Tag Archive: featured science

Jan 31

Nikola Tesla – Human beings, not of this world

Stephanie Kelly
Stephanie Kelly

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t1February 9, 1901, Nikola Tesla, in an article published in the Collier’s Weekly, made many statements concerning his experiments at his Laboratory in Colorado that would make many in his field question him for the rest of his life. “I was familiar… with such electrical disturbances as are produced by the sun, Aurora Borealis and earth currents, and I was as sure as I could be of any fact that these variations were due to none of these causes…” That statement alone made many question the sanity, stability and intelligence of Tesla. How could a well known scientist and inventor believe that he had experienced something that couldn’t be explained?

As his fellow researchers, engineers and scientists continued reading this, somewhat rambling, article their eyes widened, “They are the results of an attempt by some human beings, not of this world; to speak to us by signals…”
These two statements, by themselves, make you wonder what did he hear? My first thought was these statements have to be, in some way, taken out of context! What scientist would openly, and with complete certainty, say they received an attempt at communication from someone or something not of this world. With some time and research I was able to find the original Articles titled “Talking with the Planets” (http://earlyradiohistory.us/1901talk.htm). This article appears to cover his presumption and experimentation in Colorado in the late 1890’s.

t2Upon reading this complete article in detail, twice, I had to find more concerning what he had experienced and what tests he had done in that Colorado Laboratory. Certain statements made in the article such as, “My first observations positively terrified me, as there was present in them something mysterious, not to say supernatural, and I was alone in my laboratory at night; but at that time the idea of these disturbances being intelligently controlled signals did not yet present itself to me” made me want to see what exactly these experiments were!
Without the extensive knowledge that Tesla had, it’s hard for me understand his notes concerning the Colorado experiments. What is certain is that Tesla did keep detailed notes of his daily or weekly experiments concerning a Spark Gap Transmitter. He also used a “Magnifying Transmitter” in these experiments along with controlling and altering the electromagnetic fields to fit his needs. Sadly, his notes do not exactly mention what he experienced, in detail, concerning the sound or signal that he observed.

t3Did Tesla truly experience a paranormal occurrence? How, and at what stage of his research, did he have this first observation? It is known that Tesla was a very intelligent man, but would tendency for instability, both mentally and financially, alter the value of his experiences? There are many questions that Tesla left unanswered and it is not known if answers will ever be found for these questions!

Sourcing:
http://earlyradiohistory.us/1901talk.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/…/Colorado_Springs_Notes,_1899%E2%…
http://www.tesla-museum.org/meni_en/nt.php?link=tesla%2&
http://www.ancient-code.com/nikola-tesla-secrets-behind-ge…/
https://teslauniverse.com

Jan 24

Ideomotor Effect

Lisa Shaner-Hilty

Lisa Shaner-Hilty

I am a supervisor for several programs assisting individuals with intellectual and mental challenges. I have 2 Masters Degrees from Penn State in Communication Disorders and Psychology. My first experiences with the paranormal were around age 5. I’ve been fascinated ever since. I have been an investigator for over 10 years (first 5 years with a team, then leaving to form my own more than 5 years ago, and have taught classes on investigation, evidence analysis (especially EVP) and debunking at local community college. I also have abilities, some of which began at age 5 and others around puberty. Therefore my fields of major interest are investigation and psychic and empath. While I am open to considering all aspect and viewpoints, I am dedicated to seeking natural explanations first before anything is considered evidence.
Lisa Shaner-Hilty

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o1The human brain is a truly amazing organ. It can cause other body parts to perform tasks on command, such as closing the door (volition). It is also capable of so many things, some of which we are not even aware. Consider all the functions our brains performs without the slightest reminders from our consciousness (excitomotor actions): breathing, heartbeat, controlling body temperature and blood pressure, organ function. Similarly, survival instincts such as fight or flight, pulling your hand away from fire (sensorimotor actions) your brain does instinctively. [3] There are myriad other things our brains do on their own that are not life maintaining: blushing, tearing up, that silly grin you can’t suppress when that certain someone is around, fear responses. This article focuses on some other things our brains are up to in certain situations, without our conscious being aware. Let’s explore…the Ideomotor Effect.

In the Victorian Era, the paranormal had become all the rage…with that popularity came those who sought to make money from it. It was a time known for séances, Ouija, table tilting and others. The most noted and hotly debated (today, that is) is the Ouija. Let’s start there. At the Ouija’s height of popularity, the average life expectancy was 50; mothers died giving birth; people wanted to talk to their loved ones. Ouija was even consulted in solving crimes. In the 1920’s troubled financial times, Ouija was used to ask about prospects of an upturn. There was a board in nearly every house. [ibid] Later popularity waned, coinciding with the rising knowledge of the scientific data proving the game was just that – a game, not a valid means of speaking with the dead. The truth of the matter is that the science proving that Ouija is not paranormal was developed by physiologist William Carpenter in 1852, nearly 40 years before the Ouija was even patented in 1891, though used in Europe prior. Ouija remained a benign parlor game associated with nothing negative. [1,3,5]

02Today, the mere mention of Ouija boards sparks a firestorm of debate. Have you ever wondered where the idea that Ouija were evil originated? I certainly did. Hang onto your hats, folks! In 1973, the movie “The Exorcist” took the box office by storm; the story of a girl possessed after playing with Ouija. Almost immediately, the public began cries of Ouija is evil and summons demons. [5] Who knew? Funny how so many people put more stock in fictional movies and television shows than they do hard, proven science. My team has been called to ritualistically destroy Ouija boards for people – all because of a Hollywood created movie! Is it any wonder that National Paranormal Society does not discuss movies or television on the Facebook group?

