considerably, yet skeptics continue to insist that what people are seeing is nothing more than normal seals who have slipped into the lake via the rivers that connect it to Lake Huron. Still others think it may be related to the now famous Pacific Ocean dwelling SEA MONSTERS known as CADBOROSAURUS.

While the “seal” theory may debunk some of the unusual sightings, it in no way explains away the strange sonar hit reported in 1983. Even now, a decade into the 21st century, Lake Simcoe remains one of the most under explored cryptid habitats remaining in North America.


Jan 18


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Neustadt_Elwedritsche-Brunnen_10_(fcm)The Elwetritsch (also spelled Elwedritsch) is a cryptid or mythical creature that supposedly inhabits the Palatinate of Germany. It is described as being a chicken-like creature with antlers.It also has scales instead of Feathers. The Elwedritsch had been quite forgotten in a while, till a Gentleman, named Espenschied “rediscovered” them. He began to organize “Huting Parties” which were nothing more than playing a harmless prank on people. One of the bavarian Kings was once served roasted, small birds for dinner, which were declared to be Elwetritsche, but were actually Quail. The Elwetritsch is supposedly very shy, but also very curious. A hunting party consists of a “Fänger” (Catcher) which is equipped with a big potatosack and a lantern and the “Treiber” (Beaters). The catcher is led into the woods where the Elwetritsch is supposed to ive, instructed to wait in a clearing with his sack and lantern, while the beaters will supposedly roust the Elwetritsch. The light of the lantern is said to be attractive to the curious creature, so they come to investigate and will then be caught by the catcher. While he waits, everyone heads back to the Gasthaus or wherever the party had previously assembled, to wait for the patsy to realize, he had been fooled.

Like the jackalope, the Elwetritsch is thought to have been inspired by sightings of wild rabbits infected with the Shope papilloma virus, which causes the growth of antler-like tumors in various places, including on the head.


Jan 18

Hell Hound

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hellhoundA Hellhound is a supernatural dog in folklore. A wide variety of ominous or hellish supernatural dogs occur in mythologies around the world. Features that have been attributed to hellhounds include black fur, glowing red – or sometimes yellow – eyes, super strength or speed, ghostly or phantom characteristics, foul odor, and sometimes even the ability to talk.

Certain European legends state that if someone stares into a hellhound’s eyes three times or more, that person will surely die. In cultures that associate the afterlife with fire, hellhounds may have fire-based abilities and appearance. They often get assigned to guard the entrances to the world of the dead, such as graveyards and burial grounds or undertake other duties related to the afterlife or the supernatural. Seeing a hellhound or hearing one howl may be an omen or even a cause of death. Some supernatural dogs, such as the Welsh Cwn Annwn were actually believed to be benign.

However, encountering them was still considered a sign of imminent death. The Bearer of Death is a term used in describing the Hellhound. Hellhounds have been said to be as black as coal and smell of burning brimstone. They tend to leave behind a burned area wherever they go. Their eyes are a deep, bright, and almost glowing red. They have razor sharp teeth, super strength and speed, and are commonly associated with graveyards and the underworld.

Hellhounds are called The Bearers of Death because they were supposedly created by ancient demons to serve as heralds of death. According to legend, seeing one leads to a person’s death. Sometimes it is said to be once; other times it requires three sightings for the curse to take effect and kill the victim. These factors make the Hellhound a feared symbol and worthy of the name “Bearer of Death”. The Hellhound has been seen several times throughout history, and it is not specific to any one place. The most recent sightings occurred in Connecticut, Kentucky, Louisiana, Ohio, and Vilseck, Germany, in or near cemeteries.

While considered a bad omen, the hellhound has often helped many as well. The supernatural dog was said to warn people of danger and protect them when they needed it. The dog is often very loyal to those who call upon one and is said to be very watchful. While the creatures are often known as evil, they are not as evil as one would suggest. Hellhounds have been reported all around the globe and about half of the time it is of bad things about to happen. The other half of the time, they cause the bad things to happen.

