Tag Archive: science

Feb 16

Dr. John E. Mack – A Positive Perspective on Inter-Species Communication

Lillee Allee

Lillee Allee

Representative at National Paranormal Society
Lillee Allee has studied religion, spirituality and paranormal investigation for over 40 years. She is the widow of John D. Allee, an internationally known dark magician. She continues to consult in paranormal investigation. Her specialties include: Marian and cultural spiritual phenomena/apparitions, spiritual support to teams and clients who want spiritual counseling after investigation, evp work and old school audio, the accuracy and research of past life regression and seance, and spiritual protection. Lillee was also one of the first to incorporate trained canines into paranormal investigations. She hosts a radio program on the para-x.com network, Happy Mediums, with Debra Ann Freeman, who also consults with paranormal investigative teams in Southern New England. Lillee is a published author and journalist, and legal clergy with degrees in psychology and mass communication. Lillee walks on the middle path sees learning as a life-long endeavor and is looking to make a difference and contribution to this field before she too will be heard on someone’s EVP. Lillee is always available to educate and consult and continues to enjoy guesting on other’s radio and television programs.
Lillee Allee

Latest posts by Lillee Allee (see all)

jm

Dr. John E. Mack graduated from Oberlin College and Harvard Medical School. A rather traditional practitioner in the beginning of his career, Mack was a graduate of Boston analytical society and received his certifications in psychoanalysis for adults and children. One of his main interested was how one uses cognitive skills to create their Weltanschauug. One’s worldview is a combination of ethics, beliefs and philosophies which lead to particular behaviors or actions. These orientations added to his interest in dreams and teen suicide. He was awarded a Pulitzer prize for his biography of British officer T.E. Lawrence, known commonly as Lawrence of Arabia.

His curiosity was piqued by the psychological implications of the Cold War that led him to interview a variety of politicians. He was an active member of Physicians for Social Responsibility.

While a noted and highly respected psychiatrist and writer, his work took a rather unexpected turn. Many were shocked that a renowned Harvard psychiatrist would move into alien abduction research, but he did. Most likely, John E Mack will best be remembered as a ground-breaking researcher in the field of alien abduction. His first studies centered around a theory that this phenomena may be related to mental illness. He retained an interest in people’s idea of connectedness to others, and studied visionary experiences and spiritual quests.

The interest in Mack’s theories continues to be strong. His original book on aliens, Abduction, was recently released for Kindle and in trade paperback, with a new edition and format, based on Mack’s personal preferences. The significance of this book is found in its hypothesis that both species could benefit from such interaction, and detracted from the then-more popular view of humans being victims of a more intelligent or advanced species. While Abduction is based mainly on interviews and the idea of connections between cultures, Passport to Cosmos deals more with the philosophy and psychology behind such experiences.

A film version of his life is currently being developed by Makemagic Productions with one of Rob14619_886204754743631_424831510683728602_nert Redford’s companies. Mack died at the age of 74 in 2004. William Shatner, in May 2014, stated to Larry King that he is writing a novel based on Dr. Mack’s work with the abduction phenomena.

The John E. Mack Institute’s (JEMI) mission is “to explore the frontiers of human experience, to serve the transformation of individual consciousness, and to further the evolution of the paradigms by which we understand human identity.” The organization, named in recognition of “John E. Mack, M.D. (1929-2004), Pulitzer prize-winning author and psychiatry professor at the Harvard Medical School, has the goal of continuing to honor his courageous examination of human experience and the ways in which perceptions and beliefs about reality shape the global condition.”

The Written Works of John E. Mack, MD

As author:

*Passport to the Cosmos: Human Transformation and Alien Encounters (1999)

*Abduction: Human Encounters with Aliens (1994)

*A Prince of Our Disorder: The Life of T.E. Lawrence (1976)

*Nightmares and Human Conflict (1970)

As collaborator:

*The Alchemy of Survival: One Woman’s Journey (1988)

*Vivienne: The Life and Suicide of an Adolescent School Girl (1977)

As editor:

*Mind Before Matter: Vision of a New Science of Consciousness (2007; replaced by Paul Devereux)

*Alien Discussions: Proceedings of the Abduction Study Conference Held at M.I.T. Cambridge, MA (1995)

*Human Feelings: Explorations in Affect Development and Meaning (1993)

*Development and Sustenance of Self-Esteem in Childhood (1984)

*Borderline States in Psychiatry – Seminars in Psychiatry (1975)

Unpublished:

*When Worldviews Collide: A Paradigmatic Passion Play, a manuscript about the Harvard inquiry, was largely complete at the time of his death and is in-development as a motion picture, according to The John Mack Project: A True Story”. MakeMagic Productions. 2011.

* *Elisabeth and Mark Before and After Death: The Power of a Field of Love, the story of Dr. Elisabeth Targ, outline and interview transcripts only. (Blumenthal, Ralph (May 9, 2013). “Alien Nation”. Vanity Fair.)

Foreword:

*Paths Beyond Ego: The Transpersonal Vision (1993). *The PK Man: A True Story of Mind Over Matter (2000) by Jeffrey Mishlove *Secret Life (1992) by David M. Jacobs.

Chapter contribution:

*The Long Darkness: Psychological and Moral Perspectives on Nuclear Winter (1986)

*The Psychology of Terrorism Vol. 1: A Public Understanding (2002), *The Psychospiritual Clinician’s Handbook (2005).

Sources for this article include: Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_E._Mack. Retrieved February 13, 2015. John E Mack Institute, http://johnemackinstitute.org. Retrieved February 14, 2015. MakeMagic Productions, http://makemagicproductions.com. Retrieved February 14, 2015

Images from google search. Retrieved February 15, 2015.

Jan 22

Orbs and Aerodynamics

Candy

Candy

Executive Director at National Paranormal Society
I have had numerous experiences in my life that have tied me to thisplane of existence and others. I came to the paranormal field,compelled by curiosity and the need for knowledge. On a very personal level, I understand my connection to this earth. However, I look toscience for clarification, standards of methodology. The mysteries that surround us provide a plethora of opportunities I believe that my professional background and my spiritual experiencescomplement each other, allowing me to bring my strength andperspective to the NPS.
Candy

Latest posts by Candy (see all)

flfl2fl3

With the bazillion discussions we have about Orbs…. I think it is prudent that we have a basic understanding of Aerodynamics. The reason I am bringing this to the table is so that we can collectively explore the possible flight pattern of environmental contaminants. Many people start off saying, my home is not dusty or dirty. Fair enough. But, unless you have magically or medically managed to hermetically seal your home… Stuff is floating through the air.

So, lets focus on the flight patterns of this ‘stuff’.

Every action has an equal and opposite reaction. Imagine yourself running your finger through a sill body of water. Even the slightest touch creates visible results. Not, just imagine the results that are not visible to the naked eye; undercurrents from the bottom of the water, vibrations originating from the Earth itself, and countless other factors that cause even the most minute disturbances.

Lets apply this to air. Air is much like water in the fact that it moves around fixed objects. If you think about it, air is invisible dry water in a sense. Ebbing and flowing from the atmosphere, the lowest valleys, in hospitals and yes… In our own homes, in constant and never ending motion.

How can we come together to learn to create a distinction between debris and possible orbs?

Useful information about aerodynamics!

Dec 08

Carl Gustov Jung

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

td

Inventor, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Journalist

B: July 26, 1875– Switzerland

D: June 6, 1961 – Switzerland

Carl Gustav Jung developed a personality typology, based on the archetypes of introversion and extraversion, widely recognized in psychology to this day. Carl intended this typology as more of an internal view of how our ego deals with the world. Today we use it as more of an external view of how different typologies interact with one another. Most of Carl’s career was focused on understanding aspects of consciousness and dreams.

Though he initially studied medicine, Carl’s passion soon gained focus on spirituality and psychiatry.

He earned his medical degree in 1902; with the completion of his doctoral dissertation titled “On the Psychology and Pathology of So-Called Occult Phenomena”. He practiced psychiatry for several years at the University of Zurich. In 1906 he sent a compilation of some of his work to the highly respected Sigmund Freud. The two met in 1907 and began a close professional friendship. Though, after only 2 years, Carl became somewhat disillusioned with Sigmund’s focus on sex and pursued his own focus on the spiritual nature of dreams, philosophy, mythology and art. Carl’s approach being an analytical psychology rather than the psychodynamic approach of Sigmund and his followers.

This separation from Sigmund’s theories initially cost Carl a significant amount of credibility and professional relationships. Beginning in 1909, Carl pursued his own theories with intense focus on analysis of his personal experiences. He found parallels between the metaphors of his dreams and real world events; including World War I. He assigned and developed personalities for aspects of his dreams. These personalities are primary elements of theories he would eventually publish.

Carl’s theories are centered on the human psyche having three parts; the ego / personal consciousness, personal unconsciousness, and a collective unconsciousness. The ego being the present time consciousness and awareness. The personal unconsciousness being personal memories we are easily aware of as well as those that are suppressed. The collective unconsciousness being a collection of all human species knowledge that can come into play to guide us.

td2Though there are many archetypes within Carl’s theories, they are generally simplified into that of introversion and extraversion. Carl’s main goal seems to be personal realization in an effort to get a level of synchronicity between the three parts of the psyche. Modern psychology has made an effort to evolve this personal realization into a means for us to not only understand ourselves but, also to help us know how to interact with other people and our perception of the world around us.

References:

Carl Jung. (2006). Shippensburg University website. Retrieved Dec 07, 2014 from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/jung.html

Carl Jung Biography. (2014). About.com website. Retrieved Dec 07, 2014 from http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/jungprofile.htm

Dec 01

Alexander Graham Bell

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

AbellAlexander Graham Bell

Educator, Linguist, Inventor, Scientist

B: March 3, 1847 – Scotland

D: August 2, 1922 – Canada

Alexander Graham Bell is mostly known for the invention of the telephone. Though this gained him fame and considerable wealth, it was not from the efforts of his passion. There are some urban legend stories regarding Bell personally experiencing “disembodied voices” from his invention but, the limited research for this article found nothing verifiable. These stories likely originate from early voice transmissions often being difficult to discern and understand.

Alexander’s passion was helping and teaching the deaf community. This was the family business and in spite his other ventures, Alexander always considered himself to be a teacher of the deaf. He was mostly home schooled by his mother who was deaf and also an accomplished musician. She had significant influence on his life by inspiring his curiosity.

At the age of 12, while playing at a grain mill, Alexander conceived his first invention in a faster method to remove wheat husks.

At age 16 he took a position teaching elocution (speaking in a manner that allowed the deaf to more easily read lips) and music at an academy in Scotland. After one term, he returned to the family business to help teach his father’s methods of “lip reading” to the deaf community. After several more years alternating between teaching on his own and helping his father, the family moved to Boston, Massachusetts in 1871.

In 1872 Alexander, now in his mid-20s, ventured out on his own tutoring deaf children in Boston. Gardiner Hubbard, the father of one of his students had been seeking to improve telegraph technology. Alexander, shared his ideas with Gardiner. Intrigued by Alexander’s ideas, Gardiner convinced another student’s father to help finance development of the technology. As Alexander worked on telegraph improvements, he became distracted by the idea of transmitting voice by wire. Gardiner hired Thomas Watson in an effort to help focus Alexander on the telegraph. Thomas also became distracted with the idea of voice transmission. In March of 1876, legend suggests Alexander was speaking to Thomas when, due to circumstance and without direct intent, Thomas heard Alexander’s voice from the wired device.

The Bell Telephone Company came into existence in 1877. Alexander assigned others to run the company and continued his efforts to develop his ideas and to work with the deaf community. Alexander is credited with involvement in the invention of many things including the iron lung, metal detector, the audiometer (for testing hearing), and Thomas Edison’s phonograph.

References:

Alexander Graham Bell. (2014). The Biography.com website. Retrieved Nov 29, 2014, from http://www.biography.com/people/alexander-graham-bell-9205497.

Sep 06

An Introduction to Frequency

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

frequency-green-figure-rhythm

Most investigative effort in the paranormal field is focused on frequency. Whether via “full spectrum” photography, the latest EMF gadget, audio recorders, or DIY sensors and transmitters, the omnipresent trend is to find some paranormal signature within the electromagnetic spectrum. There seems to be, unfortunately, a general misunderstanding of what is being “sensed” with our equipment. As usual, I am not claiming to have to have the one and only correct perspective on this subject. Nor do I intend to provide complete answers and information. I am asking the reader to evaluate any information they are given by taking on a little research of their own.

Whether we see it, hear it, or even feel it, energy as we perceive it, is part of the same spectrum; from static fields to slow (long wave length) approaching zero cycles per second and up to what we can assume is an infinitely fast (short wave length). “Bandwidth” is a range of frequencies within this spectrum associated with a specific topic. We are most familiar with bandwidths such as visual, audio, radio, infrared, ultraviolet, etc.

Electromagnetic Spectrum as we understand it:

Frequency – Cycles per second / hertz (Hz)

Cycles per Second 10 ^ X Nomenclature example
0 to 999 10^0 Hz (hertz) Ultrasound, Audio, Brainwaves, household power
1,000 to 999,999 1*10^3 to 999.999*10^3 kHz (kilohertz) Audio, AM Radio
1,000,000 to 999,999,999 1*10^6 to 999.999…*10^6 MHz (megahertz) Shortwave Radio, Television, FM Radio
1,000,000,000 to 999,999,999,999 1*10^9 to 999.999…*10^9 GHz (gigahertz) Microwaves, Radar, Radio Telemetry
1,000,000,000,000 to 999,999,999,999,999 1*10^12 to 999.999…*10^12 THz (terahertz) Infrasound, Infrared, visible light
1,000,000,000,000,000 to 999,999,999,999,999,999 1*10^15 to 999.999…*10^15 PHz (petahertz) Ultraviolet, X-Ray
1,000,000,000,000,000,000 to 999,999,999,999,999,999,999 1*10^18 to 999.999…*10^18 EHz (exahertz) Gamma rays
ES1

graphic from: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/hframe.html

Static fields (those with essentially no measurable frequency) include; magnetics, batteries, and the potential charge that zaps our fingers when we reach for a door handle. An intriguing, yet seldom discussed, aspect of the EM Spectrum is brain waves; near 0 Hz up to about 60 Hz. Within this frequency range, we also find information covering the Schumann Resonance (frequencies associated with Earth’s magnetic field). I will not go into this sort of detail here but, I recommend anyone intrigued by paranormal events also look into frequencies of the brain and the Schumann Resonance. There are many different definitions but an introduction is shown below.