The “forces” truly at work using an Ouija also apply to many other methods used by some in the paranormal world, including dowsing rods, pendula, automatic writing, and table tilting. Similarly the same principle applies to some methods used in days both ancient and modern to “cure” certain conditions. For the purposes of this article, we will not address the pseudo-medical end if the topic. These “forces” are known as the ideomotor effect.

03As I mentioned in the introduction, our brain does many things without our conscious mind telling it to do so. Using the Ouija again as an example, participants lightly place their fingertips on the planchette, and someone asks a question. Everyone is excited and nervous. The planchette glides seemingly on its own with its soft felt-tipped feet to letters or one of the words on the board. We have an answer! Or do we? Because of the ideomotor effect, a participant’s nervousness/excitement, coupled with their subconscious mind causes nearly imperceptible muscle twinges which start the planchette along its course. The other participants, startled and excited by its movement – “I didn’t do it – follow the movement. This is how the ideomotor effect works. Please note that with ideomotor effect, the participant is not faking (fakery is another issue altogether); they are not conscious of their actions. [1,3,4,5] Prove it, you say? Absolutely! Try having your participants wear blindfolds. [1,3,4] I have personally seen this done. A session is conducted with participants all able to see the table and what is happening. A person associated to a participant is selected and a question asked of their spirit. Question answered. Now, the blindfolds…wait, why is the planchette landing in blank space or between letters now? Even the subconscious mind cannot see the letters anymore. Debunked!

04So what does the ideomotor effect have to do with the other items mentioned? Let’s start with dowsing rods. Again, the user is hopeful of finding what they seek; with rods it can be water, oil, gems, buried pipes, etc. as well as spirits. Answers come with movement of the rods. Human error aside (shaky hands, not holding the rods straight, etc.), the effect is the same. How do we know? Try subtly hinting at a location where you know the target to be, then where you know it NOT to be. Studies show that the user will get movement in agreement with whichever spot is indicated. As in the Ouija experiment, blindfolding the dowser will lead to meaningless indications. [1,3, 4] Again, this is due to the subconscious mind triggering miniscule muscle movement, which in turn causes the rods to move/cross. Table tilting is debunked in precisely the same manner as the Ouija board. Similarly with using a pendulum, which directions the user is told will indicate yes or no will trigger the subconscious mind to move the user’s hand in that direction. Automatic writing and even the latest “Charlie Charlie” (created solely for a movie) are explained in the same way; “the ideomotor effect causes small, unconscious motor movements because of the person’s expectations, preconceptions or suggestibility.” [3] Unaware of their brain’s actions, the results with all of the items discussed are attributed to some paranormal activity, spirit or demon.

“Once a belief is formed and reinforced, the believer does not usually ever give it up.” [3] Each time the planchette moves, rods cross, etc., it serves as positive reinforcement (a behavior modification term that simply means that the behavior of moving the planchette, for example, is rewarded, making it far more likely to occur again). Despite continually failing at blindfold and other objective, scientific testing, users cling to the belief that supernatural forces are at work. This continues no matter how much empirical evidence is presented, proving this thought process incorrect. “The ideomotor effect is a classic example of how we can be fooled by our senses and ourselves. Many people believe in things because they have experienced them for themselves; they trust in the perceived infallibility of their senses.” [3]

SOURCES:
Psychology Today [1]
National Institute of Health [2]
Critical-thinking.org [3]
The Skeptic’s Dictionary [4]
Smithsonian.com [5]
Web.randi.org [image]

Oct 01

What is a Thermal Imager?

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

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007-3483-01_LgOne thing we all hear about in relation to paranormal research is thermal imaging. If you watch the paranormal shows it is used by all the “famous” ghost hunters but what is it and how does it work?

Before I started researching this, I thought I understood what it was and how it worked. I thought of it in the simplest terms. A thermal imager detects heat and cold, puts it up on a screen for you to see and if you see heat or cold where there shouldn’t be any you might have captured a ghost. Right? Well, according to some of what I have found in my research, this is not necessarily correct.

Like I did, most people seem to view a thermal imager as a “heat viewer”. The research I have done indicates it is more complicated than that. It is more like a camera that instead of recording visible light records mid and far infrared.

Digital cameras pick up visible wave lengths, what we see with the human eye. Thermal imagers pick up longer wavelengths ( further from the visible spectrum ). Most objects just absorb or emit these wavelengths without reflecting them. We are used to seeing objects by reflected light but the thermal imager sees them by virtue of emitted mid and far IR. The wavelength of this emitted radiation is characteristic of the temperature of the object which is why it can be used to produce a ‘thermal image’. The wavelength of the radiation is measured in an array of tiny sensors which is used to calculate an equivalent temperature for each point. This is used to build up a ‘false colour’ contour image of the scene showing the temperature of the visible surfaces.

The world looks very different through the eyes of a thermal imager. Most objects will give a temperature reading to the thermal imager. This is because they emit mid and far IR rather than reflect it. Since the image shows the temperature instead of the light reflected off of it, there can be hot and cold spots that would not show up in a regular photograph that is only portraying reflected light.An object that has previously been in contact with another object that is hot/cold can still reflect that heat/cold since heat, unlike light, moves slowly through a solid object. An example of this is a chair may still show a warm image of a human for some time after they have gotten up out of the chair when viewed with the thermal imager.

