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Aug 01

Top 20 Cameras


camera obsuraThe word photography was first coined by scientist Sir John F.W. Herschel in 1839. The word comes from two Greek words meaning “light” (photo) and “to draw” (graphein). However it wasn’t until around 1000 AD that the first pinhole ca
mera was invented by the Arab scholar Alhazen (Ibn Al-Haytham), who was known as the “Father of Modern Optics” by the scientific community. The pinhole camera, known as the Camera Obscura (Latin for “dark room”), was simply a closed box with a hole on one side of it where light would come through the tiny hole to create an image on the wall of the box of the outside scene that was mirrored and appeared upside down. It was often used by artists to make sketches in the field.

[pullquote align=”left|center|right” textalign=”left|center|right” width=”30%”]
Photography comes from two Greek words meaning “light” (photo) and “to draw” (graphein).[/pullquote]The first photograph was actually taken during the summer of 1827 by Joseph Nicephore Niepce using the Camera Obscura. Prior to this these cameras were used for viewing or drawing. Niepce’s photograph were called heliographs or sun prints and were the prototype so to speak for today’s photographs in using light to draw pictures. By placing an engraving onto a metal plate coated in bitumen then exposing it to light Niepce was able to make his photographs. This process took eight hours of light exposure to create.


The Museum of Modern Art has on their website some interesting information surrounding the Camera Obscura to check out.

https://www.moma.org/collection/details.php?theme_id=10060

 

Camera : Artist’s Camera Obscura
Date : 18th Century
Camera : Sliding Box Camera
Date : c1850s
Camera : Voigtländer / Petzval lens
Manufacturer : Voigtländer & Sons
Date : c1841
Camera : The Tourograph
Manufacturer : E & T Underwood
Date : c1897
Camera : Stereo Weno
Manufacturer : Blair Camera Co.
Date : 1902-1903
Camera : The Kodak
Manufacturer : Eastman Dry Plate & Film Co.
Date : 1888-1889
Camera : Box Tengor
Manufacturer : Zeiss Ikon
Date : c1925-1956
Camera : No. 3A Folding Pocket Kodak
Manufacturer : Eastman Kodak
Date : 1903-1915
Camera : “Pre-Anniversary” Speed Graphic
Manufacturer : Graflex
Date : c1928 – 1939
Camera : Exakta A
Manufacturer : Ihagee
Date : 1932-c1940
Camera : Rolleiflex
Manufacturer : Franke & Heidecke
Date : 1929-1932
Camera : Leica II
Manufacturer : Ernst Leitz
Date : 1932-1948
Camera : Retina Type 117
Manufacturer : Kodak (Germany)
Date : 1934-1935
Camera :Polaroid Land 95
Manufacturer : Polaroid
Date : 1948-1953
Camera : Hasselblad 1600F
Manufacturer : Hasselblad
Date : 1948-1952
Camera : Nikon F
Manufacturer : Nippon Kogaku
Date : 1959
Camera : Topcon RE Super
Manufacturer : Tokyo Kogaku
Date : 1963
Camera : Instamatic 110
Manufacturer : Kodak
Date : c 1972
Camera : A-1
Manufacturer : Canon
Date : c 1985
Camera : Disc-7
Manufacturer : Minolta
Date : c 1984
Camera : Nikon AF
Manufacturer : Nikon
Date : c 1984
Camera : 7000
Manufacturer : Minolta
Date : 1985
Camera : Quicksna
Manufacturer : Fuji
Date : 1988
Camera : DCS 420
Manufacturer : Kodak / Nikon
Date : 1994
Camera : Advantix
Manufacturer : Kodak
Date : 1996
Camera : MX-2700
Manufacturer : Fuji
Date : 1999
Camera : EOS D30
Manufacturer : Canon
Date : 2000
Camera : J-SH04
Manufacturer : Sharp
Date : 2000
Camera : NDigital
Manufacturer : Contax
Date : 2002

Cell Phone Cameras

  1. iPhone 5s, 8 MP, dual LED flash
  2. Samsung Galaxy S5, 16 MP, can focus and take a photo in .3 seconds
  3. Nokia Lumia 1020, 41 MP, sensor, good in low light
  4. Sony Xperia Z2, 20.7 MP, good for viewing HD photos and video
  5. LG GS, 13 MP, good laser guided auto focus
Ken Weigand

Ken Weigand

Senior Director / Webmaster at National Paranormal Society
Ken is a graphic designer, web developer and co-founder of One True Paranormal, a para-group in southwest Missouri.
Ken Weigand

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