Brain Frequencies and Schumann Resonance Peaks

Frequency Bandwidth Brainwave Name Associated with: Schumman Peaks
>35 Hz Gamma Panic, Fear, Loss of Reasoning 39 Hz
24-35 Hz Beta 3 High Alert Activity, Flight or Fight 26 Hz & 33 Hz
15-24 Hz Beta 2 Active Consciousness, Sleeplessness 21 Hz
12-15 Hz Beta 1 Conscious but Relaxed Attention 14 Hz
7-12 Hz Alpha Relaxed, Eyes Closed, Pre & Post Sleep 7.8 Hz
4-7 Hz Theta Dreams, Deep Meditation, Hypnogogic, REM Sleep, and certain creative states
<4 Hz Delta Deep Sleep

At 50 and 60Hz we find the most common frequency for household power. 20 Hz up to 20,000 Hz (20 kHz) is the nominal frequency range for human hearing. Above 20 kHz we find defined bandwidths like radio, microwave, infrared, visual, ultraviolet, x-ray, gamma, etc…

The “man-made frequency” misnomer:

Nature vibrates, typically with a sinusoidal wave shape. The EM spectrum is not man-made, it is entirely comprised of natural frequencies. Man has found ways to utilize and manipulate certain frequencies into signals to enable technology. Our technology generally creates signal shapes other than sinusoidal and signal patterns intended to transfer information. There are no uniquely man-made frequencies, though signal patterns are often man-made. While determining the frequency of an EMF “spike” may ultimately be valuable in attempting to determine its origin, the frequency alone does not indicate a man-made origin.

Limitations of technology:

Perhaps one of the most important points here is to understand the capabilities of the technology used for paranormal investigation. Read and research the specifications of a particular piece of technology.

EMF meters detect/measure a very narrow range of frequencies. Most are designed to determine if consumer electronics and household wiring are emitting excessive fields that may disrupt the function of other devices or effect people physiologically. None are, nor can they be, designed to detect paranormal energy. Even custom DIY projects are limited to a narrow bandwidth. Lower frequencies require larger sensors; the simplest of which may be comprised of several miles of wire. Search “antenna theory” for more information.

A “full spectrum” camera is not capturing a full spectrum image and the associated LED illuminators often utilized are further limiting what the camera might potentially capture. With respect to the visual bandwidth, standard cameras are already “full spectrum”. The specifications of the sensor in the camera will indicate sensitivity to frequencies beyond that of human vision. Filters are added to the light path in the camera to block infrared and ultraviolet along with software interpretation of the data from the sensor to result in an image our eyes and brains recognize. What is marketed as “full spectrum” simply has the IR and UV filters removed. This allows a wider bandwidth of frequencies to reach the camera sensor. The software interpreting the data is not adapted to the IR and UV data so the resulting image is already subject to produce a false interpretation. Increasing the discrepancy, we tend to use LED illuminators. LEDs emit a very specific frequency. If whatever we are trying to enhance is at a different frequency, the LED illuminator may be washing out the image preventing capture of the desired image. Also, without understanding the specifications of the camera sensor, the illuminator we choose may not emit a frequency the camera can sense properly regardless of the intensity of the LEDs. Be sure to understand the light wavelength/frequency the given camera and illuminator are designed for. There are alternate non-LED illuminators but these come with heat/fire risks from IR lamps and potential eye and skin damage from UV lamps. True IR and UV image systems are also available but come at significant cost.

Audio recorders tend to come in two varieties; one for simple voice dictation and the other for music. The audio bandwidth they will record can be significantly different. Those designed for the human voice may have a narrow bandwidth as part of the effort to eliminate “noise” from the recording. Even the headphones and speakers used to review audio will change what may be overlooked. Be sure to understand the audio bandwidth a given set of headphones or speakers can reproduce accurately. If the bandwidth is unknown or narrower than 20 Hz to 20 kHz, valuable “audio” information may be lost.

 

A few typical specifications; research your equipment to understand its limitations.

Typical unfiltered camera sensor sensitivity: 303 THz to 999 THz

Typical Infrared LED emission: 316 THz to 353 THz

Typical Ultraviolet LED emission: 749 THz to 821 THz

Typical low cost microphone dynamic range: 60 Hz to 12 kHz

Typical low cost headphone dynamic range: 60 Hz to 16 kHz

Typical low cost voice recorder: 100 Hz to 10 kHz (usually dependent on optional settings)

 

Additional info, Aspects of physiology:

human – vision: 400 to 790 THz, hearing: 20 Hz to 20 kHz

canine – vision: 484 to 697 THz, hearing: 60 Hz to 45 kHz

feline – vision: 500 to 700 THz, hearing: 20 Hz to 64 kHz

This does not mean humans and their common pets see colors in the same manner.   Studies suggest what humans see as red, orange, and yellow may be more blue or gray to many animals. Additionally, many animals have an extra structure in their eyes allowing them a level of “night vision”.

An important aspect, not to be detailed here, is temporal resolution. Temporal resolution is a measurement of at what rate a series of images appears to be continuous motion. Television images flicker at about 60Hz allowing us to perceive the sequence of images as continuous motion. Dogs and cats have higher temporal resolution, meaning they do not see continuous motion on the television screen but can see a series of images.

As far as hearing goes, dogs hear higher frequencies than human and cats can hear even higher frequencies. There are many aspects of perceptual differences between species. Since this is beyond the intent of this discussion, I suggest the reader research these details further. When your cat or dog stares off into a direction where there is nothing to see, it is likely they are listening to a frequency we cannot hear rather than actually looking at something.

With all species, there is a tendency for our visual and audio senses to weaken with age or other damage. Many frequencies can damage the structures of our body as well cause significant changes in how our brain functions.

Search the internet for additional images showing the electromagnetic spectrum. Such as: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/ems1.html

Much of the information will be formatted as wavelength and/or energy. This link is for a conversion calculator for wavelength/frequency/energy: http://www.cactus2000.de/uk/unit/masswav.shtml

Jan 08

Stephen William Hawking

Katie Snow

Katie Snow

Chair: Aliens & UFO's at Dead Ringer Paranormal
My name is Kathy Snow however in the Paranormal world I am simply known as katie! My team and I take the paranormal field very seriously and have been up and down the eastern seaboard investigating known and unknown locations. My team consists of all family members giving us the opportunity to work well together with no drama. I am a national as well as internationally published paranormal writer. Our evidence has been shown on My ghost story caught on camera and we work hard within our community to bring awareness and understanding to the field. There are four ordained ministers on the team. After 16 years in the field we no longer do in house investigations as we are out trying to find unknown haunted locations and we consult on cases other teams may have questions on. After founding 3 teams, we have recently relocated and our new team name is Dead Ringer Paranormal. We are proud of the work we do and try to show the community it is a scientific field of study and a lot of work goes into what we all do. We are an old world team meaning we investigate with just what we need, we do not hook up wires and tons of equipment, we believe in studying the paranormal in traditional proven ways. I am excited and proud to have been asked to be a rep for NPS..
Katie Snow

Latest posts by Katie Snow (see all)

shawking

Stephen William Hawking a former Lucasian Professor of mathematics and author of “A Brief History In Time” who is currently the Director of Mathematics and Theoretical Physics and Founder of the for Theoretical Cosomology Dept. for the University Of Cambridge was born on the 8th of Jan 1942. Wanting to study Mathematics his father would have preferred his son to study medicine. Since Mathematics was not available in the University College he pursued the study of Physics and after three years was awarded an honors degree in the Natural Sciences.

Stepehen then went on to the University of Cambridge to pursue Cosomology however there were again no one working in that field so he studied under Denis Sciama and gained his Ph.D. and moved on to the Institute of Astronomy and leaving in 1973.Stephen then came back to Cambridge where he returned to Mathematics and Theoretical Physics and began holding the Lucasian titleshortly thereafter.

The Title of Lucisian Professor was created and founded in 1663 with funds left in the will of the Reverend Henry Lucas who was an important member of Parliament for the University. The title had been held by famous by names of distinction such as Isaac Barrow as wellas Iaasc Newton.

Stephen Hawking has worked on the basic laws which govern the universe. With Roger Penrose he showed that Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity implied space and time would have a beginning in the Big Bang and an end in black holes. These results indicated that it wasnecessary to unify General Relativity with Quantum Theory, the other great Scientific development of the first half of the 20th Century.One consequence of such a unification that he discovered was that black holes should not be completely black, but rather should emit
radiation and eventually evaporate and disappear. Another conjecture is that the universe has no edge or boundary in imaginary time. Thiswould imply that the way the universe began was completely determined by the laws of science.

shawking2His many publications include The Large Scale Structure of Spacetime with G F R Ellis, General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey, with W Israel, and 300 Years of Gravity, with W Israel. Among the popular books Stephen Hawking has published are his best seller A Brief History of Time, Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays, The Universe in a Nutshell, The Grand Design and My Brief History.

Professor Hawking has twelve honorary degrees. He was awarded the CBE in 1982, and was made a Companion of Honor in 1989. He is the recipient of many awards, medals and prizes, is a Fellow of The Royal Society and a Member of the US National Academy of Sciences.

Stephen was diagnosed with ALS, a form of Motor Neurone Disease, shortly after his 21st birthday. In spite of being wheelchair bound and dependent on a computerized voice system for communication Stephen Hawking continues to combine family life (he has three children and threegrandchildren), and his research into theoretical physics together with an extensive program of travel and public lectures. He still hopes to make it into space one day.

Source
shawking.org.uk

Jan 07

Harry Houdini

Screenshot_7

Born Erich Weisz on March 24, 1874, in Budapest, Hungary, young Harry Houdini moved with his family to Appleton, Wisconsin, where he later claimed he was born. Fascinated with magic, he began performing and drew attention for his daring feats of escape. In 1893, he married Wilhelmina Rahner, who became his onstage partner as well. Houdini continued performing escape acts until his death, on October 31, 1926, in Detroit, Michigan.

In 1899, Houdini’s act caught the attention of Martin Beck, an entertainment manager who soon got him booked at some of the best vaudeville venues in the country, followed by a tour of Europe. Houdini’s feats would involve the local police, who would strip search him, place him in shackles and lock him in their jails. The show was a huge sensation, and he soon became the highest-paid performer in American vaudeville.

Steve and Patricia Hanson related in a Los Angeles magazine article that Houdini became interested in “making contact with those who had gone beyond” after his mother’s death in 1913. His attempts in this area brought him into contact with writer Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859–1930), the creator of the Sherlock Holmes character. In 1908, as a publicity stunt, Houdini had written a letter to “Holmes,” asking for help in catching crooks who were stealing his tricks. By 1920 the two men had formed a friendship based on their talent and their grief—just as Houdini had lost his beloved mother, Doyle had lost his son, Kingsley, who had been killed in World

War I (1914–18; a war in which Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Japan fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, and the United States). Each man sought ways to make contact with the spirit world.

After a while the friendship began to weaken. Houdini was not as strong a believer as Doyle. Part of Houdini’s career was devoted to exposing fakes who pretended to be able to contact spirits. As the Hansons noted in Los Angeles, Houdini felt that Doyle was too blinded by grief to see clearly, and Doyle thought that Houdini was not open-minded enough and was too anxious to expose fraud. The two men’s friendship ended.

Houdini continued his act in the United States in the early 1900s, constantly upping the ante from handcuffs and uewb_05_img0356straightjackets to locked, water-filled tanks and nailed packing crates. He was able to escape because of both his uncanny strength and his equally uncanny ability to pick locks. In 1912, his act reached its pinnacle, the Chinese Water Torture Cell, which would be the hallmark of his career. In it, Houdini was suspended by his feet and lowered upside-down in a locked glass cabinet filled with water, requiring him to hold his breath for more than three minutes to escape. The performance was so daring and such a crowd-pleaser that it remained in his act until his death in 1926.

Though there are mixed reports as to the cause of Henry Houdini’s death, it is certain that he suffered from acute appendicitis. Whether his demise was caused by a McGill University student who was testing his will by punching him in the stomach (with permission) or by poison from a band of angry Spiritualists is unknown. What is known is that he died of peritonitis from a ruptured appendix on October 31, 1926, at the age of 52, in Detroit, Michigan.

After his death, Houdini’s props and effects were used by his brother Theodore Hardeen, who eventually sold them to magician and collector Sidney H. Radner. Much of the collection could be see at the Houdini Museum in Appleton, Wisconsin, until Radner auctioned it off in 2004. Most of the prized pieces, including the Water Torture Cell, went to magician David Copperfield.
Sources.

World Biography. (n.d.). Retrieved January 7, 2015, from http://www.notablebiographies.com/Ho-Jo/Houdini-Harry.html

(n.d.). Retrieved January 7, 2015, from http://www.biography.com/people/harry-houdini-40056

 

 

Jan 07

Zecharia Sitchin

Sitchin

Zecharia Sitchin (July 11th 1920 – October 9th 2010) was born in Russia and raised in Palestine, where he acquired a knowledge of modern and ancient Hebrew, other Semitic and European languages, the Old Testament, and the history and archaeology of the Near East. Sitchin attended and graduated from the University of London, majoring in economic history.

A journalist and editor in Israel for many years, he now lives and writes in New York. His books have been widely translated, converted to Braille for the blind, and featured on radio and television. Sitchin claims that his research coincides with many biblical texts and that the biblical texts come originally from the Sumerian writings of their history.

He was an author of books promoting an explanation for human origins involving ancient astronauts. Sitchin attributes the creation of the ancient Sumerian culture to the Anunnaki, which he claims to be a race of extra-terrestrials from a planet beyond Neptune called Nibiru. He believed this hypothetical planet of Nibiru to be in an elongated, elliptical orbit in the Earth’s own Solar System, asserting that Sumerian mythology reflects this view.

Sitchin’s speculations have been ridiculed by professional scientists, historians, and archaeologists, who note many problems with his translations of ancient texts and categorize his work as pseudohistory and pseudoscience.
Similarly to earlier authors such as Immanuel Velikovsky and Erich von Daniken, Sitchin advocated theories in which extraterrestrial events supposedly played a significant role in ancient human history.

According to Sitchin’s interpretation of Mesopotamian iconography and symbology, outlined in his 1976 book The 12th Planet and its sequels, there is an undiscovered planet beyond Neptune which follows a long, elliptical orbit, reaching the inner solar system roughly every 3,600 years.

This planet is called Nibiru (although Jupiter was the planet associated with the god Marduk in Babylonian cosmology). According to Sitchin, Nibiru, (whose name was replaced with Marduk in original legends by the Babylonian ruler of the same name in an attempt to co-opt the creation for himself, leading to some confusion among readers) collided catastrophically with Tiamat (a goddess in the Babylonian creation myth the Enuma Elis), who he considers to be another planet located between Mars and Jupiter.