Not all surfaces show their true temperature. Some surfaces like metal, glass, polished ceramic and stone actually reflect mid and far IR rather than emit it.Any temperatures or even images on these surfaces could quite possibly be a reflection from another source. These types of reflective surfaces can even reflect radiation onto surrounding surfaces, warming them up. Reflective objects can also reflect radiation directly into the thermal imager lens causing strange false images similar to lens flare in a regular camera.

Since mid – far IR acts like light, you can still get the same type of anomalies that appear in regular light digital photographs. Strange shapes ( faces, figures, etc) can show up appearing to be paranormal in nature. Since objects appear completely different in IR than they due is regular light this can lead to false perception of images. What appears to be a tall ghostly figure on the thermal imager may in fact really be a tall metal object.

As with ordinary cameras, images in the thermal imager can be out of focus.Also, since mid and far IR has a longer wavelength that light images will always appear fuzzier than in normal light photographs. Because of this, thermal images should not be expected to produce a lot of detail.
One way to combat this is to always use a regular light camera in conjuction with a thermal imager. In this way the identity of any strange shapes that appear in the thermal imager can be verified.

Am I saying that thermal imagers are useless in detecting possible paranormal anomalies or events? Absolutely not. What I am suggestig is that the more you know about how they work and what they are actually showing the less chance you will have of being fooled by a false image. Knowledge is power and the more we know and understand about the technology we are using the better chance we have of finding and understanding those things that truly are unexplained by science as we now know it.

http://www.assap.ac.uk/…/ar…/Thermal%20imaging%20ghosts.html
http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/…/hig…/nightvision3.htm

Oct 01

Ball Lightenting- The Answer to Some Paranormal Mysteries?

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

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10421589_10207909252514253_4882048914815285993_nBall Lightening appears as a floating fireball which has little tendrils emanating from it that appear to jerk it around. It floats around erratically followed by smoke trails that spiral around it and typically last from one to 30 seconds. They shine as brightly as a 100 watt light-bulb, can be white, yellow , orange red or blue in color and are most generally the size of a grapefruit although reported sightings have ranged from golf ball to beach ball size. They most usually occur during thunderstorms, however there have been sightings that have occurred when no storm was present.

What causes Ball Lightning?

While theories on what exactly ball lightning is have ranged from plasma clouds to mini black hole to aliens there is no absolute scientific answer at this time. There is one very promising theory however that becomes more promising the more it is looked into.

The most promising current theory, proposed by John Abrahamson at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand, suggests that ball lightning is the result of a chemical reaction of silicon particles burning in the air.

Silicon , which occurs naturally in soil, combines with oxygen and carbon and turns to pure silicon vapor when lightning strikes the ground. As the vapor cools the silicon condenses into a fine dust. The particles in this fine dust are attracted to each other by the electrical charge from the lightning and form a ball.

The glow and heat is a chemical reaction when the silicon reacts with oxygen in the air. Once the silicon has burned out, the ball lightning disappears.

The theory also suggests that other materials such as aluminum and iron metal can also cause the fireballs, and that any atmospheric discharge, not just lightning, may explain why ball lightning has been sighted near power poles, electrical fitters and even active faults.

This theory has been tested with some success. Researcher Antonio Pavao and Gerson Paiva of the Federal University of Pernambuco in Brazil believe they have verified the theory with silicon substrate and a high voltage arc. They applied 140 amps of electricity to silicon substrate which vaporized the substrate and sometimes produced golf ball sized fireballs.

Eli Jerby and Vladimer Dikhtyar of Tel Aviv University in Israel, successfully recreated ball lightning with a device they call a “microwave drill”. The “microwave drill” is made from a magnetron taken from a kitchen microwave oven and a powerful microwave beam capable of penetrating solid objects.
The tip of the drill aims the beam at a solid object ( silicon and alumina were among the substances tested) and creates a hot spot in the solid. When the beam is pulled away from the hot spot, the drag produces a fireball resembling ball lightning.

In July 2012, Ping Yuan from Northwest Normal University in Lanzhou,China was prart of a group studying regular lightning on the remote Qinghai Plateau of northwest China. During one evening they saw ball lightning appear after a lightning strike about 900 meters from their equipment and were able to record a spectrum and high speed video footage of the ball.

Yuan and his fellow researchers found that the spectrum contained several emission lines from silicon, iron and calcium, all elements expected to be abundant in soil. This is in line with and seems to somewhat confirm John Abrahamson’s theory, at least in part.

How does this apply to the paranormal?

If the portion of Mr Abrahamson’s theory about ball lightning that states it can be created by other atmospheric discharges other lightning proves correct then I would propose it could be a possible answer for some of the case of “mystery lights” that have been reported all over the country for centuries. I have not seen any instances of studies where this theory has been tested but I wonder if there are any power poles, electrical fitters or active faults near the occurrences of “mystery lights” such as the Brown Mountain or Marfa Lights for example. If there are and there are concentrations of silicon or aluminum in the area this could be a possible viable explanation of these occurrences in my opinion.

http://science.howstuffworks.com/…/atmo…/ball-lightning1.htm
http://physics.aps.org/articles/v7/5