Hellhounds not only are guards for cemeteries but they are often seen as helper dogs for those who are about to pass. But they also can show up to said loved ones and sort of inform them or a loved ones passing. While most pictures show the Hellhound as being evil and vicious, this is simply not the case. Hellhounds do not have to be evil looking or scary looking. They can look like any large dog only with pure black fur. Hellhounds can be very good creatures and feel remorseful when they do something they do not fully agree with.


Jan 18

Devil Bird

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The devil bird, locally known as Ulama, is a cryptid of Sri Lanka said to emit bloodcurdling human sounding shrieks in the night from within the jungles. In Sri Lankan folklore, it is believed that the cry of this bird is an omen that portends death, similar to the banshee. Its precise identity is still a matter of debate although the Spot-bellied Eagle-owl matches the profile of Devil Bird to a large extent, according to finding in the year 2001 As the bird is not usually seen and its cry only described in vague terms, Ulama records might refer to the Ceylon Highland Nightjar (Caprimulgus indicus kelaarti); the males of the latter are known to have a screaming flight-call untypical for nightjars. “Devil Bird or Ulama or Ulalena. The precise identity of this bird is one of the mysteries of the Ceylon jungles. Its eerie cries have been attributed to a variety of birds. The most likely candidates however are: the forest eagle-owl (Huhua nipalensis) for the up country area, the hawk-eagles and the crested honey-buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus ruficollis) in in the lowland jungles.”


Jan 18


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chupaThe chupacabra is one of those cryptids that proves very frustrating to investigators. One of the biggest frustrations hinges on the creature’s appearance. There are only a few features that stay relatively consistent from one sighting to the next; everything else seems to vary enormously. These relatively constant features include large eyes that are usually red or orange and about the same size and shape as an egg, a mouth full of big fangs, sharp claws on the hands and feet, a bunch of spikes or spike-like fins running in a row down the spine, a bipedal stance, three-toed hind feet that might also be webbed, and a hind portion shaped like a kangaroo with over-sized legs for jumping. The top portion of the body looks stunted and scrawny in comparison with its massive hindquarters.

The variable features include what kind of skin the chupacabra has. It may be hairy all over, hairy on some parts, or hairless. When it lacks hair on one or more parts, the hairless skin may be scaled like a fish or reptile, it may be smooth and resemble a frog’s skin, or it may be bumpy like a toad. Some witnesses report that the chupacabra has chameleon-like abilities or a power resembling shape-shifting that only affects its skin.

These witnesses report seeing the chupacabra change the color and texture of its skin dramatically, even turning its body hair green to blend in with foliage. The chupacabra may also have feathers on one or more parts of its body, especially red feathers. It sometimes has wings. Even when the chupacabra cannot fly, it can often jump so high that it is almost as good as flying. Reports of it jumping over buildings are not uncommon.

The other main frustration centers on the sheer number of creatures that have been given the label of “chupacabra.” The chupacabra sightings that came from Puerto Rico in approximately the years 1995-1999 fueled a worldwide interest that caused reports of “chupacabras” to flow in from every location imaginable. Some of these non-Puerto-Rican creatures resembled anomalous kangaroos, others resembled hairy humanoids of various sorts, including winged apes, and a few did sound like the original Puerto Rican chupacabras.

The chupacabra’s behavior also provokes much frustration among cryptozoologists. Its name means “goatsucker” and that it what it allegedly did: it attacked livestock and sucked their blood like a vampire. This habit caused chupacabra reports to get mixed up with another mysterious phenomena that is generally called cattle mutilation, but that can refer to the unexplained violent deaths of any livestock or pets. Cattle mutilation has a bad name because it has been linked to so many weird crackpot theories, it is thought of as successfully debunked by about half of all people who take other weird phenomena seriously, and it has accumulated a great deal of bad evidence among which any good evidence can easily be lost. Many so-called cattle mutilation deaths have