Zecharia-Sitchin-w-Olmec-Head-StatueThis collision supposedly formed the planet Earth, the asteroid belt, and the comets. Sitchin claims that when struck by one of planet Nibiru’s moons, Tiamat split in two, and then on a second pass Nibiru itself struck the broken fragments and one half of Tiamat became the asteroid belt. The second half, struck again by one of Nibiru’s moons, was pushed into a new orbit and became today’s planet Earth.

According to Sitchin, Nibiru (called “the twelfth planet” because, Sitchin claimed, the Sumerians’ gods-given conception of the Solar System counted all eight planets, plus Pluto, the Sun and the Moon) was the home of a technologically advanced human-like extraterrestrial race called the Anunnaki in Sumerian myth, who Sitchin states are called the Nephilim in Genesis. He claims they evolved after Nibiru entered the solar system and first arrived on Earth probably 450,000 years ago, looking for minerals, especially gold, which they found and mined in Africa. Sitchin states that these “gods” were the rank and file workers of the colonial expedition to Earth from planet Nibiru.

Screenshot_5Sitchin believes the Anunnaki genetically engineered Homo sapiens as slave creatures to work their gold mines by crossing extraterrestrial genes with those of Homo erectus. Sitchin claims ancient inscriptions report that human civilization in Sumer of Mesopotamia was set up under the guidance of these “gods”, and human kingship was inaugurated to provide intermediaries between mankind and the Anunnaki (creating the Divine right of kings doctrine).

Sitchin believes that fallout from nuclear weapons, used during a war between factions of the extraterrestrials, is the “evil wind” described in the Lament for Ur that destroyed Ur around 2000 BC. Sitchin claims the exact year is 2024 BC. Sitchin claims that his research coincides with many biblical texts, and that biblical texts come originally from Sumerian writing called Cuneiform.

Sources:
Zecharia Sitchin – Crystalinks. (n.d.). Retrieved January 7, 2015, from http://www.crystalinks.com/sitchin.html

Jan 05

Budd Hopkins

Katie Snow

Katie Snow

Chair: Aliens & UFO's at Dead Ringer Paranormal
My name is Kathy Snow however in the Paranormal world I am simply known as katie! My team and I take the paranormal field very seriously and have been up and down the eastern seaboard investigating known and unknown locations. My team consists of all family members giving us the opportunity to work well together with no drama. I am a national as well as internationally published paranormal writer. Our evidence has been shown on My ghost story caught on camera and we work hard within our community to bring awareness and understanding to the field. There are four ordained ministers on the team. After 16 years in the field we no longer do in house investigations as we are out trying to find unknown haunted locations and we consult on cases other teams may have questions on. After founding 3 teams, we have recently relocated and our new team name is Dead Ringer Paranormal. We are proud of the work we do and try to show the community it is a scientific field of study and a lot of work goes into what we all do. We are an old world team meaning we investigate with just what we need, we do not hook up wires and tons of equipment, we believe in studying the paranormal in traditional proven ways. I am excited and proud to have been asked to be a rep for NPS..
Katie Snow

Latest posts by Katie Snow (see all)

hopkins1

Born in 1951 Budd Hopkins was a Sculptor, Artist and a important figure in UFO Research. He was the founder of the Intruders Foundation, a nonprofit, scientific research and support organization and investigated over 700 cases of alien abduction as well as writing 3 prominent books on the subject. His books are considered he most influential series of books yet published on  the abduction phenomenon. These works, his Hopkins’ lectures, and his other presentations have been responsible for bringing a number of other noted researchers-David Jacobs, John Carpenter, Yvonne Smith, and John Mack, among others-into this extraordinary area of specialization. One of his most interesting investigations in which he wrote the book “Witnessed” The Linda Cortile Napolitano Story took six years to investigate and he was quoted as saying:

“Either it’s a hoax, with many people going to an awful lot of trouble and expense to set it up, or it actually happened. After six years of research we have more than 20 people who either were involved in it or were witnesses to it.”

hopkins2Budd Hopkins expierenced an UFO sighting himself in 1964 in Cape Cod Massachutes. It was during daylight hours and lasted about threeminutes. He was with two friends who also were witness. At first they thought it to be some sort of flattened balloon but obvious to them it could hover and move at great speeds. This was the beginning of his research into the realm of UFO and Alien Abductions andhe began to research heavily into other sightings. Before long others started writing to him and telling him of their expeirences.

Realizing abductions and sightings can be overwhelming, Mr Hopkins started his foundation. In 1992 a made-for-television film “Intruders”features fictionalized characters based on the works of Budd Hopkins and psychiatrist John E. Mack.

hopkins3Mr Hopkins passed away in Manhattan in August 2011 however his great strides in the UFO Research can never be forgotten.Because of his works and Foundation he has made great headway into this part of the Fringe Sciences.

Sources:
www.bibliotecapleyades.net/bb/hopkins
http://www.imdb.com
PBS.org

Dec 28

William James

NPSGraphic

The art of being wise is the art of knowing what to overlook. –William James

 

wjames2Best Known For:

• Pragmatism
• Functionalism
• James-Lange Theory of Emotion
• Often called the father of American psychology

Timeline of Events:

• Born January 11, 1842 in New York City.
• 1869 – Received M.D. from Harvard.
• 1875 – Began teaching psychology at Harvard.
• 1882 – Death of William’s father, Henry James Sr.
• 1890 – Published The Principles of Psychology.
• 1892 – Turned lab over to Hugo Munsterberg.
• 1897 – Published Will to Believe and Other Essays
• 1907 – Published Pragmatism and officially resigned from Harvard.
• Died August 26, 1910 at the age of 68.
The writings of psychologist and philosopher William James had a major impact on the way we look at the mind, the body and the world.
IN THESE GROUPS
• Famous Capricorns
• Famous People Born in New York
• Famous People Born in United States
• Famous People Born on January 11

Synopsis
William James was born in New York City on January 11, 1842, into an intellectual household; his father was a philosopher and his brother, Henry James, grew up to become a renowed novelist. After medical school, James focused on the human psyche, writing a masterwork on the subject, entitled The Principles of Psychology. He later became known for the literary piece The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy, which was published in 1897. James died on August 26, 1910, in Chocorua, New Hampshire.

As the family money began to dwindle, William realized he would need to support himself and switched to Harvard Medical School. Unhappy with medicine as well, he left on an expedition with naturalist Louis Agassiz, although the experience was not a happy one. “I was, body and soul, in a more indescribably hopeless, homeless and friendless state than I ever want to be in again,” he later wrote.

Suffering from health problems and severe depression, James spent the next two years in France and Germany. It was during this time that he studied with Hermann von Helmholtz and became increasingly interested in psychology.

After graduating from Harvard Medical School in 1869, James continued to sink into depression. After a period of inactivity, the president of Harvard offered James a position as an instructor. While he famously commented that “the first lecture on psychology I ever heard being the first I ever gave,” James accepted the job and went on to teach at Harvard for the next 35 years. James also founded one of the first psychology laboratories in the United States.

wjames1His classic textbook The Principles of Psychology (1890) was widely acclaimed, but some were critical of James’ personal, literary tone. “It is literature,” psychologist Wilhelm Wundt famously commented, “it is beautiful, but it is not psychology.” Two years later, James published a condensed version of the work titled Psychology: The Briefer Course. The two books were widely used by students of psychology and were known to most as “the James” and “the Jimmy” respectively.

William James – Theory:
• Pragmatism
James wrote considerably on the concept of pragmatism. According to pragmatism, the truth of an idea can never be proven. James proposed we instead focus on what he called the “cash value,” or usefulness, of an idea.

• Functionalism
James opposed the structuralist focus on introspection and breaking down mental events to the smallest elements. Instead, James focused on the wholeness of an event, taking into the impact of the environment on behavior.

• James-Lange Theory of Emotion
The James-Lange theory of emotion proposes that an event triggers a physiological reaction, which we then interpret. According to this theory, emotions are caused by our interpretations of these physiological reactions. Both James and the Danish physiologist Carl Lange independently proposed the theory.

William James – Theory:

• Pragmatism
James wrote considerably on the concept of pragmatism. According to pragmatism, the truth of an idea can never be proven. James proposed we instead focus on what he called the “cash value,” or usefulness, of an idea.

• Functionalism
James opposed the structuralist focus on introspection and breaking down mental events to the smallest elements. Instead, James focused on the wholeness of an event, taking into the impact of the environment on behavior.

• James-Lange Theory of Emotion
The James-Lange theory of emotion proposes that an event triggers a physiological reaction, which we then interpret. According to this theory, emotions are caused by our interpretations of these physiological reactions. Both James and the Danish physiologist Carl Lange independently proposed the theory.

Influence on Psychology
In addition to his own enormous influence, many of James’ students went on to have prosperous and influential career in psychology. Some of James’ students included Mary Whiton Calkins, Edward Thorndike, G. Stanley Hall and John Dewey.

Source(s)
Cherry, K. (n.d.). William James Biography. Retrieved December 28, 2014, from http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/jamesbio.htm
William James. (2014). The Biography.com website. Retrieved 04:02, Dec 28, 2014, from http://www.biography.com/people/william-james-9352726.

Dec 28

Scientific method – wrap up –

Aurthur Mclelland

Aurthur Mclelland

Alt Asst Director / Chair: Tech at Cheyenne Mountain Paranormal Investigations
I have always been questioning the paranormal since I was a kid. Having lived all across America and in several countries overseas, I have heard story after story of this place or that place being haunted, and my curiosity always got the better of me. Always looking and seeing things I could not explain, my eye opener was when I was twenty and seeing a full body apparition standing in front of me made me more curious of what actually happens to us when we pass on. I aim to find the truth of what is out there. When I am not finding the truth I am usually taking care of officer business or fencing in the SCA (Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc.). Aurthur is also President (for business only) Chase Manger, director of Cheyenne Mountain Paranormal Investigations, co-owner of Front Range Ghost Shop and also severs 16 years army and has been Medical Retired. Having been station in places like Iraq, Korea, Fort Hood TX, Aberdeen Maryland, Fort Irwin CA and Fort Riley KS just to name a few this hole time caring what ever equipment he could care doing investigation on his time off in all thous places trying to learn what he could and how to be a better investigator. always learning on how to do thing better.
Aurthur Mclelland

Latest posts by Aurthur Mclelland (see all)

NPSGraphic

So as you can see we need to work together on this in every way to do what we need to do. So we are no longer pseudo-science but a real science and have some doctors in the field later on in life. So just to sum up this is how it work.

  • Ask a Question
  • Do Background Research
  • Construct a Hypothesis
  • Test Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment
  • Analyze Your Data and Draw a Conclusion
  • Communicate Your Results

If we all can do this it would make all of us be more believable. No I have a theory that I know most of you don’t share but through the years and hearing about string theory they will find different dimensions than ones we know about and this might lead to us acutely proving the existence of ghost or other apparitions in one of these dimension which will lead to better technology and even better science so I think we can find are answers through string theory so watch it very closely as they make new discovery’s.

Dec 28

Scientific Method Reporting

Aurthur Mclelland

Aurthur Mclelland

Alt Asst Director / Chair: Tech at Cheyenne Mountain Paranormal Investigations
I have always been questioning the paranormal since I was a kid. Having lived all across America and in several countries overseas, I have heard story after story of this place or that place being haunted, and my curiosity always got the better of me. Always looking and seeing things I could not explain, my eye opener was when I was twenty and seeing a full body apparition standing in front of me made me more curious of what actually happens to us when we pass on. I aim to find the truth of what is out there. When I am not finding the truth I am usually taking care of officer business or fencing in the SCA (Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc.). Aurthur is also President (for business only) Chase Manger, director of Cheyenne Mountain Paranormal Investigations, co-owner of Front Range Ghost Shop and also severs 16 years army and has been Medical Retired. Having been station in places like Iraq, Korea, Fort Hood TX, Aberdeen Maryland, Fort Irwin CA and Fort Riley KS just to name a few this hole time caring what ever equipment he could care doing investigation on his time off in all thous places trying to learn what he could and how to be a better investigator. always learning on how to do thing better.
Aurthur Mclelland

Latest posts by Aurthur Mclelland (see all)

NPSGraphic

Now this is the hardest thing for any of us to do. Because no science journal will post anything from a pseudo-science so what we need to do as a community is star publishing are own. Until that day the best thing we can do is share are findings with each other. Like on NPS or other sites to share with other and to work form your findings and work from other testing there theory’s making the point that they are sound. Or you found a new way to test said theory. Or a new piece of equipment dose a better test and it is proven. As sound equipment but a better understating of how it works. Unfortunately none of us are doctors of the paranormal. But as work together on it we will all get a better understanding on what we are looking for. It will also get us closer to the Holy Grail we are all looking for.

So sharing the finding we are looking with are testing and research done on this the finding will get more real and we will get closer to the right answer even if it not what we are looking for. But coming to that realization of what is real and what is not real. Now faking findings or not fully testing your findings will lead to bad result even if it dis prove your Hypothesis it is still need to be reported someone might figure out what you did wrong or what you forgot to test. That is why we need to share all findings good or bad.

Here are some scientific journal to see how we need to report are findings until we find a better way. http://www.scientificamerican.com/ http://scientificjournals.org/ http://www.sciencedaily.com/ http://www.sciencemag.org/journals/

Dec 28

Scientific Method Documentation

Aurthur Mclelland

Aurthur Mclelland

Alt Asst Director / Chair: Tech at Cheyenne Mountain Paranormal Investigations
I have always been questioning the paranormal since I was a kid. Having lived all across America and in several countries overseas, I have heard story after story of this place or that place being haunted, and my curiosity always got the better of me. Always looking and seeing things I could not explain, my eye opener was when I was twenty and seeing a full body apparition standing in front of me made me more curious of what actually happens to us when we pass on. I aim to find the truth of what is out there. When I am not finding the truth I am usually taking care of officer business or fencing in the SCA (Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc.). Aurthur is also President (for business only) Chase Manger, director of Cheyenne Mountain Paranormal Investigations, co-owner of Front Range Ghost Shop and also severs 16 years army and has been Medical Retired. Having been station in places like Iraq, Korea, Fort Hood TX, Aberdeen Maryland, Fort Irwin CA and Fort Riley KS just to name a few this hole time caring what ever equipment he could care doing investigation on his time off in all thous places trying to learn what he could and how to be a better investigator. always learning on how to do thing better.
Aurthur Mclelland

Latest posts by Aurthur Mclelland (see all)

NPSGraphic

Know this is the hard one and I hope I explain it in simple form. Frist thing first working from your Hypothesis you need to create data charts to log everything down. With that in mind we have a tool everyone uses in the paranormal is a recorder so you can talk in it what you are seeing digital read outs and geranial observations to add to your paperwork later. Now let say you are trying to prove the showdowns you are seeing is actually a showdown how you document this will first thing is observer what you are seeing describe everything around you at the time. The humid, tempters, weather if outside like cloudy, rain and so forth. You also want to mark down time and date. Now you have started you paperwork.