Oct 01

Audio Pariedolia- Hearing is not always believing

Sara Fawley

Sara Fawley

Hello my name is Sara Fawley. I was born and raised in San Diego, Ca Oct 1965. I lived there until I was 19, then moved with my now ex-husband to Texas where I lived for the next 25 years. I have two grown sons who are married and have lives and families of their own. My current husband and I now live in a small town in Arkansas with our dachshund Shabar. I owned and antiques and collectibles shop but closed it down in September 2013 after having a heart attack. I still buy and sell antiques and collectibles and make handmade natural gemstone jewelry which we sell at shows and festivals. I don't recall ever not knowing that there was more than just us out there. My first experience happened when I was a young child and was visited by my godfather "Grandpa Clyde" at the time of his death and for three weeks after that. I have seen one other full bodied apparition in my life and had several other minor experiences that left me scratching my head.I am not an investigator but have a huge thirst for knowledge. I am always looking up this or that legend, myth or story I hear or sometimes I just have random thoughts and look them up to see if anyone else thinks the same way. I am very analytically minded and always like to get to the bottom of things.
Sara Fawley

Latest posts by Sara Fawley (see all)

11863422_10207891157061878_8770335075788667452_nAudio Pariedolia is a subject I find fascinating, but something I think gets easily dismissed as a possible answer for phantom noises and voices. Audio Pariedolia works much the same way as the visual version.

The definition of Pareidolia (Pair-eye-dough-lee-ya) is – the phenomenon that causes the human brain to perceive random stimulation as significant. You hear a random noise, it could in reality be anything (whistles, a motor, wind, etc) your brain attempts to make sense of it. To do this it goes into it’s stored database of recognizable sounds and picks the one that matches most closely then tells your ears “This is what you are hearing”.

How does it do this? There are a couple of theorized reasons. One is that it picks the first most common recognizable sound in it’s databank. One theory is that this is why hearing your own name seemingly out of thin air is fairly common. You have been hearing your own name your whole life so it stands to reason that this is what your brain would pick for any unrecognizable sound that even remotely resembles it.

Another theory is that the power of suggestion plays a big part in it. An example of this is : Someone plays a clip of what they say is an EVP (electronic voice phenomenon) that they have captured. You listen to it and hear nothing but random noise. Then they tell you ( either verbally in person or in written form if you are watching a video of it) what it is they believe they hear. You listen to it again and “Bingo” you hear exactly what they heard. Why didn’t you hear it the first time? Power of suggestion?

Now I know some people are going to immediately say “This is a bunch of baloney and psychobabble. I know what I heard” In searching for information I found a couple of experiments to test the power of suggestion theory. Give them a read and try the experiments. You may just change your mind and start questioning if hearing really is believing.

 

In this first article the experiment is in the last paragraph before the “Notes” section.
http://www.thecollapsedwavefunction.com/…/30-second-science…

Here is another one to try if you have the equipment necessary.
http://www.education.com/…/art…/hear-what-they-want-to-hear/

I am not saying this is the absolute, definitive answer to every instance of unexplained noises, but it should give us pause to think and consider that sometimes random noises are just that.

http://theness.com/roguesgal…/…/skepticism/audio-pareidolia/
http://hearinglosshelp.com/…/apophenia-audio-pareidolia-an…/

Sep 17

The Brain Waves 101

Lillee Allee

Lillee Allee

Representative at National Paranormal Society
Lillee Allee has studied religion, spirituality and paranormal investigation for over 40 years. She is the widow of John D. Allee, an internationally known dark magician. She continues to consult in paranormal investigation. Her specialties include: Marian and cultural spiritual phenomena/apparitions, spiritual support to teams and clients who want spiritual counseling after investigation, evp work and old school audio, the accuracy and research of past life regression and seance, and spiritual protection. Lillee was also one of the first to incorporate trained canines into paranormal investigations. She hosts a radio program on the para-x.com network, Happy Mediums, with Debra Ann Freeman, who also consults with paranormal investigative teams in Southern New England. Lillee is a published author and journalist, and legal clergy with degrees in psychology and mass communication. Lillee walks on the middle path sees learning as a life-long endeavor and is looking to make a difference and contribution to this field before she too will be heard on someone’s EVP. Lillee is always available to educate and consult and continues to enjoy guesting on other’s radio and television programs.
Lillee Allee

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brainwavesThere are many parts of our body that go through regular cycles. The National Institute of General Medical Sciences state that “Circadian rhythms are physical, mental and behavioral changes that follow a roughly 24-hour cycle, responding primarily to light and darkness in an organism’s environment. They are found in most living things, including animals, plants and many tiny microbes. The study of circadian rhythms is called chronobiology (para 1). It is related to our biological clock. Further, circadian rhythms can influence sleep-wake cycles, hormone release, body temperature and other important bodily functions. They have been linked to various sleep disorders, such as insomnia. Abnormal circadian rhythms have also been associated with obesity, diabetes, depression, bipolar disorder and seasonal affective disorder (para 7). Females often are aware of their position on their monthly cycle which ultimate determines and controls fertility. Other cycles include the elimination of what you have ingested, eating and digestion, and absorption and use.

The average person is usually shocked to find that the brain actually also goes through cycles. How do these waves happen? They occur naturally in our brains from the firing of neurons – there are electrical cells in our brain who communicate with each other and can be measured with an electroencephalogram, better known as an EEG. From studies in the 1930’s and 40s, scientists discovered these cycles and found the higher the cycle, the higher the awareness. Subsequent studies found sensory motor rhythm (SMR, 14 Hz) which links brain and body functions and gamma brain waves (39-100 Hz) are found in highly trained mind such as highly experienced meditators and highly focused work and the integration of data in the mind.

Many believe that these cycles can be manipulated and used to assist one to train their brain (or maybe be trained by their brain). On those days, that you feel focused, alert and ready to work, your brain is in beta. Beta waves range from 40-13 Hertz. Hertz is a scale of measurement, The hertz (symbol Hz) is the unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second (cps). Heinrich Rudolf Hertz first established conclusive evidence of the existence of electromagnetic waves.

When you are in a creative, laid-back, relaxed state, you have lowered your cycles per second to the Alpha state. That sharp state has slowly transitioned to a calmer brain wave. Many find this helpful for creativity, creative visualization, prayer and light meditation, grounding and centering one’s self, stress and anxiety reduction. Alpha is also the gateway to other states of consciousness. At this Hz of 12-7, some way it is an optimum way to reduce blood pressure and increase health. You are right below consciousness, or have descended to below the level of normal awareness. According to Tools for Wellness, “alpha is also the home of the window frequency known as the Schuman Resonance – the resonant frequency of the earth’s electromagnetic field. From this scientific, measurable state, many say this is where the metaphysics begin. Is this the window that those who claim to have the gifts of prophecy, psychic work or mediumship as well as the place where behavior change can work more easily?

Theta is the next level, 7-4 Hz, it is lower and some claim it to be the place where the brain is working much slower. Some psychic healers say this is where the deepest spiritualist work can come. Some say this is a where your brain is said to be when you are in surgery or even in a coma. You are so close to sleep, but yet still retain a tiny amount of awareness. This is the area where one can work on intuition, memory, and deep meditation. This is where the brain can help one in overcoming addictions, quicker learning and retention, dream recall and deep hypnosis.

The final state is Delta,4-0 Hz, the slowest brain waves possible before death, but similar to a deep, deep sleep It has been said this is where one can experience an increase of the human growth hormone. Delta is an area that is best used only for sleep and with the assistance of professionals.

Fascinating, isn’t it? Imagine the applications! This is science that meets the medical community, the psychological fields and adds an interesting twinge to the fringe science known as parapsychology.

Sources

Hertz. Retrieved September 6, 2015 from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hertz

National Institute of General Medical Science. Circadian Rhythms Fact Sheet. Retrieved September 6, 2015 from http://www.nigms.nih.gov/…/…/Factsheet_CircadianRhythms.aspx

The Basics of Brain Waves. Retrieved September 6, 2015 from
http://www.brainandhealth.com/Brain-Waves.html

The Four Brain States. Retrieved September 6, 2015 from
http://www.toolsforwellness.com/brainstates.html

The Three Body States. Retrieved September 6, 2015 from
http://public.thinkmoreraw.com/3-body-cycles

Mar 16

Paraconclusion

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

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There have been many recent topics regarding what constitutes beneficial evidence in support of paranormal events. With scientific method in mind, I would like to start this discussion around three terms; cause & effect, correlation, and conjecture. I will provide examples of each and hopefully generate interest in how this applies to paranormal investigation.

Definitions:

Cause & Effect – a direct and verifiable relationship between two things; one causes the other.

Correlation – an apparent relationship between two things; one appears to cause the other.

Conjecture – a guess, most likely biased by culture and personal experience.

scdCAUSE & EFFECT:
This is where science gives us answer. Maybe not the only answers but, answers the paranormal community needs to acknowledge to be taken seriously. Cause & Effect is where meaningful conclusions come from verifiable data. These conclusions are proven through repeated experimentation within a given situation and present us with likely cause whenever we experience the same effect/result. However, we need to remain aware that these conclusions may not apply to all situations.

1. Specific particles, lighting, and camera position can result in “orbs”.

2. The omnipresence of radio frequencies can result in EVP.

3. Hair, straps, clothing, or moving particles can result in streaks in photos.

4. The omnipresence of EM Spectrum signals can cause unexpected EMF readings.

 

Screenshot_5CORRELATION:
This is where some science starts. Correlation may point our research in a good direction but, it can be too broad and completely misleading. Correlation should not be used to support a conclusion. Be aware of people who have carefully chosen specific correlations to support a deceptive agenda. There may be extensive verifiable data in support of each aspect of a correlation but, there may not be a verifiable Cause & Effect between the two. If the scope of the correlation is narrow enough we may be able to take the leap to Cause & Effect.

1. I took a picture at a haunted location; there are “orbs” in the picture.

2. Some EVP seem like direct answers to specific questions.

3. The area history suggests satanic cult activity; I took this picture with the streak in it.

4. I noticed this EMF reading when I heard the noise.

Screenshot_6CONJECTURE:
There is no verifiable data here. Some science concepts may start here but, without verifiable data, there is no progress to mature the concept into something more. This is often where bias, driven by culture and personal experience, keeps our emotions tied to ideas we cannot otherwise support. From here we may be able to make the leap to Correlation but, we cannot find Cause & Effect.

1. “Orbs” are disembodied spirits.

2. EVP are the voices of the dead.

3. The bright streak in this photo is a demonic portal.

4. This EMF reading indicates spirit activity.

Mar 06

The Mel Meter

Todd Wayne Knipple

Todd Wayne Knipple

I was awakened to the reality of the paranormal at the age of 12 while at a friend’s home. What happened that one night back in 1983 kept me awake for three days. After that incident I was left with many questions. My determination to find answers to what had happened that night became an obsession that would lead me down a path into investigating the paranormal. I found myself consumed by these strange anomalies that were captured on video, audio and photographs, and the strange feelings and sensations I would have from walking into old buildings or a person’s home.
For nearly 30 years, I have dedicated myself to finding these answers by using a scientific approach to fully understand and bring explanations to those who seek help and who are experiencing themselves the same things I experienced some 30 years ago. I can say that out of all of the cases I have investigated over the years as a paranormal investigator, 99% can be explained as a product of environment. There is, however, that 1% that can only be considered Beyond The Grave.
Todd Wayne Knipple

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Tonight I would like to talk a little bit about The Mel Meter.MelMeter

Many people have asked me about Electromagnetic Field (EMF) detectors and how do they work and which ones are the best ones to use for paranormal investigating.