You need to make categorizers for all of that on a spread sheet that you like and now how to use. Then when you get the same thing you do the same proses over and over again and seeing what differs if any from your previous results. That is correlating data. It is time consuming and very daunting but you will know if the tempters is at this temp and humidity is at this point I should see a showdown down that cave. Or nothing at all but doing the same thing over and over again. Document everything that is in your power.

I almost forgot moon phase get that down to and if it is visible or not. All that data will help in proving or disproving your hypothesis. It will also help us move to a real science not a pseudoscience. That all we need to do the more data we gather and share with each other the more we can get to the heart of it science wise anyway. And the more we all learn and it could even lead to better equipment that we know will get what we all are looking for and a way to prove it to the world. But I am getting a lot ahead of myself.

Dec 28

Scientific method with EVPs

Aurthur Mclelland

Aurthur Mclelland

Alt Asst Director / Chair: Tech at Cheyenne Mountain Paranormal Investigations
I have always been questioning the paranormal since I was a kid. Having lived all across America and in several countries overseas, I have heard story after story of this place or that place being haunted, and my curiosity always got the better of me. Always looking and seeing things I could not explain, my eye opener was when I was twenty and seeing a full body apparition standing in front of me made me more curious of what actually happens to us when we pass on. I aim to find the truth of what is out there. When I am not finding the truth I am usually taking care of officer business or fencing in the SCA (Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc.). Aurthur is also President (for business only) Chase Manger, director of Cheyenne Mountain Paranormal Investigations, co-owner of Front Range Ghost Shop and also severs 16 years army and has been Medical Retired. Having been station in places like Iraq, Korea, Fort Hood TX, Aberdeen Maryland, Fort Irwin CA and Fort Riley KS just to name a few this hole time caring what ever equipment he could care doing investigation on his time off in all thous places trying to learn what he could and how to be a better investigator. always learning on how to do thing better.
Aurthur Mclelland

Latest posts by Aurthur Mclelland (see all)

NPSGraphic

Now this one is going to be the expensive one. I know you saying how that can be all I need is a digital recorder. Wrong that a start the second thing you need to pick up is a decimal reader it will let you know if the sounds is coming from the area of the recorder or not also help with debunking as well as tagging which is also a good tool don’t ever stop tagging ever. But I digress back on topic this are not the only tool you need but at least it is a start. So with tagging and a decimal reader all that tell you is everything in the imitate environment but one thing the biggest thing that most scientist try to say they are is radio waves also now as radio frequencies.

Now there is a tool to check for this is EMF-829 is used for broadband devices of monitoring the wide range radio frequency electromagnetic field Measurement V/m, mW/cm^2, W/m^2. Monitoring electromagnetic field, for example: cell-phone station, hospital equipment, radar, micro-wave oven, radiation work, TV antenna, Radio station, welding setting value. Equipment, baking- equipment, television, computer, factory, laboratory, and other environment…etc. For precision measurement consideration, the meter Accuracy ± 2 dB. There are included two probes : Probe Type EP-01H : 100 MHz to 3 GHz. EP-02L ( Low frequency Probe, 100 KHz to 100 MHz ) EP-01H ( High frequency Probe, 100 MHz to 3 GHz ) know it runs a lot more than $500 dollars. But running this with everything can rule out more and more but can only be run at the same time as all the other equipment. Know doing all that and filming it all at the same time you are documenting and proving your evp instead of forcing the proof

The next part is analyzing the sounds you have to brake the sound apart lessen to it at all levels a sound board will help now I know that is expensive but there are ways to get it done but we are still talking dollars but the more and further you go the more reliable the evidence is. That is what we all are going for the truth and the truth will set us free for lack of a better pun.

Dec 28

Scientific Method with Photos

Aurthur Mclelland

Aurthur Mclelland

Alt Asst Director / Chair: Tech at Cheyenne Mountain Paranormal Investigations
I have always been questioning the paranormal since I was a kid. Having lived all across America and in several countries overseas, I have heard story after story of this place or that place being haunted, and my curiosity always got the better of me. Always looking and seeing things I could not explain, my eye opener was when I was twenty and seeing a full body apparition standing in front of me made me more curious of what actually happens to us when we pass on. I aim to find the truth of what is out there. When I am not finding the truth I am usually taking care of officer business or fencing in the SCA (Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc.). Aurthur is also President (for business only) Chase Manger, director of Cheyenne Mountain Paranormal Investigations, co-owner of Front Range Ghost Shop and also severs 16 years army and has been Medical Retired. Having been station in places like Iraq, Korea, Fort Hood TX, Aberdeen Maryland, Fort Irwin CA and Fort Riley KS just to name a few this hole time caring what ever equipment he could care doing investigation on his time off in all thous places trying to learn what he could and how to be a better investigator. always learning on how to do thing better.
Aurthur Mclelland

Latest posts by Aurthur Mclelland (see all)

NPSGraphic

Now the first thing to remember is if it can be recreated it not paranormal. Now the one thing that can help is photograph everything. Not just the area you are investigating but your equipment and your notes back up is back up. Everything you can document writhing or photo help with proper documentations. The more photos the better and even recording everything helps. The more you take the more you have to back up your proof of your Hypothesis. So with this as a tool to use instead of just fire off random shots. Make your shots more deliberate. Let say you take a radon shot and you get something that you can’t explain yet like an orb. If you shoot in a different area you get nothing. Will dose that prove that is what you got is what you think no because it is two different pitchers of two different area and two different shots but a group of shots same angel same location and different day and times and get the same thing every time it proof. And easy to document as long as you set up every time the same way at the same location.

Now this is where tech guys are going to hate me. As a tech guy myself understand the pain the next big tool you will need in your arsenal is measuring tape. You need to measure the distance the camera is from all four directions north, south, east, and west if you don’t have wall as a refinances then use land marks also drawing a grid of the area will help also. The more you can document the locations of you cameras the more it also help with the proof of you hypothesis.

The last thing is placing cameras to watch cameras the more you cover what you are get the better your evidence will be. At the same time if are able to investigate an area over and over again set up the same way. This also help to prove what you are trying to do and even if you don’t get anything it is still evince proving for that one time you do. That make photography stronger in are field and sharing this information with other teams going into the same locations help both teams. That why we should share with everyone all the time.

Dec 28

What is scientific method

Aurthur Mclelland

Aurthur Mclelland

Alt Asst Director / Chair: Tech at Cheyenne Mountain Paranormal Investigations
I have always been questioning the paranormal since I was a kid. Having lived all across America and in several countries overseas, I have heard story after story of this place or that place being haunted, and my curiosity always got the better of me. Always looking and seeing things I could not explain, my eye opener was when I was twenty and seeing a full body apparition standing in front of me made me more curious of what actually happens to us when we pass on. I aim to find the truth of what is out there. When I am not finding the truth I am usually taking care of officer business or fencing in the SCA (Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc.). Aurthur is also President (for business only) Chase Manger, director of Cheyenne Mountain Paranormal Investigations, co-owner of Front Range Ghost Shop and also severs 16 years army and has been Medical Retired. Having been station in places like Iraq, Korea, Fort Hood TX, Aberdeen Maryland, Fort Irwin CA and Fort Riley KS just to name a few this hole time caring what ever equipment he could care doing investigation on his time off in all thous places trying to learn what he could and how to be a better investigator. always learning on how to do thing better.
Aurthur Mclelland

Latest posts by Aurthur Mclelland (see all)

NPSGraphic

sci·en·tif·ic meth·od (noun)

a method of procedure that has characterized natural science since the 17th century, consisting in systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of hypotheses.

This is what we all learned in any science class. The steep we need to take when try to prove anything.

  • Ask a Question
  • Do Background Research
  • Construct a Hypothesis
  • Test Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment
  • Analyze Your Data and Draw a Conclusion
  • Communicate Your Results

So let go over thesis one at a time. Ask a question, for most of us that question is ask it why we do what we do to explain what we saw or what happen to us. Even is there answers out there. So we all move on to the second one do background research. Will their lies the biggest problem all we have for background is ghost hunting T.V. shows with people calming to be experts but even they don’t follow the first rule of science which is fallowing the basic this list. Three construct a hypothesis and that is what we all are doing is what I caught real or do I need to learn more. We all need to learn more even me but the simple hypothesis is what we are hunting casino online is real. Know come the hard one testing your hypothesis. We all have some or part of the equipment need the biggest item is pen and paper writhing down everything I will threw out the week let you know about more but that the biggest. Now analyze your data and draw a conclusion. The best way for this is build excel fillies that can help correlate data I will try to show how to do this threw out the week? Then communicate your results this is the hardest for a lot of us basically sharing everything and I mean everything from evidence to locations. It nice if you got a place to hunt but if we are not sharing then no one will ever take us as seriously about anything. The best way to put it if you found the cure for cancer would you keep it to yourself if so then it not a cure.

Dec 28

Repose

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

NPSGraphic

Time for repose; to let the mind wander through the subjects we briefed this week. Why the fuss about science? What about that EM Spectrum? Where to go with the Big “E”s and why IR and UV? What’s the problem with our Brain? What’s the deal with TV Demons?

Science is all we have to hold the laughter back. With various internet and news media tearing us limb from limb based on the actions of thrill seekers, science is the only thing setting us apart. The integrity we own our clients, ourselves, and each other comes from science. The questions we should be asking come from science. We should not be asking for proof; we should only be seeking more information. We should not be confirming feelings with our own feelings; we should be offering alternate explanations. Not dismissing or denying the events we seek to explain but, also not accepting blindly.

It turns out the EM Spectrum just might be everything. Our senses rely on it, our technology relies on it, and it even allows our brain to work. To paraphrase Nicola Tesla; “If you want to understand the universe, think frequency.” Can it be that simple? Within its limitations, the EM Spectrum represents our understanding of energy. If nothing can happen without energy, and our understanding is incomplete, it can be suggested energy/frequency can explain things we have yet to understand. It seems Tesla may be correct.

We focused in a bit on EVP, EMF, IR, and UV. These subjects arguably being the most popular bits of data we collect, share, and debate. Primarily we questioned our readily available technology related to EVP, EMF, IR, and UV. None of our technology appears to provide a particularly useful range for what we seek to find. Nor can we design a technology to discover the unknown. We can only deploy what we have hoping to detect a clue of some sort. If nothing else, at least this technology provides some level of safety doing what it is designed to do.

Is it all in our minds? It could be but. We want data so everyone will believe our experiences but, we refuse to accept data from others wishing we would believe their experiences. Our brains are a mess of confusion and contradiction. Our brain seeks to help us through our lives by misinforming us with its interpretation of what serves us best. We are born with the ability to recognize faces and our brain wants to find them, and other familiar things, no matter what we are looking at. Though our brain my mislead us, it wants to know, it wants to understand, and it allows us to ask questions. Whatever information it allows us to perceive, we need to try to understand why and how our surroundings and history has led to that perception. Likewise, we need to understand how this whole thought process is unique to each of us.

Next, we questioned the validity and value of TV shows. They use cool technology. They visit awesome locations. They show us some intriguing evidence. Some even claim a scientific approach. Many of us are here because we felt inspiration from one of these TV shows. So, what’s the harm in a little entertainment? TV Demons take the form of a bad example to the public. They may demonstrate some rough technique but they don’t teach method. They may hold a piece of technology in their hand in the name of science but, they rarely use the technology properly. They may hint at the importance of evidence review and finding alternate explanations but, they science is dismissed in general.

So, how should we close this first opportunity for NPS Science Week? Let’s close in repose…relax, slow down, and ask yourself some questions. “Am I doing this the way I want to do this?” “Do I truly understand the technology I have chosen?” “Do I understand my biases and how they affect my results?” …etc. …etc. Pick a subject and do some research. Share you research with the community.

Dec 28

TV Demons

NPSGraphic

By Christina Barber

So, you sit down in your favorite chair and turn on the ‘tube’. While there is a myriad of channels and topics, you zoom in to your preferred topic – Ghost Shows! And there are a TON of them, so many, that it may be hard to choose. Which one to watch? They each provide their own scare as they film the paranormal investigator going into a ‘lock down’ or a similar situation where they are left on their own in the scary place . . .in the dark. Surely there are a ton of scares that will happen that will leave you, the viewer, on the edge of your seat, right? And that’s what you want! Right?

Unfortunately, unbeknownst to you, the viewer, these situations are scripted television shows. Yes, they do go to the supposed haunted location ‘of the week’, but what you see on television is not really what happens. I am sorry to say, but what we see on television is NOT real, and is written by someone – so the ‘characters’ of the show are merely acting the part they were hired to do. It is hard to stomach, and something that we choose not to believe or realize, that these show are just entertainment and not real life, or how the paranormal work on a scientific level. I know this from many levels. First, I have many connections in the paranormal network and know both the writers and the stars of these shows.

Secondly, I also know people in the television business and they do what needs to be done. It is a reality that we, as viewers, don’t see. It’s the ‘behind the scenes’ or the reality of the reality show which is not pretty.

I know with these shows comes the whole pantheon of demons, that we will discuss here.

Television (and movies for that matter) are a wonderful medium. They bring to life a world that we wouldn’t normally tread. But where is the ‘line’? Where the line of real vs. is made up (or scripted)? We will examine those television demons up close and personal today.

For Entertainment Only

Perhaps that is an essential and often overlooked phrase – ‘For Entertainment Only’. It encompasses what we see on television with regard to the paranormal, and rightfully so – as it’s intoxicating. But understanding the ‘for entertainment’ aspect and what is real and scientific are two completely different worlds. However, they don’t worry about if their audience will understand or even care that they’re following the scientific method, nor will they care a whit If what happens to them on the investigation seems a bit ‘out there’. It’s all for the camera. It is a joy ride and nothing more. Most viewers mistake this for ‘real’ and don’t even give it a second thought, it’s the whole ‘it’s on television’ deal that make it so. Is it enough to watch these shows and ‘live’ in their world, one that is scripted, or written by someone else? Or do you want more? That becomes personal choice. Some prefer to live in that television world, while others decide that they need to discover the real science behind the paranormal and venture beyond the television screen.

But What’s the Harm?