Like most things you really need to use as many meters as you can and make a determination as to which one you personally prefer. In our group we have a nice variety of meters to choose from, KII, Cell sensor, Trifield natural, digital, ELF zone, Osun and the Mel-8704. Since there is only one of these that was designed for paranormal investigation that is the one we will talk about, and that is the Mel-8704.

I recently had an email exchange with Gary from Professional Measurement. He was gracious enough to answer a few questions on the Mel meter and here is what we discussed:

Currently there are 10 different models of the Mel-8704, 5 have a green display and 5 have the red display. There are also differences as to what each can do, we will discuss some of the most popular features here.

Q – The Mel meter is listed as a 2 axis meter, what does this mean and what does it measure?

A – The Mel-8704-2X Utilizes to independent coils for formation of the dual axis circuit. One circuit is calibrated to cover 30Hz -300Hz (ELF) range and the other goes down to 20Hz. The purpose of this is to try and identify if a “Spirit” can manipulate and communicate easier using the lower 20 Hz (ULF) range. It’s just a concept that I came up with to try and prove if “Spirit” vibration can be more easily discerned at other range. The cool part is that both can be used simultaneously and a cross comparison can be made by the observer / Investigator.

Q – What is the effective range of the Mel meter?

A – As with all EMF meters, the Mel meter detection distance depends on the location and strength of the radiation source.

Q – The meters description mentions a “Burst” mode, what is that?

A – The Burst/FAST mode has always been a part of the Mel features. Basically, we just “escape” out of the temperature measurement mode and then allocate 100% of the microprocessors scan time to update the EMF readings. I always tell investigators to use the meter in this mode. Then, if they feel a temp change, switch over to the dual readout mode….it’s easy to do and only takes 3 seconds to do. The display update in the Burst/FAST mode which is around 10X/second is excellent for sweeping a room to uncover EMF sources or for detecting a fast EMF spike or dynamic change while using the Mel record mode.

Q – What is the effective range on the thermal mode?

A – The Mel uses a precision “K” type of thermocouple probe. The bead reads Ambient (air temp) temperature only. As such, it can only sense a temperature change that comes in contact with the beaded tip part of the probe.

Q – The newest meter has a vibration and touch detection capabilities. It is said in your documentation that this is accomplished via an accelerometer. Is this device a single axis of, 2 or 3 axes? Also, does this device utilize a piezoelectric electric effect (microscopic crystal structure) or capacitance?

A – The Mel-8704R-Vibe utilizes a Crystal based piezo accelerometer. We can calibrate this device to detect very, very small vibrations.

One of the newer models is a combination Mel meter and KII with an audible alarm. I have one but it is sensitive. I use it without the K2 on.

For more information on the Mel meters visit the Professional Measurement website listed under the equipment links on the Left.

http://professionalmeasurement.com/

Feb 16

Dr. John E. Mack – A Positive Perspective on Inter-Species Communication

Lillee Allee

Lillee Allee

Representative at National Paranormal Society
Lillee Allee has studied religion, spirituality and paranormal investigation for over 40 years. She is the widow of John D. Allee, an internationally known dark magician. She continues to consult in paranormal investigation. Her specialties include: Marian and cultural spiritual phenomena/apparitions, spiritual support to teams and clients who want spiritual counseling after investigation, evp work and old school audio, the accuracy and research of past life regression and seance, and spiritual protection. Lillee was also one of the first to incorporate trained canines into paranormal investigations. She hosts a radio program on the para-x.com network, Happy Mediums, with Debra Ann Freeman, who also consults with paranormal investigative teams in Southern New England. Lillee is a published author and journalist, and legal clergy with degrees in psychology and mass communication. Lillee walks on the middle path sees learning as a life-long endeavor and is looking to make a difference and contribution to this field before she too will be heard on someone’s EVP. Lillee is always available to educate and consult and continues to enjoy guesting on other’s radio and television programs.
Lillee Allee

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jm

Dr. John E. Mack graduated from Oberlin College and Harvard Medical School. A rather traditional practitioner in the beginning of his career, Mack was a graduate of Boston analytical society and received his certifications in psychoanalysis for adults and children. One of his main interested was how one uses cognitive skills to create their Weltanschauug. One’s worldview is a combination of ethics, beliefs and philosophies which lead to particular behaviors or actions. These orientations added to his interest in dreams and teen suicide. He was awarded a Pulitzer prize for his biography of British officer T.E. Lawrence, known commonly as Lawrence of Arabia.

His curiosity was piqued by the psychological implications of the Cold War that led him to interview a variety of politicians. He was an active member of Physicians for Social Responsibility.

While a noted and highly respected psychiatrist and writer, his work took a rather unexpected turn. Many were shocked that a renowned Harvard psychiatrist would move into alien abduction research, but he did. Most likely, John E Mack will best be remembered as a ground-breaking researcher in the field of alien abduction. His first studies centered around a theory that this phenomena may be related to mental illness. He retained an interest in people’s idea of connectedness to others, and studied visionary experiences and spiritual quests.

The interest in Mack’s theories continues to be strong. His original book on aliens, Abduction, was recently released for Kindle and in trade paperback, with a new edition and format, based on Mack’s personal preferences. The significance of this book is found in its hypothesis that both species could benefit from such interaction, and detracted from the then-more popular view of humans being victims of a more intelligent or advanced species. While Abduction is based mainly on interviews and the idea of connections between cultures, Passport to Cosmos deals more with the philosophy and psychology behind such experiences.

A film version of his life is currently being developed by Makemagic Productions with one of Rob14619_886204754743631_424831510683728602_nert Redford’s companies. Mack died at the age of 74 in 2004. William Shatner, in May 2014, stated to Larry King that he is writing a novel based on Dr. Mack’s work with the abduction phenomena.

The John E. Mack Institute’s (JEMI) mission is “to explore the frontiers of human experience, to serve the transformation of individual consciousness, and to further the evolution of the paradigms by which we understand human identity.” The organization, named in recognition of “John E. Mack, M.D. (1929-2004), Pulitzer prize-winning author and psychiatry professor at the Harvard Medical School, has the goal of continuing to honor his courageous examination of human experience and the ways in which perceptions and beliefs about reality shape the global condition.”

The Written Works of John E. Mack, MD

As author:

*Passport to the Cosmos: Human Transformation and Alien Encounters (1999)

*Abduction: Human Encounters with Aliens (1994)

*A Prince of Our Disorder: The Life of T.E. Lawrence (1976)

*Nightmares and Human Conflict (1970)

As collaborator:

*The Alchemy of Survival: One Woman’s Journey (1988)

*Vivienne: The Life and Suicide of an Adolescent School Girl (1977)

As editor:

*Mind Before Matter: Vision of a New Science of Consciousness (2007; replaced by Paul Devereux)

*Alien Discussions: Proceedings of the Abduction Study Conference Held at M.I.T. Cambridge, MA (1995)

*Human Feelings: Explorations in Affect Development and Meaning (1993)

*Development and Sustenance of Self-Esteem in Childhood (1984)

*Borderline States in Psychiatry – Seminars in Psychiatry (1975)

Unpublished:

*When Worldviews Collide: A Paradigmatic Passion Play, a manuscript about the Harvard inquiry, was largely complete at the time of his death and is in-development as a motion picture, according to The John Mack Project: A True Story”. MakeMagic Productions. 2011.

* *Elisabeth and Mark Before and After Death: The Power of a Field of Love, the story of Dr. Elisabeth Targ, outline and interview transcripts only. (Blumenthal, Ralph (May 9, 2013). “Alien Nation”. Vanity Fair.)

Foreword:

*Paths Beyond Ego: The Transpersonal Vision (1993). *The PK Man: A True Story of Mind Over Matter (2000) by Jeffrey Mishlove *Secret Life (1992) by David M. Jacobs.

Chapter contribution:

*The Long Darkness: Psychological and Moral Perspectives on Nuclear Winter (1986)

*The Psychology of Terrorism Vol. 1: A Public Understanding (2002), *The Psychospiritual Clinician’s Handbook (2005).

Sources for this article include: Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_E._Mack. Retrieved February 13, 2015. John E Mack Institute, http://johnemackinstitute.org. Retrieved February 14, 2015. MakeMagic Productions, http://makemagicproductions.com. Retrieved February 14, 2015

Images from google search. Retrieved February 15, 2015.

Feb 09

Stanton T. Friedman

Bethany Schelling

Bethany Schelling

Assistant Director - Div 6 at National Paranormal Society
Hey everyone. My name is Bethany Schelling. I'm a mother of a beautiful 10 year old daughter. I'm a bartender/waitress and studying cosmetology. I love in a small town in Amish country. A far cry from the Philadelphia, I know. I have been interested in the paranormal since I was a kid. I've always asked a ton of questions and never really got answers that made sense. After having a few unexplained experiences myself, I started looking for serious answers. Belief isn't enough for me. I want evidence that can stand for itself. I come from a logical point of view and believe science is going to help answer the questions we have. I want to continue to learn and help anyway I can.
Bethany Schelling

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Screenshot_6Many know Stanton Friedman for his work regarding the Roswell incident in 1947. But he is much more than your average UFO seeker.

Born on June, 29, 1934 in Elizabeth, New Jersey, Friedman went on to earn a Bachelor in Science at the University of Chicago in 1955 and a Master in Science degree in nuclear physics in 1956. He was employed for 14 years as a nuclear physicist for many different companies including, General Electric, Aerojet General Nucleonics, General Motors and McDonnell Douglas where he worked on advanced classified programs on nuclear aircraft, fission and fusion rockets and compact nuclear power plants for space applications.

He became interested in UFO’s in 1958 and in 1970, left his position as a nuclear physicist to pursue the scientific investigations of these unidentified flying objects. He has since given lectures to over 600 colleges and over 100 professional groups all over the world.

Stanton Friedman is known as the first civilian to investigate the Roswell incident and one of the first to interview many key witnesses that were involved. Friedman supports the hypothesis that it was indeed a crash from something not of this world. He is well known for his stand with debunkers of UFO’s and the Roswell Incident in particular. He has shared many times his four basic rules of UFO debunkery:

1. What the public doesn’t know, we won’t tell them
2. Don’t bother us with the facts, out minds are made up
3. If we can’t attack the data, we’ll attack the person, it’s easier
4. Do ones research by proclamation not investigation, it’s easier and people don’t know the difference

Friedman is a methodical researcher, a steadfast debater, an investigator, a scholar and a scientist. Indeed, it was his constant digging into the case that brought the widespread attention to Roswell.