Watching television and enjoying the shows is one thing, but there are a few who have taken it too far. Some have seen shows on demons and demonic possession and have taken it into their own hands to deal with someone they thought was possessed – by killing them. Others have trespassed into an historical building to ‘ghost hunt’ and burned the place to the ground. None of these people made the connection that what you see on television is not real, and thusly shouldn’t be practiced without more research and consideration. I remember many years ago, there were warnings that were splashed up on the bottom of the screen, “Warning – Do NOT try this at home.” Perhaps showing that ghost hunting is an easy, common thing that anyone can do should have contained more warnings.

Where do we go from here?

So – where do we go from here? Some think that what they see on television must be the ‘right way’ and that this is how to go about conducting a paranormal investigation (after all it’s good enough for –insert whatever show you wish here), so it’s what I do too. This is a huge misconception. As pointed out prior, these shows are for entertainment, NOT to learn, or to do things scientifically, not in the least! In order to conduct a scientific paranormal investigation, one must start with the basic premise of using the scientific method. The scientific method is something that we’ve all learned somewhere during our education – some learned in high school, others learned it in college, but it all starts with a basic assumption, or what’s called a hypotheses. Then from there you test your hypotheses, observe, record

data, review data and then make a conclusion if your hypotheses was correct. If your hypotheses was incorrect, or maybe just not correct, you might need to make some simple tweaks to it, or toss it out and try again. Another important factor in scientific measurements is that whatever ‘experiment’ you choose must be able to be repeated, multiple times, with multiple variables to make certain you’ve fully test your hypotheses.

If you are interested in learning more about using the scientific method in your own research, here is a great place to start: http://www.sciencemadesimple.com/scientific_method.html

Dec 28

Brains!

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

NPSGraphic

So many of us seem to fall back on our personal experiences. If a fellow investigator shows us some intriguing evidence, we tend to say; “I didn’t experience it myself so I have a hard time believing it.” All the hard work, late nights investigating, and evidence review comes down to a complete lack of confidence in anything but our own experiences. Next comes the irony, we wish we had evidence to back our personal experiences…maybe then others would believe us. What is the problem here? Our brain is the problem.

Even if we do have scientific data and intriguing evidence to support personal experiences, we still need to get beyond our own biases to accept anything. Our life experiences program us to perceive everything with some level of bias. Most of these biases are difficult to ignore since they serve our survival day to day. In addition to these biases, our brain also has a tendency to lie to us to keep our perceptions within a context we find acceptable. It is difficult to accept that our own brain is lying to us to appease our biases, preconceptions, and to just generally help us through the day. This happens to such a high degree that we have applied names to it; primarily apophenia and pareidolia. Our brain will even fill in the blanks with completely fictitious information if it happens to fit a pattern from a past experience or source of authority. Details that never occurred can become 100% certain facts from our individual point of view.

So, should we stop trusting our intuition? No, absolutely not. We survive because of our intuition. For most of us this happens subconsciously but, every once in a while we are fully aware of that “gut feeling”. Take note of it and everything happening around your at that moment, analyze it, try to understand it. Is it evidence of the unusual events we seek to explain? Probably not but, you will never know for certain if you ignore it.

So, should we stop believe our own experiences? No, absolutely not. These experiences are likely at the root of why we have chosen to pursue investigation and research. Write them down, take note of your surroundings and everything happening around you at that moment, analyze it, and try to understand it. Is the experience evidence of the unusual events we seek to explain? Probably not but, you will never know for certain if you ignore it.

So, what about all of the data and evidence interpretation, do we dismiss it? No, absolutely not. No matter how objective we try to be, our brain is going to choose the interpretation that makes the most sense given our biases. Write it all down, take note of your surroundings and what was happening when the data or evidence was captured, and try to understand it. It is very unlikely to lead to the events we seek to explain but, you will never know if you ignore it.

Sorry to sound so repetitious but, the point is to use whatever information your brain chooses to accept. Our senses overwhelm our brain with vast amounts of input. Our brain does its best to focus on the most important information for a given moment in time. Be aware that your brain is discarding an enormous amount of information. Do your best to understand your biases. If you understand your biases, it will be easier to set them aside and analyze everything more impartially and more critically when required. Accept that what your brain is telling you is carefully crafted to fit within your life experiences.

More about our brains:

Brain Games: http://braingames.nationalgeographic.com/episode/0/

Your Bleeped Up Brain: http://www.history.com/shows/your-bleeped-up-brain

How Our Brain Works: http://www.howourbrainswork.com/

A ton of good info from Psychology today: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/brain-sense

Brain Facts: http://www.brainfacts.org/sensing-thinking-behaving/senses-and-perception/

Brain Statistics: http://www.statisticbrain.com/human-brain-statistics/

Dec 28

Why IR or UV?

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

NPSGraphic

Why are we interested IR and UV? Perhaps it is just a slightly-away from normal means to monitor our surroundings. Perhaps it is simply a matter of easy access to the technology. Again, there is no scientific basis behind IR and UV having any relationship to the unusual events we seek to explain. Thermal imaging is within the realm of IR but will not be discussed here. The primary intent of this discussion is to illustrate the limitations of the technology we use. Research your equipment to understand exactly what it is and isn’t providing for you.

A “full spectrum” camera is not capturing a full spectrum image. With respect to the visual bandwidth, standard cameras are already “full spectrum”. The specifications of the sensor in the camera will indicate sensitivity to frequencies beyond that of human vision. Filters are added to the light path in the camera to block infrared and ultraviolet along with software interpretation of the data from the sensor to result in an image our eyes and brains recognize. What is marketed as “full spectrum” simply has the IR and UV filters removed. This allows a wider bandwidth of frequencies to reach the camera sensor. All we are actually achieving with a “full spectrum” camera is a level of enhancement to the tiny portions of the IR and UV bandwidths our eyes already perceive.

Potentially increasing the discrepancy, we tend to use LED illuminators. LEDs emit a very specific frequency. If whatever we are trying to enhance is at a different frequency, the LED illuminator may be washing out the image preventing capture of the desired image. Also, without understanding the specifications of the camera sensor, the illuminator we choose may not emit a frequency the camera can sense properly regardless of the intensity of the LEDs. Be sure to understand the light wavelength/frequency the given camera and illuminator are designed for. There are alternate non-LED illuminators but these come with heat/fire risks from IR lamps and potential eye and skin damage from UV lamps.

More effective IR and UV image systems are available but may come at significant cost. We see IR imaging every day associated with “FLIR night vision” systems and satellite/telescope imagery. UV imaging is not as prevalent in the media but we may hear mention of it related to forensics and utility troubleshooting as well as satellite /telescope imagery.

A few typical sensitivities/specifications to consider:

For perspective; 1 Hz is once per second, 1 THz is 1,000,000,000,000 times per second

Infrared bandwidth: 300 GHz to 430 THz

Ultraviolet bandwidth: 790 THz to 30,000 THz

Typical human vision sensitivity: 400 THz (red) to 790 THz (violet)

Typical unfiltered camera sensor sensitivity: 303 THz to 999 THz

-covers about 29.56% of the IR bandwidth

-covers about 0.5% of the UV bandwidth

Typical Infrared LED emission range: 316 THz to 353 THz

-about 8.6% of the IR bandwidth (best case using a wide variety of IR LEDs)

-a typical LED illuminator operates with numerous LEDs of a single type. Since each LED type emits a specific frequency, a typical IR illuminator is providing illumination equivalent to 0.0002% of the IR bandwidth or about 2% of the effective IR range of an unfiltered camera. These number are even less effective for the UV bandwidth.

Typical Ultraviolet LED emission range: 749 THz to 821 THz

-about 0.2% of the UV bandwidth (best case using a wide variety of UV LEDs)

Again, an excellent graphic showing the EM Spectrum (thanks to Sparc Para Analytics):

http://infothread.org/Science/Physics/Electromagnetic%20Spectrum%20A.jpg

Professional camera conversion:

http://www.lifepixel.com/products

Dec 28

Big E’s

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

NPSGraphic

The Big “E”s…EVP (Electronic Voice Phenomenon) and EMF (ElectroMagnetic Field). Arguably, the most discussed evidence. I combine them here since they are related within the subject of the EM Spectrum.

To get to root of the subject, there is no scientific basis behind EVP and EMF having any relationship to the unusual events we seek to explain. Science, as we understand it, tells us any event requires energy to occur. When an event occurs, we should be able to measure the energy associated with the event. Ever since our technology evolved to where our voices could be recorded and played back, there have been efforts to contact those who have died. Similarly, ever since technology could measure the energy associated with motion, there have been efforts to measure the energy of events caused by unseen forces.

Limitations of technology:

Perhaps one of the most important points here is to understand the capabilities of the technology used for our investigations. Read and research the specifications of a particular piece of technology.

EMF meters detect/measure a very narrow range of frequencies. Most are designed to determine if consumer electronics and household wiring are emitting excessive fields that may disrupt the function of other devices or effect people physiologically. None are, nor can they be, designed to detect energy we have not defined. Even custom DIY projects are limited to a narrow bandwidth. Lower frequencies require larger sensors; the simplest of which may be comprised of several miles of wire. Search “antenna theory” for more information.

Audio recorders tend to come in two varieties; one for simple voice dictation and the other for music. The audio bandwidth they will record can be significantly different. Those designed for the human voice may have a narrow bandwidth as part of the effort to eliminate “noise” from the recording. Even the headphones and speakers used to review audio will change what may be overlooked. Be sure to understand the audio bandwidth a given set of headphones or speakers can reproduce accurately. If the bandwidth is unknown or narrower than 20 Hz to 20 kHz, valuable audio information may be lost.

A few links for useful information:

Exceptional articles from Sparc Para Analytics:

https://www.facebook.com/notes/sparc-para-analytics/digital-recorders-to-go-cheap-or-not-to-go-cheap-is-that-the-question/201209333391413

More info on EMF:

http://www.who.int/peh-emf/about/WhatisEMF/en/

Skeptic thought on EVP:

http://www.skepdic.com/evp.html

Digital Recording Technology:

http://www.digital-recordings.com/publ/pubrec.html

Dec 28

EM Spectrum

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

NPSGraphic

(The following is largely copied from an article on the same subject posted at the NPS web page.)

Most investigative effort in this community is focused on frequency. Whether via “full spectrum” photography, the latest EMF gadget, audio recorders, or DIY sensors and transmitters, the omnipresent trend is to find some telltale signature within the electromagnetic spectrum. There seems to be, unfortunately, a general misunderstanding of what is being “sensed” with our equipment. As usual, I am not claiming to have to have the one and only correct perspective on this subject. Nor do I intend to provide complete answers and information. I am asking the reader to evaluate any information they are given by taking on a little research of their own.

Whether we see it, hear it, or even feel it, energy as we perceive it, is part of the same spectrum; from static fields to slow (long wave length) approaching zero cycles per second and up to what we can assume is an infinitely fast (short wave length). “Bandwidth” is a range of frequencies within this spectrum associated with a specific topic. We are most familiar with bandwidths such as visual, audio, radio, infrared, and ultraviolet.

Static fields (those with essentially no measurable frequency) include; magnetics, batteries, and the potential charge that zaps our fingers when we reach for a door handle. An intriguing, yet seldom discussed, aspect of the EM Spectrum is brain waves; near 0 Hz up to about 60 Hz. Within this frequency range, we also find information covering the Schumann Resonance (frequencies associated with Earth’s magnetic field). I will not go into this sort of detail here but, I recommend anyone intrigued by paranormal events also look into frequencies of the brain and the Schumann Resonance. At 50 and 60Hz we find the most common frequency for household power. 20 Hz up to 20,000 Hz (20 kHz) is the

nominal frequency range for human hearing; also the likely range for EVP sources. Above 20 kHz we find bandwidths defined as radio and microwave. It is important to note that most EMF meters are designed to detect or measure frequencies from 20 Hz up into the microwave range. The intent being to monitor frequencies commonly used in our technologies which may damage our health. Beyond microwave we find, infrared, visual, and ultraviolet. All three will be discussed briefly later this week. Beyond ultraviolet we find x-ray, gamma, etc.

The “man-made frequency” misnomer:

Nature vibrates, typically with a sinusoidal wave shape. The EM spectrum is not man-made, it is entirely comprised of natural frequencies. Humans have found ways to utilize and manipulate certain frequencies into signals to enable technology. Our technology generally creates signal shapes other than sinusoidal and signal patterns intended to transfer information. There are no uniquely man-made frequencies, though signal patterns are often man-made. While determining the frequency of an EMF “spike” may ultimately be valuable in attempting to determine its origin, the frequency alone does not indicate a man-made origin.

A few links to useful information:

An excellent graphic showing the EM Spectrum (thanks to Sparc Para Analytics):

http://infothread.org/Science/Physics/Electromagnetic%20Spectrum%20A.jpg

Brain waves:

http://www.transparentcorp.com/products/np/brainwaves.php

Schumann Resonance:

http://www.glcoherence.org/monitoring-system/earth-rhythms.html

Dec 28

WTF?

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

NPSGraphic

So, WTF? Why The Fuss about science? Why question evidence and ask investigators explain their results and conclusions? Why should everyone watch COSMOS? (Non-paid plug)

Why The Fuss about science?

At this point, science may be the only thing saving this community from the disinformation of the currently popular television shows. Without science our investigations become little more than entertainment. This discussion will not go into detailed scientific method. However, a handful of basics are important. No investigation can adhere to proper scientific method. No single bit of evidence is proof of anything. Situational association is not proof. Interpretation, opinion, beliefs, feelings, none of these are proof of anything. The use of some form of technology during an investigation is not required. At its core, science is observation, record of observation, comparison of observations. No, I’m not suggesting we ask for scientific proof. Asking for proof is a cop out; meant only to stop discussion. Science does not ask for proof. Science asks for information and explanation.

When a client is seeking answers, we owe them more than an opportunity to watch us play with toys in the dark. We owe them the answers they seek. We owe them science. We may offer them our opinion but, we best have some science to support our opinion. We owe our client explanations they may not be considering. We owe them peace of mind apart from any preconceived notions culture and media have trained them to believe. We do not owe them images of ghostly faces peeking through windows. We do not owe them video of orbs drifting about their property. We do not owe them our interpretation of recorded “voices”. Yes, we do owe them evidence but, we owe them alternate explanations for this evidence. We do not owe them proof of a visiting dead relative. We do not owe them solutions to family events or property history we are only vaguely aware of. Associating a single bit of evidence with previous events is pure speculation.

Granted, many clients are looking for baseless evidence and claims for reasons other than peace of mind. None the less, if we are to be taken seriously, we owe them nothing other than alternate explanations for events they wish to confirm. Simple confirmation of their personal experience with accounts of your own personal experience serve nothing but ego.