His main lecture “ Flying Saucers Are Real”, has been given all across the world. The evidence is overwhelming, he says, that the planet is being visited by extraterrestrials, and that the government is covering it up. A piece of evidence he often cites is the 1964 star map drawn by alleged alien abductee, Betty Hill, during a hypnosis session. Astronomer Marjorie Fish constructed a three dimensional map of a nearby sun-like stars and claimed a good match from the perspective of Zeta Reticulli, about 39 light years away. Friedman defends the validity of this match and believes it to be authentic.

He has been on countless TV series such as Unsolved Mysteries, History Channel documentaries, network interviews on Nightine and CBS Sunday Morning and Larry King. He has written a number of articles and a few books such as, Science Was Wrong and Flying Saucers and Science.

Most people believe in aliens. Though they may not share that with everyone, a CNN poll showed 80 percent of Americans believed the government was hiding information about UFOs and 64 percent believe we have been contacted by extraterrestrials. Some may call Friedman crazy or obsessed but he has spent his life trying to solve one of our biggest mysteries using scientific investigation methods. And he continues to search for the truth and more importantly the proof that we are not alone.

“Just because you can’t see it, doesn’t mean it’s not there, which is and important lesson to learn as a researcher”
Stanton T. Friedman

Jan 22

Orbs and Aerodynamics

Candy

Candy

Executive Director at National Paranormal Society
I have had numerous experiences in my life that have tied me to thisplane of existence and others. I came to the paranormal field,compelled by curiosity and the need for knowledge. On a very personal level, I understand my connection to this earth. However, I look toscience for clarification, standards of methodology. The mysteries that surround us provide a plethora of opportunities I believe that my professional background and my spiritual experiencescomplement each other, allowing me to bring my strength andperspective to the NPS.
Candy

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flfl2fl3

With the bazillion discussions we have about Orbs…. I think it is prudent that we have a basic understanding of Aerodynamics. The reason I am bringing this to the table is so that we can collectively explore the possible flight pattern of environmental contaminants. Many people start off saying, my home is not dusty or dirty. Fair enough. But, unless you have magically or medically managed to hermetically seal your home… Stuff is floating through the air.

So, lets focus on the flight patterns of this ‘stuff’.

Every action has an equal and opposite reaction. Imagine yourself running your finger through a sill body of water. Even the slightest touch creates visible results. Not, just imagine the results that are not visible to the naked eye; undercurrents from the bottom of the water, vibrations originating from the Earth itself, and countless other factors that cause even the most minute disturbances.

Lets apply this to air. Air is much like water in the fact that it moves around fixed objects. If you think about it, air is invisible dry water in a sense. Ebbing and flowing from the atmosphere, the lowest valleys, in hospitals and yes… In our own homes, in constant and never ending motion.

How can we come together to learn to create a distinction between debris and possible orbs?

Useful information about aerodynamics!

Dec 01

Alexander Graham Bell

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

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AbellAlexander Graham Bell

Educator, Linguist, Inventor, Scientist

B: March 3, 1847 – Scotland

D: August 2, 1922 – Canada

Alexander Graham Bell is mostly known for the invention of the telephone. Though this gained him fame and considerable wealth, it was not from the efforts of his passion. There are some urban legend stories regarding Bell personally experiencing “disembodied voices” from his invention but, the limited research for this article found nothing verifiable. These stories likely originate from early voice transmissions often being difficult to discern and understand.

Alexander’s passion was helping and teaching the deaf community. This was the family business and in spite his other ventures, Alexander always considered himself to be a teacher of the deaf. He was mostly home schooled by his mother who was deaf and also an accomplished musician. She had significant influence on his life by inspiring his curiosity.

At the age of 12, while playing at a grain mill, Alexander conceived his first invention in a faster method to remove wheat husks.

At age 16 he took a position teaching elocution (speaking in a manner that allowed the deaf to more easily read lips) and music at an academy in Scotland. After one term, he returned to the family business to help teach his father’s methods of “lip reading” to the deaf community. After several more years alternating between teaching on his own and helping his father, the family moved to Boston, Massachusetts in 1871.

In 1872 Alexander, now in his mid-20s, ventured out on his own tutoring deaf children in Boston. Gardiner Hubbard, the father of one of his students had been seeking to improve telegraph technology. Alexander, shared his ideas with Gardiner. Intrigued by Alexander’s ideas, Gardiner convinced another student’s father to help finance development of the technology. As Alexander worked on telegraph improvements, he became distracted by the idea of transmitting voice by wire. Gardiner hired Thomas Watson in an effort to help focus Alexander on the telegraph. Thomas also became distracted with the idea of voice transmission. In March of 1876, legend suggests Alexander was speaking to Thomas when, due to circumstance and without direct intent, Thomas heard Alexander’s voice from the wired device.

The Bell Telephone Company came into existence in 1877. Alexander assigned others to run the company and continued his efforts to develop his ideas and to work with the deaf community. Alexander is credited with involvement in the invention of many things including the iron lung, metal detector, the audiometer (for testing hearing), and Thomas Edison’s phonograph.

References:

Alexander Graham Bell. (2014). The Biography.com website. Retrieved Nov 29, 2014, from http://www.biography.com/people/alexander-graham-bell-9205497.

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