We need science to help know when it is best to walk away from a dangerous situation. Rather than stepping through the door for the thrill of the next investigation, listen closely to client then research the location and claims. Subtle clues as well as public reports may hint at something less desirable…family violence, noxious environments, etc.

Why question evidence and ask investigators to explain their results and conclusions?

This is what science is best at. We are responsible to teach one another which methods seem to bring results (be it intriguing evidence in support or plausible evidence to the contrary). We need to know why something might be beyond science as well as why science seems to explain it. Some will shout “Where’s the unity?” Unity does imply agreement, it only suggests working together to bring respect to the community. As a community, we can no longer take evidence at face value. Technology allows fraudulent evidence to be produced far too easily. Similarly, people are so anxious to have some level of notoriety, they will present the slightest anomaly as evidence without sufficient research of their own. Inversely, those presenting scientific data are often blind to the flaws in their method or research. As a community, it is more important for us to listen to those who disagree than those who agree. If we all agree, we will learn nothing.

There are, unfortunately, science extremists in the community. Oddly, all I have encountered hide behind their own hypocrisy. This group of people is damaging the community as much as their counterpart. These are the folks who accept no explanation other than science “fact”, and will in turn refuse to share their own data or “poof” to support any of their own claim.

So WTF? Why The Fuss about science? Because this community needs more than a shoulder to lean on and more than the warm fuzzy presented by belief and faith. We need to combat the wealth of disinformation the media is instilling in the public. We need to set ourselves apart from the sensationalism in the television shows and the news headlines. We should be telling our clients what we find and how it could be explained within science. Regardless of our personal impressions, we should not be telling clients how we felt while at their location. We should not be suggesting or implying anything of an unseen nature is lurking about.

Why should everyone watch COSMOS? (Non-paid plug) Because knowledge is good whether you agree with the subject or not.

Dec 28

Infinite existence – an answer we can never know

NPSGraphic

While trying to get my head around the nature of the universe, I find myself coming back to a troubling bit of the puzzle. Can intelligence make the universe larger? Throughout history, we find the extent of the universe to be limited by our beliefs. As our minds became capable of realizing additional beliefs, our universe has expanded. We can apply similar logic to different species.

Once upon a time, the “human” reality/universe didn’t extend far beyond acquiring food, a mate, and perhaps shelter. What we might find over there or out there was not even a concern. The universe was defined by surviving until the next sunrise. As we gained knowledge and created technologies, we found more things in the universe and our realization of the universe became larger.

The problem developed here, is the apparent relationship between mental ability and the size and nature of the universe. Can it be so simple; the more stuff we believe, the more stuff will exist? If we believe in everything then must everything exist? If we believe anything can happen then must it happen?

The problem grows when we take into account how different mental abilities will affect the universe. A single cell organism can not conceive the universe as we do yet its universe is no less real. This organism’s universe exists within ours yet from its perspective we likely do not exist. To further the complication, we must acknowledge how we change the organism’s universe even though it is not aware of us. Likewise, some of these organisms can destroy us without actually being aware of our existence. A species from another galaxy may perceive us as little more than single cell organisms. While from our perspective, they may not exist at all. A human with a certain degree of brain damage will perceive the universe much different than others do. Brain activity in a vegetative state can vary from nil to hyperactive. Has the hyperactive brain of a vegetative human found a different and perhaps larger universe?

The easy answer is to accept only one defined universe for all things and all levels of intelligence. However, if we do this we must set limits on the universe; meaning we must accept nothing beyond what we know at this moment is possible or even conceivable. The simple acts of imagining, calculating, and conceiving what is possible must cease.

If the universe is not what we know it to be; it must be infinite. It is everything we can conceive it to be but, it must also be everything which does not yet exist. Greatly simplified quantum mechanics tells us existence requires an observer. In order to exist, all things must reside within the perspective of something. Yes, this does lend to “logical proof” of the existence of some sort of almighty deity, but it also requires something equivalent or even greater to allow a deity to exist.

This brings me to the final thoughts and bits of the puzzle which are both confounding and intriguing. Deities are often thought of in terms of infinite intelligence. If we are to achieve this infinite intelligence can we then do anything and everything? Would we realize an answer to that which is indefinable or would it continue to be infinity? If we were to achieve infinite intelligence would we be deities ourselves or would something still be beyond us? If we evolve, must our deities evolve ahead of us? If they do not evolve, do we surpass them or do we cease to exist?

Dec 28

Smartphone Paranormal – A perspective on the controversy

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

NPSGraphic

Is a “smartphone” part of your investigation kit? If so, why? If not, why? For the purpose of this article, I intend to take a quick look at some of the comments given as reason not to use a smartphone as an investigation tool. I intend to counter these reasons. Not to convince people to use smartphones for paranormal investigation but rather an effort to get people to not hastily dismiss potentially useful equipment.

Smartphones shouldn’t be used for paranormal investigation because…

  1.  …there are apps to create fake ghost images and otherwise prank for entertainment.
    People have been using various methods to modify images as long as there have been images to modify. Why apply this bias to smartphones and not all other images? Even further to the extreme, some people dismiss all paranormal oriented apps because some apps are intentionally “misleading” or for entertainment only. If we are to follow this thought, since evidence of any nature can be “fraudulent”; we should dismiss all paranormal evidence.
  2. …they aren’t designed to detect paranormal events.
    There is not a single piece of equipment in existence which is designed to detect paranormal events. If we are to dismiss equipment because it isn’t designed to detect paranormal events, then we have no equipment to use. There are various type of equipment intended for use by paranormal investigators but, nothing about such equipment is designed to detect paranormal events.
  3. …they don’t include the necessary technology.
    As far as necessary technology goes, yes, smartphones do contain the technology to work similar to many other pieces of equipment. The venerable K2 has very similar circuitry compared to what can be found in smartphones. Apps for EMF, audio, vibration, etc…rival some of the functionally similar equipment paranormal investigator desire most. Smartphone cameras now rival many cameras paranormal investigators use without questioning a single image.
  4. …cell phone signals interfere with other equipment in use.
    Don’t use a smartphone simultaneously with other equipment that is obviously effected by the use of the smartphone. Or, use an older smartphone that is no longer connected to a network; load the desired apps from wifi.

In conclusion, use what ever equipment provides results you suspect may be leading to something meaningful. The paranormal community will continue to disagree on a “best approach”. If a smartphone app helps with some aspect of an investigation, use it. Can a smartphone be the only equipment a paranormal investigator uses? Yes. Should use of smartphone apps be avoided? No. Should it be the only equipment used? Probably not.

Dec 28

Weather or not – A quick perspective by Department Chair

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

NPSGraphic

 

This is not intended as an explanation for all paranormal events which might fall under this topic. The intention is to inspire questions and a desire to not except the first, and perhaps most popular, explanation for any given event. An assumption here is that investigations are only taking place in typical residence and business environments.  This is only a generic overview and avoids some technical and mathematical detail that some may want to explore further.

There is a possibility that a majority, if not all, “things that go bump in the night” can be associated with environmental changes. It is tempting to associate this with whatever the local weather person has reported. I suggest this local report is not sufficient; we need to go beyond noticing if it is windy or raining. The local weather forecast is likely based on a location far from the investigation site.

There are five aspects of weather we can easily relate to paranormal phenomenon:

  1. Temperature: Perhaps the easiest to understand and easiest to relate to our environment and acuity of our senses. We easily judge “hot” and “cold”. Temperature changes cause materials to expand or contract.
  2. Humidity: Perhaps a bit less obvious though we can still use our senses to perceive it pretty well. This moisture content in the air has a direct effect on many materials; making them harden or soften and making them expand or contract.
  3. Relative Humidity: A relationship between temperature, barometric pressure, and humidity. If a sufficient method to dehumidify the air is not in use, humidity tends to rise as temperature falls.
  4. Dew Point: Another temperature / humidity relationship. At a given humidity, this tells us at what temperature moisture will begin to condense onto surfaces. As temperature falls below the dew point, additional water will condense from the air.
  5. Barometric Pressure: Perhaps the most subtle though our sense can still give us hints with headaches, “popping” ears’, shortness of breath, etc.. Also has influence on how much water can be suspended in air. This is the weight of the air pushing down on us and everything else.

There will always be “air currents”, perfect equilibrium is not possible; something is always disturbing the ambient environment. Surfaces in a given location will be at various temperatures. This temperature difference will result in air currents swirling all around the location. Particles caught in these currents will drift in many directions whether we can feel the breeze on our skin or not.

Each of these aspects can be associated to bumps, thumps, squeaks, groans, pops, bangs, and even vocal sounds as everything is affected as these aspect change moment to moment. These noises can be quite rhythmic as stresses are relieved at one point of a building structure and applied to an adjacent point. As certain materials push and rum against other materials the rhythm can mimic what we might interpret as vocal sounds.

Equipment malfunction can also be attributed to these aspects. Read the manual with the equipment to understand the conditions it is designed to work under. Battery drain is a good indicator that something about the environment exceeds what the equipment is designed for. Perhaps it is the investigators act of carrying the equipment from one environment to another causing the problem. Carrying a relatively cooler item into an area with high humidity will potentially cause moisture to condense on sensitive parts of the equipment.

In more extreme conditions we may be able to associate these aspect of weather to other events; glass or similar material cracking or breaking, certain containers popping open or making noise, mood or personality changes, moisture or water in unexpected locations, headaches, a generally uneasy feeling, etc… Visually or in pictures we may notice “mists” drifting or rising from specific locations. Depending on the angle of our perspective and lighting conditions this mist may present as a “shadow”.

Thoughts in conclusion: Mapping the changing environment in each room of a location is just as important as mapping the reported paranormal activity. Many correlations may be evident even if not immediately understood. Simply tracking the conditions of the immediate environment at those certain “active” times of each day may lead to answers.

If you would like to dig into the science behind these ideas, start here:http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/heacon.html…
The link below is one of many where weather related technology can be purchased.
http://www.ambientweather.com/west.html

Dec 28

Technology in the Paranormal

NPSGraphic

by Blane Willcut

 

It seems like those of us in the paranormal arena are always on the lookout for new things to add to our arsenal of investigative equipment. Truth be told, all too often we spend a lot of money on equipment that simply does not live up to our expectations and we must then make the walk of shame while our team mates snicker and giggle behind our back.

Technology, as it applies to paranormal investigations, is an ever-changing field. New devices and gadgets are introduced to us on a regular basis. Moreover, all too often, those that manufacture these toys are looking to do nothing more than to make a buck off of us. With that in mind, I am offering a bit of great information for all to enjoy. Look at some videos that Paul Browning has posted on making the R.V.P.R. This is a fantastic piece of equipment designed by an experienced and well-respected member of the paranormal community that will deliver exactly as it promises.  Enjoy!

PART 1

PART 2

PART 3

Dec 28

Why Use Science? A perspective by the Department Chair

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

Science-wordle-150x150

Being my first “official” submission to NPS, it may be important to explain where I am coming from. It is not my intent to provide answers. It is not my intent to decode individual experiences. It is not my intent to focus on what is right or wrong. It is my intent to leave readers with more questions. Hopefully, some will choose to research their questions.

My current perspective

As an investigator/researcher, my approach may seem contradictory. My focus is science and research but I accept that current science and technology are unlikely to provide useful data to even begin to explain paranormal events. Even though the evidence is worth consideration, I am a skeptic of evidence more than I am of the experience itself. I do believe there will eventually be widely accepted scientific explanations for many paranormal events but the popular technology and techniques currently in use are unlikely to provide these explanations. I trust my instinct and intuition more than any “paranormal data” I have collected or reviewed. From my perspective, all historical and current paranormal data have plausible scientific explanations other than being purely unexplainable paranormal in origin.

My numerous personal experiences allow me to accept that many things are not easily explained and are perhaps something from the paranormal realm. I accept that while theology and mysticism may be paranormal at their roots, they often provide some of the best explanations for paranormal events. By definition we must always remind ourselves that paranormal is simply that which lies outside of a definitive scientific explanation. At the same time, paranormal does not need scientific explanation. If it had scientific explanation, it would not be paranormal. I am, in a sense, saying that nothing is paranormal; it is just awaiting proper explanation.

So, why use science?

Grabbing a number out of thin air, I’ll estimate science has been involved with paranormal investigation, in an attempt to explain things, for at least 150 years. Have we gained a significant understanding in this time? We are still chasing noises, energy fields, odd images, and intuitive impressions. Yes, our technology to do these things has changed significantly but, are we doing anything new? Our ability to measure has become more and more precise (more finite in some cases) but, has this accuracy lead to specific solutions? More recent technology has us looking at brain waves but this is essentially a subset of energy fields. All this said I have to ask…why are we so dead set on applying science?

Regardless of our core beliefs and biases, we apply science because we have to. It is human nature to ask who, what, when, where, and why. If we ask questions and try to find answers, we are using science in its basic form (we do not need to agree on the answer to the same question). The more answers/information we collect and analyze, the more robust the science becomes. When we can verify and repeat the information over time, we begin to find theories and perhaps explanations. Notice that I do not use the word “proof”. “Proof” has been misconstrued to imply 100% fact. Some people like to use the word to shut down discussions. Proof is nothing more than compelling evidence. To insist on or to claim 100% proof is to stop asking questions. If questions are not being asked then science has been abandon. Similarly, to claim an opinion is 100% fact or simply “the way it is” is to abandon science. Question everything, nothing is absolute (yes, I am aware of the irony).

Dec 22

Nikola Tesla

Rob Hillstrom

Rob Hillstrom

Director / Chair Science at TEPI
Paranormal: Somewhat cliché but, my experiences began at a young age though I don’t recall making the “paranormal” association until the age of 9 when my grandmother died and returned for a visit. Through the years, I have given many phenomena more attention; from subtle dream images to apparent physical contact from “unseen” sources. I have been involved in independent research/study and investigation for about 30 years and began using some equipment about 20 years ago. I have been working with the Colorado based TEPI team since 2010. As a science oriented investigator, I am a bit of a contradiction. I believe the experience more so than the evidence. Simply because there can be many plausible explanations for most evidence. The experience on the other hand, can sometimes be very complex and difficult to explain easily. Professional: I have a Master of Science degree that essentially qualifies me to manage a multi-discipline team in their efforts to accomplish technical activities. (If I say more the MIB might show up.) My engineering background is primarily electronics but includes mechanical, astrophysics, and some aspects of thermal, optical, and audio. Previous careers were medical including paramedics and medical device technology (design, manufacturing, and training medical staff). I also dabbled heavily in photography before the wide spread use of digital imaging. Ideological: I was raised Presbyterian but allowed to find my own path. I studied Zen for a short time and explored many other faiths. In my late teens I attended a seminar on the subject of Quantum Physics and how it relates to our mind and consciousness; this was the turning point in my belief system. I did not become a scientific skeptic, I simply began to view nearly everything differently. I removed definitions I had learned and replaced them with relationships to my personal experiences and observations. Things once clearly defined as paranormal now had a plausible spin to them. Personal: In my spare time I write dark music, dark poetry, and horror/science fiction stories.
Rob Hillstrom

Latest posts by Rob Hillstrom (see all)

NPSGraphic

Inventor, Engineer, Physicist

B: July 10, 1856 – Croatia

D: January 7, 1943 – USA

tesla1Nikola Tesla developed the basis for much of the technology we rely on today. From the alternating current (AC) systems that power the world, fluorescent lighting, x-ray, radar, radio, and on to a technology concept reminiscent of smartphones; Tesla was ahead of his time. He is highly regarded in the paranormal community but, there seems to be little direct basis for the regard. Though, his ideas regarding electromagnetic fields merge nicely with many current philosophies on the paranormal. There is also mention of some potential mental problems and hallucinations following the death of his brother in 1863.

Born in Smiljan, Croatia, Nikola’s father was an Orthodox Priest and his mother ran the family farm. She may have influenced Nikola’s future heavily as she reportedly invented small items to use around their home. Nikola studied math and physics at Realschule Karlstadt in 1873 with a particular interest in electricity. In 1881, while working as an electrical engineer, he was already sharing his ideas to improve AC motors. Prior to coming to the USA in 1884, he worked as a design engineer for the Continental Edison Company in Paris. He had privately and successfully developed his AC motor ideas but, could not find interest for the device in Europe.

After coming to America in 1884, Nikola worked as an engineer for Thomas Edison. Edison, however, had based the future of his company on the use of direct current (DC) power rather than AC. Edison offered Nikola a large sum of money to improve DC technology. Nikola took the challenge and ultimately improved the technology but Edison never paid stating that the offer was some sort of joke. This, along with their differing opinions on AC and DC, led Nikola to leave Edison’s company after only two years.

Nikola endured the following year with a failed attempt to launch his own electric company and survived with odd jobs. During 1887 and 1888 he finally found support for his AC ideas. He was granted more than 30 patents and eventually caught the attention of George Westinghouse, Edison’s primary competitor. George hired Nikola and provided him a lab to develop his ideas further. George also purchased the patents Nikola had received for the AC system. Their partnership ultimately led to the first modern power station with the installation of hydroelectric AC generators at Niagara Falls.

tesla2Though the 1890s and early 1900s, Nikola pioneered many technologies for various measurement devices, improved lighting, x-ray, radio / wireless telegraph and wireless control, naval radar, and more. His most ambitious pursuit involved global wireless communication as well as global wireless power. He had demonstrated the technology for wireless power by lighting lamps a reported 25 miles away without the use of transmission wires. During this time he also reported receiving signals from another planet.

Nikola died alone in his New York apartment with more than 700 patents registered in his name.

References:

Nikola Tesla, the Genius Who Lit the World. (1998). Tesla Society.com website. Retrieved Dec 21, 2014 from http://www.teslasociety.com/biography.htm

Nikola Tesla. (2009). History.com website. Retrieved Dec 21, 2014 from http://www.history.com/topics/inventions/nikola-tesla

Nikola Tesla (2014). Biography.com website. Retrieved Dec 21, 2014 from http://www.biography.com/people/nikola-tesla-9504443

 

Dec 21

Joseph Banks Rhine

111209-lg-rhinejb-1950sJoseph Banks Rhine (September 29, 1895-February 20, 1980) was the founder and director of the Parapsychology Laboratory at Duke University, often called the father of modern parapsychology. He believed that the limits of Extrasensory Perception would have to be established before any meaningful work could be done on the problem of Survival After Death, but he never lost a personal interest in the latter.

J.B. Rhine was born on September 29, 1895, in a log house in the Pennsylvania Mountains. From his childhood he heard many stories of omens, warnings and messages from the unseen agencies, although his skeptical father taught him to dismiss them as so much superstitions nonsense. When he was about 12, He had a religious experience and decided on a life in the ministry; he held this determination until he met Louisa Ella Weckesser, his future wife, whose critical attitude to religion gradually brought him to question his faith.

Rhine served in the Marines from 1917 to 1919. He and his wife Louisa were married in 1920. He began to study biology and plant physiology, preparing for a career in forestry. He received his Ph. D in botany form the University of Chicago in 1925; His wife had received her PhD in the same subject from the institution two years earlier. But Rhine did not find botany satisfying: more and more his mind turned to psychic experiences. The Rhines had heard Sir Arthur Conan Doyle lecture in Chicago in 1922, and his claim to be in touch with his deceased son made Rhine wonder whether psychical research might provide the way of establishing proof of a nonphysical world.

Rhine joined the American Society For Psychical Research in 1924 and in 1925 began to abstract foreign-language publications for the ASPR’s Journal. The Journal at this time was under the editorship of J. Malcolm Bird and was printing many stories of the Boston medium Margery. Joseph was enough impressed by what he read to want to conduct his own research with Margery. Boston was across the river from Cambridge and Harvard, where William McDougall, a prominent figure in psychical research. It was partly with the idea of investigating Margery that the Rhines left Morgantown in June 1926 and moved to Boston.

On July 1 the Rhines had a sitting with Margery which left Rhine badly disillusioned. He had seen the medium kick a megaphone within reach of her hand in the dark, and when he checked a balance after the Séance he found that the weight had been moved so that the “wrong” side would go down. He quickly wrote to the ASPR about what he had seen; later he resigned his membership in the society.

The Rhines had based their decision to leave Morgantown partly on a belief in Bird’s presentation of the mediumship, Louisa wrote in Something Hidden (1983), her book on their life together, but now suddenly everything was up in the air. They had reached Cambridge to find McDougall leaving for sabbatical, and the Crandon mediumship had turned to be a fraud. Fortunately, there was Walter Franklin Prince at the Boston Society For Psychic Research.

Prince had left his position as research officer with the ASPR partly because he too, was skeptical of the Crandon Mediumship. He arranged for the Rhines to have sittings with a mental Medium, Minnie Meserve Soule, on behalf of a Detroit school administrator, John F. Thomas, who was working on his doctorate under McDougall. Thomas, in turn, arranged for the Rhines to go to Duke University in the fall of 1927 to assist him in his data analysis. Duke had hired McDougall away from Harvard after his sabbatical.

Rhine at first worked as a research assistant to McDougall as well as Thomas. He stayed on to teach psychology after Thomas received his Ph. D, and in the fall of 1930 he and McDougall, along with others in psychology department, began the ESP experiments that would make the Parapsychology Laboratory world famous. The association with Prince now had another benefit Prince edited and the Boston Society published Rhine’s monograph Extra-Sensory Perception (1934), in which he reported the results of those early experiments.

The Soule sittings they had conducted for Thomas had been interesting, but the Rhines disagreed with Thomas had over their interpretation. Thomas believed that these and other of his séance communications were genuine messages from his deceased wife, whereas the Rhines thought they could be explained on the basis of the medium’s ESP. The debate was an old one, going back to the beginnings of the Society For Psychical Research (SPR) in London in 1882.

But Rhine had not lost his personal interest in the survival problem. In a series of books and lectures, as well as scientific papers and editorials published in the Journal of Parapsychology, which he founded at Duke in 1937, he was quick to point out that ESP supported a dualistic separation of body and mind. And if body and mind were separate, then in theory the mind should be able to survive the body’s death. Until the limits of ESP were established, however, he believed there was no scientific way of pursuing the survival problem.

The Parapsychology Laboratory continued in operation at Duke until Rhine’s retirement in 1965, when he moved it off campus to the new Foundation for Research on the Nature of Man, where it is still in existence. Rhine died on February 20, 1980, at his home in Hillsborough, North Carolina.

References

Berger, Authur S. Lives and Letters in American Parapsychology, Jefferson, N.C. :McFarland, 1988.

Brian, Dennis. The Enchanted Voyager: The Life of J. B. Rhine. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prentice-Hall, 1982

Matlock, J.G. “Cat’s Paw: Margery and Rhines, 1926.” Journal of Parapsychology 51 (1987): 229-247

Mauskopf, Seymour, and Michael McVaugh. The Elusive Science. Baltimore: John Hopkins, 1980

Rhine, Louisa E. Something Hidden. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 1983

Rao, K. R., ed. J. B. Rhine: On the Frontiers of Science. Jefferson, N.C., McFarland, 1982

Dec 21

Thomas Glenndenning Hamilton

hamiltonThomas Glenndenning Hamilton (1873-1935)  was a physician in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. As Founder and President of the Winnipeg Society for Psychical Research, Hamilton conducted systematic research on physical mediumship in a laboratory in his home over a period of 15 years.

T. Glen Hamilton, TGH or Glen as he came to be known, was born on November 27, 1873, into a farmer’s family in Agincourt, Ontario, now a part of Toronto. The Hamiltons moved in 1891 to Winnipeg, where Glen attended college, and taught school for a period before studying medicine. After graduating from Manitoba Medical College in 1903, he did a year’s internship as house surgeon at Winnipeg General Hospital, and established a private medical practice. In 1906, he married Lillian May Forrester, a nurse. The Hamiltons had four children James, Margaret, Arthur, and Glen.

TGH was active in community and medical affairs, serving on the Winnipeg School Board for nine years, from 1906 until his selection as Liberal member for Elmwood to the Manitoba Legislative Assembly in 1915, a position he held until 1920. In 1916 he became the first chairman of the Winnipeg Committee on Mothers’ Pensions. He was elected president of the Manitoba medical Association for 1921-22. From 1922-23, he was president of the Canadian Medical Association, and from 1923-31, he was the Manitoba representative on the Executive of the association. He also taught medical jurisprudence and act as an examiner in clinical surgery.

TGH was first attracted to psychical phenomena as an undergraduate, when he read an article by the Spiritualist W. T. Stead in the Review of Reviews. In 1918, he came across the Patience Worth publications, which greatly impressed him. The following year he devised and carried out a telepathy experiment, and begin widely in psychical research. His first practical experience with the psychic came in 1920, at a table-tilting session arranged by his wife in their home, at which the deceased Stead and Frederic W. H. Myers purported to communicate.

The Hamiltons became interested in the work of William J. Crawford, whose books on the Goligher Circle had recently been published. Mrs. Hamilton was struck by an apparent similarity between Kathleen Goligher and Elizabeth Poole, the medium at the Hamilton’s table-tilting session, and wondered whether people might have greater untapped abilities. Poole was willing to find out, and the woman began to hold weekly séances in the Hamilton home. Nothing unusual happened for several months, and they were about to give up the sittings, when suddenly their table reared up unto two legs. It remained so for several minutes, despite efforts to push it down. TGH was called in, and the phenomenon was repeated.

His curiosity aroused, TGH formed a small groups of sitters, with Poole as the medium. By March 1922, after some 40 séances, he had satisfied himself about three things: (1) a 10-pound wooden table would make powerful movements under Poole’s touch; (2) It would continue to make strong movements after she had removed her hands; and (3) the rappings he and the others sitters heard showed signs of intelligence in their responses to questions. He accepted the table movements as Evidence of paranormal activity, but he was skeptical of the idea that the raps really were communications for Stead and Myers.

TGH decided to give up the psychic work. He had satisfied his curiosity and he was much aware how this research would be regarded by his medical colleagues. But it was a decision he found impossible to carry through. Nine months later, at an impromptu séance held for a visiting friend, Stead advised him to go on with his work, predicting that there was more to come. Impressed, TGH told his wife that if she could get together a suitable group of people, he would find time to continue. The sitter group which Mr. Hamilton formed over time consisted of our medical doctors, a lawyer, a civil engineer, and an electrical engineer, In addition to the Hamiltons. Poole and two other nonprofessional mediums were engaged. And, perhaps most significantly, a special séance room was outfitted in the Hamiltons’ house. This room was furnished with an open medium’s Cabinet, a 12-pound wooden table, and chairs arranged in a half circle facing a cabinet. There was a ruby-color light in the ceiling, equipped with a dimmer. There were also a large battery of cameras of various tapes, some of them stereoscopics, positioned at the end of the room. These could be operated by remote control with the aid of a push-button device TGH invented. TGH loaded all photographic plates and did all the developing, printing, and enlarging. A secretary took verbatim notes during séances. These arrangements, together with TGH’s standing in the community, greatly impressed many who heard him speak about his work in later years.

The settings began in April 1923. Many movements and partial levitations of the table occurred, some graphed, from various angles. Soon Poole began to enter a spontaneous trance. At first, her deep trances would last only a few minutes, but gradually they became longer. During these deep trances, Poole would be “invaded” by trance personalities, two of which-those purporting to be the writer Robert Louis Stevenson and the missionary-explorer David Livingstone- became regular communities communications. It was as a consequence messages from them that TGH ultimately became convinced of survival after death and the correctness of the spiritualist view of mediumistic communication. A woman whom had demonstrated some mediumistic ability and her occasional appearance with the group started to attend regularly in January 1928. In February, a control calling himself “Walter” and identifying himself as Mina Stinson Crandon’s control of the same name attached himself to this woman, Mary Marshall (Dawn). At Walter’s insistence, TGH built a bell box of the sort used in Crandon’s séances. This was a box with a hinged lid which, when pressed down, would bring two strips of metal into contact, and cause the bell to ring. Walter instructed TGH to place this bell box on a shelf in the séance room, where it would be heard to ring periodically at sittings. In July, Walter excused that the TGH photographs Marshall while the bell was ringing. In September, a developed plate shown very fine, thin cords connecting Marshall’s her head to the bell box, some three feet above. Walter explained that he had constructed the cords from the ectoplasm, allegedly a substance exuded by physical mediums that enables materializations to take place.

In October 1928, Walter announced that he would try something new. Between November 1928 and May 1929, photographs of miniature faces of the likeness of Charles Haddon Spurgeon, a preacher in England, appeared not long thereafter, the circle underwent another major development with some of the regular sitters falling into trance along with the designated mediums. Marshall, however, was the only one to produce ectoplasm. Photographs showed some of these to be attached to her head, others separated from it. They ranged in size from a silver dollar to substantial growths three or four feet in height and several inches thick. Several showed faces, and a few represented more fully formed figures, replete with hair and clothing.

As his research continued, TGH began to speak about it openly. He gave a presentation, which included displays of photographs, to the British Medical Association at its convention in Winnipeg in 1930. He was convinced that European psychical researchers were wrong in interpreting materialization as a psychokinetic action of the medium, and believed that the production of ectoplasm was under the control of the personality, as Walter claimed. TGH published a series of articles on his work in Spiritualist publications such as Light and Psychic Research in the early 1930’s, is only book, a compilation of his notes edited by his son James, appeared posthumously in 1942 as Intention and Survival. The title expressed the TGH’s conviction that séance communications were purposeful providing evidence of intentions, and therefore of a surviving intelligence.

TGH died of a heart attack on April 7, 1935, at the age of 61. After a hiatus of some months, the sittings were continued by Mrs. Hamilton, partly for the purpose of giving him the opportunity to communicate himself. As the Hamiltons’ daughter Margaret tells in her book Is Survival A Fact? (1969), the most significant of these new sittings occurred in February 1939, once more at Walter’s suggestion. TGH’s likeness was produced in ectoplasm, and through Marshall a TGH communicator referred to events known only to Mrs. Hamilton, and that had been forgotten consciously even by her. She and the other sitters were confident that TGH had indeed communicated his continued existence from the beyond.

Sources:

Dean, K.E. comp. Register of the Thomas Glenndenning Hamilton Collection. URL http://umanitoba.ca/libraries/units/archives
Hamilton, Margaret. Is Survival A Fact? London: Psychic Press, 1969
Hamilton, T. Glen. Intention and Survival. Edited by James Ha
milton, Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1942
University of Manitoba Libraries, Archieves and Special Collections, Thomas Glenndenning Hamilton collection, MSS14. URL http://umanitoba.ca/libraries/units/archieves

Dec 08

Frederic William Henry Myers

Frederic_William_Henry_MyerBirth: February 6, 1843 in Keswick, England
Death: January 17, 1901 in Rome, Italy
A leading theoretician during the first generation of psychical research. He was born February 6, 1843, at Keswick, Cumberland, England, and educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. For 30 years Myers filled the post of an inspector of schools at Cambridge. Here his resolve to pursue psychical investigation was born in 1869 after a starlight walk and talk with Henry Sidgwick.

His theory was that if a spiritual world ever manifested to humans, a serious investigation must be made to discover unmistakable signs of it. For “if all attempts to verify scientifically the intervention of another world should be definitely proved futile, this would be a terrible blow, a mortal blow, to all our hopes of another life, as well as of traditional religion” for “it would thenceforth be very difficult for men to be persuaded, in our age of clear thinking, that what is now found to be illusion and trickery was in the past thought to be truth and revelation.”

Myers had in mind an empiric method of deliberate, dispassionate, and exact inquiry. It was in this spirit that, in 1882, the Society for Psychical Research (SPR), London, of which he was a cofounder, came to be established. He devoted all his energies to its work and concentrated with a deep grasp of science on the psychological side. Of the 16 volumes of the society’s Proceedings published while he lived, there are few without an important contribution from his pen.

In Phantasms of the Living, a collaboration with Edmund Gurney and Frank Podmore (and one of the society’s first major studies of the paranormal), the system of classification of paranormal phenomena was entirely his idea.

The words “telepathy,” “supernormal,” “veridical,” and many others less in use today were coined by Myers.

In the SPR he filled the post of honorary secretary. In 1900, Myers was elected to the presidential chair, a post that only distinguished scientists had previously filled.

To periodicals such as the Fortnightly Review he contributed many articles. They were collected and published in 1893 under the titles Science and a Future Life and Other Essays.

His chief work, Human Personality and its Survival of Bodily Death, was posthumously published in 1903. It is an exposition of the potential powers of the subliminal self, which Myers pictured as the real ego, a vast psychic organism of which the ordinary consciousness is but an accidental fraction, the life of the soul, not bound up with the life of the body, of which the so-called supernormal faculties are the ordinary channels of perception.

Myers challenged the Spiritualist position that all, or most of, supernormal phenomena were due to the spirits of the dead, contending to the contrary that by far the largest proportion was due to the action of the still embodied spirit of the agent or of the percipient himself. The theory brought order into a chaotic mass of psychical phenomena. On the other hand, it greatly enhanced the probability of survival after death. As the powers of the subliminal self did not degenerate during the course of evolution and served no purpose in this life they were obviously destined for a future existence. Why, for instance, should the subconscious so carefully preserve all thoughts and memories if there would be no use for them?

William James suggested that the problems of the subliminal mind should be called “the problem of Myers.” And he added, “Whatever the judgment of the future may be on Mr. Myers’ speculation, the credit will always remain to them of being the first attempt in any language to consider the phenomena of hallucination, automatism, double personality, and mediumship as connected parts of one whole subject.”

Theodore Flournoy, a profound psychologist himself, considered Myers “one of the most remarkable personalities of our time in the realm of mental science.” Further, he observed, “If future discoveries confirm his thesis of the intervention of the discarnate, in the web and the woof of our mental and physical world then his name will be inscribed in the golden book of the initiated, and, joined to those of Copernicus and Darwin, he will complete the triad of geniuses who have the most profoundly revolutionised scientific thought, in the order, Cosmological, Biological and Psychological.”

Walter Leaf compared Myer to Ruskin and considered him in some respects his peer. According to Charles Richet “if Myers were not a mystic, he had all the faith of a mystic and the ardour of an apostle, in conjunction with the sagacity and precision of a savant.”

“I never knew a man so hopeful concerning his ultimate destiny,” wrote Sir Oliver Lodge in memoriam. “He once asked me whether I would barter–if it were possible–my unknown destiny, whatever it might be, for as many aeons of unmitigated and wise terrestrial happiness as might last till the secular fading of the sun, and then an end. He would not.”

Myers was working not only in the first generation of parapsychology, but at a time when psychology was struggling to separate itself from the dominance of physiology. The kind words of Myers’s contemporaries about his psychological theories reflect his general high standing in the intellectual community and the larger consideration that was being given to Myers’s theories concerning the human personality. His psychological theories, which could possibly have made a significant place for the paranormal in the consideration of the psychological community, were, however, displaced by the competing thought of his contemporary, Sigmund Freud, and the emergence of psychotherapy. In the success of Freudian thought, Myers’s ideas were pushed to the fringe.

Myers on Spiritualist Phenomena

In Human Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death, physical phenomena received but little consideration. Myers believed in telekinesis, but in spite of his own experiments and those of Sir William Crookes, its genuine occurrence did not appear to him sufficiently believable to justify discussion in his book. Nevertheless, in dealing with possession he suggested an ingenious explanation, i.e., that the possessing spirit may use the organism more skillfully than its owner and may emit some energy that can visibly move ponderable objects not actually in contact with the flesh. Of his own investigations between 1872 and 1876 he said that they were “tiresome and distasteful enough.”

On May 9, 1874, in the company of Edmund Gurney, he made the acquaintance of medium William Stainton Moses. The two became such close friends that when Moses died on September 5, 1982, his notebooks were handed to Myers for study.

Myers’s articles in the Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research (vols. 9 and 11) contain the best accounts of this remarkable mediumship, althyough his conclusions were not solely based on personal experiences with Moses. He also participated in some startling sessions involving C. E. Wood and Annie Fairlamb Mellon.

In 1894, on the Ile Roubaud, Myers was the guest of Charles Richet and participated with Sir Oliver Lodge and Julien Ochorowicz in the experiments conducted with Eusapia Palladino. The Cambridge exposure of Palladino’s fraud shook his belief and he then wrote: “I had no doubt that systematic trickery had been used from the first to last, and that there was no adequate ground for attributing any of the phenomena occurring at these sittings to a supernormal cause.” Later, however, he participated in another series of sittings with Palladino in Paris and at the solemn adjuration of Richet he declared himself convinced that both telekinesis and ectoplasm were genuine phenomena. He also sat with Mrs. Thomas Everitt, Elizabeth d’Esperance, and David Duguid.

Further, Myers experienced crystal gazing and he investigated the haunted Ballechin House in Perthshire, Scotland. As a result, he published two papers in the Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research: “On Alleged Movements of Objects without Contact, occurring not in the Presence of a Paid Medium” (vol. 7, pts. 19 and 20, 1891-92).

Myers Speaks from the Grave?

Myers died January 17, 1901, in Rome, Italy. After his death, a flood of claimed communications from his spirit came from many mediums. The most important ones were those received through Leonora Piper, Margaret Verrall, and Alice K. Fleming (known publicly as Mrs. Holland). As regards the latter, Frank Podmore and Alice Johnson agreed that the “Myers” control was a subconscious creation of the medium. The views there expressed were alien to the mentality of the living Myers.

Verrall apparently obtained the contents of a sealed letter that Myers had written in 1891 and left in the care of Sir Oliver Lodge for such a test. However, when the letter was opened in 1904 the contents were found to be entirely different.

In 1907, Eleanor Sidgwick obtained good identity proofs through Leonora Piper. On her behalf, Verrall asked some questions to which she did not know that answer and received correct replies as regards the contents of the last conversation that had taken place between Mrs. Sidgwick and Myers.

Many other impressive indications of his surviving self were found in cross-correspondences, especially during Piper’s second visit to England in 1906-07. The whole system of cross-correspondences appears to have been elaborated by him, and the wealth of classical knowledge displayed in the connected fragments given by several mediums raises a strong presumption that they emanated from Myers’ mind.

The most striking evidence of this nature was obtained after Piper’s return to the United States by G. B. Dorr in 1908. Frank Podmore considered it “perhaps the strongest evidence yet obtained for the identity of any communicator.”

In The Road to Immortality (1932), a book supposedly written by Myers through Geraldine Cummins, a stupendous vista was opened up, apparently by Myers, of the soul’s progression through the after-death states. As regards the authorship of the book, Sir Oliver Lodge received independent testimony through Gladys Osborne Leonard from “Myers” of his communications through Cummins. Lodge saw no reason to dissent from the view that the remarkable accounts of the fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh states “are the kind of ideas which F. W. H. Myers may by this time [1932] have been able to form.”

Sources:
Berger, Arthur S., and Joyce Berger. The Encyclopedia of Parapsychology and Psychical Research. New York: Paragon House, 1991.
Gauld, Alan. The Founders of Psychical Research. New York: Schocken Books, 1968.
Haynes, Renée. The Society for Psychical Research, 1882-1982: A History. London: Mcdonald, 1982.
Myers, F. W. H. Human Personality and the Survival of Bodily Death. London: Longmans, Green, 1903.
——. Science and a Future Life: With Other Essays. London: Macmillan, 1901.
Myers, F. W. H., Edmund Gurney, and Frank Podmore. Phantasms of the Living. London: Trubner, 1886.
Pleasants, Helene, ed. Biographical Dictionary of Parapsychology. New York: Helix Press, 1964.
Salter, W. H. “F. W. H. Myers’ Posthumous Message.” Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research 52 (1958).

Dec 04

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

doyleSir Arthur Conan Doyle (May 22, 1859 – July 7, 1930) was a Doctor, Author, and Journalist.  Author Doyle scribed 60 mystery stories which featured the wildly popular detective character Sherlock Holmes and his assistant Watson. It was in 1890 that his novel A Study in Scarlet introduced the character of detective Sherlock Holmes. He’d also strove to spread his spiritualism faith through a series of books that were scribed from 1918 through 1926.

On May 22nd of 1859, Doyle was born to an affluent, strict Irish-Catholic family in Edinburgh, Scotland. Doyle’s mother, Mary, was a lively and well-educated woman who loved to read. She particularly delighted in telling her young son outlandish stories. Her great enthusiasm and animation while spinning wild tales sparked the child’s imagination. As Doyle would later recall in his biography, “In my early childhood, as far as I can remember anything at all, the vivid stories she would tell me stand out so clearly that they obscure the real facts of my life.”

[pullquote align=”left|center|right” textalign=”left|center|right” width=”30%”]At the age of 9, Doyle bid a tearful goodbye to his parents and was shipped off to England, where he would attend Hodder Place, Stonyhurst—a Jesuit preparatory school—from 1868 to 1870.[/pullquote] Doyle then went on to study at Stonyhurst College for the next five years. For Doyle, the boarding-school experience was brutal: many of his classmates bullied him, and the school practiced ruthless corporal punishment against its students. Over time, Doyle found solace in his flair for storytelling, and developed an eager audience of younger students.

When Doyle graduated from Stonyhurst College in 1876, his parents expected that he would follow in his family’s footsteps and study art, so they were surprised when he decided to pursue a medical degree at the University of Edinburgh instead. At med school, Doyle met his mentor, Professor Dr. Joseph Bell, whose keen powers of observation would later inspire Doyle to create his famed fictional detective character, Sherlock Holmes. At the University of Edinburgh, Doyle also had the good fortune to meet classmates and future fellow authors James Barrie and Robert Louis Stevenson. While a medical student, Doyle took his own first stab at writing, with a short story called The Mystery of Sasassa Valley. That was followed by a second story, The American Tale, which was published in London Society.

In 1880, Doyle returned to medical school. Back at the University of Edinburgh, Doyle became increasingly invested in Spiritualism or “Psychic religion,” a belief system that he would later attempt to spread through a series of his written works. By the time he received his Bachelor of Medicine degree in 1881, Doyle had denounced his Roman Catholic faith.

The prolific author also composed four of his most popular Sherlock Holmes books during the 1890s and early 1900s: The Sign of Four (1890), The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1892), The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (1894) and The Hounds of Baskervilles, published in 1901. In 1893, to Doyle’s readers’ disdain, he had attempted to kill off his Sherlock Holmes character in order to focus more on writing about Spiritualism. In 1901, however, Doyle reintroduced Sherlock Holmes as a ghost in The Hounds of Baskervilles and later brought him back to life in

The Adventure of the Empty House so the lucrative character could earn Doyle the money to fund his missionary work. Doyle also strove to spread his faith through a series of written works, consisting of The New Revolution (1918), The Vital Message (1919), The Wanderings of a Spiritualist (1921) and History of Spiritualism (1926).

In 1928, Doyle’s final twelve stories about Sherlock Holmes were published in a compilation entitled The Casebook of Sherlock Holmes.

Having recently been diagnosed with Angina Pectoris, Doyle stubbornly ignored his doctor’s warnings, and in the fall of 1929, embarked on a spiritualism tour through the Netherlands. He returned home with chest pains so severe that he needed to be carried on shore, and was thereafter almost entirely bedridden at his home in Crowborough, England. Rising one last time on July 7, 1930, Doyle collapsed and died in his garden while clutching his heart with one hand and holding a flower in the other.

Reference(s)

Arthur Conan Doyle. (2014). The Biography.com website. Retrieved 07:20, Nov 30, 2014, from http://www.biography.com/people/arthur-conan-doyle-9278600.

.